• Section A) The theory and practise of the federal states and multi-level systems of government
  • Section B) Global governance and international organizations
  • Section C) Regional integration processes
  • Section D) Federalism as a political idea
  • Subsection of Section C
    1.Theory of regional integration processes
    2.Cooperations and integration in Africa and in the Middle East
    3.Cooperations and integration in Central and North America
    4.Cooperation and integration in Central and Latin America
    5.Cooperation and integration in Asia and the Pacific Area
    6.The European unification process
    7.Inter-regional Cooperation
    Items of Subsection 1.Theory of regional integration processes
    Telò Mario (ed.)
    European Union and New Regionalism - Second Edition »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2007
    Stemming from an international and multidisciplinary network of leading specialists, this best-selling text is fully updated with new chapter additions. With the first edition prepared at the end of the last century, this new edition anticipates the world of regionalism as we move further into this millennium. This new edition offers: - A vigorous response to conventional wisdom on EU international identity. - An exploration of key issues of regionalism versus globalization and the potential for world economic and political governance through regionalism. - A key resource for postgraduate or undergraduate study and research of international relations, European studies, comparative politics and international political economy. Taking into account the expanded European Union, the volume comprises contributions from established scholars in the field to highlight external relations in the framework of the development of regional arrangements within the globalized world of the 21st century.
    Van Langenhove Luk
    Building Regions. The Regionalization of the World Order »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2011
    Regions. How they emerge and how they are dramatically changing the appearance of the present 'world of states' and its related forms of governance from local to global levels is analysed in this monograph. But what are regions? Regions can be small or huge. They can be part of a single state, be composed out of different states or stretched out across borders. They can be important recognized economic, social or cultural entities or they can be largely ignored by the people who live on a region's territory. They can be well-defined with clear cut boundaries as is the case in so-called 'constitutional regions' or they can be fuzzy as for instance in cross-border regions. In sum, they are not a natural kind and defining regions is not a simple task. Luk Van Langenhove advances the concept of region building as an alternative to the construction of regions with three issues of region building being explored: - Why are regions built in a world of states? - How do region building processes take place? - How are regions transforming the present world order? Crossing disciplinary boundaries, this book is an exercise in theorizing regions and brings together under one conceptual framework, different processes and concepts such as regional integration, devolution, federalism, and separatism and refines the social constructionist view on regions
    Laursen Finn (ed.)
    Comparative Regional Integration »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2010
    This volume features up-to-date studies of regional integration efforts in all major parts of the world, especially North America, South America, and East Asia. Comparisons are drawn between these efforts and those made in the EU, where integration has progressed much further. The book asks: what explains the variation in achievements? What kind of agreements and institutions are needed to produce regional integration? Is 'pooling and delegation' of sovereignty necessary to overcome 'collective action problems'? How important is regional leadership? This work is a major new contribution to the literature on regional integration, and will appeal to theorists, policymakers, students and other readers concerned about world developments. It will also be of value to courses covering international political economy, international relations and regional integration, at both undergraduate and graduate level.
    Santander Sebastian (ed.)
    Concurrences régionales dans un monde multipolaire émergent »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2016
    Brennan Louis, Murray Philomena (eds.)
    Drivers of Integration and Regionalism in Europe and Asia. Comparative perspectives »
    Routledge , New York , 2015
    This book examines the drivers of regionalism and integration in both Europe and Asia and seeks to forge comparative perspectives between the two regions. Comprising contributions from scholars, analysts and policymakers, this volume explores and debates how and why regional bodies such as the European Union (EU) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are formed and sustained. Furthermore, it examines the drivers of, and impediments to, regionalism and integration. The debates regarding what and who constitute drivers are presented in a fresh, thematic and comprehensive manner. Leadership and core states are also critically examined, whilst material, ideational and normative factors are all assessed comparatively. Significantly, in light of the global financial crisis, the book considers the role of crisis as a driver of regionalism and integration.
    Telò Mario (ed.)
    European Union and New Regionalism. Competing Regionalism and Global Governance in a Post-Hegemonic Era. Third Edition »
    Ashgate , 2014
    Stemming from an international and multidisciplinary network of leading specialists, this best-selling text is fully updated with new chapter additions. With the first edition prepared at the end of the last century and the second edition adding inter-regional relations, this new edition focuses on competing models of regional cooperation within a multipolar world and the role of European Union. This new edition offers: - A comparative analysis of regional cooperation and of both US-centred and EU-centred interregionalism. - A fresh exploration of key issues of regionalism versus globalization and the potential for world economic and political governance through regional cooperation, notably in hard times. - A vigorous response to conventional wisdom on the controversial EU international identity - An appendix on regional and interregional organizations. - A key resource for postgraduate or undergraduate study and research of international relations, European integration studies, comparative politics and international political economy. Taking into account both the expanded European Union and regional cooperation in every continent, this multidisciplinary volume comprises contributions from established scholars in the field: A. Gamble, P. Padoan, G. Joffé, G. Therborn, Th. Meyer, R. Higgott, B. Hettne / F. Ponjaert, F. Soederbaum, Ch. Deblock, K. Eliassen / A. Arnottir, S. Keukeleire / I. Petrova, S. Santander and M. Telò (editor).
    Farrell Mary, Hettne Bjorn, Langenhove Luk (eds.)
    Global Politics of Regionalism »
    Pluto Press , London , 2005
    This book explores the phenomenon of regionalism. In a seeming contradiction to globalization, there is a growing tendency for countries to enter into regional arrangements as a response to the pressures of operating in a global marketplace. But regionalism is also emerging as a phenomenon in its own right, serving distinct purposes and taking different forms in different areas. The contributors explore how these patterns impact on wider issues such as global governance, democracy and trade. The book reviews the major theoretical approaches to regional cooperation including perspectives from international relations, political economy, economics and sociology. It is divided into three main sections: theoretical approaches to regionalism; issues of regional cooperation (such as security, monetary issues, identity and integration); and an exploration of specific case studies including the Middle East, Africa, the Americas, China, Europe, Asia and the Pacific.With an international range of contributors, including Bjorn Hettne, Louise Fawcett and Andrew Hurrell, this in-depth and multi-disciplinary guide will be of interest to students across the social sciences and to the wider policy community.
    Erckel Sebastian
    India and the European Union - Two Models of Integration »
    Grin Verlag , 2009
    The late 20th century has witnessed a confusing and seemingly also threatening diversification of world politics, especially after the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union. While shortly after these events the victory of democracy was celebrated or even the “end of history” proclaimed (Fukuyama), it soon became clear that these rather optimistic assumptions could not be sustained. Huntington (1993) predicted conflicts along cultural lines and Alvin and Heidi Toffler (1994) assumed these conflicts would take the form of asymmetric warfare leading to the phenomenon of “failed states” which, according to Chomsky (2006), present a threat to democracy. Asymmetric warfare, cultural conflicts and failed states have all already left their impact on the young 21st century. Yet the same period of time has also seen unprecedented global integration, in the economy, but in terms of human personal exchange as well, largely fueled by new communication technologies. However, the emerging “global village” seems to bear more characteristics of a Hobbesian state of nature than of a global civilization. Furthermore, as there are an ever increasing number of issues which can obviously only be addressed on a transnational basis, it becomes necessary to supplement global economic integration with an adequate political framework. Both India and the European Union are prime examples of political integration, the former for national and the latter for regional integration. However, one of the presumptions of this dissertation is that in both cases complementary forms of political integration can be identified: while in India national integration necessitated regional integration, the European Union may well be on its way toward a European super- state. The term “model” has two connotations: (1) it describes a distinguishable set of characteristics, and (2) it contains a (usually positive) qualitative aspect, something that could/ should be followed or imitated. While in the case of India and the European Union the first connotation is rather obvious as two distinctive types of integration can be identified, this dissertation not only attempts to analyse these different types but also to verify whether the second connotation can be applied or not. As the hypothesis is that in both types elements of the other will be identifiable, the focus rests upon discovering certain patterns of integration while at the same time appreciating the differences.
    Ndlovu Lonias
    International Trade and Environmental Governance in the WTO and NAFTA. Selected Thematic Lessons for SADC in Transition »
    LAP Lambert Academic Publishing , 2011
    This book focuses on the theme of international trade regulation and environmental governance under the auspices of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The regulation of international trade in an environmental context has been discussed ad nauseam but this book specifically contextualizes the debate to the regional grouping Southern African Development Community (SADC) and extracts context- specific lessons. The book's approach is simple. WTO disputes covering diverse subjects such as natural resource conservation, human health, plant and animal health are discussed and important lessons for a transforming SADC extracted.Dolphins, turtles, meat and meat products, asbestos and other natural resources are important in international trade and this book spells out clearly that in order to effectively trade in these resources, unilateralism must give way to multilateralism. This book concludes on an optimistic note by affirming that the WTO and NAFTA provisions on the settlement of trade-environment disputes will shed light on a future SADC trade and environment regime
    Baert Francis, Scaramagli Tiziana, Söderbaum Fredrik (eds.)
    Intersecting Interregionalism. Regions, Global Governance and the EU »
    Springer , 2014
    This book has two mutually reinforcing aims/parts. The first aim is to contribute to a more productive debate between different theoretical standpoints. There is surprisingly little theoretical and conceptual debate in this burgeoning field, which is one major reason for the failure to fully grasp the diversity of today’s interregionalism. Too often theorists speak past each other, without really engaging with alternative theoretical perspectives or competing research results. Indeed, this book constitutes the first systematic attempt to bring together leading theories and theorists of interregionalism. Leading scholars from around the world develop their own distinctive theoretical perspectives on interregionalism, with a particular emphasis on the dynamic relationship between regionalism and interregionalism. These highly acclaimed theorists have all been associated over the years with a variety of disciplines, institutions, schools and debates and so bring a rich set of insights and connections to this pioneering project. The second part of the book ‘unpacks’ and problematises the region, the driving actors and institutions that are engaged in interregional relations. There is a strong tendency in the field to treat regions as coherent units actors in an interregional relationship, and such simplified notions about ‘regions’ and ‘regional organisations’ necessarily result in superficial and misleading understandings of interregionalism. This part of the book connects the theoretical discussion in the first part with a manageable empirical object.
    Dosenrode Søren (ed.)
    Limits to Regional Integration »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2015
    Regionalization in general and regional integration in particular have taken place at a growing pace since the end of the Cold War, when states were set free from various security overlays. Regional integration is ‘logical’ as it is supposed to advance wealth and peace. Still, the picture is far from clear and the process of regional integration is not automatic; disintegration takes place, as we saw in the cases of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia to mention a few. This is the case not only in states recently brought together but also in traditional states like Britain, The Netherlands and Spain where strong groups strive for independence. In some places regionalization is flourishing, but regional integration is not. Some regional integration projects like the North American Free Trade Agreement and Mercosur seem to stagnate. Certainly there are limits to regional integration. This comprehensive volume, written by high profiled academics, covers these themes by examining eleven cases ranging from the lack of integration in the Arctic and the Middle East, to ongoing or progressing integration in Europe to uncover what ‘blocks’ regional integration, the results of which are used for developing new theoretical insights.
    Petchsiri Apirat, de Sales Marques José Luis, Roth William (eds.)
    Promoting Human Rights in Asia and Europe: The Role of Regional Integration »
    Nomos Verlag , Baden Baden , 2009
    Genna Gaspare M., Hiroi Taeko
    Regional Integration and Democratic Conditionality. How Democracy Clauses Help Democratic Consolidation and Deepening »
    Routledge , 2015
    How effective are democracy clauses of regional integration organizations (RIOs) in promoting democratization and democratic consolidation among member-states? RIOs are increasingly adopting "democracy only" clauses in their treaties, requiring democracy and political stability as a condition of membership. Stable democracy is a collective good for RIO members; without political stability, uncertainty regarding economic exchange increases, undermining the promise of integration. The presence of powerful countries may be necessary for the RIOs to legalize democratic conditionality. In this book, the authors argue that once established democracy clauses exert an independent influence in promoting and defending democratic norms and institutions within the member-states by increasing the transparency and credibility of democratic commitment and sanctions for violation. The findings based on the analysis of 40 RIOs around the world and in-depth analysis of the European Union, the Common Market of the South, and the Economic Community of West African States indicate that RIO democracy clauses help prevent democratic backsliding and coups and stimulate democratization and consolidation. With its global scope, originality, and theoretical rigor, this is the first book to catalogue democracy clauses adopted by RIOs worldwide with a thorough analysis of their effectiveness.
    Doyle Natalie Y., Sebesta Lorenza (eds.)
    Regional Integration and Modernity. Cross-Atlantic Perspectives »
    Lexington Books , 2014
    This book offers a new framework for comparing experiences of integration: regionalization must be reinterpreted as an aspect of modernization, modernization unfolding also at the local, national and global levels. The contributors discuss how and why the different visions of modernity that inform modernization projects encouraged the construction (or rejection) of regional integration, at different times and in different places. It starts with an analysis of plans for the economic integration of Europe in the aftermath of World War I. It shows how integration was identified as the means to modernize the region with a view to helping it overcome political fragmentation and adapt to new conditions of global capitalism. It then turns to the debate on modernization unfolding in the era that constituted the formative period of integration for both Europe and Latin America. It analyses examples of the complex interaction between these two different experiences, as it extends into the present. Finally, it looks at the social and political actors that promoted integration in the two regions and at the discourse they formulated to do so.
    Krapohl Sebastian (ed.)
    Regional Integration in the Global South. External Influence on Economic Cooperation in ASEAN, MERCOSUR and SADC »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2017
    This book presents a theory of economic integration in developing regions, where the level of intraregional economic interdependence is low and the dependence on extra-regional economic relations is high. It argues that the success or failure of regional integration in the Global South is to a large degree dependent on the reaction of extra-regional actors in Europe, North America and Northeast Asia. In doing so, it demonstrates that longstanding European integration theories cannot be successfully applied to other world regions, where economic conditions are fundamentally different. By providing detailed empirical analyses that are systematic in their use of a common theoretical and methodological framework the authors fill a significant lacuna in our understanding of these issues. This edited volume will appeal to students and scholars of comparative regionalism, area studies and global governance.
    Volz Ulrich
    Regional Integration, Economic Development And Global Governance »
    Edward Elgar , 2011
    ‘This book explores a central issue of the world economy today: the role of regional integration for economic development and global governance. The importance of this issue comes from the fact that the globalisation process that we have been experiencing in recent decades is also a process of open regionalism. […] To what extent does this process contribute to development? The reader will find many interesting answers to this question in the book, [which] is an outstanding contribution to this debate. I welcome its publication and look forward to its influence on global debates on the relations between regional integration, development and global governance.’ – From the foreword by José Antonio Ocampo, Columbia University, US
    Fioramonti Lorenzo (ed.)
    Regionalism in a Changing World. Comparative Perspectives in the New Global order »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    Regionalism has been a key feature of contemporary international relations. As the most successful case of regional integration, the European Union (EU) has been leading the international debate. Yet, in the past few years new regional practices have emerged in other continents, thus adding to the variety and scope of regionalization processes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state of regionalism in a global arena ever more dominated by emerging powers and shifting political/economic balances. Against the backdrop of the global economic crisis, which has invariably weakened Europe and its integration model, the book examines the pace of integration in Africa, Asia and South America, highlighting the opportunities and challenges that the new global order poses to contemporary regionalisms. Besides a number of empirical case studies focusing on the political, economic and legal aspects of regionalization, the book also discusses innovative theoretical approaches to the study of regionalism in a post-European context. This book was originally published as a special issue of The International Spectator
    Söderbaum Fredrik
    Rethinking Regionalism »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2015
    Since the late 1980s, there has been a global upsurge of various forms of regionalist projects. The widening and deepening of the European Union (EU) is the most prominent example, but there has also been a revitalization or expansion of many other regionalist projects as well, such as the African Union (AU), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Southern Common Market (Mercosur). More or less every government in the world is engaged in regionalism, which also involves a rich variety of business and civil society actors, resulting in a multitude of regional processes in most fields of contemporary politics. In this new text, Fredrik Söderbaum draws on decades of scholarship to provide a major reassessment of regionalism and to address questions about its origins, logic and consequences. By examining regionalism from historical, spatial, comparative and global perspectives, Rethinking Regionalism transcends the deep intellectual and disciplinary rivalries that have limited our knowledge about the subject. This broad-ranging approach enables new and challenging answers to emerge as to why and how regionalism evolves and consolidates, how it can be compared, and what its ongoing significance is for a host of issues within global politics, from security and trade to development and the environment. Retaining a balanced and authoritative style throughout, this text will be welcomed for its uniquely comprehensive examination of regionalism in the contemporary global age.
    Börzel Tanja A., Goltermann Lukas, Lohaus Mathis, Striebinger Kai (eds.)
    Roads to Regionalism. Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2012
    Over the past few decades states all around the globe have intensified institutionalized cooperation at the regional level. To deepen our understanding of state-led regionalism, the authors use an analytical framework comprising four main strands. First, they describe and explain the genesis and growth of regional organizations. Second, they account for institutional design, looking at important similarities and differences. Third, they examine the interaction between organizations and member states in an attempt to reveal factors that shape the level of commitment to and compliance with regional initiatives. Finally, they consider the impact of regional organizations on their member states. They conclude by providing a foundation for future research on the dynamic development of regionalism.
    Loughlin John, Kincaid John, Swenden Wilfried (eds.)
    Routledge Handbook of Regionalism & Federalism »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2013
    Almost all states are either federal or regionalized in some sense. It is difficult to find a state that is entirely unitary and the Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism necessarily takes in almost the entire world. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. This cutting edge examination seeks to evaluate the two types of state organization from the perspective of political science producing a work that is analytical rather than simply descriptive. The Handbook presents some of the latest theoretical reflections on regionalism and federalism and then moves on to discuss cases of both regionalism and federalism in key countries chosen from the world’s macro-regions. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. The final chapters then examine failed federations such as Czechoslovakia and examples of transnational regionalism - the EU, NAFTA and the African Union. Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.
    Telò Mario (ed.)
    State, Globalization and Multilateralism. The challenges of institutionalizing regionalism »
    Springer , 2012
    This volume presents a reconsideration of the concepts of State and political power within the evolving multilateral network of cooperation and conflict. By means of an innovating research strategy, it explains state resilience within global governance while deepening the obsolescence of the traditional sovereign state concepts, including by emerging powers. Rather than considering the EU as an isolated case study, the book considers the EU as both a reference and a proactive player, which fosters a new research agenda both for comparative studies and political theory. Lastly, in view of the currently emergent, unprecedented and asymmetrical, ‘multi-polar’ world, it considers the need for a new research agenda on multilateralism.
    Shaw Timothy M., Grant J. Andrew, Cornelissen Scarlett (eds.)
    The Ashgate Research Companion to Regionalisms »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2012
    EU studies increasingly recognize the salience of new regional insights. Hence, this collection of original essays provides a broad overview of regionalism, together with detailed analyses on the construction, activities, and implications of both established and emerging examples of formal political and economic organizations as well as informal regional entities and networks. Aimed at scholars and students interested in the continuing growth of regionalism, The Ashgate Research Companion to Regionalisms is a key resource to understanding the major debates in the field. Organized into three main sections, this volume deals with a wide range of issues covering the following important research areas: -Section one covers theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of established and formal regionalism, emerging and informal regionalism, inter-regionalism, and levels of regionalism. -Section two provides detailed case-studies of established and formal regionalisms: EU, NAFTA, ASEAN, SAARC, OAS, MERCOSUR, AU, ECOWAS, and SADC. -Section three offers case-studies that investigate emerging and informal regionalisms in Oceania, the Arab League, BRICSAM, and the Commonwealth(s) as well as thought-provoking chapters on micro-regional processes evident in spatial development initiatives, transnational gangs, transfrontier conservation areas, and the migration-conflict nexus in natural resource sectors. With the study of regionalism becoming an increasingly important part of politics, international relations, development, and global studies courses, this comprehensive volume is a valuable addition for classroom use.
    De Lombaerde Philippe, Schulz Michael (eds.)
    The EU and World Regionalism »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2009
    Much has been said about the driving forces of region-building processes or regionalization worldwide, yet few systematic and comparative studies have been conducted on how regions can contribute to the building of other regions - and more concretely, how the European Union has 'pushed' for regionalization worldwide. This comparative book investigates the impact that the EU has on regionalization elsewhere through its inter-regional relations. Covering agriculture, trade, ASEAN, NAFTA, MERCOSUR and Commonwealth amongst other topics, it investigates whether the EU's contributions, both direct and indirect, to increased regional integration in different parts of the world.
    Diez Thomas, Tocci Nathalie (eds.)
    The EU, Promoting Regional Integration, and Conflict Resolution »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2017
    This book provides a comprehensive study into the promotion of regional integration as a central pillar of European Union (EU) relations with the rest of the world. It is a strategy to deal with a core security challenge: the transformation of conflicts and, in particular, regional conflicts. Yet to what extent has the promotion of regional integration been successful in transforming conflicts? What can we regard as the core mechanisms of such an impact? This volume offers a comprehensive assessment of the nexus between promoting integration and conflict transformation. The authors systematically compare the consequences of EU involvement in eight conflicts in four world regions within a common framework. In doing so, they focus on the promotion of integration as a preventative strategy to avoid conflicts turning violent and as a long-term strategy to transform violent conflicts by placing them in a broader institutional context. The book will be of use to students and scholars interested in European foreign policy, comparative regionalism, and conflict resolution.
    Hurrelmann Achim, Schneider Steffen (eds.)
    The Legitimacy of Regional Integration in Europe and the Americas »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2015
    Based on cutting-edge research, this edited volume examines how citizens and political elites perceive the legitimacy of regional integration in Europe and the Americas. It analyses public opinion and political discourse on the EU, NAFTA and MERCOSUR, arguing that legitimation patterns shape the development of regional governance.
    Börzel Tanja A., Risse Thomas (eds.)
    The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2016
    The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism - the first of its kind - offers a systematic and wide-ranging survey of the scholarship on regionalism, regionalization, and regional governance. Unpacking the major debates, leading authors of the field synthesize the state of the art, provide a guide to the comparative study of regionalism, and identify future avenues of research. Twenty-seven chapters review the theoretical and empirical scholarship with regard to the emergence of regionalism, the institutional design of regional organizations and issue-specific governance, as well as the effects of regionalism and its relationship with processes of regionalization. The authors explore theories of cooperation, integration, and diffusion explaining the rise and the different forms of regionalism. The handbook also discusses the state of the art on the world regions: North America, Latin America, Europe, Eurasia, Asia, North Africa and the Middle East, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Various chapters survey the literature on regional governance in major issue areas such as security and peace, trade and finance, environment, migration, social and gender policies, as well as democracy and human rights. Finally, the handbook engages in cross-regional comparisons with regard to institutional design, dispute settlement, identities and communities, legitimacy and democracy, as well as inter- and transregionalism.
    Baldersheim Harald, Vegard Haug Are, Øgård Morten (eds.)
    The Rise of the Networking Region. The Challenges of Regional Collaboration in a Globalized World »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2011
    How regions and cities adapt to a Network Society and a globalized environment, the policies they pursue and how structures of governance are transformed in the pursuit of those policies are major themes in this volume. These issues are addressed with specific reference to the Nordic regions of Europe. Covering the four Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden plus the Faroe Islands, this volume charts the changes in networking activities and related development initiatives that have taken place over the last ten years. This means analysing regions in their pursuit of new policies, partnerships and styles of representation. Through this process regions are becoming partners and players in European integration and a movement of integrative regionalism is taking shape which is different from inward looking identity regionalism or self-centred competitive regionalism and takes regions beyond lobbying in Brussels.
    Items of Subsection 2.Cooperations and integration in Africa and in the Middle East
    King-Akerele Olubanke, Asiedu Kojo B.
    Accelerating Africa's Integration Through Micro-regionalism:The Case of Zambia-Malawi-Mozambique Growth Triangle and Its Impact »
    Authorhouse , 2015
    “This book is about accelerating Africa’s integration through the application of the growth triangle concept. Filled with rich experiences backed by research, this book is also a powerful account of how African countries’ border areas---many of which largely marginalized and clash points of conflicts---can be transformed into vibrant socio-economic security zones through local-regional development efforts. This book equally creates a necessary kind of working environment where micro-regionalism is given a significant role to play in addressing some of the protracted challenges associated with our continent’s “larger” groupings. A valuable piece of work and absolutely required reading for all of us (politicians, academics private sector, development practitioners, NGOS)”
    Abegunrin Olayiwola
    Africa in Global Politics in the Twenty-First Century »
    Palgrave Macmillan , Basingstoke , 2009
    In this twenty-first century, Africa has become an important source of the United States' energy imports and the world's natural resources. It has also become the epicenter of the world's deadly health epidemic, HIV/AIDS, and one of the battlegrounds in the fight against terrorism. With Nigeria and South Africa leading the continent, Africa has become a major player to be reckoned with in the global affairs.
    Nkrumah Kwame
    Africa must unite »
    Editori Internazionali Riuniti , Roma , 2011
    Akonor Kwame
    African Economic Institutions »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2009
    Dompere Kofi Kissi
    African Union: Pan African analytical foundations »
    Adonis & Abbey Publishers , London , 2006
    The monograph advances a sociological, political and politico-economic theoretic argument for African unity. The conceptual system is based on the philosophy of polyrhythmicity. The methods and techniques of the argument are drawn from the logic of polyrhythmics where conflicts in cultural differences as revealed in Africa's diversity are viewed as strength and beauty in unity within the Africentric mindset. These cultural conflicts and differences must be concretized in unity for Africa's emancipation, development and social welfare improvements. The main premise of the book is that Africa must unite without which Africa's rapid socio-economic development will be kept in arrested mode and held hostage by imperial system of predation through international strategic resource games. The validity of the main premise is demonstrated from a global conceptual view of African nationalism. The concept of global African nationalism is developed from the Pan-African analytical foundations after reviewing other views with the title "African nationalism". The logic of the analysis is systematically constructed from the building blocks and conceptual relationships among state-specific nationalism, ethnic-specific affinity and tribal-specific affinity; and the roles they may play in facilitating or inhibiting Africa's complete emancipation through politico-economic unity. The relationships are linked to events of contemporary dynamics of the modus operandi of global predation, resource conflicts and politico-economic power distribution over the global resource and demographic space. In general the monograph presents a multidisciplinary theory of regional integration with a special emphasis on Africa's global position. The monograph addresses itself to researchers, scholars, diplomats, political practitioners, students and those in the general public, who are engaged in economics, political science, sociology, theory of regional integration, African studies, Africana studies, Black studies and activists searching for better global tomorrow.
    Ferabolli Silvia
    Arab Regionalism. A Post-Structural Perspective »
    Routledge , 2015
    Arab regionalism details and examines the power relations involved in the making of an Arab region. On an empirical level, this book concentrates on the drawing of topographic and ideational boundaries in the Arab region, on Arab regional organizations, on the functional cooperation among Arab states and institutions, and on the socio-cultural infra-structure that supports the Arab region making process, with a strong focus on post-1990 dynamics. On a theoretical level, this work makes a case for the analytical autonomy of "Arab" regionalism (as opposed to regionalism in the Middle East or in the Mediterranean) and for the necessity of approaching it as an actual process instead of a failed project. The attitude of debasement and erasure towards Arab regionalism that is common-place in the field of regional studies is replaced in this book for the acknowledgment that there is much more political coordination, economic cooperation and social integration in the Arab region than has previously been assumed.
    Anghelone Francesco, Ungari Andrea (eds.)
    Atlante geopolitico del Mediterraneo 2016 »
    Bourdeaux , Roma , 2016
    Godsäter Andréas
    Civil Society Regionalization in Southern Africa The Cases of Trade and HIV/AIDS »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2016
    This book investigates civil society regionalization in Southern Africa. The point of departure is the study of 'new regionalism', which refers to the wave of regional integration globally since the 1980s. However, whilst the current regionalism studies undoubtedly contributes to a deeper understanding of regional processes, important gaps remain, in particular the relatively scant emphasis given to civil society. This particularly relates to regions in the global South, including Southern Africa. The overarching aim of this book is therefore to analyse the dynamics of civil society regionalization in Southern Africa, both empirically and from a theoretical perspective, through analysing the cases of trade and HIV/AIDS. The study finds that CSOs can be more active in regional governance than has previously been conceptualized and are also highly active in terms of constructing regionalization through framing issues and, to a less extent, making identities 'regional'. Furthermore, the book enhances knowledge of the heterogeneous nature of civil society regionalization. Lastly, it is demonstrated that 'going regional' is only partly an autonomous process and also has to be understood as under the influence of the deeper statist and capitalist social structures marking the regional order in Southern Africa.
    Nathan Laurie
    Community of Insecurity. SADC's Struggle for Peace and Security in Southern Africa »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2012
    Exploring the formation, evolution and effectiveness of the regional security arrangements of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Nathan examines a number of vital and troubling questions: * why has SADC struggled to establish a viable security regime? * why has it been unable to engage in successful peacemaking?, and * why has it defied the optimistic prognosis in the early 1990s that it would build a security community in Southern Africa? He argues that the answers to these questions lie in the absence of common values among member states, the weakness of these states and their unwillingness to surrender sovereignty to the regional organization. Paradoxically, the challenge of building a co-operative security regime lies more at the national level than at the regional level. The author's perspective is based on a unique mix of insider access, analytical rigour and accessible theory.
    Hanson Kobena T. (ed.)
    Contemporary Regional Development in Africa »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2015
    Contemporary Regional Development in Africa interrogates well-known concerns in the areas of regionalism and economic integration in contemporary Africa, while offering an added uniqueness by highlighting the capacity imperatives of the issues, and proposing critical policy guideposts. The volume juxtaposes a set of ‘dynamic’ entanglements - new and micro-regionalism, informal cross-border trade, intra-African and African FDI plus cross-border investments, infrastructure development, science and technology, regional value-chains, conflict management and regional security - with fluid interpretations of regional development. The chapters provide snapshots of the several emerging and complex regionalisms and highlight a set of relevant and often overlapping analyses - drawing on authors’ nuanced and granular understanding of the African landscape. The varied, yet interlinked, nature of issues covered in this study make the book valuable and attractive to academics, researchers, policymakers and development practitioners.
    Norodom Kiari Jean-Bédel (ed.)
    De l'intégration régionale en Afrique Centrale (1960-2010). Une analyse de cinquante années de pratique »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2015
    Nourou Tall Saidou
    Droit des organisations internationales africaines. Théorie générale. Droit communautaire comparé. Droit de l'Homme, paix et sécurité »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2015
    Ukaigwe Jerry
    ECOWAS Law »
    Springer , 2016
    This book analyses the emerging jurisprudence of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and seamlessly knits together all the disparate texts, policies and judicial decisions into a single, coherent resource. The work is deliberately crafted to address the lack of a comprehensive resource on the subject, and guide lawyers, policy-makers, Community citizens, researchers, students and civil society organisations through the labyrinth of the Community's laws and policies. From a socio-legal perspective, it unearths political, socio-economic and legal structures that impinge on the integration cause on the one hand, and dilute the efficacy of the Community legal regime on the other hand. Also, it exposes contemporary terrorism and conflict in West Africa and the legal interventions that the Community has adopted to respond to these challenges. In sequence, it traces and expounds the legal development of the Community norms with respect to sources of law, human rights, supra-nationalism and laws of the member states, reference procedure, action for damages, freedom of movement, discrimination and competition policy.The book particularly evaluates the extent of the human rights jurisdiction of the Community Court of Justice, as well as jurisdictional limitations to the protection of Community rights either at national or Community level. Also, it sheds light on the jurisdictional chasm existing between Community law and member states' national laws, and offers proven constitutional, legislative and judicial solutions to plug the gap. It explains vividly the common market, free movement of goods and the impact of Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on the entire ECOWAS free trade policy. In all these analyses, evaluation and examination of norms and policies, the work draws on the European Union's rich case law on similar points to explain recondite issues of law which may arise or have arisen from the application of any of the ECOWAS texts.
    Diagne Cheikh Ahmed Bamba
    Economie et gestion bancaire. Evolution du système bancaire et financier de l'UEMOA »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2015
    Gandois Helene
    From Ploughshare to Sword: Regionalism in Africa: The emergence of regional security organisations in Africa »
    LAP Lambert Academic Publishing , Saarbrücken , 2010
    The emergence of regional security organisations during the 1990s in Africa proved to be of great significance for the lives of many Africans, including those living in conflict-torn countries such as Liberia, Sierra Leone or the Democratic Republic of Congo, but has been, at the same time, understudied. This book explores why regional security organisations with an agenda of democratic governance emerged in Africa in the 1990s by looking at the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and at the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Looking the circumstances of their creation and their qualified failure as economic communities, this book analyses their security and democracy mandates and their implementation records to come to the conclusion that a security agenda cannot emerge without the involvement of the regional hegemon. What the regional hegemon can do, including affecting the speed of the transformation, is constrained by the acceptance of its leadership by its neighbours (legitimacy) and by state weakness (capability).
    Mays Terry M.
    Historical Dictionary of International Organizations in Africa and the Middle East »
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers , 2015
    The Historical Dictionary of International Organizations in Africa and the Middle East focuses on international organizations in Africa. And the Middle East. This makes sense for political, cultural, and geographical reasons. North African countries, and many located in the Sahel region, are members of not only African but also Middle Eastern international organizations due to their cultural and religious heritage as well as geographic location between Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. A limited number of global organizations are also included in this book when they have major programs focusing on Africa and/or the Middle East. This volume emphasizes intergovernmental organizations but many non-governmental organizations are also included. This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, thematic topics, and major international issues affecting the region. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about this subject.
    Welz Martin
    Integrating Africa. Decolonization's Legacies, Sovereignty and the African Union »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    The African Union (AU) is a continental organization that comprises every African state except for Morocco, is indeed a pioneering undertaking. Its ambitious aim is to integrate all member states, with the ultimate goal of forming the United States of Africa. Despite several attempts to build a union, the AU has remained an intergovernmental organization, one reason being a perceived unwillingness of the AU states to pool their national sovereignties. This study seeks to comprehend why Africa’s integration process has not moved towards a supranational organization, using a novel approach. It shifts the usual perspective away from the organization level and provides the first comprehensive and systematic analysis of the AU from the perspective of the states themselves. It includes 8 comprehensive case studies: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Mauritius, South African, Swaziland, Uganda and Zimbabwe to help understand their foreign policy and provide key insights into why they are (un)willing to yield sovereignty.
    Norodom Kiari Jean-Bédel
    L'intégration régionale en Afrique Centrale (1916 - 1960) »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2012
    Mebtoul Abderrahmane, Sari Camille (eds.)
    L'intégration économique maghrébine. Un destin obligé ? »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2014
    Maestri Elena
    La regione del Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Sviluppo e sicurezza umana in Arabia »
    FrancoAngeli , Milan , 2009
    Lorenz-Carl Ulrike
    Mapping Agency. Comparing Regionalisms in Africa »
    Ashgate , 2013
    Despite regionalism having developed into a global phenomenon, the European Union (EU) is still more often than not presented as the ‘role-model of regionalism’ whose institutional designs and norms are adopted by other regional actors and organizations as part of a rather passive ‘downloading process’. Reaching beyond such a Eurocentric perception, Mapping Agency provides an empirically rich ‘African perspective’ on regionalisms in Sub-Saharan Africa. It adopts an actor-centred approach but departs from a rather simplified understanding of agency as exerting power and instead scrutinizes to what extent actors actually participate in or are excluded from processes of regionalism. The value of this volume derives from the inclusion of historical dimensions, its open multi-actor approach to both formal and informal processes and its comparative perspective within but also beyond Sub-Saharan Africa. The chapters offer a multifaceted picture of agency beyond disciplinary divides where the EU is one actor amongst many and where local, national, regional and global state and non-state actors shape - and sometimes break - processes of regionalisms in Sub-Saharan Africa.
    Hätinger Benjamin
    Multilateral vs. Regional Economic Integration? - The Middle East and North African Region »
    Grin Verlag , 2009
    Abegunrin Olayiwola, Abidde Sabella Ogbobode (eds.)
    Pan-Africanism in Modern Times Challenges, Concerns, and Constraints »
    Lexington Books , Lanham , 2016
    For about one hundred years, Pan-Africanism—as a social, cultural, economic, political, and philosophical idea—thrived. Towards the tail-end of the twentieth century, however, it waned. But in more recent times, there has been noticeable resurgence. And as we approach the second decade of the twenty-first century, there are indications of significant transformations vis-à-vis the role and place of Pan-Africanism and Pan-Africanists. Consequently, this book offers a new, further, and better understanding of Pan-Africanism—not just from the traditional, African, and African American points of view, but also from a global perspective. It does so by offering an analysis of its early years in terms of the personalities, ideas, and conferences that shaped it; it also examines many of the factors that brought about its decline—and its eventual rebirth. Contributing to this seminal work are scholars of different but complementary styles and intellect, who deviate from the more traditional or obvious approaches. For instance, one of the chapters explores Pan-Africanism from the geographic perspective, while another examines the role and place of women in the Pan-African movement. There are also voices that advance the conversation from the regional and continental viewpoint—hence chapters that investigate the status of Pan-Africanism in Latin America, in the Caribbean, and Islam and Pan-Africanism in the modern world. Ethnonationalism and xenophobia are also part of the treatise because, increasingly, these injurious phenomena are reemerging in Africa’s landscape and consciousness. In an increasingly interdependent and interrelated world, this book also suggests that Pan-Africanism will undergo a metamorphosis: problems and challenges will be seen and tackled from the globalization and global common perspective. Pan-Africanism in Modern Times goes beyond the historicity of Pan-Africanism and examines the challenges, concerns, and constraints it faces; and also examines it from an inclusive perspective to have a broader understanding of this phenomenon and its future trajectory.
    Campbell Horace, Worrell Rodney
    Pan-Africanism, Pan-Africanists, and African Liberation in the 21st Century »
    New Academia Publishing , Washington, DC , 2006
    Join Campbell on this journey as he engages the attention of the reader on a number of important issues: Africa and International Partnerships, defining the task of the 21st century, retreating from the mechanical concepts of humans, leaderism and the lessons of Pan-African struggles in the last century, retreating from wars and violence, African women and liberation, re-conceptualizing Pan-Africanism, Walter Rodney 1974, Pan-African renewal in the 21st century, USA and their concept of partnering with Africa, reparations and peace in Africa, what kind of Pan-African partnership is possible, can the Pan-African movemment learn from the lessons of biological warfare, African youth liberation and peace, and information revolution and peace. Then travel with Worrel as he highlights the social and political thought of Leroy Harewood one of the unsung heroes of the Caribbean. Unfortunately many working class West Indians have made sterling contributions in the quest for social justice, but their contributions have never been recognized. However, Rodney Worrell seeks to address this deficiency by bringing to the attention of readers Harewood's views on several issues that are still relevant including: who are Africans, hunger and underdevelopment, Pan-African solidarity, failure of Barbadian political leaders, shortcomings of the black middle class, Clement Payne/NDP alliance, smashing the neo-colonial state, weakness of the liberal democratic model, Caribbean unification, recolonization and the revolutionary potential of Barbadians.
    Wyss Marco, Tardy Thierry (eds.)
    Peacekeeping in Africa. The evolving security architecture »
    Routledge , 2014
    This book provides a comprehensive analysis of peacekeeping in Africa. Recent events in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Mali remind us that violence remains endemic and continues to hamper the institutional, social and economic development of the African continent. Over the years, an increasing number of actors have become involved in the effort to bring peace to Africa. The United Nations (UN) has been joined by regional organisations, most prominently the African Union (AU) and the European Union (EU), and by sub-regional organizations like the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Meanwhile, traditional and emerging powers have regained an interest in Africa and, as a consequence, in peacekeeping. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the trends and challenges of international peacekeeping in Africa, with a focus on the recent expansion of actors and missions. Drawing upon contributions from a range of key thinkers in the field, Peacekeeping in Africa concentrates on the most significant and emerging actors, the various types of missions, and the main operational theatres, thus assessing the evolution of the African security architecture and how it impacts on peace operations.
    Ki-Zerbo Joseph
    Punti fermi sull'Africa »
    Editrice Missionaria Italiana EMI , Bologna , 2011
    Mebtoul Abderrahmane, Sari Camille (eds.)
    Quelle gouvernance et quelles institutions au Maghreb face aux enjeux géostratégiques? »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2015
    Levine Daniel H., Nagar Dawn (eds.)
    Region-Building in Africa. Political and Economic Challenges »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2016
    This landmark book is the first of its kind to assess the challenges of African region-building and regional integration across all five African subregions and more than five decades of experience, considering both political and economic aspects. Leading scholars and practitioners have come together to analyze a range of entwined topics, such as the theoretical underpinnings that have informed Africa’s regional integration trajectory; the political economy of integration; the complexities of integration in a context of weak states; the increasing salience of Africa’s relationships with rising extra-regional economic powers like China and India; and comparative lessons from non-African regional blocs. A core argument of this book is that region-building must be recognized as a political project as much as—if not more than—an economic one; successful region-building in Africa will need to include the complex political tasks of strengthening state capacity, resolving long-standing conflicts over resources and political dominance, improving democratic governance, and developing legitimate and inclusive transnational political structures.
    Hassan Hamdy A. (ed.)
    Regional Integration in Africa. Bridging the North-Sub-Saharan Divide »
    Africa Institute of South Africa , Pretoria, South Africa , 2011
    Why should there be a need to discuss North Africa's interactions with Africa, south of the Sahara? This question perhaps raises the bigger issue of people's general understanding of Afro –Arab relations. Afro-Arab relations did not emerge today or even in the recent past: they are the product of history and a multidimensional cultural and civilisation reality. This book, which came about as a research project conducted by the Africa Institute of South Africa, examines the North African countries' strategies of involvement with the rest of the African continent, and their integration initiatives. The book looks at major issues involving Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania. These countries, in most cases, have been treated as separate from sub-Saharan Africa. However, the historical reality and economic and political interests indicate that the North African countries have been and still are closely connected with the rest of the African continent. The book consists of two parts, the first part includes five chapters written in English and the second part of the book comprises six chapters written in Arabic.
    Chisadza Moses Wisdom
    Regional financial Integration in Africa: Cross-listings as a form of regional financial integration »
    Anchor Academic Publishing , 2015
    This book looks at contemporary issues facing financial markets in Southern Africa. It has been established that African stock markets are confronted with a multitude of problems which include inadequate liquidity, low capitalisation, few market participants, a small number of listed companies and low trading volumes. As a result, their broader economic impact has so far been limited. The Southern Africa Development Community ( SADC ) stock markets, with the exception of South Africa, are small both in terms of the number of listed companies and market capitalisation, and they display considerable illiquidity. In general, the SADC region has shallow and underdeveloped financial markets. Their development has been hampered by a number of factors which include; political and economic uncertainty, fiscal dominance, weak judicial institutions, limited investment opportunities in the private sector, technological constraints, and the shortage of skilled personnel with expertise in banking and finance
    Bach Daniel C
    Regionalism in Africa. Genealogies, institutions and trans-state networks »
    Routledge , 2016
    This book surveys the socio-economic, intellectual and security related dimensions of African regionalisms since the turn of the 20th century. It argues that the continent deserves to be considered as a crucible for conceptualizing and contextualizing the ongoing influence of colonial policies, the emergence of specific integration and security cultures, the spread of cross-border regionalisation processes at the expense of region-building, the interplay between territory, space and trans-state networks, and the intrinsic ambivalence of global frontier narratives. This is emphasized through the identification of distinctive 'threads' of regionalism which, by focusing on genealogies, trajectories and ideals, transcend the binary divide between old and new regionalisms. In doing so, the book opens new perspectives not only on Africa in international relations, but also Africa’s own international relations.
    Kasule Ssebunya
    Regionalism in Africa: A Case Study of the East African Community »
    VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG , Saarbrücken , 2009
    The number of regional organizations in Africa has increased substantially over the past thirty years even though their success has been dismal. In addition to poor performance, traditional theories of economics cooperation are no longer relevant in explaining the existence of these organizations because African leaders have placed politics above economics. Using the East African Community as a case study, this book examines the creation, maintenance and performance of regional economic organizations by analyzing the goals and activities of African leaders. This book reveals that regional organizations have been successful whenever the objective at hand does not threaten the goals of the Heads of State of member countires. However, this book also shows that member countries can benefit from regional economic organizations if they focus on the production and export of food crops. This book sheds light on the role of politics in regional economic organizations in Africa, and should be useful to students of African politics, foreign aid donors, multi-national corporations, investors, and business-people in African countries.
    Tafese Gosa Setu
    SADC: Achievements, Challenges, and prospects. The Achievements of SADC »
    LAP Lambert Academic Publishing , 2012
    This book is designed to examine mainly the achievements and challenges of Southern African Development Community (SADC). SADC has recorded various achievements in the region. Regarding this, it has enhanced the development of infrastructures and gender equality among member states. In spite of these achievements, SADC is facing several challenges. Among others, poor political and economic cooperation are highly manifesting in the region.
    Legrenzi Matteo, Momani Bessma (eds.)
    Shifting Geo-Economic Power of the Gulf. Oil, Finance and Institutions »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2011
    Bringing together for the first time distinguished Gulf experts to analyse the renewed geo-economic prominence of the Gulf states, this volume investigates some of the 'new power brokers' in the world economy: the oil-exporting states of the Gulf. The Gulf Cooperation Council's (GCC) members: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, collectively have the largest proven oil reserves in the world and are among the world's largest oil-exporting states. Gulf Arab states are actively pursuing a variety of foreign investment strategies. Some of these investments are being managed by sovereign wealth funds, government investment corporations, and government-controlled companies. This renewed geo-economic status has received a lot of media attention but there has been a dearth of academic study on what this shift in global economic power means for the international economic system. This volume aims to fill this gap with a rigorous scholarly analysis based on primary sources and raw economic data. It brings together the expertise of academics who have devoted their career to careful study of the region and of renowned scholars of international political economy.
    Werle Gerhard, Vormbaum Moritz (eds.)
    The African Criminal Court - A Commentary on the Malabo Protocol - International Criminal Justice Series »
    T.M.C. Asser Press , 2016
    This book offers the first comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the provisions of the ‘Malabo Protocol’—the amendment protocol to the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples’ Rights—adopted by the African Union at its 2014 Summit in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea. The Annex to the protocol, once it has received the required number of ratifications, will create a new Section in the African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples’ Rights with jurisdiction over international and transnational crimes, hence an ‘African Criminal Court’. In this book, leading experts in the field of international criminal law analyze the main provisions of the Annex to the Malabo Protocol.
    Adejumobi Said, Olukoshi Adebayo (eds.)
    The African Union and New Strategies for Development in Africa »
    Cambria Press , Amherst (NY) , 2008
    The early twenty-first century witnessed remarkable attempts by Africa’s political leadership to promote regional integration as a means of fast-tracking economic progress, facilitating peace and security, consolidating democratic gains, and promoting the general welfare of the African people. The transition of the Organization of Unity (OAU) to the African Union (AU), as well as the foisting of a new economic blueprint for the continent-the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), combined with the growing role of the regional economic communities (RECs) in harmonizing and creating subregional norms and standards in the political and economic arena suggests a new trend towards regionalism in Africa. Indeed, in the new regional integration architecture, the RECs are considered to be the building blocks of the integration process led by the African Union. This new impetus of a regional development strategy was largely prompted by the slow pace of economic progress on the continent, the increasing marginalization of Africa in the global economy, and the need to create regional resources and standards that would benefit the continent in all spheres of social life. A painful realization became obvious that small micro-states in Africa sticking to their political independence and sovereignty would hardly make much progress in an increasingly globalised world. A macro-states’ approach of regional integration has assumed Africa’s new strategy to intervene in and integrate with a globalizing world. The current regional trend in Africa has received very little scholarly attention especially in a systematic and comprehensive way. This is due partly to the fact that the processes are currently unfolding and there is still uncertainty in the outcomes. Poor documentation and the dearth of primary materials (especially from the regional institutions) also contribute to the lack of scholarly work in this area. This study assembles the voices of some of the most seasoned African and Africanist scholars who have constantly, in one way or another, interacted with the integration process in Africa and kept abreast of the developments therein, and seeks to capture those developments in a nuanced manner in the economic, political and social spheres. The essence of this book is to analyze those processes––teasing out the issues, problems, challenges and major policy recommendations, with tentative conclusions on Africa’s regional development trajectory. The book therefore fills major knowledge and policy gaps in Africa’s regional development agenda. This book is a landmark contribution in a systematic attempt to comprehend Africa’s regional development strategy led by the African Union. It examines the background, nuances, and dimensions of the process, which include the basis and historiography of pan-Africanism, the transition of the OAU to the AU, the issue of popular participation in development, the NEPAD and APRM initiatives, the evolving regional peace and security architecture, and the efforts of regional institutions to facilitate democracy, human rights, rule of law and good governance on the continent. The book underscores the fact that formidable obstacles and challenges abound in the trajectory, politics, and processes of this regional development paradigm, especially as Africa navigates an uncertain future in a deeply divided and unequal yet globalised World. The book constitutes a major reference material and compendium for a wide range of readers––students and scholars of African affairs and African development, policy makers both in Africa and the western countries, regional and international institutions and organizations, and all those interested in the past, present and future of Africa’s development process.
    Touray Omar Alieu
    The African Union. The First Ten Years »
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers , 2016
    This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the African Union during the organization’s first ten years of existence. It takes the reader through the various intergovernmental processes that preceded and followed the establishment of the Union and through the workings of key organs such as the Assembly of Heads of State, the Council of Ministers, the Pan African Parliament and the Commission. The study argues that the African Union represented a rational choice of its member states, who saw it as a means to advancing their individual and collective preferences for liberation, peace and security, good governance and socio-economic development. It maintains that the African Union did not only make marked progress in a number of areas; the Union also established norms that had transformational effects on military and political elites at country and regional levels. However, like in most agent-principal relations, the autonomy of the Union was limited in many ways, and this affected the Union’s effectiveness in such areas as human and socio-economic development, as well as in sustaining peace support operations. At a more general level, the study argues that the African Union offers clear insights into integration as a multidimensional process that no single theoretical tradition can explain in a comprehensive manner. The author’s response to such a theoretical limitation is “fusionism”, an integrated approach that amalgamates various analytical traditions in order to provide a better explanation of the processes of international integration.
    Toffolo Cris E.
    The Arab League »
    Chelsea House , New York , 2008
    Unlike other regional organizations such as the European Union, which are founded on geography, the League of Arab States, or Arab League, is based on a shared culture and rooted in a common language. Established in 1945, it seeks to help Arab countries coordinate their policies, gain a united political voice in the world, and work toward a better common future. The league’s constitution provides for the coordination of political, educational, financial, legal, security, cultural, social, and communications affairs. The Arab League is also charged with co-coordinating commercial relationships, passports, visas, and health issues.
    Legrenzi Matteo
    The GCC and the International Relations of the Gulf: Diplomacy, Security and Economic Coordination in a Changing Middle East »
    I.B. Tauris , London , 2011
    The GCC, made up of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and the UAE, is one of the most resilient sub-regional organizations in the world, and the most successful one in the Arab world. It has been the forum through which much internal security co-operation in this volatile sub-region has taken place, as well as the main representative for the UAE’s territorial dispute with Iran over the Aub Musa and Tunbs Islands. It also has significant potential to present an alternative form of leverage over the international oil markets. Very little is known, however, about how the organization really works: how decisions are actually taken, as opposed to how this process is formally constituted in its charters, and what the GCC’s real impact on member states, the Gulf, and international relations is. Drawing on cutting-edge IR theoretical perspectives as well as unique first-hand access to GCC decision-makers, Matteo Legrenzi explains the mechanisms of Gulf cooperation -- and its limitations -- in the context of economic globalization, diplomatic regionalization, and the rise of Iran. Combining historical context, primary source investigations and theoretical analysis, it is the first comprehensive guide to the GCC and an indispensable resource for anyone concerned with the Gulf and the Middle East.
    Muchie Mammo (ed.)
    The Making of the Africa-Nation: Pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance »
    Adonis & Abbey Publishers , London , 2003
    The need for unity has been a recurring theme in Africa’s irredentist struggles against the forces of fragmentation and general underdevelopment. A truly united Africa however cannot be made without a prior making of the African. Currently, a shared sense of being African is at best still in a state of flux. The idea of Africa itself has also not been satisfactorily settled. With these in mind, discussions of any unity project in Africa must necessarily start with posing and answering some fundamental questions: Who is uniting? What for? And how should the unity proceed? With gusto and candour, the contributors discuss the various issues, challenges and prospects of Africa’s unity projects in ways that have, perhaps, not been previously articulated in African socio-political thoughts. The 17 contributors – all very senior academics, journalists and researchers from different parts of the world, including Arabia, China, America, Britain, France, Scandinavia and Continental and Diaspora Africa, bring with them different traditions, perspectives and narrative styles in their contributions. While generally agreeing that Africa has the resources to rise above its current challenges, most go further to stress that with a resurgent imperialism, there is an urgent need to bring back the African national project through the triadic notions of Africa-Nation, Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance. These, they see as necessary, both as narratives for development and as counter strategies for the current drive towards hegemony and re-colonisation.
    Items of Subsection 3.Cooperations and integration in Central and North America
    Comissiong David
    An Urgent Call to the Caribbean: The Case for Caribbean De-Colonisation, Integration and Political Unification »
    Caribbean Chapters , 2014
    Hall Kenneth, Chuck-A-Sang Myrtle (eds.)
    Caribbean Integration From Crisis to Transformation and Repositioning »
    Trafford Publishing , Bloomington, IN , 2012
    This collection entitled “Caribbean Integration: From Crisis to Transformation and Repositioning”, captures the thinking of and prescriptions offered by some of the best minds of the Caribbean and further afield at a Conference held at The University of the West Indies in 2011 under the theme The Caribbean and the Commonwealth: Collective Responsibility for the 21st Century. In examining the challenges faced by the Region in moving the Integration process forward, a number of papers boldly assess what needs to be done to avert the crisis which threatened the Caribbean as they advocate for a rethinking of the strategies currently employed by the Caribbean Community. This book is highly recommended to senior policy makers, serious academicians and a public deeply interested in the challenges and triumphs of the Caribbean peoples.
    Dookeran Winston
    Crisis and Promise in the Caribbean. Politics and Convergence »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2015
    The Caribbean is made up of a complex, enigmatic region, characterised by great disparities in size, population, geography, history, language, religion, race and politics. This is a region in which harmony and discord work in tandem, trying to link economic logic with political logic. This book is a useful tool not only for those specialists and students of regionalism but for all those putting their hands to the task of nation-building and those interested in the development processes of small states and economies. At the same time, this book is a comprehensive historical record especially highlighting hindrances to development in this region. This study raises two important issues: the ‘political imperative of convergence’ and the need for ‘appropriate correcting mechanisms’ that align the needs of the local with the regional. It is a volume that underlines the need for a change in strategy and makes proposals as to how to go about making those changes.
    Morris Michael A.
    Language Politics of Regional Integration. Cases from the Americas »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2016
    Language policies impact language choice, language prestige, and language spread. Rising regional integration, both formal and informal, adds to the sensitivity and complexity of language politics, whether in North America, South America or Europe. This book shows how language politics vary across the Americas and contrast with Europe.
    Fickling Meera, Schott Jeffrey J.
    NAFTA and Climate Change »
    Peterson Institute for International Economics , Washington D.C. , 2011
    NAFTA remains a centerpiece of US trade-policy debate, but its provisions have sacrificed environmental concerns for the sake of trade liberalization. This timely volume analyzes the national policies of the United States, Canada, and Mexico; the authors explain how the competing priorities of province, state, or government agendas can slow coordination measures to curtail emissions throughout North America. But, North American cooperation could serve as a model for how developed and developing countries can mutually benefit from an international climate change agreement. Emission reduction is now inextricably linked with trade and finance measures in this post-Kyoto era. The authors argue that the three NAFTA partners can work together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while mitigating concerns about trade competitiveness. NAFTA and Climate Change provides a critical assessment of how NAFTA initiatives will contribute to the achievement of important climate-change goals at both regional and global levels. This thorough investigation advances potential solutions, and ideas to develop practical channels for transferring technical and financial assistance from developed to developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and further economic development.
    Kong Hoi L., Wroth L. Kinvin(eds.)
    NAFTA and Sustainable Development. History, Experience, And Prospects For Reform »
    Cambridge University Press , 2015
    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and its companion agreement, the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), provide important and often underappreciated protection for the environmental laws of the Party states: Canada, Mexico, and the United States. On the twentieth anniversary of NAFTA's ratification, this book assesses the current state of environmental protection under those agreements. Bringing together scholars, practitioners, and regulators from all three Party states, it outlines the scope and process of NAFTA and NAAEC, their impact on specific environmental issues, and paths to reform. It includes analyses of the impact of the agreements on such matters as bioengineered crops in Mexico, assessment of marine environmental effects, potential lessons for China, climate change, and indigenous rights. Together, the chapters of this book represent an important contribution to the global conversation concerning international trade agreements and sustainable development.
    Kay Tamara
    NAFTA and the Politics of Labor Transnationalism »
    Cambridge University Press , 2011
    When NAFTA went into effect in 1994, many feared it would intensify animosity among North American unions, lead to the scapegoating of Mexican workers and immigrants, and eclipse any possibility for cross-border labor cooperation. But far from polarizing workers, NAFTA unexpectedly helped stimulate labor transnationalism among key North American unions and erode union policies and discourses rooted in racism. The emergence of labor transnationalism in North America presents compelling political and sociological puzzles: How did NAFTA, the concrete manifestation of globalization processes in North America, help deepen labor solidarity on the continent? In addition to making the provocative argument that global governance institutions can play a pivotal role in the development of transnational social movements, this book suggests that globalization need not undermine labor movements: collectively, unions can help shape how the rules governing the global economy are made.
    Hufbauer Gary Clyde, Schott Jeffrey J. (assisted by Grieco Paul L. E., Wong Yee)
    NAFTA revisited: achievements and challenges »
    Peterson Institute for International Economics , Washington D.C. , 2005
    In Brief
    Morales Isidro (ed.)
    National Solutions to Trans-Border Problems? The Governance of Security and Risk in a Post-NAFTA North America »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2011
    'Triggered by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canada, the United States and Mexico redefined their public policies to facilitate the regionalization of transactions. However, this volume addresses the institutional gaps that still remain focusing mainly on the cross-border governance of security aspects. It gathers interdisciplinary contributions of specialists working on continental issues within Canada, the United States and Mexico and highlights the transnational dimension of certain issues still managed under national-framed policies. Furthermore, it explores the possibilities and constraints for moving public policy into new cross-border governance strategies. Divided in three parts, the first part assesses what is at stake in cross-border governance issues and whether the integrative trend in the region will be maintained or stalled in the years to come. The second part explores the growing scope of security problems interconnected with borders, migration, energy and drug trafficking across the region. It highlights how Mexico and Canada are responding or adapting their policy choices to a continental security approach framed by the US after the terrorist attacks of September 11, and to the major concerns of the Obama administration. The third part focuses on the governance of territorial borders and bilateral affairs, i.e. Mexico-US and Canada-Mexico relations.
    Imtiaz Hussain, Dominguez Roberto
    North American Regionalism and Global Spread »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2015
    Was the 1993 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) designed as a definitive trade agreement, or as a stepping stone? This book reviews NAFTA's performances on trade, investment, intellectual property rights, dispute-settlement, as well as environmental and labor side-agreements within a theoretical construct.
    Castro-ReaJulián (ed.)
    Our North America. Social and Political Issues beyond NAFTA »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2012
    What we call "North America" today is a human space that has been constructed over the centuries, perceived from time immemorial by its original inhabitants as a unified whole, and named Turtle Island. What is North America today? Is it more than the sum of its parts? Does it qualify as a distinct global region? Is it just a market or also something else? This book explores several neglected aspects of the key relationships between Canada, Mexico and the United States. Studies of societal relations in North America have typically been limited to trade, investment and intergovernmental relations. In contrast, the authors in this book address other vital issues which bind this global region together, including Indigenous peoples, security, migration, civil societies, democracy, identities and culture. Via a thorough examination of these issues, the historical, sociological, economic, and political aspects of regional linkages are highlighted. Rather than dealing with each country in isolation, each chapter in this collection considers North America as a single unit of analysis, therefore systematically addressing the regional dynamic as a whole, and engaging the country-specific differences in a truly comparative way. By providing the analytical tools needed, this important book makes sense of the different aspects of the complex societies of contemporary North America.
    Hall Kenneth, Chuck-A-Sang Myrtle (eds.)
    Paradigm Shifts & Structural Changes - in Pursuit of Progress in the Caribbean Community »
    Trafford Publishing , Bloomington, IN , 2013
    This publication consists of a significant number of scholarly papers from eminent Caribbean Intellectuals and academics, committed to the advancement of regional integration. It encapsulates articles which represent views on CARICOM, covering a wide spectrum of issues – from conception, through current trials and tribulations, into bold peeks into the future. The contribution by the late Hon. Best and Dr. St. Cyr, is particularly interesting as it dares to try to impose paradigm shifts on both the methodology to be used, and on the desirable destination to be sought, if future generations are not to decry the current generation for this myopia.
    Morales Isidro
    Post-NAFTA North America »
    Palgrave Macmillan , Basingstoke , 2008
    Since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was conceived, it has been regarded as a mechanism of economic integration, drawing Canada, Mexico and the US into one single economic space. Professor Isidro Morales challenges this long-held assumption, illustrating that NAFTA, for the US, is not an integration mechanism, but rather a means of reinforcing 'export-enhancing' policies generated by Washington. NAFTA is the middle ground, the interface, between US multilateral positions pursued within the World Trade Organisation and unilateral trade measures debated and adopted by US congress. Its voice has become that of the US, embodying the same values, the same principles, and the same disciplinary policy, as that advocated by the American elites. It has become more than a simple trade regime, evolving into a regulatory framework combating the pressure of globalization in the post-Cold War era. In the aftermath of September 11th, 2001, NAFTA has formed a strategic bloc, grounded in the securitization of trade and in the acquiescence of Canada and Mexico to a domineering US. Can a balance be resumed?
    López-Vallejo Marcela
    Reconfiguring Global Climate Governance in North America. A Transregional Approach »
    Ashgate , 2014
    Global climate governance has presented problems that have led to failures, yet it has also opened the door to new transregional governance schemes, especially in North America. This book introduces an environmental dimension into the concept of governance. Almost fifteen years after the climate global governance concept emerged, results worldwide have not been as favorable as expected. This book details previous discussions about the concept of global climate governance and its limits. It highlights how the Kyoto Protocol has a limited design taking into account a national approach to global, regional, and transnational problems, had no obligatory mechanisms for implementation and explains the emergence of new polluters not committed under it such as China and India. Furthermore this book explores other levels of authority such as regional institutions - the North American agreement on trade (NAFTA) and on environment (NAAEC), as well as the regional energy working group (NAEWG). The author puts forward a theoretical proposal for re-territorialization and coordination of policies for climate change into new forms of articulating interests in what she terms transnational green economic regions (TGERs) and tests this on two case studies - the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) and the Western Climate Initiative (WCI). This study presents the challenges and opportunities of a transregional approach in North America.
    Bow Brian, Anderson Greg (eds.)
    Regional Governance in Post-NAFTA North America. Building without Architecture »
    Routledge , 2015
    Twenty years after NAFTA, the consensus seems to be that the regional project in North America is dead. The trade agreement was never followed up by new institutions that might cement a more ambitious regional community. The Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP), launched with some fanfare in 2005, was quietly discontinued in 2009. And new cooperative ventures like the US-Canada Beyond the Border talks and the US-Mexico Merida Initiative suggest that the three governments have reverted to the familiar, pre-NAFTA pattern of informal, incremental bilateralism. One could argue, however, that NAFTA itself has been buried, and yet the region somehow lives on, albeit in a form very different from regional integration in other parts of the world. A diverse group of contributors, from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, with experience in academia, government service, think tanks and the private sector bring to bear a sophisticated and much needed examination of regional governance in North America, its historical origins, its connection to the regional distribution of power and the respective governments’ domestic institutions, and the variance of its forms and function across different issue areas. The editors begin by surveying the literature on North American regional politics, matching up developments there with parallel debates and controversies in the broader literatures on comparative regional integration and international policy coordination more generally. Six contributors later explore the mechanisms of policy coordination in specific issue-areas, each with an emphasis on a particular set of actors, and with its own way of characterizing the relevant political and diplomatic dynamics. Chapters on the political context for regional policy coordination follow leading to concluding remarks on the future of North America. At a time when scholarly interest in North America seems to be waning, even while important and interesting political and economic developments are taking place, this volume will reinvigorate the study of North America as a region, to better understand its past, present and future.
    Hussain Imtiaz (ed.)
    The Impacts of NAFTA on North America: Challenges Outside the Box »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2010
    Sánchez Sánchez Rafael A.
    The Politics of Central American Integration »
    Routledge , London, New York , 2008
    Since its inception in the 1960s to the regional negotiations in the 1990s and onwards, Central American integration has been a process characterized by both dramatic advances and setbacks. This book provides a theoretical explanation of this ebb and flow, examining different stages including the military conflicts of the 1980s, the subsequent Esquipulas peace process, and the relaunch of integration during the 1990s under the System of Central American Integration (SICA). Sánchez Sánchez's analysis focuses on the policies and preferences of the larger states of the region, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala, and argues that integration relies on intergovernmental bargaining. Interviews, historical and comparative data are presented in a format invaluable for students and teachers concerned with comparative regional integration, as well as for those seeking a greater understanding of contemporary Central American regional and international politics and development.
    Bow Brian, Santa-Cruz Arturo (eds.)
    The State and Security in Mexico. Transformation and Crisis in Regional Perspective »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    At the turn of the millennium, Mexico seemed to have finally found its path to political and economic modernization; a state which had been deeply embedded in society was being pulled out, with new political leaders allowing market forces to play a greater role in guiding the nation’s economic development, and allowing old patron-client networks to crumble. At the same time, many hoped that political and legal reforms would increase the state’s capacity to provide prosperity, security, and equity for its citizens. In the midst of this historic transformation, however, Mexico was confronted with an urgent new policy challenge. Internationally recognized experts from the academic and think-tank communities in the United States, Mexico, and Canada consider the origins of the current crisis in Mexico, and the nature and effectiveness of the Calderón government’s response. Simply not another book on North American regional security, this volume uses Joel Migdal’s concept of "the state in society" to provide a refreshingly clear and accessible exploration of political change in the developing world. The engagement with the US and Canada gives the reader a chance to observe the dynamics of persuasion across the developmental divide. Four key questions structure the study: - What does the ongoing security crisis in Mexico tell us about the changing role of the state in society there? - What does the changing role of the state tell us about the nature (and intractability) of the crisis? - How has the transition to democracy affected the links between the state and organized crime in Mexico, and the state’s capacity to contain non-state challengers? - What kinds of political and legal reforms are called for, and what effects can we expect them to have on the extent and intensity of violence in Mexico? No other study comprehensively uncovers new conceptual and theoretical insights in each of these areas whilst offering some practical guidance for policy-makers and publics seeking to understand these urgent and complex challenges.
    Items of Subsection 4.Cooperation and integration in Central and Latin America
    De La Reza German A.
    En quête de la Confédération. Essais d'intégration des républiques hispano-américaines au XIX° siècle »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2014
    Vivares Ernesto
    Exploring the New South American Regionalism (NSAR) »
    Ashgate , 2014
    The events and processes that have taken place in the last decade in South America have given way to one of the most interesting regional phenomena under a global crisis and within a changing world order. From the traditional status of Washington´s backyard and reign of economic and political stability, South America has increasingly turned into a region marked by a heterodox development in the light of other dominant regional tendencies of development-the European Union, NAFTA and the Asia Pacific. The political economic nature of the new South American regionalism (NSAR) is far from echoing the dominant interpretations about it, which reflects the major regional projects today. Given the reach and scope of the existing literature on the topic of the NSAR, there is an important gap concerning its academic exploration in relation to its nature of development, political economic complexity, challenges and orientations. In this sense, this book explores, from a wider and pluralist political economic perspective, the developmental dimensions of the NSAR within a changing hemispheric and world order in transformation. It analyses a set of specific debates: regionalism in the Americas then and now; social and economic development and regional integration; and organized crime, intelligence and defence. An in depth and critical reflection on the complex and heterogeneous path of regionalization taking place in South America from different perspectives and in key issues of regional development.
    Lins de Moraes Michelle
    Il processo di convergenza socio-economica nel Mercosur a partire dalla sua istituzione. Una verifica empirica a livello sub-nazionale »
    Aracne , Roma , 2014

    Table of contents and Introduction
    Hernandez Monica Llerena
    Joining Mercosur: A Right Movement for Regional Integration? The case for Venezuela »
    LAP Lambert Academic Publishing , Saarbrücken , 2011
    The regional trading blocs or Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) have represented an important strategy for development in Latin American countries. Two central trade blocs in the continent, Mercosur and the Andean Community, took significant steps to create a Free Trade Area (FTA) among members, stopping negotiations in 2003. The proposal itself represents an interesting analytical issue for policy makers, in order to visualize the path through the determination of common free area and its direct effects in each country. This book aims to assess the net welfare effect of a possible future FTA among countries belonging to Mercosur and the Andean Community, focused on the particular case of Venezuela, filling an absent space in the literature. The contribution should be especially useful to economists, professionals involved with Latin-American commerce, policy makers and students.
    Campa Riccardo
    L'America Latina. Un compendio »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2016
    Morelli Federica
    L'indipendenza dell'America spagnola. Dalla crisi della monarchia alle nuove repubbliche »
    Le Monnier , Firenze , 2015
    Gardini Gian Luca
    Latin America in the 21st Century: Nations, Regionalism, Globalization »
    Zed Books , London , 2012
    Twenty-first century Latin America is rich in history, culture, and political and social experimentation. In this fascinating and insightful analysis, Gardini looks at contemporary developments at three interconnected levels: state, region and globe. At the state level, leaders such as Evo Morales of Bolivia and Chavez of Venezuela embody a renewed intellectual autonomy in the continent, while revealing significant discrepancies between their rhetoric and their actions. At the regional level, while a consensus has emerged over Latin American unity as the only way towards development, the existence of several competing schemes of regional economic and political integration more accurately reflect the diversity of the area. At the global level, elements of change, such as the rise of Brazil and the involvement of China as a new trade partner, sit alongside traits of continuity, such as the crucial political, economic and ideational role played by Washington. Overall, Gardini argues that despite the numerous challenges to be faced, Latin America is now more wealthy, autonomous and better-placed in global geopolitics than at any time in its recent history.
    Irarrázabal Juan
    Latin American Integration and Rule of Law »
    Universitätsverlag Regensburg , 2016
    This book conceptually develops the condition of rule of law within a framework of continental integration. Then analyzes the European Economic Community as a case of economic integration with rule of law. This contrasts with the North American experience of free-trade integration with rule of law, which was joined by Mexico. The Latin American cases of trade integration without rule of law are reviewed as failed attempts. The study furthermore analyzes the current European Union as a case of integration including politics and rule of law, and its current challenges. The book ends with a new approach to Latin American integration, starting from energy integration and other infrastructure projects.
    Gómez-Mera Laura
    Power and Regionalism in Latin America. The Politics of MERCOSUR »
    University of Notre Dame Press , Notre Dame, IN , 2013
    In Power and Regionalism in Latin America: The Politics of MERCOSUR, Laura Gómez-Mera examines the erratic patterns of regional economic cooperation in the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR), a political-economic agreement among Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and, recently, Venezuela that comprises the world’s fourth-largest regional trade bloc. Despite a promising start in the early 1990s, MERCOSUR has had a tumultuous and conflict-ridden history. Yet it has survived, expanding in membership and institutional scope. What explains its survival, given a seemingly contradictory mix of conflict and cooperation? Through detailed empirical analyses of several key trade disputes between the bloc’s two main partners, Argentina and Brazil, Gómez-Mera proposes an explanation that emphasizes the tension between and interplay of two sets of factors: power asymmetries within and beyond the region, and domestic-level politics. Member states share a common interest in preserving MERCOSUR as a vehicle for increasing the region’s leverage in external negotiations. Gómez-Mera argues that while external vulnerability and overlapping power asymmetries have provided strong and consistent incentives for regional cooperation in the Southern Cone, the impact of these systemic forces on regional outcomes also has been crucially mediated by domestic political dynamics in the bloc’s two main partners, Argentina and Brazil. Contrary to conventional wisdom, however, the unequal distribution of power within the bloc has had a positive effect on the sustainability of cooperation. Despite Brazil’s reluctance to adopt a more active leadership role in the process of integration, its offensive strategic interests in the region have contributed to the durability of institutionalized collaboration. However, as Gómez-Mera demonstrates, the tension between Brazil’s global and regional power aspirations has also added significantly to the bloc’s ineffectiveness.
    Bulmer-Thomas Victor (ed.)
    Regional Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean »
    Brookings Institution Press , London , 2001
    This collection is a sober assessment of the state of regional integration in Latin America and the Caribbean. It studies the question from four perspectives: economic, institutional, political, and in relation to the rest of the world. It considers the questions raised by LAC countries' efforts to use 'new' regionalism to address the challenges of globalization and to explore the nature and meaning of open regionalism. This thematic treatment draws on the experience of the different schemes currently in place in the region: NAFTA, CACM, CARICOM, the Andean Community and MERCOSUR. It also examines the nature of globalization, including concerns over the relationship between regionalism and the multilateral system. There is now a broad consensus among LAC countries that regional integration can help them adjust to the new world order, but there is much less agreement on how to achieve it and what reforms are needed to bring it about.
    Rivarola Puntigliano Andrés, Briceño-Ruiz J. (eds.)
    Resilience of Regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean. Development and Autonomy »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2013
    As regionalisation becomes an increasingly hot topic, the authors explain why regionalism has been most successful in Latin America and analyse current processes and opinions of possible future developments in the region, including the Caribbean, Central America, Brazil, and Mexico.
    Sanchini Giorgia
    Sguardo a sud ovest. Il Sudamerica dell'Unasur tra integrazione e prospettive geopolitiche »
    Aliberti , Roma , 2010
    Braveboy-Wagner Jacqueline Anne
    Small States in Global Affairs »
    Palgrave Macmillan , New York , 2007
    This book represents an update of a well-received volume published in 1989,Caribbean in World Affairs. Given the broad changes that have occurred in the world since the fall of the Berlin Wall, and taking into account requests for a second edition from Caribbean scholars and policymakers in recent years, the author has written this new edition with the same aim as the original: to provide a comprehensive and theoretically-grounded account of diplomatic developments in these microstates. The author provides a lasting analysis of small state behavior, noting the recent renewal of interest in small states in both the global north and south. The new material includes attention to the changed global setting, updated theoretical developments in foreign policy, and the inclusion of Haiti and Suriname, newer members of Caricom.
    Farias Carolina Rosales
    The Andean Community in the International Context »
    VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG , Saarbrücken , 2008
    Franca Filho Marcílio Toscano , Lixinski Lucas, Olmos Giupponi María Belén (eds.)
    The Law of Mercosur »
    Hart Publishing , 2010
    The Law of MERCOSUR presents both an overview and in-depth analysis of one of the world’s most important and increasingly influential economic organisations. The book comprises both a series of first-hand analyses of MERCOSUR by experts from countries in the MERCOSUR bloc, and also discussions from other parts of the world looking at MERCOSUR as global actor of ever-increasing importance. The book is divided into three main parts: the first analyses the key institutional legal aspects of MERCOSUR, looking at its history, the general theory of economic integration, and basic aspects relating to the functioning of MERCOSUR; the second examines specialised topics, including the regulation of the environment, human rights and the energy market in MERCOSUR; and in the third part the editors offer a translation of core MERCOSUR instruments, with the objective of furthering understanding of the economic bloc. Original in its conception, the book aims to fill a major gap in the English-language literature by offering a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the Law of MERCOSUR, and it is hoped that it will become essential reading for those practitioners and academics who are interested not only in MERCOSUR, but in economic integration generally, in international trade, and in the regional aspects of the phenomenon of globalisation.
    Gardini Gian Luca
    The Origins of Mercosur. Democracy and Regionalization in South America »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2010
    The processes of democratization and regionalization in South America ran parallel to one another between 1985 and 1991. However, the nature of this relationship is by no means clear. This book explores the diplomatic history of the formation of Mercosur and analyzes the precise place of democracy in the process. At the methodological level, a combination of hitherto unexamined documents and extensive interview material makes for a novel oral history approach to diplomatic studies. At the theoretical level, a melding of cognitive approaches to foreign policy making and realist theory of international relations provides a nuanced but systematic explanation of events.
    Cason Jeffrey W.
    The Political Economy of Integration. The Experience of Mercosur »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2010
    This book assesses South America’s most ambitious attempt at economic integration, Mercosur. It explains the main—and inherent—weaknesses of the integration effort, through explicit comparison with the European experience with integration. Jeffrey Cason argues that the three main reasons for Mercosur’s limited success are weak domestic political institutions in the member countries, vulnerability in the global political economy, and a serious imbalance in the economic and political weight of the member countries. In addition to providing this overarching explanation for Mercosur’s limitations, the book tells the story of Mercosur’s genesis, development, and frustrations. This book provides both an explanatory framework for understanding Mercosur and a story. It considers how Mercosur emerged, why it was greeted with great enthusiasm (and huge trade growth), and how it hit stumbling blocks as it sought to be more than it was capable of being. The book also focuses on how and why developing countries are inherently limited in any economic integration project.
    Dabène Olivier
    The Politics of Regional Integration in Latin America: Theoretical and Comparative Explorations »
    Palgrave Macmillan , New York , 2009
    This book offers a unique perspective of the different experiences of regional integration in Latin America, drawing from theoretically framed case studies on Central America, MERCOSUR, and the Andean Region. It explores new explanations of the widely admitted failure of regional integration in this continent, linking the features of regional institutional arrangements with domestic politics. It also manages both to place the politics of integration in time and to account for the latest development of regionalism following the continent’s turn to the left. The book includes an inquiry into regionalism at the hemispherical level, tackling the issue of contentious integration. The type of governance that is building up in the Americas does not seem to be compatible with the pursuit of traditional regional projects and even less with the launching of a new more radical one like the Venezuelan Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA).
    Riggirozzi Pía, Tussie Diana (eds.)
    The Rise of Post-Hegemonic Regionalism. The Case of Latin America »
    Springer , 2012
    This book offers a timely analysis, and a novel and nuanced argument about post-neoliberal models of regional governance in non-European contexts. It provides the first in-depth, empirically-driven analysis of current models of regional governance in Latin America that emerged out of the crisis of liberalism in the region. It contributes to comparative studies of the contemporary global political economy as it advances current literature on the topic by analysing distinctive, overlapping and conflicting trajectories of regionalism in Latin America. The book critically explores models of transformative regionalism and specific dimensions articulating those models beyond neoliberal consensus-building. As such it contests the overstated case of integration as converging towards global capitalism. It provides an analytical framework that not only examines the 'what, how, who and why' in the emergence of a specific form of regionalism but sets the ground for addressing two relevant questions that will push the study of regionalism further: What factors enable or constrain how transformative a given regionalism is (or can be) with respect to the powers and policies of states encompassed by it? and: What factors govern how resilient a given regionalism is likely to be under changing political and economic conditions?
    Eisen Roland, Díaz Cafferata Alberto M., Neder Ángel Enrique, Recalde María Luisa (eds.)
    Trade, Integration and Institutional Reforms in Latin America and the EU »
    Peter Lang , Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, , 2007
    Ongoing processes in the European Union and the South American Mercosur enforce political and institutional reforms. Economists and politicians must be able to understand these processes to formulate strategic scenarios, to design and implement interventions which contribute favorably to the future. Under four headings the discussion is organized: regional economic integration with respect to financial markets (and the consequences for Basel II), commercial and competitive policy, and the role of foreign direct investments. International trade and growth related to agricultural products, natural gas, and labor. Institutional comparisons and methodological problems with respect to pharmaceutical price policies, teachers' salaries, income distribution, and critical realism. Fundamental changes of ICT affect governance structures, the value chain, and academic teaching and learning.
    Items of Subsection 5.Cooperation and integration in Asia and the Pacific Area
    Mikic Mia, Jetin Bruno (eds.)
    ASEAN Economic Community. A Model for Asia-wide Regional Integration? »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2016
    The launch of the ASEAN Economic Community raises key issues: the deepening of regional trade and the associated problem of exchange rate management. This volume questions the capacity of a shallow institution to deal with complex impacts on employment and inequality. Contributors analyze ASEAN's potential and weakness in readable terms.
    Lee Yoong Yoong (ed.)
    ASEAN Matters! Reflecting on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations »
    World Scientific Publishing Company , Singapore , 2011
    The initiative to establish the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Community was adopted by the ten leaders at the 2003 Bali Summit in Indonesia. Since then, the concept of a community-building process in ASEAN has become an issue that attracts a great deal of attention from scholars and experts around the world. ASEAN Matters! Reflecting on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations carries essays with different perspectives on critical issues relating to the three pillars in building the ASEAN Community, namely the ASEAN Political and Security Community; the ASEAN Economic Community; and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. In a nutshell, this book provides broad and invaluable insights into the role ASEAN plays in enhancing peace, prosperity, and stability in the Southeast Asian region. Written in a highly accessible style, the contents include both a thorough review of current issues and a succinct overview of the past and future direction of ASEAN. The book reiterates the continued and strengthening relevance of ASEAN, 43 years after its founding. Unlike most other books on ASEAN, a majority of the essays are written by former professional staff at the ASEAN Secretariat, as well as from current office holders. This gives the volume a high degree of authenticity and unique insights. More interestingly, it also includes viewpoints from experts, scholars, diplomats and officials who either have extensive research knowledge or had been involved in ASEAN's external and economic relations with the dialogue partners, such as China, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Australia, New Zealand, and the European Union (EU), among others.
    Roberts Christopher B.
    ASEAN Regionalism. Cooperation, Values and Institutionalisation »
    Routledge , New York , 2013
    This book examines the key motivations for and challenges to greater regional integration in Southeast Asia. It demonstrates how security and economic concerns -domestic, regional and international - have either contributed to, or detracted from, an increased level of unity and cooperation in ASEAN. It also explores how the patterns of interaction and socialization generated by these issues, together with the nature of domestic political systems, have affected the emergence of common values, norms and interests. It covers the full range of issues confronting ASEAN at present, and the full range of ASEAN countries, and discusses both developments in ASEAN to date and also likely future developments.
    Frost Ellen L.
    Asia's new regionalism »
    Lynne Rienner Publishers , Boulder Co., London , 2008
    As the political drive to establish closer ties among Asian governments continues to gain momentum, there has been much debate about the realities of Asian regionalism. Does the community-building activity in fact signal the birth of "Asia Major"? What are the obstacles to integration? And is integration a positive trend for the region and for external actors? Sifting rhetoric from fact, Ellen Frost offers a nuanced analysis of the political, economic, and strategic issues at stake. A central theme in Asia's New Regionalism is the link between integration driven by governments for political and security reasons and integration fueled by ethnic, cultural, and economic ties. Frost's exploration of these sometimes mismatched dynamics highlights critical implications for policies both in the region and globally.
    Hamayaka Shintaro
    Asian Regionalism and Japan »
    Routledge , 2009
    This book explores the essential nature of regionalism by conducting a comprehensive analysis of more than 30 regionalist proposals made by Japan and other Asian countries throughout the post-war period. Shintaro Hamanaka examines the whole post war period and covers all regionalist proposals since then, while most existing studies cover only the development of Asian regionalism in the recent decade. A significant number of cases in the proposed book enable the readers to go beyond an understanding of each regionalist project, to a deeper understanding of theoretically generalizeable behavior pattern of Japan and other countries. The book also comparatively analyzes political, financial and trade regionalisms. The central aim of the book is to reveal the fact that policies with regard to regionalism have a pattern, in this case with a principal, though not an exclusive focus, on Japan. The author demonstrates that the behavior pattern of external policy is extremely consistent in terms of the membership of regionalist organizations and discusses whether this new approach to regionalism holds explanatory power vis-à-vis regionalism outside Asia. This book will be of interest to scholars, postgraduate students and policy makers in the fields of international relations, Asian studies, international trade and regionalism.
    Lee Yong Wook, Son Key-young (eds.)
    China’s Rise and Regional Integration in East Asia. Hegemony or Community? »
    Routledge , 2014
    With featuring far-reaching diversities and disparities among the regional states in their political, economic and social systems and cultural and religious orientations, East Asia is a microcosm of international society at large. Nevertheless, there are unique dynamics unfolding in East Asia at the turn of the twenty-first century, namely the rise of China as a contender for regional and global hegemony and a set of collective initiatives to integrate the region into a harmonious community. This book provides new arguments on China’s rise and the transformation of East Asia and analyzes the foreign policy behavior of the regional states and relations among them. In doing so, the contributors show why and how China is rising, and how China’s rise shapes the emerging regional structures and institutions in East Asia. Furthermore, given the East Asian context where the world’s second and third largest economies coexist with much smaller states and with China’s ascendency likely to continue, this book challenges the pervasive dichotomy of hegemony and community. This allows for a fuller and more nuanced account of China’s role and the shifting regional policies in East Asia in which hegemonic cooperation does not necessarily lead to a hegemonic form of regional order.
    Uhlin Anders
    Civil Society and Regional Governance. The Asian Development Bank and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations »
    Lexington Books , 2016
    Through detailed comparative case studies of civil society engagement with two major regional international organizations in Southeast Asia this book demonstrates the potentials and limitations of civil society actors as democratizing agents in governance beyond the nation-state. Drawing on previous research on civil society, social movements, transnational activism, and democratization, Uhlin develops an analytical framework focusing on a) how national and international political opportunities shape—and are shaped by—civil society advocacy; b) how civil society activists frequently combine inside and outside strategies when targeting international organizations; and c) how civil society advocacy can have a liberalizing impact on the targeted international organizations. Drawing on rich empirical data, including more than 100 qualitative interviews with civil society activists and representatives of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the study demonstrates how civil society actors have contributed to pushing ADB—and to a much lesser extent ASEAN—in a political liberal direction, improving transparency, strengthening accountability, and introducing mechanisms protecting people from the abuse of power. With its innovative analytical framework, broad scope covering civil society activism across Southeast Asia, and in-depth analysis of civil society attempts to influence ADB and ASEAN the book makes important contributions to research on civil society activism in Southeast Asia as well as the more general field of civil society and governance beyond the nation-state.
    Buckley Ross P., Wiexinh Hu Richard, Arner Douglas W. (eds.)
    East Asian Economic Integration. Law, Trade and Finance »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham , 2011
    Dent Christopher M.
    East Asian Regionalism »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2008
    East Asia is a region that holds much fascination for many people. It is one of the world's most dynamic and diverse regions and is also becoming an increasingly coherent region through the inter-play of various integrative economic, political and socio-cultural processes. Such a development is generally referred to as 'regionalism', which itself has become a defining feature of the contemporary international system, and this book explores the various ways in which East Asian regionalism continues to deepen. Focusing on the main themes of the East Asia region and the study of regionalism, economic regionalism and East Asia's new economic geography, Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), trans-regionalism, East Asia's new free trade agreement trends and key transnational issues in East Asia such as international migration and energy security, East Asian Regionalism will be an essential text for courses on East Asian regionalism, Asian politics and Asian economics. Key pedagogical features include: •end of chapter 'study questions' •case studies that discuss topical issues with study questions also provided •useful tables and figures which illustrate key regional trends in East Asia •extensive summary conclusions covering the chapter's main findings from different international political economy perspectives.
    Brunner Hans-Peter
    Innovation Networks and the New Asian Regionalism. A Knowledge Platform on Economic Productivity »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham/Northampton, MA , 2016
    The rise of Asia, as well as the future of regional cooperation and integration (RCI) the world over, will be profoundly influenced by the challenges of slowing productivity growth, increasing economic inequalities and systemic vulnerabilities. Such structural reform issues will require RCI policies that complement domestic policy reform. This unique book explains what drives the regional economic integration of nations and their contribution to national knowledge capital. It also lays out how such beneficial integration can generate broad-based, equitable wealth in Europe and Asia.
    Vorapheth Kham
    L'ASEAN de A à Z. Histoire, Géopolitique, Concepts, Personnages »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2012
    De Deckker Paul, Faberon Jean-Yves (eds.)
    La Nouvelle-Calédonie pour l'intégration mélanésienne »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2009
    Amirante Aldo
    La nuova carta dell'ASEAN. Un trattato per la transizione della cooperazione all'integrazione del sud-est asiatico »
    Editoriale Scientifica , 2010
    Graham Kennedy (ed.)
    Models of Regional Governance for the Pacific. Sovereignty and the future architecture of regionalism »
    Canterbury University Press , Christchurch , 2008
    Arising from proceedings of a 2007 symposium organised by the University of Canterbury’s School of Law, the National Centre for Research on Europe and the University of the South Pacific, this book explores the challenges facing the vulnerable small Pacific island countries in the 21st century and the models of regional governance available to them. It reviews the development of Pacific regionalism to date, surveys the ‘state of the art’ in other regions, especially the EU integration movement in Europe, and considers the merits of the contemporary Pacific Plan. Offering reflections of the nexus between the Pacific Way, based on traditional customs and values of indigenous peoples of the region, and the prevailing values and political methods of the dominant West, it concludes with some insights into how these separate and distinct cultural-political approaches to 21st century international politics might be synthesised for the common regional interest. The aim of this collaborative work is to stimulate insightful discussion on the future of Pacific regionalism. The book will be a key resource for academic scholars, politicians, national policy-makers, international civil servants, and civil society (NGOs).
    Ivan Ruxandra (ed.)
    New Regionalism or No Regionalism? Emerging Regionalism in the Black Sea Area »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2012
    The nation states in the Black Sea area have initiated many co-operative policies but the area also sees numerous tensions between neighboring states. The conflict-co-operation paradox, along with ethnic fragmentation and shared culture, are two of the most salient features of the Black Sea Area. These paradoxes are not the only force in the evolution of the region though. There are also issues such as ethnic and national identity, the failure of democratization, energy and resources, as well as the influence of other powers such as Russia, the EU and the USA. The key questions asked by the authors in this book are: to what extent is there an emerging regionalism in the Black Sea area? Is the Black Sea a region? What are the common interests shared by the former USSR states, the three EU member states neighboring the Black Sea - Bulgaria, Greece and Romania, and a NATO country - Turkey? Are the fault-lines dividing them more pervasive than the incentives for cooperation? Can we speak of a shared identity? The first part of the book places the Black Sea problematique in a wider historical and spatial context. The authors then take a closer look at the region and examine further the structure of the Black Sea area. They offer a perspective on smaller actors with great ambitions, such as Azerbaijan and Romania, and go on to make a comparison between the emerging regionalism in the Black Sea area and regionalisms in other parts of the world.
    Hu Jiaxiang, Vanhullebusch Matthias (eds.)
    Regional Cooperation and Free Trade Agreements in Asia »
    Brill , Leiden , 2014
    German Tracey
    Regional Cooperation in the South Caucasus. Good Neighbours or Distant Relatives? »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2012
    The South Caucasus region, comprising the former Soviet states of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia occupies a key strategic location, squeezed between the Black and Caspian Seas, Iran, Russia and Turkey. Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, the region has become an arena of geopolitical confrontation with regional powers such as Russia, Turkey and Iran vying for influence in the face of growing Western involvement. The Russian military intervention in Georgia in 2008 not only raised questions about Moscow's intentions towards its 'Near Abroad' and the future direction of its foreign policy, it also demonstrated that ostensibly local separatist disputes have serious ramifications for regional relations and the wider international community. In this book, German explores the extent of regional cooperation in the South Caucasus, analyses the reasons for the relative lack of regional cooperation and assesses the potential for deeper cooperation in the future.
    Rothman Steven B., Vyas Utpal, Sato Yoichiro (eds.)
    Regional Institutions, Geopolitics and Economics in the Asia-Pacific Evolving Interests and Strategies »
    Routledge , 2017
    This volume discusses the relationship between economics, geopolitics and regional institutional growth and development in the Asia-Pacific region. How do states (re)define their relationships amid the current global power transition? How do rival actors influence the rules and formation of new institutions for their own benefit? What role will institutions take as independent actors in influencing and constraining the behavior of states? Institutional development in Asia is characterized by idiosyncratic and diverse motivations (both material and non-material), a variety of policy strategies (strategic and norm-based), and the looming question of China’s future depth of involvement as its economic position becomes more stable and its confidence in foreign affairs grows. The book reflects the broadening definition of Asia by examining multiple perspectives, including Japan, China, South Korea, the United States, Australia, India, Russia, and Taiwan. In addition to state actors, the contributors address several important regional institutions in development such as the ASEAN (+3, +6, and the East Asian Summit), the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), existing security alliances, and other bilateral institutions. Ultimately, this volume describes the unique, slow, and diverse growth of a multitude of regional institutions, the complexities of generating cooperation, membership concerns, and competition between states and with existing institutions in the context of China’s increasing confidence and strength.
    Amako Satoshi, Matsuoka, Shunji, Horiuchi Kenji
    Regional Integration in East Asia: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives »
    United Nations University Press , Tokyo , 2013
    Asian regional integration has shown remarkable progress since the end of the 1990s, but is currently at a major crossroads amid confusion of debate over the direction and effectiveness of integration, and friction brought about by the "rise of China". Meanwhile, the changing balance of power among nations, the rise of non-state actors, the "internationalization of internal problems" and the "internalization of international problems", are rendering the cross-national structure of Asia increasingly complex and multilayered. Signs of instability of the global economy are growing and environmental and resource challenges are deepening. The Asian region needs new approaches to understanding the state of regional integration and mechanisms to address the challenges. Regional Integration in East Asia: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives is the culmination of five years of intensive research on Asian regional integration by Waseda University. It re-examines theoretical approaches to comprehending the actual state of integration in the region and presents the most compelling among them. It also examines the state of regional cooperation in Asia in areas ranging from the economy to energy and the environment, security and education. In addition, the book offers long-term historical perspectives, including especially those of Japan, ASEAN and China, on Asian regional integration. Thus, it sheds light on diverse aspects, levels of analysis and time spans, and offers a comprehensive portrayal of the actual condition of Asia and the state of endeavours to build regional cooperation and institutions. This volume will open a new research frontier in Asian regional integration research.
    Ahmed Zahid Shahab
    Regionalism and Regional Security in South Asia. The Role of SAARC »
    Ashgate , 2013
    Zahid Shahab Ahmed evaluates the progress of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). This study goes beyond economic integration to present a detailed appraisal of cooperation under the overarching themes of economic cooperation, environmental security, human welfare, and cooperation in security matters. According to the author, SAARC is making progress in addressing the myriad of issues on its agenda. The transition from agreements to actions and frequent interactions among the member states has boosted confidence. The progress of SAARC is more evident in the less controversial areas of human security, such as poverty alleviation, health and safety, human resources development, and higher education. Notwithstanding enthusiastic commitments reflected in agreements and action plans, there is a gulf between rhetoric and implementation most notably in sensitive areas relating to traditional security. In the light of the findings of this study, the author proposes that greater cooperation in common human security areas has a potential to pave the way for a cooperation on issues of a ‘contentious’ nature, particularly terrorism.
    Pempel T.J., Leen Chung-Min (eds.)
    Security Cooperation in Northeast Asia. Architecture and Beyond »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    Defining and conceptualizing Northeast Asia’s security complex poses unique quandaries. The security architecture in Northeast Asia to date has been predominately U.S.-dominated bilateral alliances, weak institutional structures and the current Six Party Talks dealing with the North Korean nuclear issue. There has been a distinct lack of desire among regional countries as well as the U.S. to follow in the footsteps of Europe with its robust set of multilateral institutions. However, since the late 1990s, there has been burgeoning interest among regional states towards forming new multilateral institutions as well as reforming and revitalizing existing mechanisms. Much of this effort has been in the economic and political arenas, with the creation of bodies such as the East Asian Summit, but there have also been important initiatives in the security sphere. This book offers detailed examinations about how this potentially tense region of the world is redefining certain longstanding national interests, and shows how this shift is the result of changing power relations, the desire to protect hard-won economic gains, as well as growing trust in new processes designed to foster regional cooperation over regional conflict. Presenting new and timely research on topics that are vital to the security future of one of the world’s most important geographical regions, this book will be of great value to students and scholars of Asian politics, regionalism, international politics and security studies.
    Acharya Amitav
    The Making of Southeast Asia. International Relations of a Region »
    Cornell University Press , Ithaca NY , 2013
    Developing a framework to study "what makes a region," Amitav Acharya investigates the origins and evolution of Southeast Asian regionalism and international relations. He views the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) "from the bottom up"—as not only a U.S.-inspired ally in the Cold War struggle against communism but also an organization that reflects indigenous traditions. Although Acharya deploys the notion of “imagined community” to examine the changes, especially since the Cold War, in the significance of ASEAN dealings for a regional identity, he insists that “imagination” is itself not a neutral but rather a culturally variable concept. The regional imagination in Southeast Asia imagines a community of nations different from NAFTA or NATO, the OAU, or the European Union. In this new edition of a book first published as The Quest for Identity in 2000, Acharya updates developments in the region through the first decade of the new century: the aftermath of the financial crisis of 1997, security affairs after September 2001, the long-term impact of the 2004 tsunami, and the substantial changes wrought by the rise of China as a regional and global actor. Acharya argues in this important book for the crucial importance of regionalism in a different part of the world.
    Koh Tommy, Manalo Rosario G., Moon Walter (eds.)
    The Making of the ASEAN Charter »
    World Scientific Publishing Company , Singapore , 2009
    On the historic occasion of the 40th anniversary of the founding of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 2007, the leaders of the ten-member countries signed the ASEAN Charter. This is an important milestone for the regional group as the Charter will make ASEAN stronger, more united and more effective. The Charter embodies the ASEAN community's purposes and principles, organs and decision-making process; a new legal personality; a system for the settlement of disputes; and an ASEAN Human Rights Body. The Making of the ASEAN Charter captures the insiders' views of the drafting of the Charter and hence is a must-read for anyone interested in ASEAN, international law and the art and science of negotiations.
    Capannelli Giovanni, Kawai Masahiro (eds.)
    The Political Economy of Asian Regionalism »
    Springer , 2014
    This book contributes to the theoretical and empirical literature on Asian regionalism, with a focus on the innovations needed to reform the current institutional architecture in Asia. After reviewing the key issues and challenges related to the political economy of Asia’s economic cooperation and integration, the book discusses various aspects of regionalism from political and economic perspectives. It looks at the rationale for regional collective action and reviews the trend of economic integration with a focus on the implications of the global financial crisis. In addition to reviewing the key issues related to the development of regional institutions for integration, the book analyzes issues such as trade and finance and deals with the implications of regionalism in terms of the introduction of domestic reforms in Asian countries before discussing the possible formation of a region-wide economic community. The eight chapters of the book are based on respective papers initially prepared for the Asian Development Bank Institute Conference 2010.
    Cai Kevin G.
    The Politics of Economic Regionalism »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2010
    Economic regionalism has taken a different path in East Asia. In contrast to the government-engineered and highly institutionalized regionalism of Europe and North America, economic regionalism in East Asia started as an autonomous and uninstitutionalized process of rapidly rising intraregional trade and FDI flows, driven by market forces and economic imperatives. Over time, this process gradually involved a new dimension of increasingly institutionalized regional economic cooperation between states in the region, particularly in the wake of the 1997­ -98 Asian financial crisis, in response to the changing conditions at the global, regional and national levels brought about by globalization. However, despite such development, Cai demonstrates how a true regional grouping of East Asian states is still far from being formed.
    Hastiadi Fithra Faisal
    Trade Strategy in East Asia. From Regionalization to Regionalism »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2016
    This book is aimed to analyze the effect of China, Japan and Korea's trade strategy on ASEAN countries. As closer economic ties between countries in the area have greatly expanded in the last decade, economic regionalization in East Asia has proceeded in a much more dynamic fashion while creating building blocks for economic integration.
    Items of Subsection 6.The European unification process
    Verhofstadt Guy, Cohn-Bendit Daniel
    Debout l'Europe ! Manifeste pour une révolution postnationale en Europe »
    André Versaille éditeur , Bruxelles , 2012
    Europe is in crisis. How did we get here? What didn’t work? Faced with such an emergency, are the euro zone states not creating an undemocratic monster? Is euroscepticism not reactionary? Could a federation of 27 actually work? This book is a call. A wake up call directed to every citizen. It is an exercise in lucidity that encourages reflection. And it is also an alarm bell. The tone is frank, passionate. The arguments hard hitting : “Europe must once and for all get rid of the navel gazing of its nation-states. A radical revolution is needed. A large European revolution. And a European federal Union must emerge. A Union that enables Europe to participate in the postnational world of tomorrow. By laziness, cowardice and lack of vision, too many of our Heads of State and Government prefer not to see what is at stake. Let’s wake them up. Let’s confront them with their impotence. And give them no respite until they have taken the European way, the way to a Europe of the future, towards a Europe for Europeans. The era of empty summits and statements is over. Now is the time for action.”
    Bonvicini Gianni (ed.)
    Democracy in the EU and the role of the European Parliament »
    Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) , Rome , 2009
    How to make the process of European integration more legitimate is the question posed by this book. In other words, how to fill the political/institutional void left by the protracted ratification process of the Treaty of Lisbon and how to recreate a strong political linkage between voters and European institutions. In view of the upcoming 2009 EP elections, five institutes, the Istituto Affari Internazionali (coordinator, Rome), Centro Studi sul Federalismo (Turin), Institut für Europäische Politik (Berlin), Notre Europe (Paris) and the Federal Trust (London), in cooperation with Tepsa and EU-CONSENT, both networks of research centres in Europe, have joined to carry out a study on this crucial topic. The main aim of the initiative was not only to launch (once again) the proposal that European political parties nominate candidates for the post of President of the European Commission, but also to advocate that the European Parliament play a more crucial and central role, in terms of both exercising its power and undertaking inter-institutional dialogue.
    Table of contents
    Zagrebelsky Gustavo (ed.)
    Diritti e costituzione nell'Unione Europea »
    Laterza , Roma-Bari , 2003
    Collegio europeo di Parma, Centro Studi sul Federalismo, Istituto Affari Internazionali (eds.)
    La nuova Costituzione dell'Unione e il futuro del Parlamento Europeo »
    Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) , Rome , 2004
    Bilancia Paola, D'Amico Marilisa (eds.)
    La nuova Europa dopo il Trattato di Lisbona »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2009
    Romito Anna Maria
    La tutela giurisdizionale nell`Unione europea tra effettivita` del sistema e garanzie individuali »
    Cacucci , Roma-Bari , 2015
    Rossi Giampaolo (ed.)
    L’impresa europea di interesse generale »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2006
    Table of contents
    Morelli Umberto (ed.)
    A Constitution for the European Union. Sovereignty, representation, competences, constituent process »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2005
    The volume deals with the issues of the drafting of the European Constitution and of the constituent process that should lead to the European federation. Its chapters focus on the following themes: sovereignty, democracy and representation at European level; the European Constitution and the role of the Convention; powers and policies of the EU; problems and perspectives of the European constitutional process.
    Hoerbert Thomas C.
    A Converging Post-War European Discourse War Experience, Changing Security Concepts, and Research and Education »
    Lexington Books , 2014
    This book explores the most important components and contributing factors to the European integration process during the 1950s. It seeks to combine comparative politics and political history to examine core themes such as war experience, national security, military security, economic security, societal security, and research and education in three major European countries, i.e. France, Germany, and Britain. It analyses the references to the ensuing European integration process in national parliamentary debates, analyzing which national needs were thought European integration could cater to, but also which national positions were seen as being compromised by a closer European commitment. The development of a national position on European integration and in turn the evolution of European concepts are considered by using discourse theory on parliamentary debates in France, Germany, and Britain. Parliamentary discourses are shown to be an ideal source for analyzing grand themes, such as European integration, because they cover all fundamental ideas; they have to be public and open-ended deliberations which in turn determined the position of each country towards European integration. The great variety of positions reflected in the parliamentary discourse, in particular those which did not prevail and which did not find their way into the commonly accepted historical storyline of European integration, provide a greater comprehensiveness and a better understanding of the history of the European integration process.
    Bordino Giampiero (ed.)
    A New Right for Democracy and Development in Europe. The European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2015
    This volume analyses the problems and instruments of European citizens’ political participation and focuses in particular on the «European Citizens’ Initiative» (ECI) right. Introduced by the Lisbon Treaty, the ECI enables European citizens to propose legislative measures to the Commission by collecting one million signatures in at least seven EU countries. The European federalists were the first to initiate one of the most important applications of this instrument with their proposal for a «European Special Plan for Sustainable Development», aimed at addressing the ongoing serious economic and social crisis. The essays collected in this volume by authors from different disciplines, backgrounds and nationalities offer reflections on citizenship rights and themes relating to the European crisis, as well as on the necessary steps to revive development in Europe. The informative and functional documentation proposed in the Appendix constitutes a user manual for the potential and concrete application of this new right by European citizens and their various associations.
    Bastasin Carlo
    Alexanderplatz. Da Berlino all'Europa tedesca »
    Feltrinelli , Milan , 1996
    Filippi Stefano
    Alleati contro. Le trattative per la nascita della Comunità europea di Difesa »
    Bruno Mondadori , Milano , 2016
    van der Harst Jan, Voerman Gerrit (eds.)
    An Impossible Job? –The Presidents of the European Commission, 1958-2014 »
    John Harper Publishing , London , 2015
    For most of its history, the public figurehead of what is now the European Union has been the President of the European Commission. In this volume, the editors have for the first time assembled a complete collection of specially written concise political biographies of all eleven of the Presidents from Walter Hallstein (1958-1967) to José Manuel Barroso (2004-2014), exploring their successes, failures, impact and legacy. This portfolio of mini-biographies makes fascinating reading in its own right, and to this the editors have added a thematic overview, drawing out the many similarities and contrasts between the Presidents and providing some general conclusions about what one President, Roy Jenkins, termed ‘an impossible job’. This is a book of relevance to all who are interested in the history of the EU and its institutions and wish to understand how it got to where it is today. And, as the EU confronts immense challenges under the new Commission presidency of Jean-Claude Juncker, it also provides many signposts and pertinent historical analogies for the future.
    Dosenrode Søren (ed.)
    Approaching the European federation? »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2007
    The European project has, within only 52 years, achieved a surprising momentum, and the European Union is now approaching full statehood. The Convention on the Future of Europe has finished its work and handed over a proposal for a constitutional treaty to the Heads of State and Government of the EU. It is therefore the ideal time to present an integrated analysis of what appears to be the emerging European State. This key volume therefore discusses the central questions and concepts within the field of European studies, which include federalism, the relationship between statehood and constitution, integration and constitution, the regions in the 'new' Europe and the EU as an international actor. These discussions are then developed and analyzed in relation to the draft constitution. Timely and insightful, the volume is suitable for courses on European integration, federalism and international politics.
    Dyson Kenneth, Maes Ivo (eds.)
    Architects of the Euro. Intellectuals in the Making of European Monetary Union »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2016
    Who were key figures in the making of European monetary union? Which ideas did they contribute to ensuring that monetary union would be sustainable? How prescient were they in identifying the necessary and sufficient foundations of a sustainable monetary union? This book provides the first systematic historical examination of key architects of European monetary union in the period before its launch in 1999. Using original archival and interview research, it investigates the intellectual and career backgrounds of these architects, their networking skills, and their own doubts and reservations about the way in which monetary union was being constructed. In the light of the later Euro Area, Architects of the Euro deals critically with not just their contribution to the making of European monetary union but also their legacy. The book brings together a distinguished group of scholars working on the history of Economic and Monetary Union.
    Zucca Fabio
    Autonomie locali e federazione sovranazionale. La battaglia del Conseil des Communes et Région d'Europe per l'unità europea »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2013
    Găinar Maria
    Aux origines de la diplomatie européenne. Les Neuf et la Coopération politique européenne de 1973 à 1980 »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2012
    Preda Daniela (ed.)
    Avanti adagio. I Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2013
    Italian review article by Maria Eleonora Guasconi
    Ciolfi Paolo, Lopez Gennaro (a cura di)
    Berlinguer e l'Europa. I fondamenti di un nuovo socialismo »
    Editori Riuniti University Press , Roma , 2016
    Lindloff Kirstin
    Beyond 'Trading up': Environmental Federalism in the European Union. The Case of Vehicle Emission Legislation »
    Nomos Verlag , 2016
    This study analyses the stringency of EU environmental regulations. Contrary to the proposition of an economic “trading up” of standards, the positive theory of environmental federalism which is developed allows for an examination of political mechanisms and the effects of regulation. Empirical results of the study of European and national decisions in EU vehicle emission legislation allow for the conclusion that the adoption of strict rules is viable, even in extreme sectoral cases where the industry concerned is economically and politically powerful. The distribution of costs across the industry and EU member states is the central mechanism which provokes strict and lax rules. In vehicle emission legislation, systematic differences between the regulation of CO2 and air pollutant emissions exist. Diesel particulate filters were introduced comparatively late as a result of a “Baptist-bootlegger” coalition of environmental associations and parts of the automotive industry.
    Lechevalier Arnaud, Wielgohs Jan (eds.)
    Borders and Border Regions in Europe. Changes, Challenges, and Chances »
    Columbia University Press , New York , 2013
    This text follows adjustments to the borders of Europe and its neighbors from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. It pays special attention to the history and contemporary dynamics of Polish and German borders and the creation of Euroregions, as well as mutual perceptions of Poles and Germans at the border, E.U. Regional Policy, and media debates over the extension of the Schengen Area. The European focus is complemented by an analysis of crossborder mobility between Abkhazia and Georgia and the societal effects of Israel's Security Fence to Palestine.
    Vauchez Antoine
    Brokering Europe Euro-Lawyers and the Making of a Transnational Polity »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2015
    Since the 1960s, the nature and the future of the European Union have been defined in legal terms. Yet, we are still in need of an explanation as to how this entanglement between law and EU polity-building emerged and how it was maintained over time. While most of the literature offers a disembodied account of European legal integration, Brokering Europe reveals the multifaceted roles Euro-lawyers have played in EU polity, notably beyond the litigation arena. In particular, the book points at select transnational groups of multipositioned legal entrepreneurs which have been in a situation to elevate the role of law in all sorts of EU venues. In doing so, it draws from a new set of intellectual resources (field theory) and empirical strategies only very recently mobilized for the study of the EU. Grounded on an extensive historical investigation, Brokering Europe provides a revised narrative of the 'constitutionalization of Europe'.
    Loth Wilfried
    Building Europe. A History of European Unification »
    De Gruyter , Berlin/Boston , 2015
    Relying on internal sources, Wilfried Loth analyses the birth and subsequent development of the European Union, from the launch of the Council of Europe and the Schuman Declaration until the Euro crisis and the contested European presidential election of Jean-Claude Juncker. This book shines a light on the crises of the European integration, such as the failure of the European Defence Community, De Gaulle’s empty chair policy, or the rejection of the European Constitution in France and the Netherlands, but also highlights the indubitable successes that are the Franco-German reconciliation, the establishment of the European common market, and the establishment of an expanding common currency. What this study accomplishes, for the first time, is to illuminate the driving forces behind the European integration process and how it changed European politics and society.
    Dastoli Pier Virgilio, Santaniello Roberto
    C'eravamo tanto amati. Italia, Europa e poi? »
    Università Bocconi Editore , Milano , 2013


    Knodt Michèle, Piefer Nadine, Müller Franziska (eds.)
    Challenges of European External Energy Governance with Emerging Powers »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2015
    In a multipolar world with growing demand for energy, not least by Emerging Powers such as Brazil, India, China or South Africa (BICS), questions of EU external energy governance would at first hand appear to be a high-priority. Yet, reality tells a different story: the EU’s geographical focus remains on adjacent countries in the European neighbourhood and on issues related to energy security. Despite being Strategic Partners and engaging in energy dialogues, it seems that the EU is lacking strategic vision and is not perceived as a major actor in energy cooperation with the BICS. Thus, political momentum for energy cooperation and joint governance of scarce resources is vanishing. Resulting from three years of international, interdisciplinary research cooperation among academics and practitioners in Europe and the BICS countries within a project funded by the Volkswagen Foundation, this volume addresses one of the greatest global challenges. Specific focus lies on the bilateral energy dialogues and Strategic Partnerships between the EU and Emerging Powers regarding bilateral, inter- and transnational energy cooperation. Furthermore, the analysis provides policy recommendations in order to tap the full potential of energy cooperation between the EU and Brazil, India, China and South Africa.
    Mudrov Sergei A.
    Christian Churches in European Integration »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2016
    All too often religion is largely ignored as a driver of identity formation in the European context, whereas in reality Christian Churches are central players in European identity formation at the national and continental level. Christian Churches in European Integration challenges this tendency, highlighting the position of churches as important identity formers and actors in civil society. Analysing the role of Churches in engaging with two specific EU issues – that of EU treaty reform and ongoing debates about immigration and asylum policy – the author argues that Churches are unique participants in European integration. Establishing a comprehensive view of Christian Churches as having a vital role to play in European integration, this book offers a substantial and provocative contribution both to our understanding of the European Union and the broader question of how religious and state institutions interact with one another.
    Durand Jean-Dominique (ed.)
    Christian Democrat Internationalism »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2014
    From September 2011 to December 2013 the Luigi Sturzo Institute in Rome along with the Centre of European Studies planned a series of international scientific meetings to study one highly important political subject: the commitment of Christian Democrats on an international level. This project has been organised thanks to the support of the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, and the International Labour Organisation. Internationalism is a Key Element for the Christian Democrat Identity. In fact, CD is a political movement of thought and action whose roots lie in a specific ideology: to use the German word Weltanschauung, it is based on a particular framework of ideas and beliefs that leads the party to interpret the relationship between men and nations from an international point of view, ensuring the human being a central place in every social policy. The Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel, wrote in a Message to these Meetings: «We can consider ourselves very lucky that 50 years ago forward-thinking personalities founded the World Union of Christian Democrats. From then on, the world, through globalisation, has been deeply changed. Events that take place in other continents immediately impact on our lives. We will be able to protect ourselves from terrorism, achieve economic and social security, and defend our environment only through common global action. This is the task of our generation: to overcome these global challenges. […] Our parties and our political organisations share a common Christian ideal of man. This ideal, grounded on the inalienability of human dignity, is at the core of one important value: to this man has linked a social and economic model that combines economic success and social responsibility.» Her message clearly shows the need to use historical knowledge, to return to and explore a rich and challenging past as well as to develop a reflection on and a course of action for the present and the future.
    Youngs Richard
    Climate Change and European Security »
    Routledge , 2015
    It is now commonly asserted that climate change will fundamentally change international relations. It has been predicted that global warming will increase conflict within and between states, intensify food insecurity, menace the global trading system and unleash waves of migration. As a result governments are beginning to incorporate these warnings into their foreign policy initiatives. The appropriateness of their incipient responses needs to be examined in finer detail. This book looks at the impact of climate change on European Union (EU) security policy. It explores how governments are reconfiguring their geo-strategy and broader international relations in the wake of climate change warnings. The book demonstrates that although many aspects of EU foreign policies have begun to change, ‘climate security’ is not yet accorded unequivocal or sufficient priority. In doing so, Youngs argues that if climate change policies are to have significant effect they can no longer be treated as a separate area of policy but must be incorporated into the more mainstream debates pertinent to EU common foreign and security policy (CFSP).
    Porchia Ornella, Vellano Michele (eds.)
    Codice degli aiuti pubblici e dei fondi strutturali: norme comunitarie »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2002
    Varoufakis Yanis
    Confessioni di un marxista irregolare. Nel mezzo di una ripugnante crisi economica europea »
    Asterios , Trieste , 2015
    Preda Daniela, Pasquinucci Daniele (eds.)
    Consensus and European Integration. Consensus et intégration européenne. An Historical Perspective. Une perspective historique »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2012
    Analysis of the formation and development of the consensus on European integration provides an interesting interpretative perspective for studying the history of the construction of a united Europe. The authors of this volume examine the main reasons - ideological, political, cultural and economic - that have been advanced to encourage citizens to support the European project. The contributors also consider the initiatives proposed by the political and institutional actors involved for promoting this supranational project. L'analyse de la formation et du développement d'un consensus pour l'intégration européenne représente une piste interprétative intéressante pour étudier l'histoire de la construction de l'Europe unie. Dans ce volume, les auteurs examinent les principales raisons avancées - idéales, politiques, culturelles, économiques - pour obtenir le soutien des citoyens au projet européen. En outre, ils analysent les initiatives élaborées par les acteurs politiques et institutionnels impliqués dans le processus d'unification dans le but de promouvoir le projet supranational.
    von Bogdandy Armin, Sonnevend Pal (eds.)
    Constitutional Crisis in the European Constitutional Area. Theory, Law and Politics in Hungary and Romania »
    Hart Publishing , Oxford , 2015
    The concept of a European Constitutional Area has been used in legal scholarship to describe a common space of constitutionalism where national and international constitutional guarantees interact to maintain the common constitutional values of Europe. This concept has not yet been tested in a case where the constitutional order of a Member State of the European Union seems to develop systemic deficiencies. The present volume aims to assess recent constitutional developments in Hungary and Romania, as well as the interplay of national, international and European constitutionalism which react to the loopholes in national constitutions. Accordingly, a core part of the volume is an in-depth analysis of the situation in Hungary and Romania. Based on that, the volume offers an account of the different reaction mechanisms of the European Union and of the Council of Europe. Beyond a detailed stock-taking of these mechanisms, their legal and political frameworks are explored, as well as different ways to extend their reach. In this way, the volume contributes to a little studied aspect of European constitutionalism.
    Letta Enrico
    Contro venti e maree. Idee sull'Europa e sull'Italia »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2017
    Wauters Kris
    Cooperative agreements between public authorities : the influence of CJEU case law on national legal systems »
    Intersentia , Cambridge , 2015
    In the last couple of decades the national administrative law of the Member States has been influenced by case law from the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). One of the main objectives of this research is to examine this influence and more specifically the influence of EU law on cooperation between public authorities. The present work examines how and to what extent EU (public procurement) law has an influence on the way a public authority organises and discharges its public service tasks. The object of this book is limited to cooperative agreements (public contracts and service concessions) concluded between public authorities as a means to organise or discharge public service tasks. Public authorities and private enterprises should be made aware as far as possible of the potential impact of EU law on certain types of cooperative agreements. This knowledge will prevent situations where the public authorities are post facto confronted with lawsuits that might force them to withdraw completely from cooperative associations that are already underway. It also enables private enterprises to be aware that in this context they may benefit from an open market. The book gives lawyers and practitioners in the field the most actual theoretical and practical background on the subject.
    Tosun Jale, Wetzel Anne, Zapryanova Galina (eds.)
    Coping with Crisis: Europe’s Challenges and Strategies »
    Routledge , 2015
    How has the economic and financial crisis that started in 2007 affected European integration? Observers have been speculating about whether the crisis will ultimately lead to a strengthening or weakening of the European Union. This book studies the effects of the crisis on EU policy-making and institutional arrangements on one hand, and citizens’ EU attitudes and political parties’ electoral strategies on the other. It concludes that, at least in the short run, the crisis has overall created an opportunity for European integration rather than an obstacle. First, it has triggered events of proposed and actual far-reaching policy and institutional change. Second, negative effects on public opinion have not (yet) systematically translated into tendencies of stagnation or disintegration. The book brings together established scholars of European integration whose diverse research expertise contributes to an improved theoretical and empirical understanding of how the economic and financial crisis has affected EU policies, institutions and citizens. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration.
    Coriat Benjamin, Coutrot Thomas, Lang Dany, Sterdyniak Henri (eds.)
    Cosa salverà l'Europa. Critiche e proposte per un'economia diversa »
    Minimum Fax , Roma , 2013
    Zizek Slavoj, Horvat Srécko
    Cosa vuole l'Europa? »
    Ombre corte , Verona , 2014
    Domínguez Luis, Pires Iva (eds.)
    Cross-Border Cooperation Structures in Europe. Learning from the Past, Looking to the Future »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2014
    Since its inception, one of the distinguishing features of the project of European integration has been the overcoming of internal borders. This aim has had one of the most remarkable outcomes in the history of cross-border cooperation, resulting in the creation of territorial structures known as Euroregions, with or without legal personality, and with substantial financial support from EU institutions. This distinctive element is characteristic of the models and achievements of cross-border cooperation in Europe and North America. At a time of reflection about the European integration model and its future, it is interesting to investigate the different aspects involved in cross-border cooperation, from a historical perspective projected onto the future. This volume looks at cross-border cooperation from a multiplicity of perspectives, examining its motivations, its actors, its inclusion in the context of international relations, its organizational models, its outcomes and its impact on labour markets, economic development, neighbourhood policies and the creation of new identities. These issues are analysed within a number of different European geographical locations, assessing how far we have come and exploring the road that still lies ahead.
    Felisini Daniela (ed.)
    Culture economiche e scelte politiche nella costruzione europea »
    Cacucci , Bari , 2010
    Uricchio Antonio, Aulenta Mario (a cura di)
    Dalla Finanza Pubblica Europea al governo degli Enti Territoriali »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2015
    Quagliariello Gaetano
    De Gaulle e il gollismo »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2003
    Larivé Maxime H. A.
    Debating European Security and Defense Policy. Understanding the Complexity »
    Ashgate , 2014
    Dr. Larivé questions whether there is such a thing as a European defense and security policy. This book analyzes the integration process by clearly illustrating to the reader the two sides of the argument in order to understand the complexity of the problems in the different stages of the creation and implementation of the European defense policy. In doing so, this study asks the question of why has the process been so halting and of such limited scope? Structured in three parts: Theories, analyzing the theoretical debates raised by the positivist paradigms of neorealism, liberalism and constructivism on European security; History, reflecting on the impacts of the Cold War, American foreign policy, the 2008 economic crisis, and the evolution of European strategy; and, Actors, by looking at the role of European institutions, Member States, and the CSDP on the transformation of the European defense policy since 1998. Each chapter is composed of sub questions allowing the reader to grasp the different forces explaining the deepening or lack of the deepening process of the CSDP. Ultimately, this book offers a unique base for fostering discussion, understanding and critical thinking on the CSDP.
    Fabbrini Sergio
    Democracy and Federalism in the European Union and the United States »
    Routledge , London , 2004
    The European Union - a supranational system with its own institutional characteristics and autonomy - has a structure and functional logic which are more similar to those of the US than those of European nation states. Yet, by and large, the EU and the US tend to be analyzed more as potential geopolitical and economic rivals or allies than compared as institutional peers. By bringing together some of the most influential political scientists and historians to compare the European and American experiences of federalism, Democracy and Federalism in the European Union and the United States explores the future development, and seeks a better understanding, of a post-national European Union democracy. This book consists of three core parts:
  • •how the EU has developed and the implications of the process of European federalization
  • •the features of American federalism, tracing the intellectual debate that led to the approval of the American federal constitution in 1787
  • •the future of European Union.
  • This is essential reading for all students of European politics, democracy and international relations.
    Matarazzo Raffaello (ed.)
    Democracy in the EU after the Lisbon Treaty »
    Edizioni Nuova Cultura , Rome , 2011
    IAI-Centro studi sul Federalismo-Notre Europe
    Authors: Salvatore Aloisio, Gianni Bonvicini, Giorgio Grimaldi, Raffaello Matarazzo, Umberto Morelli, Antonio Padoa-Schioppa, Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa, Julian Priestley
    The entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, on December 1 2009, brought the EU’s troubled institutional reform process to an end. In an effort to increase the EU’s democratic legitimacy, the Treaty introduces some relevant innovations: it extends the powers of the European Parliament, it enhances the role of European political parties, it involves national parliaments increasingly in the EU legislative process and, ÿnally, it creates the European Citizens’ Initiative, which allows citizens to invite the Commission to submit legislative proposals that they feel are of crucial importance. Nevertheless, the implementation of these provisions will not be easy as they impact on, among other things, the EU's institutional balance. Not only does it remain to be seen how effective they will be in bringing EU institutions closer to citizens, but the application of some of these provisions could lead to inter-institutional con˛icts and political ambiguities. In this context, the European Parliament has a key role to play as a political and institutional facilitator, also in promoting more consistent linkages between citizens and the EU institutional system.
    Pérez de las Heras Beatriz (ed.)
    Democratic Legitimacy in the European Union and Global Governance Building a European Demos »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2017
    This book addresses one of the most relevant challenges to the sustainability of the European Union (EU) as a political project: the deficit of citizens’ support. It identifies missing elements of popular legitimacy and makes proposals for their formal inclusion in a future Treaty reform, while assessing the contribution that the EU may make to global governance by expanding a credible democratic model to other international actors. The contributors offer perspectives from law, political science, and sociology, and the 15 case studies of different aspects of the incipient European demos provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of these pertinent questions. The edited volume provides a truly interdisciplinary study of the citizens’ role in the European political landscape that can serve as a basis for further analyses of the EU’s democratic legitimacy. It will be of use to legal scholars and political scientists interested in the EU’s democratic system, institutional setup and external relations.
    Bossuat Gérard, Gerbet Pierre, Grosbois Thierry (eds.)
    Dictionnaire historique de l’Europe unie »
    André Versaille éditeur , Bruxelles , 2009
    Giubboni Stefano
    Diritti e solidarietà in Europa. I modelli sociali nazionali nello spazio giuridico europeo »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2012
    Ziller Jacques
    Diritto delle politiche e delle istituzioni dell'Unione europea »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2013
    Tognon Jacopo
    Diritto e politiche dello Sport nell’Unione europea »
    CLEUP , Padova , 2016
    Berlinguer Enrico
    Discorsi al Parlamento europeo. Speeches at the European Parliament »
    Editori Riuniti University Press , Roma , 2015
    Mitterand François
    Discorsi sull'Europa (1982-1995) »
    La Scuola di Pitagora , Napoli , 2013
    Garavini Giuliano
    Dopo gli imperi »
    Le Monnier , Florence , 2009
    Oprea Elena-Alina
    Droit de l'Union européenne et lois de police »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2015
    van Eijken Hanneke
    EU Citizenship & the Constitutionalisation of the European Union »
    Europa Law Publishing , Groningen , 2015
    It has been 20 years since Union citizenship was introduced under the Treaty of Maastricht, yet it remains a topical and contemporary issue. The main research question underlying this study is whether and how European citizenship affects the constitutionalisation of the European Union. The present study connects European citizenship with European constitutional processes, in order to grasp the constitutional relevance of EU citizenship. To this end, the different aspects of European citizenship are specifically linked to features that are, commonly, found in constitutions. The effect of and relation between European citizenship and four of these constitutional ‘building blocks’ are assessed. First of all, the effect of European citizenship to the vertical division of powers between the Member States and the European Union is analysed. Second, the way European citizenship relates to a common ideology, existing of fundamental rights protection and democracy, is discussed. Moreover, the effect of European citizenship on judicial review and the hierarchy of norms in the European Union is addressed. Finally the question is posed how and to what extend European citizenship affects the constitutionalisation of the European Union and how European citizenship can be placed within the European constitutional context.
    Bachtler John, Mendez Carlos, Wishlade Fiona
    EU Cohesion Policy and European Integration. The Dynamics of EU Budget and Regional Policy Reform »
    Ashgate , 2013
    EU Cohesion policy accounts for a major share of the EU budget and is central to economic and social development in many European countries. This book provides a comprehensive and theoretically-informed analysis of how Cohesion policy has evolved over time, in particular the budgetary and policy dynamics of the 2007-13 reform. In the context of the budgetary politics of the EU, the book examines the process by which the reform of Cohesion policy has been shaped; it identifies the key factors that explain the allocation of funding, assesses the roles of the Member States, European Commission and European Parliament, and tests whether the process and outcome are consistent with the expectations of EU decision-making and integration theories. Based on extensive, EU-wide research over a ten-year period, the book provides new insights into both the process and outcomes of EU policy reform. Presenting original research in an accessible format, this book will be of interest to scholars as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students in the fields of European integration and policy studies.
    Pirozzi Nicoletta
    EU Crisis Management After Lisbon »
    Intersentia , Cambridge/Mortsel , 2015
    This book analyzes the approach of the European Union (EU) to crisis management after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and assesses its suitability for addressing current and future security threats. It primarily provides a framework of analysis with which to interpret current EU crisis management as both a product of the innovations of the Lisbon Treaty and its interaction with the international security environment. It also offers a comprehensive and in-depth examination of the post-Lisbon crisis management system in terms of concepts, structures, process and capabilities. A reality check of this system is conducted by analysing a number of case studies in which the EU recently carried out a crisis management role: the civilian missions EUCAP Sahel Niger, EUCAP Nestor and EUAVSEC South Sudan, and the military operation EUTM Mali. This analysis sheds light on the modalities selected by the EU for intervening in crisis situations, the impact that its interventions have produced and the lessons that the EU has learnt from these experiences. The author points out the structural strengths and weaknesses in the EU’s approach to and implementation of crisis management, and shows how they impact on the EU’s ability to cope with future crises. This book fills a gap in the existing literature and at the same time provides decision-makers with policy recommendations for improving the EU’s performance in this field.
    Carta Caterina, Morin Jean-Frédéric(eds.)
    EU Foreign Policy through the Lens of Discourse Analysis. Making Sense of Diversity »
    Ashgate , 2014
    Leading scholars in discourse analysis and European foreign policy join forces in this book, marking a real breakthrough in the literature. Not only do they offer original perspectives on European foreign policy, but they bring together various theories on foreign policy discourses that remain too often isolated from each other. This theoretical diversity is clearly reflected in the book’s four-pronged structure: Part I - Post-structuralist Approaches (with contributions from Thomas Diez, Henrik Larsen and Beste Isleyen); Part II - Constructivist Approaches (with contributions from Knud Erik Jørgensen, Jan Orbie, Ferdi de Ville, Esther Barbé, Anna Herranz-Surrallés and Michal Natorski); Part III - Critical Discourse Analytical Approaches (with contributions from Senem Aydin-Düzgit, Amelie Kutter, Ruth Wodak, Salomi Boukala and Caterina Carta); Part IV - Discursive Institutionalist Approaches (with contributions from Ben Rosamond, Antoine Rayroux and Vivien A. Schmidt). The volume is the first full-length study on how to apply different discourse analytical approaches and methodologies to European foreign policy. The paperback edition makes for a unique selling point as a course text.
    Murray Fiona
    EU and Member State territories: a new legal framework under the EU Treaties »
    T.M.C. Asser Press , Le Hague , 2012
    The book reviews the EU Treaties provisionsgoverning relations between the EU and Member State territories, such as the Netherlands Antilles, the UK Channel Islands and the French Overseas Departments. The book includes an overview of each of the relevant territories, including their present constitutional relations with their Member State and their legal relations with the EU. Prior to the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the over-arching Treaty provision for this relationship was Article 299 of the EC Treaty. Having traced the development of Article 299 from 1957 to the present Lisbon framework, the book identifies many inconsistencies and issues with this current framework and proposes a new model framework, one that is more concise and up-to-date and which is adaptable to possible future developments. A useful book for EU Law departments and research centres, EU think tanks, EU institutions libraries, Permanent Representatives to the EU and law firms specializing in EU law.
    Laïdi Zaki (ed.)
    EU foreign policy in a globalized world: normative power and social preferences »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2008
    Written by leading experts in the field, this volume identifies European collective preferences and analyzes to what extent these preferences inform and shape EU foreign policy and are shared by other actors in the international system. While studies of the EU’s foreign policy are not new, this book takes a very different tack from previous research. Specifically it leaves aside the institutional and bureaucratic dimensions of the European Union’s behaviour as an international actor in order to concentrate on the meanings and outcomes of its foreign policy taken in the broadest sense. Two outcomes are possible: •Either Europe succeeds in imposing a norms-based international system and thus, in this case, its soft power capacity will not only have been demonstrated but will be enhanced •Or, on the contrary, it does not succeed and the global system will become one where realpolitik reigns; especially once China, India and Russia attain a preponderant influence on the international scene. EU Foreign Policy in a Globalized World will be of interest to students and scholars of European Union politics, foreign policy and politics and international relations in general.
    Papakostas Nikolaos, Pasamitros Nikos (eds.)
    EU: Beyond the Crisis. A Debate on Sustainable Integrationism »
    Columbia University Press , 2016
    Though crises arise organically in all political systems, this volume treats the current challenges facing the EU as a unique situation. It takes stock of its losses, gains, and opportunities and what constitutes a viable solution to the EU's current predicament. By envisioning the EU as an evolving rather than static body, this collection zeroes in on the conceptual weaknesses that destabilized the EU and the factors that will help the organization rethink its place and purpose. This book clarifies aspects of EU parliamentarism within the context of the unfolding crisis and addresses political cohesion and institutional integration. It ultimately stresses the role of perception and image on the future of the EU's social and political integration.
    Varsori Antonio, Poettinger Monika (eds.)
    Economic Crisis and New Nationalisms. German Political Economy as Perceived by European Partners »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2014
    As of a consequence of the ongoing economic crisis, in 2010 there was a marked deterioration in cross-border relations between Italy and Germany. In both countries the press published articles openly blaming economic hardship on the squandering attitude of southerners or the egoistic and mercantilist policies of northerners. The reigning confusion among economists, split between pro- and anti-Euro positions in both countries, could do nothing to counter this growing wave of populist nationalism. Out of this situation grew the idea of a organizing a conference to discuss the theoretical issues implied by recent economic policy debates, purging them of ideological and nationalistic overtones. This volume publishes the proceedings of the resulting international colloquium, «Economic crisis and new nationalisms: German economic policy as perceived by European partners», which was organized by the Foundation Cesifin Alberto Predieri and held in Florence in November 2012.
    Fabbrini Federico
    Economic Governance in Europe. Comparative Paradoxes and Constitutional Challenges »
    Oxford University Press , 2016
    The Euro-Crisis and the legal and institutional responses to it have had important constitutional implications on the architecture of the European Union (EU). Going beyond the existing literature, Federico Fabbrini's book takes a broad look and examines how the crisis and its aftermath have changed relations of power in the EU, disaggregating three different dimensions: (1) the vertical relations of power between the member states and the EU institutions, (2) the relations of power between the political branches and the courts, and (3) the horizontal relations of power between the EU member states themselves. The first part of the book argues that, in the aftermath of the Euro-crisis, power has been shifting along each of these axes in paradoxical ways. In particular, through a comparison of the United States, Fabbrini reveals that the EU is nowadays characterized by a high degree of centralization in budgetary affairs, an unprecedented level of judicialization of economic questions, and a growing imbalance between the member states in the governance of fiscal matters. As the book makes clear, however, each of these dynamics is a cause for concern - as it calls into question important constitutional values for the EU, such as the autonomy of the member states in taking decision about taxing and spending, the preeminence of the political process in settling economic matters, and the balance between state power and state equality. The second part of the book, therefore, devises possible options for future legal and institutional developments in the EU which may revert these paradoxical trends. In particular, Fabbrini considers the ideas of raising a fiscal capacitiy, restoring the centrality of the EU legislative process, and reforming the EU executive power, and discusses the challenges that accompany any further step towards a deeper Economic and Monetary Union.
    Moro Giovanni (a cura di)
    Euro e cittadinanza. L'anello mancante »
    Donzelli , Roma , 2013
    Contributors: Dario Castiglione, Eva Heidbreder, Matthias Kaelberer, Lucia Mazzuca, Kathleen R. Mc Namara, Arianna Montanari, Giovanni Moro, Nando Pagnoncelli, Víctor Pérez-Díaz, Daniela Piana, Roberto Ranucci, Thomas Risse, Vivien Schmidt, Chris Shore, Thierry Vissol
    Saarilahti Ilkka
    Euroopan Unionin taloushallintojärjestelmän joustavuus. Finanssihallinnollisia tutkimuksia joustavuuden eri muodoista ja kehityksestä vuosina 1968-2009 »
    European Press Academic Publishing , Florence , 2012
    This collection of studies analyses the various ways and means that the financial system of the European Union has at its disposal for handling the inevitable uncertainties of the future and traces their evolution since the creation of the general budget of the European Communities in 1968. Special attention is paid to the consequences of this evolution not only for the various actors involved - namely the European Parliament, the Council, the Commission and Member States - but also for the financial system of the European Union as a whole.
    Vallinoto Nicola, Vannuccini Simone (a cura di)
    Europa 2.0 »
    Ombre corte , Verona , 2010
    Cortesi Alessandro (a cura di)
    Europa in discussione »
    Edizioni Nerbini , Firenze , 2015
    Telò Mario, Laschi Giulana (eds.)
    Europa potenza civile o entità in declino? »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2007
    Padoa Schioppa Tommaso
    Europa, forza gentile »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2001
    Padoa Schioppa Tommaso
    Europa, una pazienza attiva : malinconia e riscatto del Vecchio Continente »
    Rizzoli , Milan , 2006
    Brömmel Winfried, König Helmut, Sicking Manfred (eds.)
    Europa, wie weiter? Perspektiven eines Projekts in der Krise »
    De Gruyter , 2015
    The unification of Europe is a peerless success story. It also always had crises, from which the European project emerged with new strength. In the current financial and sovereign debt crisis, this seems to have changed. Now, many see the project itself as being at stake. The contributions to this volume recapitulate decisive driving forces and stages from the history of the project of European unification, and they illuminate central aspects of the current situation in Europe. This volume also outlines ways of renewal and continuation of the European project.
    Bressanelli Edoardo
    Europarties After Enlargement . Organization, Ideology and Competition »
    Palgrave Macmillan , London , 2014
    On the one hand, the EU enlargement of 2004/7 brought into the EU 12 new member states ten of which are post-communist countries. On the other, the Lisbon Treaty signed in 2007 states that the 'Union shall be founded on representative democracy' and its political parties contribute 'to express the will of the citizens'. Is representative (party) democracy possible in the enlarged and more diverse Union? What are the constraints and opportunities for its political parties? This study provides a systematic assessment of the impact of enlargement on political parties at the EU level. Theoretically, it builds on the literature on partisan formation and development to frame the consequences of the Union's widening. Empirically, it undertakes an extensive analysis combining qualitative and quantitative methodologies.
    Radeljic Branislav (ed.)
    Europe and the Post-Yugoslav Space »
    Ashgate , Farnham , 2013
    Charting the path from intervention to integration Europe and the Post-Yugoslav Space examines the role of Europeanization on the development of the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo may have a shared history but their experiences, views and attitudes to European integration vary dramatically. Opinion within each state is often equally as keenly divided as to the benefits of active membership. The debate within each country and their comparative differences in approach provide fascinating case studies on the importance and relevance of the EU and the effectiveness of Europeanization. A wide range of contributors with significant experience gained within the EU as well as their country of origin use their expert understanding of the language and cultures of the countries concerned to provide detailed and rich insights into the troubled history and potential of the post-Yugoslav space.
    Duke Simon
    Europe as a Stronger Global Actor. Challenges and Strategic Responses »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2017
    This book considers the principal challenges facing the European Union, which has been buffeted by a series of profound crises, both internal and external. These range from the future of Ukraine, the Union’s reactions to China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ initiative, how to help stabilize countries to its south, and relations with the United States. The core argument is that the EU lacks a meta-narrative that could indicate priorities and linkages between the various continental, regional, national and thematic strategies. As a result, the EU often appears to be a confusing and even contradictory actor to many international partners. In response to these challenges the EU needs to develop a deeper sense of strategic awareness and confidence so that it may give a more convincing response to fundamental questions about the Union’s role, purpose and identity in a changing world.
    Kottos Laura
    Europe between Imperial Decline and Quest for Integration. Pro-European Groups and the French, Belgian and British Empires (1947–1957) »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2016
    The book assesses the role of three pro-European pressure groups (the European Union of Federalists, the Socialist Movement for the United States of Europe and the European League for Economic Cooperation) and their impact in fostering new relations between Europe and the colonies between 1947 and 1957. It argues that the association of the overseas territories into the European Economic Community in 1957, the founding stone of today’s European policy for aid and development, was to a large extent the result of the intense intellectual activity that took place in these transnational groups upstream of the signature of the Treaty of Rome. A transnational approach of these groups uncovers the broader objectives of the European policy: that the association would in the long run revive the declining links between Europe and its overseas territories. On the one hand, part of the influential British and continental pro-European elites wanted to create a European Commonwealth which would establish new preferential and intergovernmental links between countries of the Council of Europe, the British Dominions and the European colonies. On the other hand, a number of French and Belgian pro-Europeans wanted to create a Eurafrican community, a federation linking Europe and Africa economically and politically. Both the European Commonwealth and the Eurafrican community were designed in response to postwar challenges: the dollar gap, the communist threat in the Third World, the rise of new African and Asian nationalisms or the position of European powers in a new globalised world.
    Bialasiewicz Luiza (ed.)
    Europe in the World. EU Geopolitics and the Making of European Space »
    Ashgate , 2011
    This edited volume provides an innovative contribution to the debate on contemporary European geopolitics by tracing some of the new political geographies and geographical imaginations emergent within - and made possible by - the EU's actions in the international arena. Drawing on case studies that range from the Arctic to East Africa, the nine empirical chapters provide a critical geopolitical reading of the ways in which particular places, countries, and regions are brought into the EU's orbit and the ways in which they are made to work for 'EU'rope. The analyses look at how the spaces of 'EU'ropean power and actorness are narrated and created, but also at how 'EU'rope's discursive (and material) strategies of incorporation are differently appropriated by local and regional elites, from the southern shores of the Mediterranean to Eastern Europe and the Balkans. The question of EU border management is a particularly important concern of several contributions, highlighting some of the ways in which the Union's border-work is actively (re)making the European space.
    Simeoni Monica
    Europe or Not! Multiple Conversations and Voices With Alberto Martinelli, Vittorio Cotesta, Nadia Urbinati and Alain Touraine »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2016
    Europe is in crisis and the EU project risks disintegration. The refugee and Brexit issues, as well as recent events in Turkey, demonstrate how serious matters really are. In a EurActiv interview, in February 2016, Edgar Morin, the French sociologist and philosopher, speaks of a «planetary crisis» and the need «to change civilisation» in order to respond to the complexity of today’s world. Furthermore, the drama of terrorism, a new phenomenon for contemporary western democracies requires serious reflection regarding jihadism and its radicalisation. These are but some of the issues addressed during the multiple conversations held with the three sociologists, Alberto Martinelli, Vittorio Cotesta and Alain Touraine and with the political scientist, Nadia Urbinati. All the interviewees are leading experts on European issues and institutions, as well as on democracy put to the test currently by rampant populism in almost all the EU countries. Alain Touraine fervently holds that «it is madness» not to want a united Europe at a moment when we need a new political and economic project capable of defeating the nationalism, walls and separation between states that now seem to prevail. Europe finds itself in a dramatic position: it must choose innovation and construction, or disintegration, with all the unpredictable consequences this may entail.
    Orbie Jan (ed.)
    Europe's Global Role »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2009
    First published in 2008 and based on an innovative framework for analyzing the EU's external politics, this paperback edition provides a historical overview of and theoretical conclusions about the EU's global role. Taking an original approach, the volume highlights the expanding political science literature on Europe's international role in a range of external policy domains. It focuses in particular on the 'soft' dimension of Europe's international action which has previously been much neglected. Carefully structured to make this ideal supplementary reading for students and scholars of European politics and foreign policy, the book will equally appeal to a wider audience in political economy, security policy and international relations more generally.
    Kochenov Dimitry, de Búrca Gráinne, Williams Andrew (eds.)
    Europe's Justice Deficit? »
    Hart Publishing , Oxford , 2015
    The legal and political evolution of the European Union has not, thus far, been accompanied by the articulation of any substantive ideal of justice going beyond the founders' intent or the economic objectives of the market integration project. This absence arguably compromises the foundations of the EU legal and political system since the relationship between law and justice remains largely unaddressed. This edited volume brings together contributions addressing both legal and philosophical aspects of justice in the European context. There have been many accounts of the EU as a story of constitutional evolution and a system of transnational governance, but few pay attention to the implications for justice. The EU has moved beyond its initial emphasis on the establishment of an internal market, yet most legal analyses remain premised on the assumption that EU law still largely serves the purpose of perfecting a system of economic integration. The place to be occupied by the underlying substantive ideal of justice remains significantly underspecified or even vacant, creating a tension between the market-oriented foundation of the Union and the contemporary essence of its constitutional system. The critical assessment provided by this book will help to create a fuller picture of the justice deficit in the EU, and open up an important new avenue of legal research.
    Mayer Thomas
    Europe's Unfinished Currency.The Political Economics of the Euro »
    Anthem Press , London/New York , 2012
    Explores how the EMU of the European Union could work, and develops scenarios of how things might evolve in case of failure.
    Levrat Nicolas, Esposito Frédéric (eds.)
    Europe: de l'intégration à la fédération »
    Academia , Geneve , 2012
    Mindus Patricia
    European Citizenship after Brexit. Freedom of Movement and Rights of Residence »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2017
    This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This Open Access book investigates European citizenship after Brexit, in light of the functionalist theory of citizenship. No matter its shape, Brexit will impact significantly on what has been labelled as one of the major achievements of EU integration: Citizenship of the Union. For the first time an automatic and collective lapse of status is observed. It is a form of involuntary loss of citizenship en masse, imposed by the automatic workings of the law on EU citizens of exclusively British nationality. It does not however create statelessness and it is likely to be tolerated under international law. This loss of citizenship is connected to a reduction of rights, affecting not solely the former Union citizens but also second country nationals in the United Kingdom and their family members. The status of European citizenship and connected rights are first presented. Chapter Two focuses on the legal uncertainty that afflicts second country nationals in the United Kingdom as well as British citizens, turning from expats to post-European third country nationals. Chapter Three describes the functionalist theory and delineates three ways in which it applies to Brexit. These three directions of inquiry are developed in the following chapters. Chapter Four focuses on the intension of Union citizenship: Which rights can be frozen? Chapter Five determines the extension of Union citizenship: Who gets to withdraw the status? The key finding is that while Member states are in principle free to revoke the status of Union citizen, former Member states are not unbounded in stripping Union citizens of their acquired territorial rights. Conclusions are drawn and policy-suggestions summed up in the final chapter.
    Dupeyrix Alexandre, Raulet Gérard (eds.)
    European Constitutionalism. Historical and Contemporary Perspectives »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2014
    The deep economic crisis that Europe has been facing for several years can be seen as both a cause and a consequence of the political indecision with which the European Community or European Union has been living for so long now. The end-goal of this unique political project has never been clarified. While its objective – to guarantee peace, security, justice and wealth – was certainly explicit from the start and has been repeated in the various treaties underlying the Community or Union, the institutional and political means necessary to attain these goals have so far remained undetermined. In these times of turmoil, this lack of clarity turns out to be a latent defect within the EU. The issue of European constitutionalism paradigmatically illustrates the conceptual, political and legal difficulties that confront us when we try to define the EU and imagine its possible developments and transformations. It emphasizes one of the paradoxes of the European project: it is unable to develop without constitutionalizing the European legal framework but also unable to find the appropriate manner in which to do so, or gain the support of the European peoples. These difficulties are caused by a variety of historical, conceptual and legal factors, which the present volume attempts to identify and discuss.
    Vollaard Hans, Beyers Jan, Dumont Patrick (eds.)
    European Integration and Consensus Politics in the Low Countries »
    Routledge , 2015
    The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg are well-known cases of consensus politics. Decision-making in the Low Countries has been characterized by broad involvement, power sharing and making compromises. These countries were also founding member states of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors. However, the relationship between European integration and the tradition of domestic consensus politics remains unclear. In order to explore this relationship this book offers in-depth studies of a wide variety of political actors such as governments, parliaments, political parties, courts, ministries and interest groups as well as key policy issues such as the ratification of EU treaties and migration policy. The authors focus not only on Europeanization, but also analyse whether European integration may gradually undermine the fundamental characteristics of consensus politics in the Low Countries. Drawing on consociationalism and Europeanization research, this volume provides a comprehensive overview of Europeanization in these three EU member states as well as a better understanding of the varieties of consensus politics across and within these countries.
    Kull Michael
    European Integration and Rural Development. Actors, Institutions and Power »
    Ashgate , 2014
    To understand fully the process of European integration, it is necessary to consider developments at the sub-national and local level. EU integration scholars have been examining the local level using the concept of multi-level governance (MLG) since the 1990s. While MLG was the first concept to scrutinize the position of local levels of public administration and other actors within the EU polity, it overestimates the degree of influence it ascribes to local levels, particularly as far as the rural is concerned. Focusing on Germany and Finland, with country specific information from all EU member states, this book combines MLG with the concept of structural constructivism, in order to reveal some of the hidden aspects of EU integration. Bringing together these concepts and methodologies and replacing mainstream theories of integration with this new approach, offers a more accurate picture of multi-level interaction in rural policy and of the impacts of European integration at the local level. By examining the Community Initiative LEADER+ and setting this within a discussion of the state and structure of rural development policy, this book looks at the challenges, opportunities and policy options which are available and have been implemented in rural development. It shows that these are often context dependent and that the future of rural development policies, their shape and institutional configuration depend on reforms put in place at all levels of governance. Finally, it argues that the MLG of rural development policy must be built with people who have the know-how and the (local) knowledge to implement development projects and who have made LEADER a success in the past.
    Elbasani Arolda (ed.)
    European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans. Europeanization or Business as Usual? »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2013
    The book investigates the scope and limitations of the transformative power of EU enlargement in the Western Balkans. The extension of EU enlargement policy to the region has generated high expectations that enlargement will regulate democratic institution-building and foster reform, much as it did in Central and Eastern Europe. However, there is very little research on whether and how unfavourable domestic conditions might mitigate the transformative power of the EU. This volume investigates the role of domestic factors, identifying ‘stateness’ as the missing link between the assumed transformative power of the EU and the actual capacity to adopt EU rules across the region. Including chapters on Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Kosovo, and Bosnia-Herzegovina, leading scholars in the field offer up-to-date comparative analysis of key areas of institutional and policy reform; including state bureaucracy, rule of law, electoral management, environmental governance, cooperation with the International Court of Justice, economic liberalization and foreign policy. Looking to the future and the implications for policy change, European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans provides a new theoretical and empirical focus on this little understood area. The book will be of interest to scholars and students of EU politics, comparative democratisation, post-communist transitions and Balkan area studies.
    Charalambous Giorgos
    European Integration and the Communist Dilemma. Communist Party Responses to Europe in Greece, Cyprus and Italy »
    Ashgate , Farnham , 2013
    European Integration and the Communist Dilemma assesses the response of communist parties to European integration using three contrasting and comparatively significant case studies from Greece, Cyprus and Italy. These parties, in common with other radical parties in Europe, face a continuing strategic dilemma with regard to Europe through which larger questions about communist ideology and identity can be illuminated. Exploring the tendency of communist parties to face a trade-off between domestic legitimacy and electoral concerns, and their nature as parties professing opposition to the systemic currents of capitalism and European integration, the author provides a fascinating study of the nuances in deciding whether to adopt ideological consistency or undergo moderation. Blending advances in party politics, communist history and Europeanization research, the book devises a framework that overcomes the deficiencies of uni-dimensional approaches to the study of parties and Europe. In this manner, wider insights on the national party politics of European integration are drawn.
    McGarry John, Keating Michael (eds.)
    European Integration and the Nationalities Question »
    Routledge , London , 2006
    A highly topical examination of the effect of European integration on relations between states and minority nations. This new collection brings together the leading specialists in the field, and covers a wide range of cases, from Northern Ireland in the West, to Estonia and Latvia in the East, and Cyprus in the South-East. The contributors assess how European integration has affected the preparedness of states to accommodate minorities across a range of fundamental criteria, including: enhanced rights protection; autonomy; the provision of a voice for minorities in the European and international arena; and the promotion of cross-border cooperation among communities dissected by state frontiers. The comprehensive chapters stress the importance of the nationality question, and the fact that, contrary to the hopes and beliefs of many on the left and right, it is not going to go away. Beginning with an introductory essay that summarizes the impact of European integration on the nationalities question, this accessible book will be of strong interest to scholars and researchers of politics, nationalism, ethnic conflict and European studies.
    Landuyt Ariane (ed.)
    European Integration between History and New Challenges »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2015
    This volume offers a historical reflection on certain key aspects of the process of European integration, thanks to the scientific input of an international team of scholars from numerous European and non-European Universities. Despite the broad range of issues dealt with, the essays presented here are linked by a common theme: the aim of «mapping» historical studies on European integration in relation to certain defining features of the process. The result of transnational cooperation that makes it possible to focus on the different approaches to the study of Europe building adopted in the various national academic communities, this project adopts a dual approach – thematic and interdisciplinary – with the aim of investigating the central elements of the creation of the European Union. Starting from certain key thematic nuclei – the concept of European identity (in all its forms); Community policies (industrial, environmental, territorial, social, equal opportunities); European Community/Union actors (trade unions, transnational parties, etc.); the role of the regions and regionalism; the EU’s external relations – this volume adopts a historical viewpoint which allows it to reconstruct the evolution and changes from a long-term perspective also in relation to the challenges of globalization.
    Baquero Cruz Julio, Closa Montero Carlos (eds.)
    European Integration from Rome to Berlin: 1957-2007: History, Law and Politics »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2009
    In commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome, this volume addresses the lessons of EU history, its current challenges and its future perspectives. Leading scholars from the disciplines of history, political science, political economy and law consider important aspects of European integration. Areas examined include the evolution of the law of integration, Europe's influence on political transitions, economic governance, social governance, the system of Treaty reform and its limits, the future role of the Court of Justice, enlargement and the vexed question of Turkish accession. This book, which takes an interdisciplinary approach, seeks to draw on the lessons of history, while shedding new light on the current and future challenges facing the European Union.
    Bonfreschi Lucia, Orsina Giovanni, Varsori Antonio (eds.)
    European Parties and the European Integration Process, 1945–1992 »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2015
    The present volume brings together three different traditions of historical study: national politics, European integration, and political parties. Since the 1980s, there has been an enlargement of the scope of political history. This attempt to transcend national boundaries can intersect with the new strands of European integration history, paying much more attention to transnational perspectives and forces. The chapters comprised in this book attempt to forge a dialogue between these new methodologies and the study of political parties in manifold ways. Firstly, in the study of party foreign and European politics – how parties have perceived themselves as belonging not only to the national political game, but also to a wider transnational, and European one. Secondly, party history can transcend national boundaries through the study of international and European party cooperation. Thirdly, it can offer worthwhile avenues of study on how political families deal with European integration not along ideological cleavages but along national ones. This volume fills a crucial gap of European historiography by comparing parties’ discourses/platforms/policies on European integration and by developing national, comparative and transnational approaches.
    Risse Thomas
    European Public Spheres. Politics Is Back »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2014
    The Euro crisis has led to an unprecedented Europeanization and politicization of public spheres across the continent. In this volume, leading scholars make two claims. First, they suggest that transnational crossborder communication in Europe has been encouraged through the gradual Europeanization of national as well as issue-specific public spheres. Second, the politicization of European affairs - at the European Union (EU) level and in the domestic politics of member states - is inevitable and here to stay. Europeanized public spheres, whether elite media, mass media, or social media such as the internet, provide the arenas in which the politicization of European and EU issues takes place. European Public Spheres explores the history of these developments, the nature of politicization in the public spheres as well as its likely consequences, and the normative implications for European public life.
    Strange Gerard, Worth Owen (eds.)
    European Regionalism and the Left »
    Manchester University Press , Manchester , 2012
    Written against a background of global economic and political turmoil, including crisis and uncertainty surrounding the European Union, European Regionalism and the Left offers new critical insights into a range of fundamental problems facing the project of European integration. Issues covered include: the limits and possibilities of European Monetary Union; the impact of European regionalism on the political organisations of the European left; European regionalism and the crisis of social democracy; Russia and the limits to EU regionalism; and the contradictions of Eurocentric politics in an age of globalisation. The book brings together contributions from international scholars drawing on a rich diversity of critical approaches to international political economy, European integration studies, European politics and social theory. Unlike many earlier critical studies of this subject, European Regionalism and the Left consciously eschews any specific radical theoretical narrative or research programme in favour of an open-ended critical engagement with the political economy of contemporary Europe. As such it attempts to open up left analyses of Europe to broader traditions of critical inquiry.
    Wagnsson Charlotte, Sperling James, Hallenberg Jan (eds.)
    European Security Governance »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2009
    This book focuses on the problems of, and prospects for, strengthening the global system of security governance in a manner consistent with the aspirations and practices of the EU. The EU approach to security governance has been successful in its immediate neighbourhood: it has successfully exported its preferred norms and principles to applicant countries, thereby 'pacifying' its immediate neighbourhood and making all of Europe more secure. The EU governance orientation ultimately seeks to enlarge the European security community and expand the geopolitical area within which armed conflicts are inconceivable, and where state and private actors converge around a set of norms and rules of behaviour and engagement. The EU's success along its immediate boundaries has not yet been replicated on a global scale; it remains an open question whether the EU system of governance can be exported globally, owing to different normative structures (for example, a tolerance of armed conflict or non-democratic governance internally), great-power competition (such as US-China), or ongoing processes of securitization that has made it difficult to find a commonly accepted definition of security. Moreover, the EU system of security governance clashes with the continuing unwillingness of other major powers to cede or pool sovereignty as well as varying preferences for unilateral as opposed to multilateral forms of statecraft. This edited volume addresses both the practical and political aspects of security governance and the barriers to the globalization of the EU system of security governance, particularly in the multipolar post-Cold War era.
    Scicluna Nicole
    European Union Constitutionalism in Crisis »
    Routledge , 2015
    Several years after the first Greek bailout, the integration project of the European Union faces an interlocking set of political, economic, legal and social challenges that go to the very core of its existence. Austerity is the order of the day, and citizens in both debtor and creditor states increasingly turn to the political movements of the far left and right, anti-politics and street protests to vent their frustration. This book demonstrates the limits of constitutionalism in the EU. It explores the ‘twin crises’ - the failure of the Constitutional Treaty in 2005 and the more recent Eurozone crisis - to illuminate both the possibilities and pitfalls of the integration project. It argues that European integration overburdened law in an attempt to overcome deep-seated political deficiencies. It further contends that the EU shifted from an unsuccessful attempt at democratisation via politicisation (the Constitutional Treaty), to an unintended politicisation without democratisation (the Eurozone crisis) only a few years later. The book makes the case that this course is unsustainable and threatens the goal of European unity.
    Woolcock Stephen
    European Union Economic Diplomacy. The Role of the EU in External Economic Relations »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2012
    The European Union is a key player in international economic relations, but its exact role and how it goes about making decisions and negotiating is often poorly understood within and especially outside the EU. When does the EU play a proactive role and when does it follow? When is the EU a distinct actor and when is it just one level in a multi- level process of negotiation in which the member states are the main actors? Does the EU possess normative power in external economic relations? Does the EU have the capability and willingness to use its still significant economic power? European Union Economic Diplomacy provides the first comprehensive analysis of the factors that determine the role of the EU in economic diplomacy. In an up-to-date treatment that includes consideration of the impact of the Treaty of Lisbon, it contains a comprehensive explanation of decision making and negotiating processes in the core areas of trade, financial market regulation, environmental diplomacy and development co-operation. The book is intended for those interested in EU policy making, but also those who simply need to understand how the EU functions in the field of economic diplomacy.
    Schütze Robert
    European Union Law »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2015
    Written with exceptional clarity, European Union Law constitutes a classic textbook for students and practitioners of European law. Using a clear structural framework, it guides readers through all the core constitutional and substantive topics of EU law, and provides in-depth coverage of the most important internal and external policy areas of the European Union. Extracts from classic case law are complemented with extensive and critical discussion of the theoretical and practical aspects of the European Union and its law, leading students to a deep understanding of the subject. Chapters are enriched with more than 100 colour figures and tables, which clarify complex topics and illustrate relationships and processes. Suggestions for further reading direct students to significant pieces of academic literature for deeper self-study, and a companion website with full 'Lisbonised' versions of the cases cited in the text completes the learning package.
    Vervaele John A.E.
    European criminal justice in the post-Lisbon Area of Freedom, Security and Justice »
    Editoriale Scientifica , Napoli , 2014
    Jonsdottir Johanna
    Europeanization and the European Economic Area. Iceland's Participation in the EU's Policy Process »
    Routledge , 2013
    This book examines Europeanization in the European Economic Area (EEA), exploring whether non-member states can have an input into EU decision-making and whether the EU can successfully export its policies within the framework of the EEA. Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein, while not EU member states, are members of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and signatories of the EEA Agreement. The Agreement allows participation in the EU’s internal market but also requires extensive and continuous adaptation to EU rules. Whilst existing literature is limited mainly to the EU’s impact on its own member states or neighbours to the east, this book extends the study of Europeanization to the EEA, exploring whether Iceland, as a non-member state, can have an input into EU decision-making and, conversely, whether the EU can ensure that its policies are adhered to outside of its borders. The author argues that, although the EEA Agreement is not without its challenges, it has proved considerably more resilient than originally expected. This raises the question of whether the EEA provides a realistic alternative to EU membership for other states with close ties to the EU.
    Corkin Nicola Ch.
    Europeanization of Judicial Review »
    Routledge , 2015
    Europeanization of Judicial Review argues that the higher complexity of the political framework in which laws are made today leads to less well-designed laws and loop-holes, allowing politicians to leave decisions to the courts. The higher complexity of the political framework is a result of the need in the EU to consider both national and European legal and political rules when phrasing new laws. Both to decrease the complexity in the design of legislation and to preserve the ideal of the rule of law, the courts now are more likely to rule laws unconstitutional. The book employs a wide range of quantitative and qualitative methods to collect new data about the German, Austrian, and Italian constitutional courts over the last four decades. These three courts have a comparable history, theoretical background, and structure while differing in two key components: length of EU membership and legitimacy perception. Corkin employs multi-method research based on over fifty interviews with judges, politicians and civil servants; content analysis of abstract judicial review cases over three decades; and a database of over 300 variables relating to the courts and their surroundings. Her data reveals that in abstract judicial review, and in the wider political arena, political culture has become more confrontational due to attitude changes in politicians and judges. These attitude changes can be directly linked to the EU and have wide-ranging implications for legitimacy, democracy and political methodology.
    Floris Doriana
    Europei al voto. Politica, propaganda e partecipazione in Italia, Francia e Regno Unito 1979-1989 »
    FrancoAngeli , Milan , 2017
    Osmont Matthieu, Robin-Hivert Émilia, Seidel Katja, Spoerer, Mark, Wenkel Christian (eds.)
    Européanisation au XXe siècle. Europeanisation in the 20th century. Un regard historique. The Historical Lens »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2012
    L'intérêt grandissant pour le concept d'européanisation ces dernières années fait écho à la transformation des sociétés européennes depuis la fin de la guerre froide. Dès lors, il apparaît de moins en moins légitime d'enfermer l'histoire contemporaine des pays européens dans un cadre exclusivement national. En effet, le concept d'européanisation permet à la fois de dépasser le cadre national et d'écrire une histoire de l'Europe à partir d'un angle plus large que celui de l'intégration européenne. Les contributions présentées dans ce volume démontrent à l'évidence que le phénomène de l'européanisation ne se limite pas à l'après-1945, ni à la seule partie occidentale de l'Europe. The growing interest in the concept of Europeanisation reflects the transformation of European societies since the end of the Cold War. Since then it has become less and less legitimate to consider the contemporary history of European states from a purely national angle. Indeed, the concept of Europeanisation allows national frontiers to be overcome and to write a shared European history from a broader perspective than just the European integration project. The contributions in this volume show that the phenomenon of Europeanisation is not limited to the post1945 period, nor is it limited to Western Europe.
    Pigeonnier Anne-Sylvie
    Européanisation et démocratisation des États baltes dans la période de préadhésion à l’UE. Le rôle de la conditionnalité politique des organisations européennes »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2015
    Brack Nathalie, Costa Olivier (eds.)
    Euroscepticism within the EU Institutions. Diverging Views of Europe »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    Since its origins, there have been competing views concerning the nature, scope and objectives of the process of integration and of the European Union. Attitudes towards Europe and European integration, both among political elites and citizens, have been much studied over the last 15 years. But there is no comprehensive analysis of these competing views of Europe at the supranational level. The existence of radically diverging views on the European political system within the EU’s own institutions is problematic at both theoretical and practical levels. Little is known, however, about this phenomenon, its impact on the EU’s agenda and policy-making as well as on constitutional reform. This book aims therefore at investigating the divergence in views about the European Union in order to lend insight into its consequences for the functioning of the EU and its institutions. It will focus on the main EU institutions, i.e. the Council, Commission, Parliament and Court but will also deal with the visions of various European elites on the EU. This book was originally published as a special issue of Journal of European Integration.
    Rodríguez-Aguilera de Prat Cesáreo
    Euroscepticism, Europhobia and Eurocriticism. The Radical Parties of the Right and Left vis-à-vis the European Union »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2013
    Euroscepticism has become a generic catch-all term that is not always useful to capture the nuances of the different types of political opposition to the current process of European integration. This research analyses the electoral manifestos and programmes presented to the European Parliamentary elections in 2009 by twenty-two parties. In this regard, it is clear that the radical right parties usually have Europhobic impulses – their rejection being not only of methods, but also of principals. In contrast, the radical left parties are, in theory, favourable to European integration, but dispute the direction imposed by the EU authorities.
    Mitchell William
    Eurozone Dystopia. Groupthink and Denial on a Grand Scale »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham/Northampton, MA , 2015
    Eurozone Dystopia traces the origin of the Eurozone and shows how the historical Franco-German rivalry combined with the growing dominance of neo-liberal economic thinking to create a monetary system that was deeply flawed and destined to fail. William Mitchell argues that the political class in Europe is trapped in a destructive groupthink. Based on a flawed understanding of macroeconomic fundamentals, groupthink extols the virtues of the erroneous concept of the self-regulating free market and prevents Europe from seeing its own policy failures. As a result, millions are unemployed, with imperilled member states caught in a cycle of persistent stagnation and rising social instability. Providing a detailed historical analysis of the evolution of the Eurozone and its failings from the 1940s to the present day, the book argues that the Eurozone lacks the necessary monetary architecture, particularly the existence of a federal fiscal function which could have resolved the economic crisis quickly. The author examines the options available to Europe and concludes that an orderly abandonment of the euro and a return to national currencies is the superior option available. The justification for this conclusion is exhaustively argued within a Modern Monetary Theory framework.
    Sommella Roberto
    Euxit. Uscita di sicurezza per l'Europa »
    Rubbettino , Soveria Mannelli , 2016
    Curtin Deirdre
    Executive power of the European Union: law, practices, and the living constitution »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2009
    The picture of Brussels-based bureaucrats exercising wide-ranging, arbitrary executive powers with no accountability is one of the favourite images conjured by Eurosceptics across the political spectrum. What truth is there in the image? This book aims to bring the EU's executive powers out of the shadows by mapping the evolution and current form of the EU's various executive actors, their powers, and the mechanisms for holding them accountable. In doing so it provides a rich understanding of the way in which the EU's institutional and legal framework fits within national constitutional presumptions about how power should be controlled and accountability achieved. Covering both the political executive and the administrative executive at the EU institutional level, the book analyses their relationship with national executive power, and traces the historical evolution of executive order in Europe from the Peace of Westphalia through classic inter-governmental organizations to the allegedly unique EU framework. The book's analysis covers both the formal legal structure of the Union and the evolution of the EU's living institutions in practice. The picture presented is of a fragmented, cluttered and complex European executive space, resistant to radical constitutional reform and in need of a more nuanced understanding of the different forms of executive power required by different political aims and modes of decision-making.
    Lucarelli Sonia, Fioramonti Lorenzo (eds.)
    External Perceptions of the European Union as a Global Actor »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2009
    This book examines how the European Union (EU) is perceived beyond its borders in the US; the Middle East: Israel, Palestinian territories, Lebanon, Iran; Russia; China; India; Brazil and South Africa. The book also analyses the main perceptions of the EU in some key international institutions, including the World Bank; World Trade Organization, United Nations, African Union; and transnational actors, including non-Western media such as Al Jazeera. It seeks to provide a thorough analysis of the implications that these perceptions might have for the global role of the EU. By taking this approach and by providing both conceptual and empirical arguments, the volume provides an innovative perspective on the analysis of the EU as a global actor. It also strengthens a research agenda on the EU external image: an underdeveloped area of investigation in which the editors and the main contributors to this volume have played a pioneering role in the past few years. It will be of strong interest to academics and students of international politics, European studies and development studies.
    Burgess Michael
    Federalism and European Union: the building of Europe, 1950-2000 »
    Routledge , London; New York , 2000
    A revisionist interpretation of the post-war evolution of European integration and the European Union (EU), this book reappraises and reassesses conventional explanations of European integration. It adopts a federalist approach which supplements state-based arguments with federal political ideas, influences and strategies. By exploring the philosophical and historical origins of federal ideas and tracing their influence throughout the whole of the EU's evolution, the book makes a significant contribution to the scholarly debate about the nature and development of the EU. The book looks at federal ideas stretching back to the sixteenth century and demonstrates their fundamental continuity to contemporary European integration. It situates these ideas in the broad context of post-war western Europe and underlines their practical relevance in the activities of Jean Monnet and Altiero Spinelli. Post-war empirical developments are explored from a federalist perspective, revealing an enduring persistence of federal ideas which have been either ignored or overlooked in conventional interpretations. The book challenges traditional conceptions of the post-war and contemporary evolution of the EU, to reassert and reinstate federalism in theory and practice at the very core of European integration.
    Verschueren Nicolas
    Fermer les mines en construisant l'Europe. Une histoire sociale de l'intégration européenne »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, , 2013
    Eric Bussière Eric, Massis Desmarest Pauline
    François-Xavier Ortoli et l’Europe : réflexion et action »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2016
    Johnston Alison
    From Convergence to Crisis. Labor Markets and the Instability of the Euro »
    Cornell University Press , Ithaca NY , 2016
    What explains Eurozone member-states' divergent exposure to Europe's sovereign debt crisis? Deviating from current fiscal and financial views, From Convergence to Crisis focuses on labor markets in a narrative that distinguishes the winners from the losers in the euro crisis. Alison Johnston argues that Europe’s monetary union was structured in a way that advantaged the corporatist labor markets of its northern economies in external trade and financial lending. Northern Europe’s distinct economic advantage lay not with its fiscal capabilities, which were not that different from those of southern Eurozone countries, but with its wage-setting institutions. Through highly coordinated collective bargaining, the euro North persistently undercut the inflation performance of southern trading partners, destining them to a perpetual cycle of competitive decline and external borrowing. While northern Europe’s corporatist labor markets were always low inflation performers, monetary union ultimately made their wage-setting institutions toxic for the South. The euro’s institutional predecessor, the European Monetary System, included economic and institutional mechanisms that facilitated macroeconomic adjustment and convergence between the common currency’s corporatist and noncorporatist economies. Combining cross-national statistical analysis with detailed qualitative case studies of Denmark, Germany, Italy, Ireland, the Netherlands, and Spain, Johnston reveals that monetary union’s removal of these mechanisms allowed external imbalances between these two blocs to grow unchecked, underpinning the crisis in which Europe currently finds itself. Rather than achieving the EU’s goal of an ever-closer union, the common currency produced a monetary environment that destabilized the economic integration of its diverse labor markets.
    Fabbrini Federico
    Fundamental Rights in Europe »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2014
    The European architecture for the protection of fundamental rights combines the legal regimes of the states, the European Union, and the European Convention on Human Rights. The purpose of this book is to analyse the constitutional implications of this multilevel architecture and to examine the dynamics that spring from the interaction between different human rights standards in Europe. The book adopts a comparative approach, and through a comparison with the federal system of the United States, it advances an analytical model that systematically explains the dynamics at play in the European multilevel human rights architecture. It identifies two recurrent challenges in the interplay between different state and transnational human rights standards-a challenge of ineffectiveness, when transnational law operates as a ceiling of protection for a specific human right, and a challenge of inconsistency when transnational law operates as a floor-and considers the most recent transformations taking place in the European human rights regime. The book tests the model of challenges and transformations by examining in depth four case studies: the right to due process for suspected terrorists, the right to vote for non-citizens, the right to strike and the right to abortion. In light of these examples, the book then concludes by reassessing the main theories on the protection of fundamental rights in Europe and making the case for a new vision-a 'neo-federal' theory-which is able to frame the dilemmas of identity, equality and supremacy behind the European multilevel architecture for the protection of human rights.
    Rossi Lucia Serena, Di Federico Giacomo (a cura di)
    Fundamental rights in Europe and China. Regional identities and universalism »
    Editoriale Scientifica , Napoli , 2013
    Kuus Merje
    Geopolitics and Expertise: Knowledge and Authority in European Diplomacy »
    Wiley-Blackwell , 2014
    Geopolitics and Expertise is an in-depth exploration of how expert knowledge is created and exercised in the external relations machinery of the European Union. •Provides a rare, full-length work on transnational diplomatic practice •Based on a rigorous and empirical study, involving over 100 interviews with policy professionals over seven years •Focuses on the qualitative and contextual, rather than the quantitative and uniform •Moves beyond traditional political science to blend human geography, international relations, anthropology, and sociology
    Beck Ulrich
    German Europe »
    Polity Press , Cambridge , 2013
    The euro crisis is tearing Europe apart. But the heart of the matter is that, as the crisis unfolds, the basic rules of European democracy are being subverted or turned into their opposite, bypassing parliaments, governments and EU institutions. Multilateralism is turning into unilateralism, equality into hegemony, sovereignty into the dependency and recognition into disrespect for the dignity of other nations. Even France, which long dominated European integration, must submit to Berlin’s strictures now that it must fear for its international credit rating. How did this happen? The anticipation of the European catastrophe has already fundamentally changed the European landscape of power. It is giving birth to a political monster: a German Europe. Germany did not seek this leadership position - rather, it is a perfect illustration of the law of unintended consequences. The invention and implementation of the euro was the price demanded by France in order to pin Germany down to a European Monetary Union in the context of German unification. It was a quid pro quo for binding a united Germany into a more integrated Europe in which France would continue to play the leading role. But the precise opposite has happened. Economically the euro turned out to be very good for Germany, and with the euro crisis Chancellor Angela Merkel became the informal Queen of Europe. The new grammar of power reflects the difference between creditor and debtor countries; it is not a military but an economic logic. Its ideological foundation is ‘German euro nationalism’ - that is, an extended European version of the Deutschmark nationalism that underpinned German identity after the Second World War. In this way the German model of stability is being surreptitiously elevated into the guiding idea for Europe. The Europe we have now will not be able to survive in the risk-laden storms of the globalized world. The EU has to be more than a grim marriage sustained by the fear of the chaos that would be caused by its breakdown. It has to be built on something more positive: a vision of rebuilding Europe bottom-up, creating a Europe of the citizen. There is no better way to reinvigorate Europe than through the coming together of ordinary Europeans acting on their own behalf.
    Landuyt Ariane, Pasquinucci Daniele (eds.)
    Gli allargamenti della CEE/UE 1961-2004 »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2005
    Bischof Karin
    Global Player EU? Eine ideologiekritische Metaphernanalyse »
    De Gruyter , 2015
    Bendiek Annegret, Kramer Heinz (eds.)
    Globale Außenpolitik der Europäischen Union »
    Nomos Verlag , Baden Baden , 2009
    de Zwaan Jaap, Lak Martijn, Makinwa Abiola, Willems Piet (eds.)
    Governance and Security Issues of the European Union - Challenges Ahead »
    T.M.C. Asser Press , 2016
    This book provides a comprehensive coverage of crucial issues concerning EU co-operation and European security. At present, Europe is confronted with a number of serious common and global challenges, the most important being the economic crisis, migration issues, geopolitical tensions at its external borders, terrorism, climate change and environmental challenges. These developments have a huge impact on the stability and security of the continent as a whole and on each individual European country. Europe, more particularly the European Union, has to organize its governance and security infrastructure in such a way that it can cope with these global threats. This edited volume collects a number of topics and themes connected to the governance and/or security dimensions of EU co-operation. The book is divided is several parts, which deal respectively with the values and general principles of EU co-operation; institutional aspects of EU co-operation; a number of individual policy domains; areas of European criminal law; the external relations of the EU; and the future functioning of EU co-operation as a whole. The eighteen chapters, written by a team of experts with extensive practical and academic experience, contain insights and information valuable to researchers, students, practitioners and policy makers concerned with EU law and international law, with the developments within the European Union as well as with the external relations of the European Union.
    Vai Lorenzo, Tortola Pier Domenico, Pirozzi Nicoletta
    Governing Europe. How to Make the EU More Efficient and Democratic »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2017
    This book is a collection of the contributions to the Governing Europe project, which tackles the current situation and the future developments of the European mechanism of governance, putting forward a series of policy and institutional recommendations for the medium and long term, aimed at improving the democratic nature and the effectiveness of the European decision-making processes.
    Rupnik Jacques (ed.)
    Géopolitique de la démocratisation. L'Europe et ses voisinages »
    Presses de Sciences Po , Paris , 2014
    The European Union's greatest success of the past twenty years remains the expansion of its democratic model to Eastern Europe. But the post-1989 tectonic plates are now beginning to shift. Europe is rediscovering the (geo)political limits of the law and democratisation. Its soft power, based on shared norms, trade and interdependence, are now being called into question. Europe is experiencing a two-fold destabilisation: in the East, where Ukraine is grappling with Putin’s Russia; and in the South, where chaos and crumbling States have followed the Arab Spring. This brutal return of Realpolitik to the forefront has replaced questions of security, energy and migration, forcing the European Union to revisit its neighbourhood policy. If Europe wishes to wield geopolitical influence over its neighbours, if it hopes to be a 'European space’, more open to the outside and better adapted to globalisation, it must become a more political and more strategic ‘European power’. Penned by the most prominent experts, this volume invites readers to reconsider the relationship between the European community project and its borders.
    Costa Olivier, Brack Nathalie
    How the EU Really Works »
    Ashgate , 2014
    The European Union is facing a profound crisis and is confronted with multiple challenges. Over the last two decades, it has experienced a series of dramatic changes to its powers, its institutional design, its constitutional framework and its borders. At the same time, the uneasy relationship between European citizens and elites has complicated both the reform and the function of the Union. While the Lisbon treaty provided some answers to crucial questions, it did not clarify the nature of the EU, which remains at the crossroads of federal and intergovernmental logic. The current economic and financial crisis puts the EU’s legitimacy further under pressure and creates the impression of a turning point. This book provides a concise analysis of the EU and its dynamics by paying particular attention to its day to day operation. It aims to help students and scholars understand its evolution, its institutions, its decision-making and the interactions between the EU and various actors. Avoiding abstract theorizing, the authors propose an easy to read analysis of how the Union works while recognizing the complexity of the situation. Throughout the book, the key issues of European integration are addressed: democratic deficit, politicization, the role of member states, institutional crisis and citizen involvement.
    De Pasquale P., Pesce C. (a cura di)
    I cittadini e l'Europa. Principio democratico e libertà economiche »
    Editoriale Scientifica , Napoli , 2015
    Pasquinucci Daniele
    I confini e l'identità. Il Parlamento europeo e gli allargamenti della CEE 1961-1986 »
    Jean Monnet Interregional Centre of Excellence - Pavia , Pavia , 2013

    Index and summaries

    Full text free access
    Montaldo Stefano
    I limiti della cooperazione in materia penale nell'Unione europea »
    Editoriale Scientifica , Napoli , 2015
    Landuyt Ariane (ed.)
    Idee d'Europa e integrazione europea »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2004
    Bonvicini Gianni, Brugnoli Flavio (eds.)
    Il Fiscal Compact »
    Edizioni Nuova Cultura , Roma , 2012
    Mascali Laura
    Il Gruppo Europeo di Cooperazione Territoriale »
    Editpress , Firenze , 2010
    Bonvicini Gianni (a cura di)
    Il Parlamento Europeo per la nuova unione »
    Edizioni Nuova Cultura , Roma , 2014

    Description and contents

    Full text open access
    Castronovo Valerio (ed.)
    Il Piemonte nel processo di integrazione europea »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2008
    The creation in Europe of a supra-national political community is not only a challenge to past history, to the heritage of a past marked by two worldwide conflicts and by two totalitarian ideologies, both of them having their origin and epicentre in the Old Continent, iit is also a challenge to the future, to the many problems that we must face after having entered the 21st century, in an increasingly complex scenario with changing trajectories that do not lend themselves to univocal and reassuring forecasts. The realisation of an authentic European polity, under the banner of its own Constitution, able to guarantee its citizens the conditions of sustainable development and an adequate degree of social cohesion, and play a meaningful political role at international level, is still an open game, and has been ever since the project to “rebuild Europe” out of the ashes of the Second World War began, over fifty years ago. It became even more challenging when, after the demolition of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the self-extinction of the Soviet Union, many of the former-Communist countries of Eastern Europe joined the European Union; in fact, it is now a matter of furthering the integration process of the “newcomers” into the Community's system of principles and values, and of building up, together with them, the requisites and credentials that allow the EU to contribute to the realisation of a more equitable and multipolar world order. Not only does this perspective require a shared and farsighted action by the various States and national governments which are members of the Union, the construction of a collective European identity involves many other entities too: public administrations and local bodies, political parties and opinionist movements, trade organisations and cultural milieus, and, last but not least, individual citizens, with their various experiences and expectations. Only thus, by involving this universe of players above and beyond the trans-national relations among member States, can the European Union become a veritable political entity, a single set of peoples made brothers by their common feelings and by their sharing of common aims.
    Padoa Schioppa Antonio
    Il diritto nella storia d'Europa »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2005
    Velo Dario (ed.)
    Il governo dello sviluppo economico e dell'innovazione in Europa »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2009
    Table of contents
    Moro Domenico, Vannuccini Simone (eds.)
    Il governo di un'economia federale sovranazionale e le sue istituzioni nell'esperienza europea - Antologia di contributi »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2014
    Table of contents
    Garavello Oscar (a cura di)
    Il modello sociale europeo »
    Cacucci , Roma-Bari , 2013
    Ziller Jacques
    Il nuovo Trattato europeo »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2008
    Bilancia Paola (ed.)
    Il ruolo dei Parlamenti nazionali nel processo di integrazione europea. The role of National Parliaments in the European Integration Process »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2016
    Full text available online download pdf
    Marsili Lorenzo, Varoufakis Yanis
    Il terzo spazio. Oltre establishment e populismo »
    Laterza , Roma-Bari , 2017
    Győrffy Dóra
    Institutional Trust and Economic Policy Lessons from the History of the Euro »
    Central European University Press , Budapest , 2013
    The book seeks to link theoretical debates on the relevance of trust in economic outcomes with the current arguments about the origins and lessons of the subprime crisis. By what mechanisms does trust influence economic outcomes? Under what conditions do these mechanisms prevail? How do debates about trust help our understanding of the subprime crisis in the European Union? By integrating insights from Post-Keynesian, Austrian and new institutional economics, the central proposition of the analysis is that the presence or absence of institutional trust creates virtuous and vicious cycles in law-abiding, which critically influence the possibility for economic agents to have realistic long-term plans. In a low-trust environment the uncertainty surrounding the functioning of institutions leads to short-term decisions. Political business cycles, lax regulations on credit and boom-bust cycles are typical of such an environment. While empirical evidence from the EU largely supports these propositions, important exceptions are also identified and the conditions for the theory noted–including financial market influences, fashions in economic theory as well as political leadership
    Kies Raphaël, Nanz Patrizia (eds.)
    Is Europe Listening to Us? Successes and Failures of EU Citizen Consultations »
    Ashgate , Farnham , 2013
    How can the European Union engage and connect with the people it aims to represent? What initiatives and schemes have been used to engage EU citizens? To what extent can such procedures be considered a move forward towards a more participative and democratic Europe? This collection of internationally recognised specialists in European integration and innovative democratic practices seek to answer these key questions, explore European citizens’ thoughts and opinions about the EU and evaluate the governing elite’s attempts to engage with the public. It offers critical analysis of EU justifications and strategies for implementing Deliberative Citizens Involvement Projects and focuses on some of the major participative experiences trialled and implemented by EU institutions. By comparing these different attempts to increase and bolster the participation of EU citizens and evaluating their impact the book offers valuable and original material on the civic involvement of EU citizens and the legitimacy of the EU decision making process.
    Padoa Schioppa Antonio
    Italia ed Europa nella storia del diritto »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2003
    Imperi Marina
    L'Abate di Saint-Pierre. L'idea d'Europa per un nuovo sistema di governo »
    Aracne , Roma , 2015
    Preda Daniela (ed.)
    L'Europa agli albori del XXI secolo »
    Cacucci , Bari , 2006
    Table of contents
    Marchetti Maria Cristina
    L'Europa dei cittadini. Cittadinanza e democrazia nell'Unione Europea »
    FrancoAngeli , Milano , 2015
    Gattinara Giacomo, Pappalardo Fabio (a cura di)
    L'Europa dei diritti. La Corte di giustizia e i cittadini dell'Unione »
    Donzelli , Roma , 2014
    Velo Dario (ed.)
    L'Europa dei progetti. Imprese, innovazione, sviluppo »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2007
    Europe has witnessed the establishment of many innovative enterprises and great general interest initiatives in the economy's strategic sectors where innovation is concentrated: Airbus, Galileo, the Joint European Torus (JET), the European projects in the aerospace sector, etc. are general interest initiatives which have spurred innovative cooperation activities between private enterprises, public enterprises and States. They are the tangible proof of a European industrial policy that, unfortunately, has never been explicitly identified. This set of accomplishments is known as the “Europe of projects”. The name itself indicated a phenomenon in full progress, bound to have a strong impact on the economy and society model that Europe is building.
    D'Ottavio Gabriele
    L'Europa dei tedeschi. La Repubblica Federale di Germania e l'integrazione europea, 1949-1966 »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2012
    Antonelli Francesco, Giobbi Laura, Rosato Valeria (a cura di)
    L'Europa del dissenso. Teorie e analisi sociopolitiche »
    FrancoAngeli , Milano , 2016
    Piccardo Lara
    L'Europa del nuovo millennio. Storia del quinto ampliamento (1989-2007) »
    CLUEB , Bologna , 2007
    Risi Cosimo, Rizzo Alfredo
    L'Europa della sicurezza e della difesa »
    Editoriale Scientifica , Napoli , 2016
    Cau Maurizio (ed.)
    L'Europa di De Gasperi e Adenauer. La sfida della ricostruzione (1945-1951) »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2012
    Castronovo Valerio
    L'Europa e la rinascita dei nazionalismi »
    Laterza , Roma-Bari , 2016
    Di Salvatore Enzo
    L'Europa e noi. Scritti di diritto costituzionale europeo »
    Galaad Edizioni , Giulianova , 2015
    Bocchi Gianluca
    L'Europa globale. Epistemologie delle identità »
    Edizioni Studium , Roma , 2015
    Laschi Giuliana, Telò Mario (eds.)
    L'Europa nel sistema internazionale »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2009
    Telò Mario
    L'Europa potenza civile »
    Laterza , Roma-Bari , 2004
    No author
    L'Europa senz'anima »
    Polistampa , Firenze , 2014
    Quermonne Jean-Louis
    L'Europe en quête de légitimité »
    Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques , Paris , 2001
    Croisat Maurice, Quermonne Jean-Louis
    L'Europe et le fédéralisme: contribution à l'emergence d'un fédéralisme intergouvernemental »
    Montchrestien , Paris , 1999
    Piccardo Lara (a cura di)
    L'Italia e l'Europa negli anni Ottanta. Storia, politica, cultura »
    FrancoAngeli , Milano , 2015
    Morelli Umberto, Preda Daniela (a cura di)
    L'Italia e l'unità europea dal Risorgimento a oggi. Idee e protagonisti »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2014
    Craveri Piero, Varsori Antonio (eds.)
    L'Italia nella costruzione europea. Un bilancio storico (1957-2007) »
    FrancoAngeli , Milan , 2009
    Chevallard Giancarlo
    L'Italia vista dall'Europa »
    Rubbettino , Soveria Mannelli , 2008
    De La Rosa Stéphane, Martucci Francesco, Dubout Edouard (eds.)
    L'Union européenne et le fédéralisme économique. Discours et réalités »
    Bruylant , Bruxelles/Louvain-La-Neuve , 2015
    Barbato Jean-Christophe, Petit Yves (eds.)
    L'Union européenne, une Fédération plurinationale en devenir ? »
    Bruylant , Bruxelles , 2015
    Cafaro Susanna
    L'Unione Economica e Monetaria dopo la crisi »
    Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane , Napoli , 2017

    Landuyt Ariane, Pasquinucci Daniela (eds.)
    L'Unione Europea tra costituzione e governance »
    Cacucci , Bari , 2004
    Table of contents
    Mascia Marco, Velo Francesco (eds.)
    L'Unione economica europea: aspetti economici, sociali e istituzionali »
    Cacucci , Bari , 2016

    Table of contents
    Carbone Sergio M. (a cura di)
    L'Unione europea a vent'anni da Maastricht. Verso nuove regole »
    Editoriale Scientifica , Napoli , 2013
    Parisi Nicoletta, Petralia Valentina (eds.)
    L'Unione europea dopo il Trattato di Lisbona »
    Giappichelli , Torino , 2012
    Anro' Ilaria
    L'adesione dell'Unione Europea alla CEDU. L'evoluzione dei sistemi di tutela dei diritti fondamentali in Europa »
    Giuffré , Milano , 2015

    Table of contents
    Montani Guido
    L'economia politica dell'integrazione europea. Evoluzione di una democrazia sovranazionale »
    UTET Università , Turin , 2008
    Padoa Schioppa Tommaso
    L'euro e la sua banca centrale. L'unione dopo l'Unione »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2004
    Fatin-Rouge Stéfanini Marthe, Levade Anne, Mehdi Rostane, Michel Valérie
    L'identité à la croisée des États et de l'Europe. Quel sens ? Quelles fonctions ? »
    Bruylant , Bruxelles , 2015
    Martinico Giuseppe
    L'integrazione silente. La funzione interpretativa della Corte di giustizia e il diritto costituzionale europeo »
    Jovene , Naples , 2009
    Table of contents
    Velo Francesco (a cura di)
    L`Unione Economica Europea e la Sanita`. Sfide e opportunita` per il sistema sanitario europeo »
    Cacucci , Roma-Bari , 2015
    Adalid Sébastien
    La Banque centrale européenne et l'Eurosystème. Recherches sur le renouvellement d’une méthode d’intégration »
    Bruylant , Bruxelles , 2015
    Ballini Pier Luigi
    La Comunità Europea di Difesa (CED) »
    Rubbettino , Soveria Mannelli , 2009
    de Saint Périer Amaury
    La France, l'Allemagne et l'Europe monétaire de 1974 à 1981. La persévérance récompensée »
    Presses de Sciences Po , Paris , 2013
    Da Rold Vitorio
    La Grecia ferita. Cronaca di un waterboarding spietato »
    Asterios , Trieste , 2015

    Contents and excerpt
    Pullano Teresa
    La citoyenneté européenne. Un espace quasi étatique »
    Presses de Sciences Po , Paris , 2014
    Teresa Pullano presents a strong new perspective on European citizenship. Incorporating ideas from many philosophers such as Étienne Balibar and Michel Foucault, she illustrates how a reconceptualization of European citizenship is taking place, thanks to policies regarding the circulation of goods and persons within the European Union. Moreover, she explains how this new form of citizenship is altering relationships between the two other components of the modern political triptych (nationality and sovereignty). Contrary to leading theories, this text analyses the impacts and effects on European residents of being a member of the European Union, in particular with regard to the law and practices of free circulation. Far from being an abstract notion, EU citizenship appears to create a quasi-state-like space defined by the rights it confers to its citizens, rather than its borders. The very idea of citizenship, gradually detached from any territorial stability thanks to the EU's successive enlargements, is now transformed into a form of 'citizenship without a State' in a 'territory in evolution’. As Jean-Marie Donegani suggests in his preface, this essay invites us to ‘rethink the very identity of democracy, no longer as the sovereignty of a people, but as a system of mediation and negotiation between subjects who are no longer defined by their adherence to a national-state framework but by their consent to belonging to a citizenship devoid of body or territory’.
    Boldrini Laura
    La comunità possibile Una nuova rotta per il futuro dell'Europa »
    Marsilio , Venezia , 2017
    Velo Dario (ed.)
    La cooperazione rafforzata e l'Unione economica. La politica europea dell'energia »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2007
    Table of contents
    Vellano Michele
    La cooperazione regionale nell'Unione europea »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2014
    Peroni Giulio
    La crisi dell'Euro: limiti e rimedi dell'Unione economica e monetaria »
    Giuffré , Milano , 2012
    Beck Ulrich
    La crisi dell'Europa »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2012
    Mezzanotte Massimiliano
    La democrazia diretta nei trattati dell'Unione Europea »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2015
    Goulard Sylvie, Monti Mario
    La democrazia in Europa. Guardare lontano »
    Rizzoli , Milano , 2012
    Missiroli Antonio, Pansa Alessandro
    La difesa europea »
    Il Melangolo , Genoa , 2007
    Barón Crespo Enrique
    La era del federalismo »
    RBA Libros , Barcelona , 2014
    Velo Dario (ed.)
    La grande impresa federale europea. Per una teoria cosmopolitica dell'impresa »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2004
    Table of contents
    Padoa Schioppa Tommaso
    La lunga via per l'euro »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2004
    Andreatta Filippo (ed.)
    La moneta e la spada: la sicurezza europea tra bilanci della difesa e assetti istituzionali »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2007
    Fossum John Erik, Menéndez Agustín José
    La peculiare costituzione dell'Unione Europea »
    Firenze University Press , Firenze , 2012


    Foradori Paolo
    La politica europea di sicurezza e difesa. L'Unione Europea nel nuovo ordine globale »
    Carocci , Roma , 2010
    Scroccu Gianluca
    La sinistra credibile Antonio Giolitti tra socialismo, riformismo ed europeismo (1964-2010) »
    Carocci , Roma , 2016
    Cavalli Alessandro, Martinelli Alberto
    La società europea »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2015
    Spinelli Barbara
    La sovranità assente »
    Einaudi , Torino , 2014
    Chauvet Victor
    La triangulaire diplomatique Danemark - Groenland - Union européenne. La politique énergétique, environnementale et l'intégration régionale dans l'espace polaire européen »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2014
    Morand Pascal
    La victoire de Luther. Essai sur l’Union économique et monétaire »
    La Scuola di Pitagora , Napoli , 2013
    Zanzi Luigi
    Le Alpi nella storia d'Europa »
    CDA Vivalda Editori , Turin , 2004
    Tovo Carlo
    Le agenzie decentrate dell'Unione europea »
    Editoriale Scientifica , Napoli , 2016
    De Gregorio Laura (ed.)
    Le confessioni religiose nel diritto dell'Unione europea »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2012
    Caravita Beniamino (ed.)
    Le elezioni del Parlamento europeo del 2014. »
    Jovene , Napoli , 2015

    Table of contents
    Grilli Antonio
    Le origini del diritto dell'Unione europea »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2009
    Preda Daniela, Pasquinucci Daniele, Tosi Luciano (eds.)
    Le riviste e l'integrazione europea. »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2017
    Öztürk Zeki
    Le rôle du Conseil de l’Europe dans la démocratisation de la Turquie »
    Peter Lang , Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2016
    Quermonne Jean-Louis
    Le système politique de l'Union européenne: des communautés économiques à l'Union politique »
    Montchrestien , Paris , 2005
    Guastaferro Barbara
    Legalità sovranazionale e legalità costituzionale. Tensioni costitutive e giunture ordinamentali »
    Giappichelli , Torino , 2013
    Bussière Eric, Migani Guia
    Les années Barroso, 2004-2014 »
    Tallandier , Paris , 2014
    Ferraro Francesca
    Libertà e sicurezza nell'Unione europea tra età moderna e globalizzazione »
    Pisa University Press , Pisa , 2012
    Adam Roberto, Tizzano Antonio
    Lineamenti di diritto dell'Unione europea »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2008
    Table of contents
    Stolfo Marco
    Lingue minoritarie e unità europea »
    FrancoAngeli , Milan , 2005
    Table of contents
    Martinico Giuseppe
    Lo spirito polemico del diritto europeo Studio sulle ambizioni costituzionali dell'Unione »
    Aracne , Rome , 2011
    Kluger Dionigi Maja
    Lobbying in the European Parliament The Battle for Influence »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2017
    This book explains when and how interest groups are influential in the European Parliament, which has become one of the most important lobbying venues in the EU. Yet we know little about the many ways in which interest groups and lobbyists influence parliamentary politics. The author offers insights on four key cases of lobbying, based on the analysis of EU documents, lobbying letters, and 150 interviews. She argues that lobbying success depends on a number of factors, most notably the degree of counter-lobbying, issue salience, and committee receptiveness. These factors are brought together in the framework of “Triple-I” - interests, issues, and institutions – to determine the success or failure of lobbying. This book will be of use to students and scholars interested in EU politics and governance, EU decision-making, and interest group politics, along with policy-makers and practitioners.
    Duxbury Neil
    Lord Kilmuir. A Vignette »
    Hart Publishing , Oxford , 2015
    This short book examines the career and achievements of Lord Kilmuir (David Maxwell Fyfe), a British politician and former Lord Chancellor who is mainly remembered for some poor and unpopular decisions but who nevertheless made a considerable mark on twentieth-century legal development. After the Second World War, Kilmuir not only excelled as a fellow prosecutor with Justice Robert Jackson at Nuremberg but also played a significant role in the effort to restore European unity, particularly through his involvement in the drafting of the European Convention on Human Rights. Drawing on archival and other primary sources, this book considers Kilmuir’s initiatives both at home and in Europe, and concludes by marking out his achievements as a pro-European Conservative who not only favoured the right of individual petition to a supra-national, Convention-enforcing court but who also favoured parliament legislating to replicate Convention norms in domestic law.
    Cavallaro Maria Elena
    Los orígenes de la integración de España en Europa. Desde el franquismo hasta los años de la transición »
    Silex Ediciones , Madrid , 2009
    Scarduelli Pietro
    L’Europa disunita. Etnografia di un Continente »
    CLUEB , Bologna , 2013
    Visone Tommaso
    L’Europa oltre l'Europa. Metamorfosi di un’idea nella crisi degli anni Trenta (1929-1939) »
    Edizioni ETS , Pisa , 2015

    Beltran Alain, Bussière Éric, Garavini Giuliano (eds.)
    L’Europe et la question énergétique Les années 1960/1980 »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2016
    Mechi Lorenzo
    L’Organizzazione Internazionale del Lavoro e la ricostruzione europea (1931-1957). Le basi sociali dell’integrazione economica »
    Ediesse , Roma , 2013
    Finizio Giovanni, Morelli Umberto (a cura di)
    L’Unione Europea nelle relazioni internazionali »
    Carocci , Roma , 2015
    Belluati Marinella, Caraffini Paolo (a cura di)
    L’Unione Europea tra istituzioni e opinione pubblica »
    Carocci , Roma , 2015
    Harwood Mark
    Malta in t