• Section A) The theory and practise of the federal states and multi-level systems of government
  • Section B) Global governance and international organizations
  • Section C) Regional integration processes
  • Section D) Federalism as a political idea
  • Subsection of Section A
    1.The theory of federation
    2.Constitutional reform
    3.The division (and the conflicts) of powers and competences
    4.The legislative branch
    5.The executive branch
    6.The judiciary branch
    7.Economic and fiscal federalism
    8.The Central Bank(s)
    9.Local government(s)
    10.Processes of federalization and decentralization
    Items of Subsection 1.The theory of federation
    Bischof Günter, Karlhofer Ferdinand (Eds.)
    Austrian Federalism in Comparative Perspective »
    University of New Orleans Press , 2015
    With its ambiguous mix of weak federalist and strong centralist elements, the Austrian constitutional architecture has been subject to conflicting interpretations and claims from its very beginning. The written 1920 constitution has been paralleled by informal rules and forces making up for the imbalance of power between national and subnational authorities. Understanding these inherent weaknesses, virtually all political actors involved are well aware that reforming the allocation of rights and duties between the different levels in the federal state is urgently needed. In recent years, several initiatives of recalibrating the system of power-sharing between the different levels of government have been initiated. So far progress is still underway. The contributions to this volume shine a light on history, presence, and future aspects of the Austrian federal system from historical, juridical, economic, and political science perspective. The volume is also the first book in English ever devoted to the Austrian version of federalism.
    Fenwick Tracy Beck
    Avoiding Governors. Federalism, Democracy, and Poverty Alleviation in Brazil and Argentina »
    University of Notre Dame Press , Notre Dame, IN , 2015
    With the goal of showing the effect of domestic factors on the performance of poverty alleviation strategies in Latin America, Tracy Beck Fenwick explores the origins and rise of conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) in the region, and then traces the politics and evolution of specific programs in Brazil and Argentina. Utilizing extensive field research and empirical analysis, Fenwick analyzes how federalism affects the ability of a national government to deliver CCTs. One of Fenwick’s key findings is that broad institutional, structural, and political variables are more important in the success or failure of CCTs than the technical design of programs. Contrary to the mainstream interpretations of Brazilian federalism, her analysis shows that municipalities have contributed to the relative success of Bolsa Familia and its ability to be implemented territory-wide. Avoiding Governors probes the contrast with Argentina, where the structural, political, and fiscal incentives for national-local policy cooperation have not been adequate, at least this far, to sustain a CCT program that is conditional on human capital investments. She thus challenges the virtue of what is considered to be a mainly majoritarian democratic system. By laying out the key factors that condition whether mayors either promote or undermine national policy objectives, Fenwick concludes that municipalities can either facilitate or block a national government’s ability to deliver targeted social policy goods and to pursue a poverty alleviation strategy. By distinguishing municipalities as separate actors, she presents a dynamic intergovernmental relationship; indeed, she identifies a power struggle between multiple levels of government and their electorates, not just a dichotomously framed two-level game of national versus subnational.
    Skrobacki Waldemar A.
    Bolshevik Federalism: A Lost Revolution »
    LAP Lambert Academic Publishing , 2009
    Federalism had enormous reformist potential in revolutionary Russia. Had the Bolsheviks implemented it successfully, federalism could have brought the country to the threshold of political modernity and marked its new leaders as innovators. This unusual book provides the first in depth examination of the debates on federalism under the Czars and the Bolsheviks'' initial embracing of federation, and it reveals just how close Russia came to establishing the Weberian principle of traditional legal authority. Moreover, Russia''s first federation—the RSFSR—was based on nationality, and its realization could have ended the longstanding process of Russification and, by introducing political pluralism, promoted ethnic reconciliation and stability. At the same time, the decentralization that authentic federalism presupposes could have created change from below, perhaps leading to the formation of civil society. Yet, as Skrobacki explains, the promise was not fulfilled. Bolshevik leaders proved unable to maintain their commitment to federalism, precisely because of its implications for the structure of power. It was their embrace of centralization rather than Marxist principles that undermined federalism in practice and led ultimately to the failure of the Revolution.
    Cyr Hugo
    Canadian Federalism and Treaty Powers »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, , 2009
    With the increased mobility and interdependence brought on by globalisation, governments can no longer deal effectively with what were traditionally regarded as «domestic issues» unless they cooperate among themselves. International law may once have been a sort of inter-state law concerned mostly with relations between states, but it now looks increasingly inside state borders and has become, to a large degree, a trans-governmental law. While this creates significant challenges even for highly-unified «nation-states», the challenges are even greater for federations in which powers have been divided up between the central government and federated states. What roles should central governments and federated states play in creating and implementing this new form of governance? Using the Canadian federation as its starting point, this case study illustrates a range of factors to be considered in the appropriate distribution of treaty powers within a federation. Professor Cyr also shows how - because it has no specific provisions dealing with the distribution of treaty powers - the Canadian constitution has «organically» developed a tight-knit set of rules and principles responding to these distributional factors. This book is therefore both about the role of federated states in the current world order and an illustration of how organic constitutionalism works.
    Fraenkel-Haeberle Cristina, Kropp Sabine, Palermo Francesco, Sommermann Karl-Peter (eds.)
    Citizen Participation in Multi-level Democracies »
    Brill , Leiden , 2015
    Citizen Participation in Multi-level Democracies offers an overview of new forms of participatory democracy in federally and regionally organised multi-level states. Its four sections focus on the conceptual foundations of participation, the implementation and instruments of democracy, examples from federal and regional States, and the emergence of participation on the European level. There is today a growing disaffection amongst the citizens of many states towards the traditional models of representative democracy. This book highlights the various functional and structural problems with which contemporary democracies are confronted and which lie at the root of their peoples’ discontent. Within multi-level systems in particular, the fragmentation of state authority generates feelings of powerlessness among citizens. In this context, citizens’ participation can in many cases be a useful complement to the representative and direct forms of democracy.
    Duso Giuseppe, Scalone Antonino (a cura di)
    Come pensare il federalismo? »
    Polimetrica , Monza (Milan) , 2010
    Parker Jeffrey
    Comparative Federalism and Intergovernmental Agreements: Analyzing Australia, Canada, Germany, South Africa, Switzerland and the United States »
    Routledge , Abingdon/New York , 2014
    Intergovernmental agreements are an important instrument in federal systems, establishing new social programs, regulating agricultural practices, and even changing constitutions. Despite their importance, there have only been limited attempts to understand agreements in a comparative context or to provide a theoretical framework for their study. This book addresses both of these deficiencies by comparing the use of agreements in six federations (Australia, Canada, Germany, South Africa, Switzerland and the United States) and considering why certain federations form more agreements than others. Parker analyzes the data using an institutional framework that considers the effects of seven variables, including the constitutional division of powers, the system of intergovernmental transfers, the size of the welfare state and the nature of governing institutions. In addition, the study provides the first ever comparative database of national intergovernmental agreements — a new resource for future research.
    Hueglin Thomas O., Fenna Alan
    Comparative Federalism: A Systematic Inquiry »
    University of Toronto Press , Peterborough, ON , 2005
    Comparative Federalism: A Systematic Inquiry is a uniquely comprehensive, analytic, genuinely comparative, and detailed introduction to the study of federalism in theory and practice. Thomas Hueglin and Alan Fenna draw from their diverse research on federal systems to argue that federalism is increasingly important for democratic governance and conflict management in a globalizing world. They discuss the meaning of federal principles and institutional compromise in the organization of federal systems and then introduce four main model federal systems: America, Canada, Germany, and the European Union. But they don’t stop there—they also offer an exploration of federal systems that vary from the four main models, including Switzerland, Australia, Belgium, South Africa, and Spain. The book also compares federal systems through an examination of the differing European and North American traditions in the history of federal thought. Institutional features of federal systems are evaluated, as are the crucial role that constitutional amendment and judicial review play for the stability and evolutionary dynamic of federal systems. This book serves the dual role of helping the reader understand federalism and providing a comparative framework from which to assess the record of federal systems.
    Fierlbeck Katherine, Palley Howard A. (eds.)
    Comparative Health Care Federalism »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2015
    Examining the changing nature of health care federalism within a competitive global context, Comparative Health Care Federalism provides a rich and nuanced account of the way in which the interplay of federal relationships impact health care within an array of systems. The editors have gathered together some of the leading international health policy scholars to provide detailed accounts of the dynamics of federal health policy-making within their respective jurisdictions. Complementing the theoretical and methodological objectives, this book provides a detailed, empirical description of the challenges faced by different states and the ways in which health policy-making works within the federal, quasi-federal, and functional federal systems presented. In chapters on the United States, Australia, Canada, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, the United Kingdom, the EU, India, China, Brazil, and the Russian Federation the authors consider what variables contribute to, and stand in the way of, the formation of robust and sustainable health care systems.
    Menon Anand, Schain Martin (eds.)
    Comparative federalism : the European Union and the United States in comparative perspective »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2006
    The Convention on the Future of Europe served to galvanize debate about the nature and future developmental trajectory of the European Union. More specifically, it engendered discussion over the degree to which the process resembled that which had occurred in Philadelphia some two hundred years earlier, and, more broadly, over the extent to which the European Union does, or should, resemble the United States. Partly as a consequence of such debates, comparative federalism is now an important topic, with scholarly work comparing the US and EU proliferating rapidly. The present volume seeks to build on and contribute to this growing literature, by developing a systematic comparison of the institutions, policies and developmental patterns of the European Union and the United States.
    Burgess Michael
    Comparative federalism: theory and practice »
    Routledge , London; New York , 2006
    A new examination of contemporary federalism and federation, which delivers a detailed theoretical study underpinned by fresh case studies. It is grounded in a clear distinction between 'federations', particular kinds of states, and 'federalism', the thinking that drives and promotes them. It also details the origins, formation, evolution and operations of federal political interests, through an authoritative series of chapters that:
  • - analyze the conceptual bases of federalism and federation through the evolution of the intellectual debate on federalism; the American Federal experience; the origins of federal states; and the relationship between state-building and national integration
  • - explore comparative federalism and federation by looking at five main pathways into comparative analysis with empirical studies on the US, Canada, Australia, India, Malaysia, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the EU
  • - explore the pathology of federations, looking at failures and successes, the impact of globalization.
  • The final chapter also presents a definitive assessment of federal theory. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers of federalism, devolution, comparative politics and government.
    Watts Ronald L.
    Comparing federal systems »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2008
    At present there are twenty-five functioning federations worldwide, which contain over forty percent of the world's population. A distinctive feature of federalism is that it has taken a variety of forms, including new variants and innovations. In Comparing Federal Systems Watts provides a clear analysis of the design and operation of a wide range of federations. Fully updated, this third edition encompasses reference to a wider range of federations and federal experiments. Included are mature federations such as Switzerland, Canada, Austria, Germany, and India; emergent federations such as Mexico, Malaysia, Pakistan, Spain, Brazil, Belgium, Russia, Argentina, Ethiopia, South Africa, Nigeria, and Venezuela; micro-federations such as Micronesia, Belau, St. Kitts and Nevis, and Comoros; federal-confederal hybrids such as the United Arab Emirates and the European Union; and post-conflict federal experiments such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sudan, Iraq, and Congo. Federations that have failed are also discussed. Watts looks at interactions between social diversity and political institutions, the distribution of powers and finances, processes contributing to flexibility or rigidity in adjustment, the extent of internal symmetry or asymmetry, the character of representation in federal institutions, the role of constitutions and courts, provisions for constitutional rights and succession, the degree of centralization and non-centralization, and the pathology of federations."
    Chattopadhyay Rupak, Nerenberg Karl (eds.)
    Dialogues on Political Parties and Civil Society in Federal Countries »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2011
    Booklet 9 explores the patterns of mutual interaction between political parties and federal institutions in the following twelve federal countries: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Germany, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Spain, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United States. Contributors examine the multi-level structures of electoral competition and the vertical linkages of state-wide party organizations in their country, as well as processes of government formation and the coordination of public policies across territorial levels via party channels.
    Kochenov Dimitry (ed.)
    EU Citizenship and Federalism. The Role of Rights »
    Cambridge University Press , Cambridge , 2017
    Kochenov's definitive collection examines the under-utilised potential of EU citizenship, proposing and defending its position as a systemic element of EU law endowed with foundational importance. Leading experts in EU constitutional law scrutinise the internal dynamics in the triad of EU citizenship, citizenship rights and the resulting vertical delimitation of powers in Europe, analysing the far-reaching constitutional implications. Linking the constitutional question of federalism and citizenship, the volume establishes an innovative new framework where these rights become agents and rationales of European integration and legal change, located beyond the context of the internal market and free movement. It maps the role of citizenship in this shifting landscape, outlining key options for a Europe of the future.
    Dessalegn Beza
    Ethiopia's Ethnic Federalism and the Rights of Regional Minorities »
    VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG , Saarbrücken , 2011
    In countries like Ethiopia, where several ethnic groups reside, the adoption of ethnic federalism may be the only solution for the accommodation of diversity and thereby promoting unity. But, even after the country's decade past experiment with federal structure, ethnic conflicts have been a great challenge for the ethnic federalism which the country's political elites are determined to pursue. After the introduction of federalism in Ethiopia, EPRDF launched the idea of self-determination for the nationalities, to ethnically defined regional states. Even though, the whole purpose of forming regional states on the basis of ethno-linguistic criteria was to address the issues of ethnic problems of the country, whether this has been achieved or not is far from incontrovertible. This book tries to scrutinize these problems from the perspective of minority rights and more specifically by taking a case in point of one regional state of the country, which is Benishangul Gumuz. It gives an excellent account to those who are interested to know about the Ethiopian federal experiment and particularly to students, academicians and policy makers.
    Fontrier Marc
    Ethiopie: le choix du fédéralisme ethnique. Chronique du gouvernement de transition 1991-1995 »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2012
    Fessha Yonatan Tesfaye
    Ethnic Diversity and Federalism. Constitution Making in South Africa and Ethiopia »
    Ashgate , 2010
    How federalism can be used to provide recognition and accommodate ethnic groups is an important topic, not only in Africa, but in multi-ethnic communities around the world. Examining how institutions of multi-ethnic states have been designed to accommodate ethnic diversity while at the same time maintaining national unity, this book locates institutional responses to the challenges of ethnic diversity within the context of a federal arrangement. It examines how a federal arrangement has been used to reconcile the conflicting pressures of the demand for the recognition of distinctive identities, on the one hand, and the promotion of political and territorial integrity, on the other. Comparative case studies of South Africa and Ethiopia as the two federal systems provide a contrasting approach to issues of ethnic diversity. Suggesting new ways in which federalism might work, the author identifies key institutions lessons which will help to build an all-inclusive society.
    Erk Jan
    Explaining Federalism »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2010
    This book deals with the theoretical and empirical questions of federalism in the context of five case studies: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany and Switzerland. The central argument is that in the long run the political institutions of federalism adapt to achieve congruence with the underlying social structure. This change could be in the centralist direction reflecting ethno-linguistic homogeneity, or in decentralist terms corresponding to ethno-linguistic heterogeneity. In this context, the volume: •fills a gap in the comparative federalism literature by analyzing the patterns of change and continuity in five federal systems of the industrial west, this is done by an in-depth empirical examination of the case studies through a single framework of analysis •illustrates the shortcomings of new-institutionalist approaches in explaining change, highlighting the usefulness of society-based approaches in studying change and continuity in comparative politics.
    Burgess Michael, Gagnon Alain-G. (eds.)
    Federal Democracies »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2010
    Federal Democracies examines the evolution of the relationship between federalism and democracy. Taking the late 18th century US Federal Experience as its starting-point, the book uses the contributions of Calhoun, Bryce and Proudhon as 19th century conceptual prisms through which we can witness the challenges and changes made to the meaning of this relationship. The book then goes on to provide a series of case studies to examine contemporary examples of federalism and includes chapters on Canada, USA, Russia, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland and the emerging European Union. It features two further case studies on Minority Nations and a Federal Europe, and concludes with two chapters providing comparative empirical and theoretical perspectives, and comparative reflections on federalism and democracy.
    Benz Arthur, Broschek Jörg (eds.)
    Federal Dynamics. Continuity, Change, and the Varieties of Federalism »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2013
    Federal systems are praised for creating political stability, but they are also blamed for causing rigidity. They are said to balance powers, but apparently they are also threatened by instability due to drifts in power. Federalism should support democratization, but it can also constrain the power of the demos and strengthen the executive. In short, there is widespread agreement that federal systems are dynamic. The forces, mechanisms and consequences of federal dynamics, however, are not sufficiently understood so far. This book brings together leading experts in the field of comparative federalism to highlight how the interplay of continuity and change systematically generates and reinforces varieties of federalism and varieties of federal dynamics. Federal Dynamics: Continuity, Change and Varieties of Federalism investigates mechanisms and resulting patterns of federal development. It offers new analytical concepts and discusses different theoretical propositions to systematically compare convergent and divergent trends in federal systems. Acknowledging the theoretical pluralism that dominates the field, the book is organized around four sections: Models, Varieties and Dimensions of Federalism; Timing, Sequencing and Historical Evolution; Social Change and Political Structuring; and Actors, Institutions and Internal Dynamics. The contributions to this volume are variously concerned with three guiding questions: What changes within federal systems, how and why? The focus provided by these three guiding questions allows for a dialogue between strands of the literature that have not talked to each other in a sufficient manner. In this way, the book makes a significant contribution to the growing literature on continuity and change in federal systems. Ultimately, it represents a substantive effort in advancing research on comparative federalism.
    Feeley Malcolm M., Rubin Edward
    Federalism »
    University of Michigan Press , Ann Arbor , 2008
    Federalism refers to a system in which a centralized national government shares power with member states. Beyond this most basic definition, however, scholars debate the applications and implications of the term. Joining the concept of identity from political science with legal principle, Malcolm M. Feeley and Edward Rubin propose a theory of federalism and test the relevance of federalism for the United States today. Essentially, federalism represents a compromise among groups who refuse to yield autonomy yet acknowledge the benefits of forming a nation. As in the African and Asian nations forged from former colonies, federalism allows the member states — often dominated by ethnic minorities — to remain largely self-governing. In this way, a young nation can avoid secession and civil war while the people within its borders gradually abandon their local identities and come to view themselves as citizens of the nation. The United States, Feeley and Rubin remind us, faced a similar situation in the eighteenth century as thirteen regionally distinct, ethnically diverse, and highly independent British colonies came together to found a nation. Despite the Civil War and the upheaval of the Civil Rights Movement, the federalist strategy ultimately succeeded. For the United States in the early twenty-first century, thanks to the rise of a strong national identity and a ubiquitous bureaucracy, federalism has become obsolete. This bold argument is certain to provoke controversy.
    Kefale Asnake
    Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Ethiopia. A Comparative Regional Study »
    Routledge , 2014
    This book examines the impact of the federal restructuring of Ethiopia on ethnic conflicts. The adoption of ethnic federalism in Ethiopia was closely related with the problem of creating a state structure that could be used as instrument of managing the complex ethno-linguistic diversity of the country. Ethiopia is a multinational country with about 85 ethno-linguistic groups and since the 1960s, it suffered from ethno-regional conflicts. The book considers multiple governance and state factors that could explain the difficulties Ethiopian federalism faces to realise its objectives. These include lack of political pluralism and the use of ethnicity as the sole instrument of state organisation.
    Amoretti Ugo M., Bermeo Nancy (eds.)
    Federalism and Territorial Cleavages »
    John Hopkins University Press , Baltimore , 2004
    One of the most vexing problems facing developing countries is how to integrate regions with different traditions and minority groups into a larger sovereignty. The failure to resolve this problem can lead to ongoing conflict, and such conflict has been seen to reemerge even in established states. Ugo M. Amoretti and Nancy Bermeo bring together a distinguished group of scholars to analyze the successes and failures of federalism in advanced industrial democracies, developing countries, and post-communist regimes. From these diverse examples the contributors and volume editors draw important lessons for all states that today face problems of government relating to territories and minorities. Advanced industrial democracies studied in this volume include Switzerland, Belgium, Canada, the United Kingdom, Italy, France, and Spain. Cases of developing and post-communist states include India, Russia, Turkey, Mexico, and Nigeria. Chapters on individual states are supplemented by others on particular issues related to institutional design, such as the effects of different electoral systems, secession movements, and the limitations of the United States as a model.
    Ryan Erin
    Federalism and the Tug of War Within »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2012
    Federalism and the Tug of War Within explores how constitutional interpreters reconcile the competing values that underpin American federalism, with real consequences for governance that require local and national collaboration. Drawing examples from Hurricane Katrina, climate governance, health care reform, and other problems of local and national authority, author Erin Ryan demonstrates how the Supreme Court's federalism jurisprudence can inhibit effective inter-jurisdictional governance by failing to navigate the tensions within federalism itself. The Constitution's dual sovereignty directive fosters an ideal set of good governance values, including checks and balances, accountability, local autonomy, and local and national synergy, that are nevertheless in constant competition. This inherent "tug of war" is responsible for the epic instability in the Court's federalism jurisprudence, but it is poorly understood. With new conceptual vocabulary to wrestle with old dilemmas, Ryan traces the development of federalism's tug of war, and proposes innovations to manage judicial, legislative, and executive efforts with more focus. Her analysis clarifies how the tug of war is already mediated through balancing, compromise, and negotiation. She proposes a Balanced Federalism model that mediates tensions on three separate planes: fostering balance among competing federalism values, leveraging the functional capacities of the three branches in interpreting federalism, and maximizing the wisdom of both state and federal actors in so doing. The new framework better harmonizes values that-though in tension-have made the American system of government so effective and enduring.
    Palermo Francesco, Alber Elisabeth
    Federalism as Decision-Making. Changes in Structures, Procedures and Policies »
    Brill , Leiden , 2015
    Accounting for participation, separation of powers and democratic accountability, federalism gains momentum in times when traditional democratic legitimacy of institutional decision-making is challenged. Its ability to include multiple interests makes federalism a means to ensure good governance. Based on a multidisciplinary analysis, the book tackles the question of whether federalism as a pragmatic governance tool provides answers to current challenges and what those answers are. Thirty-three leading experts critically examine to what extent federalism serves this purpose in compound states, looking at different countries and policies. The volume revolves around five sub-themes: ‘federalism, democracy and governance’, ‘participation mechanisms and procedures’, ‘policy areas compared’, ‘institutional innovation and participatory democracy’ and ‘federalism: from theory to governance’.
    Khot Deng Mzee
    Federalism in Addressing Politics, Tribalism and Minority Problems. Federalism in Addressing Political Inequality,Tribalism and Minority Problems in South Sudan »
    Scholars' Press , Saarbrücken , 2016
    This book is exploring and to finds out whether federalism can be a good system of government for South Sudan to address constant tribal, regional conflicts and turmoil since federalism is more suitable in practice for societies with complexity of diversities via, ethnic, linguistic, cultural, racial, religious and other cleavages which are territorial defined. However, the nature of diversities helps a nation articulate decision to adopt the aggregate or dis-aggregative type of federalism. South Sudan then falls into the latter because of the wide diversities which cannot be controlled by unitary government but rather by a federal system which was the focus of this book.
    Bhattacharyya Harihar
    Federalism in Asia »
    Routledge , London, New York , 2010
    This book analyzes the successes and failures of various federal measures adopted in India, Pakistan and Malaysia for the political accommodation of diversity. Bhattacharyya then assesses their comparative significance for other countries in Asia. In particular, he examines growing tensions between nation and state-building in ethnically plural societies; modes of federation-building in Asia; persistent ethno-nationalist tensions in federations, and the relationship between federalism and democracy; and federalism and decentralization. Since ethno-nationalist conflict remains unresolved in most countries of Asia, this book should of interest to those seeking long-term solutions of problems of order and stability in ethnically diverse countries in Asia.
    Requejo Ferran, Caminal Badia Miquel (eds.)
    Federalism, Plurinationality and Democratic Constitutionalism. Theory and Cases »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2011
    This book provides a theoretical and comparative analysis of federalism and federations in plurinational democracies, examining how states with distinct peoples and communities coexist (or not). Through a theoretical approach to democracy and federalism, and interdisciplinary analysis of plurinationality in state organization, including case studies of the UK, Russia, Canada, Belgium, India, Spain, Switzerland and Bolivia, this text assesses the possibilities and limits of federalism as a way to recognize and accommodate multinationalism in plurinational democracies. It evaluates a range of strategies used by states to support national, ethnic, linguistic or religious collectives in present-day liberal democracies. Leading scholars in the field evaluate the institutional and practical repercussions regarding the issue of recognition and accommodation of national minorities in a globalised world, through different theoretical perspectives to build up a detailed picture of problems and solutions to multinationalism. Looking both within and beyond the state, this is an invaluable examination of dilemmas and institutional challenges faced by many modern democracies.
    Anderson Lawrence M.
    Federalism, Secession, and the American State. Divide, We Secede »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    One important tradition in political science conceives of the Civil War in the United States serving as the functional equivalent of the English and French Revolutions, bringing with it the victory of liberal democratic industrialism over aristocratic agriculturalism. From this perspective, the Civil War is notable for its impact on the American state. Surprisingly however, little attention has been paid to the distinguishing features of this historic rupture in American politics. Through primary source research and the re-analysis of the rich historical literature about the antebellum era and the causes of the Civil War, Lawrence A. Anderson explores the relationship between federalism and the movement for secession in the United States during the pre-civil war era. Focusing primarily on South Carolina, Anderson carefully revisits theory on institutional analysis of political development to expose what caused secession in the United States.
    Mwesigwa S. Jonathan
    Federalism. The Most Suitable Form of Governance for Uganda »
    LAP Lambert Academic Publishing , 2013
    The major political issues facing Uganda today include: the lack of accepted terms of union between our people, the loss of economic independence, the massive misuse and theft of public resources, the threat of endless internal and external wars, and the massive drag upon the citizenry and the private sector caused by government ineffectiveness. This is the reason why Federalism is envisioned as a radical reformulation of governance for Uganda. The debate on federalism as a suitable form of governance for Uganda is not new. Some have out of context, argued that: federalism is essentially to benefit the Kingdom of Buganda to the detriment of the rest of Uganda. This Study therefore, seeks to discuss and examine the concept of federalism in its proper context from a historical, present and future perspective. The Study is also intended to impress upon readers and all Ugandans that: federalism, notwithstanding its weaknesses, is the most suitable form of governance for Uganda.
    Vipiana Patrizia
    Federalismo, regionalismo ed unitarismo »
    Aracne , Roma , 2012
    Rector Chad
    Federations: the political dynamics of cooperation »
    Cornell University Press , Ithaca NY , 2009
    Why would states ever give up their independence to join federations? While federation can provide more wealth or security than self-sufficiency, states can in principle get those benefits more easily by cooperating through international organizations such as alliances or customs unions. Chad Rector develops a new theory that states federate when their leaders expect benefits from closer military or economic cooperation but also expect that cooperation via an international organization would put some of the states in a vulnerable position, open to extortion from their erstwhile partners. The potentially vulnerable states hold out, refusing to join alliances or customs unions, and only agreeing to military and economic cooperation under a federal constitution. Rector examines several historical cases: the making of a federal Australia and the eventual exclusion of New Zealand from the union, the decisions made within Buenos Aires and Prussia to build Argentina and Germany largely through federal contracts rather than conquests, and the failures of postindependence unions in East Africa and the Caribbean.
    Anastakis Dimitry, Bryden P. E. (eds.)
    Framing Canadian Federalism »
    University of Toronto Press , Toronto , 2009
    Framing Canadian Federalism assembles an impressive range of scholars to consider many important issues that relate to federalism and the history of Canada's legal, political, and social evolution. Covering themes that include the Supreme Court of Canada, changing policies towards human rights, First Nations, as well as the legendary battles between Mitchell Hepburn and W.L. Mackenzie King, this collection illustrates the central role that federalism continues to play in the Canadian polity. Editors Dimitry Anastakis and P.E. Bryden and the volume's contributors, demonstrate the pervasive effects that federalism has on Canadian politics, economics, culture, and history, and provide a detailed framework in which to understand contemporary federalism. Written in honour of John T. Saywell's half-century of accomplished and influential scholarly work and teaching, Framing Canadian Federalism is a timely and fitting tribute to one of the discipline's foremost thinkers.
    Di Gianfrancesco Mario
    Il costo dell'unità. L'Italia dalla rivoluzione federalista del 1848 alla piemontizzazione incondizionata del 1860-61 »
    Aracne , Roma , 2013
    Mastromarino Anna
    Il federalismo disaggregativo. Un percorso costituzionale negli stati multinazionali »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2010
    Dandoy Régis, Matagne Geoffroy, Van Wynsberghe Caroline (eds.)
    Le fédéralisme belge. Enjeux institutionnels, acteurs socio-politiques et opinions publiques »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2013
    Croisat Maurice
    Le fédéralisme en Europe »
    Montchrestien , 2009
    Amirante Domenico
    Lo Stato multiculturale. Contributo alla Teoria dello Stato dalla prospettiva dell’Unione Indiana »
    Bononia University Press , Bologna , 2014
    Amirante Domenico
    Lo Stato multiculturale. Contributo alla Teoria dello Stato dalla prospettiva dell’Unione Indiana »
    Bononia University Press , Bologna , 2014
    Pasquino Gianfranco
    Lo stato federale : un manuale per capire: un saggio per riflettere »
    Il Saggiatore , Milan , 1996
    Burgess Michael, Pinder John
    Multinational federations »
    Routledge , London, New York , 2007
    This is the first comparative volume available on multinational federations, bringing together an international range of experts on federalism. Multinational federations are federal states intended to provide a framework that can accommodate, manage and resolve some of the most intractable political conflicts of our time that emerge from identity politics: those that stem from competing national visions, whether within or between established states. Featuring key experts in the field such as Michael Burgess, Alain Gagnon and Ronald Watts, this unique book draws on a wide geographical range of country studies including Belgium, Canada, India, Malaysia, Spain, Russia, Cyprus, India, Switzerland and the EU in order to illustrate the pivotal relationship between federalism and nationalism. In so doing, it addresses the practical relevance of federalism to the new political recognition of difference and diversity in the specific form of national minoritarianism. Multinational Federations will be of strong interest to students and researchers of federalism, democracy and nationalism.
    Erk Jan, Swenden Wilfried (eds.)
    New Directions in Federalism Studies »
    Routledge , London, New York , 2010
    Federalism has experienced a remarkable renaissance in recent decades – as an alternative way to accommodate ethnic differences; as a tool to combat remote, undemocratic and ineffective central governments; and lastly, as a means to promote economic performance in the developing world through decentralisation. This book seeks to bring different aspects and perspectives of federalism studies closer together, by providing an analytical framework which transcends the sub-fields and encourages contributors to look beyond the comfort zones of their own disciplinary approaches to the topic. The authors seek to achieve this aim by structuring the contributions around four dimensions federalism studies: • the development and design of federal institutions; • federalism and democratic participation, representation and accountability; • federalism and the accommodation of territorially-based ethnic, cultural and linguistic differences; • federalism and public policy. With a strong comparative framework, New Directions in Federalism Studies will be of interest to students and scholars of Federalism, Government, Regionalism, and Multi-level Governance. It will also offer insights of relevance to Comparative Politics, Public Policy, Public Administration, Nationalism, and West European Politics.
    Falola Toyin, Oyeniyi Bukola Adeyemi
    Nigeria »
    ABC-CLIO , Santa Barbara, CA , 2015
    Written by leading experts in African studies, this broad introduction to Nigeria follows the history of the republic from the early period to the present day. As Africa's most populated country and major world exporter of oil, Nigeria is a nation with considerable international importance—a role that is hampered by its economic underdevelopment and political instability. This book examines all major aspects of Nigeria's geography, politics, and culture, addressing the area's current attempts at building a strong nation, developing a robust economy, and stabilizing its domestic affairs.
    Bifulco Raffaele (ed.)
    Ordinamenti federali comparati. Vol. I Gli Stati federali 'classici' »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2010
    Purcell Jr. Edward A.
    Originalism, federalism, and the American constitutional enterprise: a historical inquiry »
    Yale University Press , New Haven , 2007
    In this lively historical examination of American federalism, a leading scholar in the field refutes the widely accepted notion that the founding fathers carefully crafted a constitutional balance of power between the states and the federal government. Edward Purcell bases his argument on close analysis of the Constitution's original structure and the ways that structure both induced and accommodated changes over the centuries. There was no clear agreement among the founding fathers regarding the 'true' nature of American federalism, Purcell contends, nor was there a consensus on 'correct' lines dividing state and national authority. Furthermore, even had there been some true 'original' understanding, the elastic and dynamic nature of the constitutional structure would have made it impossible for subsequent generations to maintain any original or permanent balance. The author traces the evolution of federalism through the centuries, focusing particularly on shifting interpretations founded on political interests. He concludes with insights into current issues of federal power and a discussion of the grounds on which legitimate decisions about federal and state power should rest.
    Rogari Sandro (ed.)
    Quale federalismo per l’Italia di oggi? »
    Firenze University Press , Firenze , 2013


    Vitale Ermanno (ed.)
    Quale federalismo? »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2011
    Ogunwa Samuel A.
    Rebranding Federalism in Nigeria »
    LAP Lambert Academic Publishing , 2013
    Rebranding federalism in heterogeneous societies such as Nigeria requires an urgent attention. The restructuring must be pursued tenaciously and pragmatically. The operationalization of federalism should be to solve inherent problems created by the forces of centrifugal and centripetal, and at the same time boost the economy and political integration and self determination of the ethnic nationalities. This has not been achieved in Nigeria. Thus, the polity had tended towards disintegration in recent times. However, there is high hope that Nigeria federalism will subsist, if political compradors inwardly revisit the composition and configuration of the country in all its ramifications and situate the polity on democratic government, democratic party system among others. This book is therefore, a holistic view of Nigerian federalism and overconcentration of powers at the centre. It emphasized that the Central government should serve as ‘Supervisor’ in the Federation, while the polity must cater for us all.
    Grégoire Jean-François, Jewkes Michael
    Recognition and Redistribution in Multinational Federations »
    Leuven University Press , Leuven , 2015
    Almost without exception, multinational states across the West are facing existential crises precipitated by the resurgence of sub-state national minority groups. This edited volume brings together many of the world’s leading theorists of multinational justice in order to analyse two of the most frequent areas of debate and dispute in multinational federations: recognition and redistribution. The authors address questions such as the following: What are the most appropriate forms of institutional recognition for sub-state national groups? How is the concept of redistributive justice affected by the presence of federal institutions and autonomous sub-state nationalities? And what are the potential sources of stability that fractious federations can call upon? As well as extensive theoretical analyses, the book is peppered throughout with examples drawn from actual multinational states including Canada, Belgium, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
    Ziblatt Daniel
    Structuring the state: the formation of Italy and Germany and the puzzle of federalism »
    Princeton University Press , Princeton , 2006
    Germany's and Italy's belated national unifications continue to loom large in contemporary debates. Often regarded as Europe's paradigmatic instances of failed modernization, the two countries form the basis of many of our most prized theories of social science. Structuring the State undertakes one of the first systematic comparisons of the two cases, putting the origins of these nation-states and the nature of European political development in new light. Daniel Ziblatt begins his analysis with a striking puzzle: Upon national unification, why was Germany formed as a federal nation-state and Italy as a unitary nation-state? He traces the diplomatic maneuverings and high political drama of national unification in nineteenth-century Germany and Italy to refute the widely accepted notion that the two states' structure stemmed exclusively from Machiavellian farsightedness on the part of militarily powerful political leaders. Instead, he demonstrates that Germany's and Italy's "founding fathers" were constrained by two very different pre-unification patterns of institutional development. In Germany, a legacy of well-developed sub-national institutions provided the key building blocks of federalism. In Italy, these institutions' absence doomed federalism. This crucial difference in the organization of local power still shapes debates about federalism in Italy and Germany today. By exposing the source of this enduring contrast, Structuring the State offers a broader theory of federalism's origins that will interest scholars and students of comparative politics, state-building, international relations, and European political history.
    Maissen Thomas
    Svizzera. Storia di una federazione »
    Beit , Trieste , 2015
    Malcolmson Patrick, Myers Richard
    The Canadian Regime: An Introduction to Parliamentary Government in Canada »
    University of Toronto Press , Toronto , 2012
    Lucid and comprehensive, The Canadian Regime provides a unique analysis of Canada's political regime by challenging readers to think of the political system as an organic entity where change in one area inevitably ripples through the rest of the system. The book's focus on the inner logic of parliamentary government explains the rationale for Canada's relatively complex political system. The new edition includes analysis of the 2011 federal election and the implications of a return to majority government rule. Discussions of the Constitution, Charter, Senate reform, and judicial appointments are all updated, and new material is provided on the prorogation controversy, voter turnout, equalization payments, and prime ministerial government. The Canadian Regime continues to provide the most accessible introduction to the institutions, processes, and principles of the Canadian political system.
    Aroney Nicholas
    The Constitution of a Federal Commonwealth »
    Cambridge University Press , Cambridge , 2009
    By analysing original sources and evaluating conceptual frameworks, Nicholas Aroney discusses the idea proclaimed in the Preamble to the Constitution that Australia is a federal commonwealth. Taking careful account of the influence which the American, Canadian and Swiss Constitutions had upon the framers of the Australian Constitution, the author shows how the framers wrestled with the problem of integrating federal ideas with inherited British traditions and their own experiences of parliamentary government. In so doing, the book explains how the Constitution came into being in the context of the groundswell of federal ideas then sweeping the English-speaking world. In advancing an original argument about the relationship between the formation of the Constitution, the representative institutions, configurations of power and amending formulas contained therein, fresh light is shed on the terms and structure of the Constitution and a range of problems associated with its interpretation and practical operation are addressed. • Deals separately with historical, political and legal issues, thus enabling historians, political scientists and lawyers to focus upon those aspects of the book that are of most relevance • Includes a thorough index and table of statutes and cases, enabling the book to be used as a reference work • Includes an extensive bibliography, enabling readers to use the book for further research
    Morgan Iwan W., Davies Philip J. (eds.)
    The Federal Nation: Perspectives on American Federalism »
    Palgrave Macmillan , Basingstoke , 2009
    Federalism is often described as the greatest of the American contributions to the art of government, but it has been an evolving and protean entity since its original establishment in the Constitution. Based on the contributions of international scholars, this volume explores three facets of modern federalism: the vertical tensions over the distribution of authority between national and sub-national governments; the tensions between the national government’s role as the instrument of policy uniformity throughout the nation and the inclination of the states to take different approaches to similar issues in light of their own political cultures; and the changing context of federalism in the more conservative political context of recent times. In addition, a number of the essays explore the Canadian model of federalism, which helps to place the U.S. model in comparative context.
    Appleby Gabrielle, Aroney Nicholas, John Thomas (eds.)
    The Future of Australian Federalism: Comparative and Interdisciplinary Perspectives »
    Cambridge University Press , New Tork , 2012
    At a time when the operation and reform of federal relations within Australia is squarely on the political agenda, this volume brings together eminent lawyers, economists and political scientists who explain, analyse and evaluate the theory and principles underpinning the Australian federal system. Topics covered include the High Court's approach to the interpretation of the Constitution and how this has influenced federal relations in practice; different forms of inter-governmental co-operative arrangements; fiscal relations between the Commonwealth and the States; and emergent ethno-cultural and socioeconomic diversity within the Australian Federation. Comparative perspectives from Germany, America, Canada, Switzerland, India and the European Union provide unique prisms through which to view the operation of the Australian system and to contemplate its reform.
    Shakir Farah
    The Iraqi Federation. Origin, Operation and Significance »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2017
    Political instability has characterised the modern history of Iraq, which has proven itself as a complex state to govern. However, the creation of a federal system in 2005 offers the potential for change and a deviation from a past characterised by authoritarian government, brutality and war. The Iraqi Federation explores why and how Iraq became a federal state, and analyses how the process of formation impacts on the operation of the Iraqi federal system. It argues that the different approaches taken by various federal theorists in the past, particularly William H. Riker’s bargain theory, are insufficient to explain the formation of the Iraqi federation completely. The process of the establishment of a federal Iraq must be understood in the context of its unique history and cultural specificity, as well as in the context of the other new federal models that have appeared since the end of the Cold War, including Belgium, the Russian Federation, Ethiopia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Nigeria.
    Erk Jan, Anderson Lawrence (eds.)
    The Paradox of Federalism. Does Self-Rule Accommodate or Exacerbate Ethnic Divisions? »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    The paradox of federalism is about whether self-rule accommodates or exacerbates ethnic divisions. A federal arrangement which formally recognizes ethno-linguistic diversity to help manage divisions can also pave the way for eventual disintegration. The case studies in this book cover a wide geographical basis (Canada, Scotland, Spain, Belgium, Bosnia, Kosovo, Russia, India, and Iraq) and seek to outline under what conditions federalism can deliver its promise of resolving ethnic conflict. The book aims to bridge those who study federalism and decentralization in the developed world and those who study the politics of ethnic divisions in the developing world. We also wanted to bridge the scholarship from the two sides of the Atlantic, as well as the subfields of Comparative Politics, International Relations, and Constitutional Politics. Furthermore, the volume has a number of high-profile senior scholars with name recognition from both sides of the Atlantic. The scope of the volume is wide – historically, methodologically, and geographically; and has relevance for the applied side as well as the theoretical literature. Consequently, we believe this is a timely collection on the high profile topic of Ethnic Conflict/Conflict Resolution. This book was based on a special issue of Regional and Federal Studies
    Deschouwer Kris
    The Politics of Belgium »
    Palgrave Macmillan , New York , 2009
    Belgium is only a small country but from a political science perspective a very important one. This major new text provides an expert but accessible introduction of politics in a society so divided that its polarized communities have come to contemplate divorce after decades of search for institutional responses to its internal conflicts.
    Kriesi Hanspeter, Trechsel Alexander H.
    The Politics of Switzerland. Continuity and Change in a Consensus-Democracy »
    Cambridge University Press , Cambridge , 2008
    Despite Switzerland's small size, its political system is one of the most complex and fascinating among contemporary democracies. The rich, complex mixture of centuries-old institutions and the refined political arrangements that exist today constitute a veritable laboratory for social scientists and their students. Often presented as the paradigmatic case of political integration, consensus democracy and multinational federalism, the Swiss model has become a benchmark case for analyses in comparative politics, political behaviour and other related fields. Written by two leading experts on Swiss politics, this book presents a definitive overview for scholars and students interested in Switzerland’s political system at the beginning of the twenty-first century. By focusing on its intricacies but also taking in larger issues of general interest, the broad scope of this study will appeal to all those interested in contemporary European politics and democratic systems.
    Bednar Jenna
    The Robust Federation »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2009
    The Robust Federation offers a comprehensive approach to the study of federalism. Jenna Bednar demonstrates how complementary institutions maintain and adjust the distribution of authority between national and state governments. These authority boundaries matter – for defense, economic growth, and adequate political representation – and must be defended from opportunistic transgression. From Montesquieu to Madison, the legacy of early institutional analysis focuses attention on the value of competition between institutions, such as the policy moderation produced through separated powers. Bednar offers a reciprocal theory: in an effective constitutional system, institutions complement one another; each makes the others more powerful. Diverse but complementary safeguards – including the courts, political parties, and the people – cover different transgressions, punish to different extents, and fail under different circumstances. The analysis moves beyond equilibrium conceptions and explains how the rules that allocate authority are not fixed but shift gradually. Bednar’s rich theoretical characterization of complementary institutions provides the first holistic account of federal robustness.
    Gagnon Alain-G., Keil Soeren, Mueller Sean (eds.)
    Understanding Federalism and Federation »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2015
    Based on a variety of contemporary debates on federal theory Understanding Federalism and Federation honours Michael Burgess’ contribution to the study of these topics through a selection of approaches, theories, debates and interpretations. Gathering contributors from diverse subfields to synthesize current debates it offers a snapshot of the immense range of current research on federalism and federation. Leading authors debate key issues such as American federalism, Canada and the role of Quebec, the latest insights into comparative federalism and federation, the European Union as a federal project and the analysis of constitutional courts in federal systems. Different theoretical and empirical fields and perspectives are brought together, synthesizing major findings and addressing emerging issues and these topics are analysed through multiple lenses to provide new insights, original approaches and much-needed theoretical and empirical data on federalism and federation.
    Parent Joseph M.
    Uniting States. Voluntary Union in World Politics »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2011
    What causes a state to unify voluntarily with another state? If realists are right, voluntary union should never happen. In their view, states value their sovereignty above all else and would never give it up without a fight. Yet the United States and Switzerland are glaring exceptions to this paradigm. If liberals and constructivists are right, voluntary unions should be much more common and actually increasing in frequency. After all, classic determinants of integration such as international trade and communication are stronger than they have ever been. Yet the number of states in the world continues to climb, and the most favorable arena for unification, the European Union, seems to be hitting a glass ceiling. In Uniting States, Joseph Parent argues that unions are the balancing coalitions of last resort. Elites can weld separate states into a lasting union only when facing particularly serious threats. Drawing on five major historical cases of union--the United States, Switzerland, Sweden--Norway, Gran Colombia, and the European Union--Uniting States sheds new light on political polarization, state dissolution, federalism, and the possibility of uniting without fighting.
    Items of Subsection 2.Constitutional reform
    Urofsky Melvin, Finkelman Paul
    A March of Liberty. A Constitutional History of the United States, Volume 1: From the Founding to 1900 »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2011 (Third edition)
    A March of Liberty: A Constitutional History of the United States, Third Edition, is a clearly written, comprehensive overview of American constitutional development. Covering the country's history from the founding of the English colonies up through the latest decisions of the Supreme Court, this two-volume work presents the most complete discussion of American constitutional history currently available. Authors Melvin I. Urofsky and Paul Finkelman successfully blend cases and court doctrines into the larger fabric of American political, economic, and social history. They discuss in detail the great cases handed down by the Supreme Court, showing how these cases played out in society and how constitutional growth parallels changes in American culture. In addition, they examine lesser-known decisions that played important roles in affecting change, and also provide in-depth analyses of the intellects and personalities of the Supreme Court justices who made these influential decisions. Updated with the most recent scholarship, the third edition of A March of Liberty offers more cases on a broader range of issues including the environment, labor, civil rights, and Native American concerns. It now presents new selections on decisions, statutes, and constitutional developments from the first decade of the 21st century--like the USA PATRIOT Act, presidential signing statements, same-sex marriage, reproductive rights, campaign financing, and firearms regulation. The text reflects the current trends in American constitutional history by employing a holistic approach that integrates the decisions of the state and lower federal courts with the decisions of the Supreme Court. A March of Liberty, Third Edition, features useful supplemental materials including the text of the Constitution, a chronological list of Supreme Court justices, an appendix of the names and years for each Supreme Court justice, and suggested further readings. Gracefully written and clearly explained, this popular two-volume set is indispensable for courses in American constitutional history and law.
    Urofsky Melvin, Finkelman Paul
    A March of Liberty. A Constitutional History of the United States, Volume 2, From 1898 to the Present »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2011 (Third edition)
    A March of Liberty: A Constitutional History of the United States is a clearly written, comprehensive overview of American constitutional development. Covering the country's history from the founding of the English colonies up through the latest decisions of the Supreme Court, this two-volume work presents the most complete discussion of American constitutional history currently available. Authors Melvin I. Urofsky and Paul Finkelman successfully blend cases and court doctrines into the larger fabric of American political, economic, and social history. They discuss in detail the great cases handed down by the Supreme Court, showing how these cases played out in society and how constitutional growth parallels changes in American culture. In addition, they examine lesser-known decisions that played important roles in affecting change, and also provide in-depth analyses of the intellects and personalities of the Supreme Court justices who made these influential decisions. Updated with the most recent scholarship, the third edition of A March of Liberty offers more cases on a broader range of issues including the environment, labor, civil rights, and Native American concerns. It now presents new selections on decisions, statutes, and constitutional developments from the first decade of the 21st century--like the USA PATRIOT Act, presidential signing statements, same-sex marriage, reproductive rights, campaign financing, and firearms regulation. The text reflects the current trends in American constitutional history by employing a holistic approach that integrates the decisions of the state and lower federal courts with the decisions of the Supreme Court. A March of Liberty, Third Edition, features useful supplemental materials including the text of the Constitution, a chronological list of Supreme Court justices, an appendix of the names and years for each Supreme Court justice, and suggested further readings. Gracefully written and clearly explained, this popular two-volume set is indispensable for courses in American constitutional history and law.
    Bon Cristina
    Alla ricerca di una più perfetta Unione. Convenzioni e Costituzioni negli Stati Uniti della prima metà dell'800 »
    FrancoAngeli , Milan , 2012
    Aimo Piero, Colombo Elisabetta, Rugge Fabio (a cura di)
    Autonomia, forme di governo e democrazia nell’età moderna e contemporanea. Scritti in onore di Ettore Rotelli »
    Pavia University Press , Pavia , 2014

    Contents and Introduction
    Horowitz Donald L.
    Constitutional Change and Democracy in Indonesia »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2013
    How did democracy became entrenched in the world's largest Muslim-majority country? After the fall of its authoritarian regime in 1998, Indonesia pursued an unusual course of democratization. It was insider-dominated and gradualist and it involved free elections before a lengthy process of constitutional reform. At the end of the process, Indonesia's amended constitution was essentially a new and thoroughly democratic document. By proceeding as they did, the Indonesians averted the conflict that would have arisen between adherents of the old constitution and proponents of radical, immediate reform. Donald L. Horowitz documents the decisions that gave rise to this distinctive constitutional process. He then traces the effects of the new institutions on Indonesian politics and discusses their shortcomings and their achievements in steering Indonesia away from the dangers of polarization and violence. He also examines the Indonesian story in the context of comparative experience with constitutional design and intergroup conflict.
    James Patrick
    Constitutional Politics in Canada After the Charter: Liberalism, Communitarianism, and Systemism »
    University of British Columbia Press - UBC Press , Vancouver , 2010
    Since the Charter of Rights and Freedoms was introduced in 1982, Canada has experienced countless debates on constitutional politics and about the future of Canada. There has, however, been no systematic attempt to identify general theories about Canada’s constitutional evolution. Patrick James corrects this oversight by using systemism to identify and assess five theories within the liberal and communitarian paradigms and within the context of major issues such as the role of the courts and the status of Aboriginal peoples. By adding clarity to familiar debates, this succinct assessment of major writings on constitutional politics sharpens our vision of the past -- and the future -- of the Canadian federation.
    Kincaid John, Tarr George Alan (eds.)
    Constitutional origins, structure, and change in federal countries »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2005
    Providing examples of diverse forms of federalism, including new and mature, developed and developing, parliamentary and presidential, and common-law and civil law, the comparative studies in this volume examines constitutions in Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, India, Mexico, Nigeria, Russia, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United States. Each chapter describes the provisions of a constitution, explains the political, social, and historical factors that influenced its creation, and explores its practical application, how it has changed, and future challenges, offering valuable ideas and lessons for federal constitution-making and reform.
    Haljan David
    Constitutionalising Secession »
    Hart Publishing , Oxford , 2014
    Constitutionalising Secession proceeds from the question, 'What, if anything, does the law have to say about a secession crisis?' But rather than approaching secession through the optic of political or nationalist institutional accommodation, this book focuses on the underpinnings to a constitutional order as a law-making community, underpinnings laid bare by secession pressures. Relying on the corrosive effects of secession, it explores the deep structure of a constitutional order and the motive forces creating and sustaining that order. A core idea is that the normativity of law is best understood, through a constitutional optic, as an integrative, associative force. Constitutionalising Secession critically analyses conceptions of constitutional order implicit in the leading models of secession, and takes as a leading case-study the judicial and legislative response to secession in Canada. The book therefore develops a concept of constitutionalism and law-making - 'associative constitutionalism' - to describe their deep structure as a continuing, integrative process of association. This model of a dynamic process of value formation can address both the association and the disassociation of constitutional systems.
    Basile Mariaconcetta
    Costituzionalismo e formazione dell'opinione pubblica in Sicilia (1812-1848) »
    Aracne , Roma , 2016
    Settis Salvatore
    Costituzione! Come rischia di cambiare la nostra Costituzione »
    Einaudi , Torino , 2016

    Loizides Neophytos
    Designing Peace. Cyprus and Institutional Innovations in Divided Societies »
    University of Pennsylvania Press , Philadelphia , 2015
    Why do some societies choose to adopt federal settlements in the face of acute ethnic conflict, while others do not? Neophytos Loizides examines how acrimoniously divided Cyprus could re-unify by adopting a federal and consociational arrangement inspiring similar attempts in its region. Loizides asserts that institutional innovation is key in designing peace processes. Analyzing power-sharing in Northern Ireland, the return of displaced persons in Bosnia, and the preparatory mandate referendum in South Africa, he shows how divided societies have implemented novel solutions despite conditions that initially seemed prohibitive. Turning to Cyprus, he chronicles the breakthrough that led to the exhumations of the missing after 2003, and observes that a society's choice of narratives and institutions can overcome structural constraints. While Loizides points to the relative absence of successful federal and consociational arrangements among societies evolving from the "post-Ottoman space," he argues that neither elites nor broader societies in the region must be held hostages to the past. To effect lasting and positive change, Loizides encourages stakeholders in divided societies to be prepared to identify, redesign, and implement innovative new institutions. Examining successful peace mediations and identifying the shared experience and commonalities between Cyprus and other divided societies promises not only to inform the tackling of the Cyprus problem but also to provide transferable knowledge with broader implications for the fields of peace studies and conflict resolution.
    Vile John R. (ed.)
    Encyclopedia of Constitutional Amendments, Proposed Amendments, and Amending Issues, 1789–2015, 4th Edition »
    ABC-CLIO , 2015
    Now in its fourth edition and completely updated, this is the most comprehensive book on constitutional amendments and proposed amendments available. Although only 27 amendments have ever been added to the U.S. Constitution, the last one having been ratified in 1992, throughout American history, members of Congress have introduced more than 11,000 amendments, and countless individuals outside of Congress have advanced their own proposals to revise the Constitution—the wellspring of America's legal, political, and cultural foundations. At a time when calls for a new constitutional convention are on the rise, it is essential for students of political science and history as well as American citizens to understand proposed alternatives. This updated edition of the established standard for high school and college libraries as well as public and law libraries serves as the go-to reference for learning about existing constitutional amendments, proposed amendments, and the issues related to them. An alphabetically arranged two-volume set, it contains more than 500 entries that discuss amendments that have been proposed in Congress from 1789 to the present. It also discusses prominent proposals for extensive constitutional changes introduced outside Congress as well as discussions of major amending issues.
    Peterlini Oskar
    Evoluzione in senso federale e riforma costituzionale in Italia »
    Institut für Föderalismus , Innsbruck , 2008
    Low Bloch Susan, Jackson Vicki C.
    Federalism: A Reference Guide to the United States Constitution »
    Praeger Publishing , 2013
    This book analyzes the structure of our constitutional system of government, providing an overview of the constitutional history of American federalism as it has been developed in decisions of the United States Supreme Court. Federalism: A Reference Guide to the United States Constitution provides a thorough examination of this significant and distinctive part of the U.S. constitutional system, documenting its role in major domestic constitutional controversies in every period of American history. Although the book is organized historically rather than doctrinally, the marked evolutions of important areas of doctrine are addressed over time. These subject areas include the scope of Congress's power under the Commerce Clause, the scope of Congress's powers under the Fourteenth and other post-Civil War Amendments, the states' authority to regulate commercial and economic matters when Congress is silent, the principle of the supremacy of federal law and the law of preemption that follows from it, intergovernmental and sovereign immunities, the obligation of state courts to enforce federal law, and the scope of national power to regulate or impose obligations on the states.
    Vile John R.
    Founding Documents of America. The U.S. Constitution has roots stretching as far back as the Magna Charta (1215) »
    ABC-CLIO , 2015
    Written by a renowned expert on the American Founding period, this book examines selections of key documents from 1215 through 1791 that were instrumental to the development of the U.S. Constitution and the American political tradition. The latest addition to ABC-CLIO's popular Documents Decoded series, John R. Vile's Founding Documents of America presents historic documents key to the foundations of our nation's government accompanied by introductions that supply background information and analysis that highlights key provisions and provide historical context. The coverage extends beyond the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights to provide contextual understanding of a wide range of other documents, such as private diary entries and political polemics, that will further readers' understanding of the United States' founding and early political development. The documents are organized chronologically into four sections: constitutional antecedents; the revolutionary and confederal periods; calling and convening the Constitutional Convention; and debating, ratifying, implementing, and amending the new Constitution. Through its more than 50 primary source documents—from the Magna Carta of 1215 through the Bill of Rights, which was adopted in 1791—this book will serve high school and college students seeking to understand the documents that laid the foundations for the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, and provide opportunities for student readers to build critical thinking skills.
    Allegri Giuseppe, Bronzini Giuseppe
    Il tempo delle Costituzioni. Dall'Italia all'Europa »
    Manifestolibri , Roma , 2014
    Danilovich Alex
    Iraqi Federalism and the Kurds. Learning to Live Together »
    Ashgate , 2014
    Iraq today faces a whole gamut of problems associated with post-war recovery and state-rebuilding compounded by age old mistrust and suspicion. The situation in Iraq resembles a huge experiment in which social scientists can observe the consequences of actions taken across an entire country. Can Western ideas take route and flourish in non-western societies? Can constitutionalism take hold and work in a traditional religious and deeply divided society? Is Iraqi federalism a solution to the country’s severe disunity or a temporary fix? Iraqi Federalism and the Kurds: Learning to Live Together addresses these important questions and focuses on the role of federalism as a viable solution to Iraq's many problems and the efforts the Kurdish government has deployed to adjust to new federal relations that entail not only gains, but also concessions and compromises. The author's direct experience of living and working within this embattled country allows a unique reflection on the successes and failures of federalism and the positive developments the introduction of federal relationships have brought.
    Mangiameli Stelio (ed.)
    Italian Regionalism: Between Unitary Traditions and Federal Processes. Investigating Italy's Form of State »
    Springer , 2014
    The object of this book is to describe the institutional modifications of the Italian form of state more than ten years after the review of Title V – Part II of the Italian Constitution – for an audience that goes well beyond the Italian national boundaries. The fifteen essays that make up the book discuss the birth and evolution of the Italian regionalism (including those regions with Special Statutes) as well as reforms of 1999-2001. A particular attention is devoted to the role of autonomy in defining regional statutes, regional forms of government, and regulatory and administrative powers. These are subjects on which there is by now an abundant body of constitutional case law, which is extensively referred to by the chapters. The role of the regions vis-à-vis the local bodies and vis-à-vis the European and international order is also discussed, as the right to negotiate with foreign powers has now been conferred on the regions. Lastly, the volume presents contributions on regional finance and on the new law on fiscal federalism, as well as on regional powers in the area of health and welfare.
    Iannello Antonio
    L'inganno federalista e l’opposizione all’ordinamento regionale nel dibattito all’assemblea costituente »
    La Scuola di Pitagora , Napoli , 2013
    Beaufays Jean, Matagne Geoffroy (eds.)
    La Belgique en mutation »
    Bruylant , Bruxelles , 2009
    Grandi Alfiero, Pace Alessandro (a cura di)
    La Costituzione bene comune »
    Ediesse , Roma , 2016
    Pombeni Paolo
    La questione costituzionale in Italia »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2016
    Istituto Regionale di Studi Giuridici del Lazio Arturo Carlo Jemolo
    Le autonomie territoriali nella riforma costituzionale »
    Carocci , Roma , 2016
    Faiz Asma
    Making Federation Work: Federalism in Pakistan After the 18th Amendment »
    Oxford University Press , 2015
    The book presents diverse perspectives from different disciplines with coherence and an admirable focus on federalism. It adequately explains why federalism needs to be re-examined and be a subject of fresh scholarship. The book is an impressive, quality collection of articles. The articles address all dimensions of federalism and make a good addition to literature on federalism. It is a good addition not only to the academic field of Pakistani politics, but in the literature of the popular field of federalism in general. The 18th Amendment itself is a landmark event in the constitutional history of Pakistan. This event has been analysed in the different chapters of the book from different angles. Historical, political, economic, sociological, and environmental factors associated with this unique federal experiment have been thoroughly analysed by a galaxy of learned scholars. Moreover, it provides a rare opportunity of giving a platform for the works of eminent scholars. The book will not only introduce students to the burning issues of Pakistani politics but will also provide advice to policymakers, practitioners, and researchers for their future endeavours.
    D'Ignazio Guerino (ed.)
    Multilevel constitutionalism tra integrazione europea e riforme degli ordinamenti decentrati »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2011

    Table of contents
    Nolte Detlef, Schilling-Vacaflor Almut (eds.)
    New Constitutionalism in Latin America. Promises and Practices »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2012
    Latin America has a long tradition of constitutional reform. Since the democratic transitions of the 1980s, most countries have amended their constitutions at least once, and some have even undergone constitutional reform several times. The global phenomenon of a new constitutionalism, with enhanced rights provisions, finds expression in the region, but the new constitutions, such as those of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, also have some peculiar characteristics which are discussed in this important book. Authors from a number of different disciplines offer a general overview of constitutional reforms in Latin America since 1990. They explore the historical, philosophical and doctrinal differences between traditional and new constitutionalism in Latin America and examine sources of inspiration. The book also covers sociopolitical settings, which factors and actors are relevant for the reform process, and analyzes the constitutional practices after reform, including the question of whether the recent constitutional reforms created new post-liberal democracies with an enhanced human and social rights record, or whether they primarily serve the ambitions of new political leaders.
    Bhandari Surendra
    Self-Determination & Constitution Making in Nepal. Constituent Assembly, Inclusion, & Ethnic Federalism »
    Springer , 2014
    This book systematically analyzes why constitutions do not survive in Nepal, despite sixty years of constitutional history. The author discusses the epistemology of ethnic federalism in Nepal and examines the challenges of nation building and post-nation constitutionalism. The work addresses the connection between ethnic identity, right to self-determination, constitution making and state restructuring, offering possible ways forward for Nepal. Chapters consider lessons to be drawn from the past and examine reasons for the abolition of monarchy in Nepal. The book highlights the major problems that the first elected Constituent Assembly (CA) faced in promulgating a new constitution, before it was dissolved in 2012. The concept of right to self-determination and its complexities at the domestic level are all explored, along with ways forward to address the problem of constitutionalism, ethnic federalism, and democracy. The author offers solutions as to how the second CA could address problems to promulgate a new constitution. The book elaborates on the role that constitutionalism plays in constitution making and the survival of a constitution.
    Bilancia Paola, Pizzetti Federico G. (eds.)
    Testi e progetti del sistema costituzionale italiano ed europeo. Con schemi riassuntivi »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2005
    Brennan Thomas E.
    The Article V Amendatory Constitutional Convention Keeping the Republic in the Twenty-First Century »
    Lexington Books , 2014
    This book describes the process of amending the federal constitution as defined in Article V by means of a convention for proposing amendments. It shows that the constitution can be amended in two ways: either by ratifying an amendment proposed by the Congress or by ratifying an amendment proposed by a convention. Article V requires the Congress to call a convention whenever the legislatures of two thirds of the states request one. The federal constitution has been amended twenty-seven times. All 27 amendments were proposed by the Congress. There has never been an Article V amendatory constitutional convention in the 230 year history of the nation. Over the years, every state in the union has asked for a convention at one time or another. Congress has never acknowledged those requests or evaluated them. The history of the 1787 constitutional convention in Philadelphia shows that the founders intended the Article V convention to be a means for the states to seek amendments which the Congress refuses to consider. The book describes the efforts of a number of citizens groups that are trying to get an Article V convention, and it describes the weaknesses and strengths of each. It comes to several conclusions: A. That the Congress will never voluntarily call a convention no matter how many petitions are received, because a convention might propose amendments which would decrease the powers or prerogatives of Congress. B. That the states have the right to call an Article V convention without the concurrence of the Congress whenever two-thirds of the states wish to participate. C. That citizens of the several states have the constitutional right to organize a convention for proposing amendments, without the call of Congress or the approval of the state legislatures. D. That no amendment proposed by a convention, of any kind, will become a part of the federal constitution unless it is ratified by three quarters of the states, as required by Article V. The book urges the convening of a constitutional convention by the voluntary action of citizens, and recommends a number of matters that should be on its agenda.
    Saunders Cheryl
    The Constitution of Australia. A Contextual Analysis »
    Hart Publishing , Oxford/Portland , 2010
    Consistently with the aims of the series, the book canvasses the Australian constitutional system in a way that explains its form and operation, provides a critical evaluation of it and conveys a sense of the contemporary national debate. The chapters deal with the foundations of Australian constitutionalism, its history from the time of European settlement, the nature of the Australian Constitutions, the framework for judicial review, the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, federalism and multi-level government and rights protection. Running through all chapters is the story of the gradual evolution of Australian constitutionalism within the lean but almost unchanging framework of the formal, written, national Constitution. A second theme traces the way in which the present, distinctive, constitutional arrangements in Australia emerged from creative tension between the British and United States constitutional traditions on which the Australian Constitution originally drew and which continues to manifest itself in various ways. One of these, which is likely to be of particular interest, is Australian reliance on institutional arrangements for the purpose of the protection of rights. The book is written in a clear and accessible style for readers in both Australia and countries around the world. Each chapter is followed by additional references to enable particular issues to be pursued further by readers who seek to do so.
    Tan Kevin YL
    The Constitution of Singapore. A Contextual Analysis »
    Hart Publishing , Oxford , 2015
    Singapore's Constitution was hastily drafted after her secession from the Federation of Malaysia in 1965. In the subsequent 45 years, the Constitution has been amended many times to evolve a Constitution like no other in the world. Outwardly, Singapore has a Westminster-type constitutional democracy, with an elected legislature, fundamental liberties and safeguards to ensure the independence of the judiciary. On closer inspection, the Constitution displays many innovative and unusual characteristics. Most notable among them are the various types of Members of Parliament that have been introduced since the mid-1980s, the office of the Elected President and the fact that there is no constitutional right to property. This volume seeks to explain the nature and context of these constitutional innovations in the context of a pluralistic, multi-ethnic state obsessed with public order and security. The volatile racial mix of Singapore, with its majority Chinese population nestled in a largely Malay/Islamic world, compels the state to search for ethnic management solutions through the Constitution to guarantee to the Malays and other ethnic minorities their status in the polity. In addition, it examines how the concept of the rule of law is perceived by the strong centrist state governed by a political party that has been in power since 1959 and continues to hold almost hegemonic power.
    O'Brien Derek
    The Constitutional Systems of the Commonwealth Caribbean. A Contextual Analysis »
    Hart Publishing , Oxford , 2014
    he Commonwealth Caribbean comprises a group of countries (mainly islands) lying in an arc between Florida in the north and Venezuela in the south. Varying widely in terms of their size, population, ethnic composition and economic wealth, these countries are, nevertheless, linked by their shared experience of colonial rule under the British Empire and their decision, upon attaining independence, to adopt a constitutional system of government based on the so-called 'Westminster model'. Since independence these countries have, in the main, enjoyed a sustained period of relative political stability, which is in marked contrast to the experience of former British colonies in Africa and Asia. This book seeks to explore how much of this is due to their constitutional arrangements by examining the constitutional systems of these countries in their context and questioning how well the Westminster model of democracy has successfully adapted to its transplantation to the Commonwealth Caribbean. While taking due account of the region's colonial past and its imprint on postcolonial constitutionalism, the book also considers notable developments that have occurred since independence. These include the transformation of Guyana from a parliamentary democracy to a Cooperative Republic with an executive president; the creation of a Caribbean Single Market and Economy and its implications for national sovereignty; and the replacement of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council by the Caribbean Court of Justice as the final court of appeal for a number of countries in the region. The book also addresses the resurgence of interest in constitutional reform across the region in the last two decades, which has culminated in demands for radical reforms of the Westminster model of government and the severance of all remaining links with colonial rule.
    Laforest Guy, Brouillet Eugénie, Gagnon Alain-G., Tanguay Yves (eds.)
    The Constitutions that Shaped Us. A Historical Anthology of Pre-1867 Canadian Constitutions »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2015
    The Constitutions that Shaped Us re-examines from a comparative and critical standpoint the events, key players, and texts which, taken together, help to interpret all Canadian constitutions prior to Confederation. The key constitutional documents that are studied in this book are the Royal Proclamation of 1763, the Quebec Act of 1774, the Constitutional Act of 1791, and the 1840 Act of Union. Great Canadian historians of the past take turns in providing unforgettable sketches and understandings of the actions of monumental figures such as Governors Murray, Carleton, and Elgin, British politicians from Pitt to Burke, Grey, and Durham, without forgetting the leading political and intellectual colonial figures such as Bédard, Papineau, La Fontaine, Mackenzie, and Baldwin. Gathering together the most renowned and representative works of constitutional scholarship, this anthology provides readers with an in-depth account of the events that would ultimately lead to the union of British colonies, the birth of the Dominion of Canada, and the rebirth of political autonomy in a colony known successively as Quebec, Lower Canada, Canada East, and once again Quebec in 1867. Following a general survey of the various constitutions enacted under British rule, this collection includes an equal number of commentaries by French- and English-speaking historians concerning each of the four constitutions to offer the most nuanced view of Canada’s origins to date.
    Vile John R.
    The Early Republic. Documents Decoded »
    ABC-CLIO , 2016
    This new book in the Documents Decoded series provides readers with an understanding of the key documents and debates in the early American republic—from the presidency of George Washington through that of John Quincy Adams. With more than 50 edited primary documents relevant to American history from 1789 through 1828, the primary source material is organized in sections that will help readers to identify and appreciate multiple perspectives on key issues. The primary documents in this reference volume include laws, sermons, presidential speeches, court decisions, proclamations, treaties, and debates that will illuminate key issues such as the structure of government, the protection of individual rights, slavery, and the respective rights of the state and national governments. Examples subjects include Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson's debates, the Alien and Sedition Acts, the Louisiana Purchase Treaty, "The Star-Spangled Banner," the Monroe Doctrine, and the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
    Rosenfeld Michel, Sajó András (eds.)
    The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2012
    The first comprehensive reference in the field of comparative constitutional law, providing a road map to the current state of research for all those working in the discipline Presents a global, comparative perspective on the central concepts, institutions, and processes of constitutional law, invaluable for students and academics of constitutional law in any country Analyses the comparative jurisprudence on constitutional rights, offering a valuable inroad into understanding comparative human rights law Features contributions from leading political scientists, legal scholars, and judges to present a rounded perspective on the discipline and emerging trends The field of comparative constitutional law has grown immensely over the past couple of decades. Once a minor and obscure adjunct to the field of domestic constitutional law, comparative constitutional law has now moved front and centre. Driven by the global spread of democratic government and the expansion of international human rights law, the prominence and visibility of the field, among judges, politicians, and scholars has grown exponentially. Even in the United States, where domestic constitutional exclusivism has traditionally held a firm grip, use of comparative constitutional materials has become the subject of a lively and much publicized controversy among various justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. The trend towards harmonization and international borrowing has been controversial. Whereas it seems fair to assume that there ought to be great convergence among industrialized democracies over the uses and functions of commercial contracts, that seems far from the case in constitutional law. Can a parliamentary democracy be compared to a presidential one? A federal republic to a unitary one? Moreover, what about differences in ideology or national identity? Can constitutional rights deployed in a libertarian context be profitably compared to those at work in a social welfare context? Is it perilous to compare minority rights in a multi-ethnic state to those in its ethnically homogeneous counterparts? These controversies form the background to the field of comparative constitutional law, challenging not only legal scholars, but also those in other fields, such as philosophy and political theory. Providing the first single-volume, comprehensive reference resource, the Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law will be an essential road map to the field for all those working within it, or encountering it for the first time. Leading experts in the field examine the history and methodology of the discipline, the central concepts of constitutional law, constitutional processes, and institutions - from legislative reform to judicial interpretation, rights, and emerging trends. Readership: Academics, and students of constitutional law and human rights in any jurisdiction; judges and international human rights lawyers; political scientists working on constitutional politics, or human rights.
    Nester William
    The Revolutionary Years, 1775-1789. The Art of American Power During the Early Republic »
    Potomac Books , Dulles, VA , 2011
    The Revolutionary Years, 1775–1789, reveals how the nation’s leaders asserted power during the fourteen crucial years from the Revolution’s first shots at Lexington in April 1775 to the adoption of the Constitution in 1789. The American Revolution unfolded in two phases, winning independence and then creating “a more perfect union” that guaranteed representation and natural rights for all citizens. To prevail in those struggles the Founders had to tap and eventually master two powerful historic forces—nationalism and liberalism. National leadership is about mastering the dynamic among a country’s interests, power, and policies. Although military battles were relatively infrequent during the leisurely pace of eighteenth-century warfare, political battles were incessant. Those who championed the United States of America triumphed during the sweltering, seemingly endless months at Philadelphia from May to September 1787, when the delegates hammered out the Constitution. With the Constitution’s ratification, the Revolution came to a symbolic and substantive end. Ever since, Americans have debated, and at times shed blood over, just what the Founders intended and how to realize those ideals. In this fascinating book, William Nester examines how the Founders’ experience in revolution and nation-building caused them to understand leadership as an art—one that ultimately became the distinctive art of American power.
    Tushnet Mark, Khosla Madhav (eds.)
    Unstable Constitutionalism Law and Politics in South Asia »
    Cambridge University Press , 2016
    Description Contents Resources Courses About the Authors Although the field of constitutional law has become increasingly comparative in recent years, its geographic focus has remained limited. South Asia, despite being the site of the world's largest democracy and a vibrant if turbulent constitutionalism, is one of the important neglected regions within the field. This book remedies this lack of attention by providing a detailed examination of constitutional law and practice in five South Asian countries: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Identifying a common theme of volatile change, it develops the concept of 'unstable constitutionalism', studying the sources of instability alongside reactions and responses to it. By highlighting unique theoretical and practical questions in an underrepresented region, Unstable Constitutionalism constitutes an important step toward truly global constitutional scholarship.
    Sicardi Stefano, Cavino Massimo, Imarisio Luca (a cura di)
    Vent'anni di Costituzione (1993-2013). Dibattiti e riforme nell'Italia tra due secoli »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2015
    Items of Subsection 3.The division (and the conflicts) of powers and competences
    Gelderman Carol
    A Free Man of Color and His Hotel. Race, Reconstruction, and the Role of the Federal Government »
    Potomac Books , Dulles, VA , 2012
    A Free Man of Color and His Hotel weaves the story of a uniquely successful black businessman into the burgeoning post–Civil War political struggle that pitted the federal government against the states’ desire to remain autonomous. Born in Washington, D.C., James Wormley worked as a hacker in his father’s livery stable there and as a steward on Mississippi River steamboats before establishing his own catering and boardinghouse businesses. During a period of limited opportunity for African Americans, he built and operated D.C.’s luxurious Wormley Hotel at a time when most financial and governmental business was conducted in hotels. Not only did a number of notable diplomats and politicians live at the hotel, but because of its location in the city’s commercial and political center, Wormley also hosted Washington’s movers and shakers. Wormley’s rise, however, occurred as three landmark decisions by the Supreme Court effectively dismantled Reconstruction and led to the Plessy v. Ferguson decision that legalized segregation. This cautionary tale illustrates how key Supreme Court decisions hindered other African Americans’ potential successes after Reconstruction. By examining the issue of states’ rights in terms of one man’s against-the-odds success, Carol Gelderman shows how these same issues are still relevant in a postsegregation United States.
    Bilancia Paola, Pizzetti Federico G. (eds.)
    Aspetti e problemi del costituzionalismo multilivello »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2004
    Peach Ian (ed.)
    Constructing Tomorrow's Federalism: New Perspectives on Canadian Governance »
    University of Manitoba Press , Winnipeg , 2007
    Governance of the federation is more complex today than ever before: perennial issues of federalism remain unresolved, conflicts continue over the legitimacy of federal spending power, and the accommodation of Quebec nationalism and Aboriginal self-government within the federation is a persistent and precarious concern. From discussions on democracy and distinctiveness to explorations of self-governance and power imbalances, Constructing Tomorrow’s Federalism tests assertions from scholars and practitioners on the legitimacy and future of the state of the federation. In this broad collection of essays, fifteen scholars and political leaders identify options for the future governance of Canada and contribute to a renewed civic discourse on what it means to govern ourselves as a liberal democracy and a multinational federation.
    Blindenbacher Raoul, Ostien Abigail (eds.)
    Dialogues on legislative, executive and judicial governance in federal countries »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2006
    These lively, timely, and accessible dialogues on federal systems provide a comparative snapshot of each topic and include comparative analyses, glossaries of country-specific terminology, and a timeline of major constitutional events. Countries considered include Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, India, Mexico, Nigeria, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, and the United States. Whether you are a student or teacher of federalism, working in the field of federalism, or simply interested in the topic, these booklets will prove to be an insightful, brief exploration of the topic at hand in each of the featured countries.
    Wakjira Ketema
    Ethiopian Federalism, Federal Capital City and Urbanization »
    VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG , Saarbrücken , 2011
    Apart from providing close examination to the role of intergovernmental interaction in a federal state, the book strived to uncover some response of Ethiopian federalism to the urbanization imperatives at the countries largest urban environment. In the light of broader notions of federalism and urbanization, it identified the main sources of inter-jurisdictional territorial dispute/competition, the main actors involved; mechanisms/institutions used to manage and thereby examined the effectiveness of the prevailing managing efforts. The much needed consideration of the link between territorial approach in the Ethiopian federal arrangement, its federal capital city and the processes of urbanization is the essential emphasis of the book. The book includes experiences of other federations in arranging their federal capital cities and suggests how Ethiopia might learn from the peculiarities that other federations depicted in reconciling of their federal capital city arrangement with the ongoing urbanization processes. Hence,the analysis is significant for professionals in the fields of comparative federal studies and urban management and administration.
    Singh Mahendra Prasad, Kukreja Veena
    Federalism in South Asia »
    Routledge , 2014
    This book is one of the first in-depth and systematic studies on the functioning and aspiring federations of South Asia. It examines how federal dynamics in India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Sri Lanka are impinged on by the nature of their specific constitutions; their societal, political and cultural fabrics; composition of power elites and ruling classes; structures of political economy and market; electoral and party systems; mass media; and information technology. The authors offer a comparative, analytical, conceptual, and theoretical framework to understand patterns and trends as also experiences of and possibilities for federalism in South Asia. They highlight divergences and similarities, successes and key challenges, while indicating federalism’s wider regional relevance in the discourse on democracy and governance. The book concludes that the multicultural character of these societies — beset with ethnic and regional conflicts, separatist and military undercurrents — makes federal political solutions the only viable route. Providing a wealth of material, this will deeply interest scholars, students and teachers of comparative politics, political science, federal studies, area studies as well as those interested in political structures and processes in South Asia.
    Vanoni Luca P.
    Federalismo, regionalismo, sussidiarietà »
    Giappichelli , Torino , 2009
    Glennon Michael J., Sloane Robert D.
    Foreign Affairs Federalism. The Myth of National Exclusivity »
    Oxford University Press , 2016
    In the U.S. legal system, the federal government has traditionally been the only rightful arena for the conduct of foreign affairs, especially in the case of national security, military action, international trade, and treaty-making. However, the pervasiveness of globalization and the attendant ease of cross-border interactions, with implications for commerce and terrorism, have brought U.S. states, counties, and municipalities increasingly into the federal government's long-standing province of international relations. For example, states now forge trade relationships with foreign governments through energy and investment contracts that very much resemble treaties. If a foreign sovereign violates any of these contracts or statutes, then civil or criminal action against that sovereign could interfere with the U.S. federal government's diplomatic relations overseas. Consequently, the legal status of states and local governments in the conduct of foreign affairs is unclear and in need of thoughtful analysis and guidance. In Foreign Affairs Federalism, Michael Glennon and Robert Sloane study the constitutional allocation of foreign affairs powers between the federal government and the states. They explain the current law clearly and accessibly, identifying those areas where the law can be confidently ascertained. Where the law cannot be determined, they suggest the most plausible or compelling perspectives on existing doctrine. They also appraise existing doctrine against the background of the diverse and incompatible goals and challenges facing the United States in the twenty-first century.
    Doern G.Bruce, Auld Graeme, Stoney Christopher
    Green-lite. Complexity in Fifty Years of Canadian Environmental Policy, Governance, and Democracy »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2015
    Anchored in the core literature on natural resources, energy production, and environmental analysis, Green-lite is a critical examination of Canadian environmental policy, governance, and politics drawing out key policy and governance patterns to show that the Canadian story is one of complexity and often weak performance. Making a compelling argument for deeper historical analysis of environmental policy and situating environmental concerns within political and fiscal agendas, the authors provide extended discussions on three relatively new features of environmental policy: the federal-cities and urban sustainability regime, the federal-municipal infrastructure regime, and the regime of agreements with NGOs and businesses that often relegate governments to observing participants rather than being policy leaders. They probe the Harper era’s muzzling of environmental science and scientists, Canada’s oil sands energy and resource economy, and the government’s core Alberta and Western Canadian political base. The first book to provide an integrated, historical, and conceptual examination of Canadian environmental policy over many decades, Green-lite captures complex notions of what environmental policy and green agendas seek to achieve in a business-dominated economy of diverse energy producing technologies, and their pollution harms and risks.
    Müller Sean, Giudici Anja (eds.)
    Il federalismo svizzero. Attori, strutture e processi »
    Armando Dadò Editore , Locarno , 2017
    Lippolis Vincenzo, Salerno Giulio M.
    La presidenza più lunga. I poteri del capo dello Stato e la Costituzione »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2016
    Béland Daniel, Rocco Philip, Waddan Alex
    Obamacare Wars: Federalism, State Politics, and the Affordable Care Act »
    University of Kansas Press , Lawrence, KS , 2016
    Not five minutes after the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was signed into law, in March 2010, Virginia’s attorney general was suing to stop it. And yet, the ACA rolled out, in infamously bumpy fashion, and rolled on, fought and defended at every turn—despite President Obama’s claim, in 2014, that its proponents and opponents could finally “stop fighting old political battles that keep us gridlocked.” But not only would the battles not stop, as Obamacare Wars makes acutely clear, they spread from Washington, DC, to a variety of new arenas. The first thorough account of the implementation of the ACA, this book reveals the fissures the act exposed in the American federal system. Obamacare Wars shows how the law’s intergovernmental structure, which entails the participation of both the federal government and the states, has deeply shaped the politics of implementation. Focusing on the creation of insurance exchanges, the expansion of Medicaid, and execution of regulatory reforms, Daniel Béland, Philip Rocco, and Alex Waddan examine how opponents of the ACA fought back against its implementation. They also explain why opponents of the law were successful in some efforts and not in others—and not necessarily in a seemingly predictable red vs. blue pattern. Their work identifies the role of policy legacies, institutional fragmentation, and public sentiments in each instance as states grappled with new institutions, as in the case of the exchanges, or existing structures, in Medicaid and regulatory reform. Looking broadly at national trends and specifically at the experience of individual states, Obamacare Wars brings much-needed clarity to highly controversial but little-understood aspects of the Affordable Care Act’s odyssey, with implications for how we understand the future trajectory of health reform, as well as the multiple forms of federalism in American politics.
    De Micheli Chiara
    Parlamento e governo in Italia. Partiti, procedure e capacità decisionale (1948-2013) »
    FrancoAngeli , Milano , 2014

    Contents, Preface, Introduction
    Feiock Richard C., Scholz John T. (eds.)
    Self-Organizing Federalism »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2009
    This book investigates the self-organizing responses of governments and interests to the institutional collective action (ICA) dilemmas of particular concern to students of federalism, urban governance, and regional management of natural resources. ICA dilemmas arise in fragmented systems whenever decisions by one independent formal authority do not consider costs or benefits imposed on others. The ICA framework analyzes networks, joint projects, partnerships, and other mechanisms developed by affected parties to mitigate ICA decision externalities. These mechanisms play a widespread but little-understood role in federalist systems by reshaping incentives in order to encourage coordination/cooperation. The empirical studies of urban service delivery and regional integration of regional resource management address three questions: How does a given mechanism mitigate costs of uncoordinated decisions? What incentives do potential members have to create the mechanism? How do incentives induced by the mitigating mechanism affect its sustainability in a changing environment and its adaptability to other ICA dilemmas?
    Eisinger Douglas S.
    Smog Check: Science, Federalism, and the Politics of Clean Air »
    RFF Press - Resources for the Future , Washington, DC , 2010
    Cantillon Bea, Mussche Ninke, Popelier Patricia (eds.)
    Social Federalism: The Creation of a Layered Welfare State. The Belgian Case »
    Intersentia , Antwerp , 2011
    Belgium is a federation in turmoil. Politicians of the two language communities find it increasingly difficult to reach common ground on many issues. Social policy stands in the middle of these tensions. At present, social federalism in Belgium is still at an immature stage. However, as a result of constitutional reform in the course of the last decennia social policy has become embedded at the regional, the federal as well as at the European level. Moreover, the more prosperous region of Flanders has expressed the wish to develop its own social protection, and introduced among others a Flemish Care Insurance. These developments have resulted in the creation of a “layered welfare state”. The authors of this book critically assess the current stage of social federalism in Belgium and ask how against the background of the major challenge of an ageing population an effective social policy can be shaped. The book considers at which level the bulk of an effective social policy is best situated, what the role of the sub-national entities can be, and which limitations are imposed by the constitutional and European framework. The various forms of power allocation are considered for social federalism in Belgium.
    Abebe Semahagn Gashu
    The Last Post-Cold War Socialist Federation. Ethnicity, Ideology and Democracy in Ethiopia »
    Ashgate , 2014
    After the fall of the Berlin wall and the disintegration of the former USSR and Yugoslavia, it has widely been assumed that socialist federations have become a thing of the past. Ethiopia’s ethnic federal system however is essentially a socialist federal system based on the notion of the ‘right to self-determination of nationalities’ and a Marxist-Leninist organization of the state and party. This book assesses the Ethiopian ethnic federal system from the perspective of the principles of socialist federations and other Marxist oriented policies pursued by the ruling Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). Exploring how the application of these ideological principles has impacted on the structure and function of the Ethiopian federal system, the research examines the ways in which these ideological policies of the ruling party affect national consensus, protection of human rights, the rights of minority groups, separation of power principles and the relationship between the federal and regional governments. It also explores the extent to which ideological principles have had an impact on the democratization process, rule of law and in building up institutions such as parliamentary democracy, the judiciary, the media and civil society organizations in the country. Approaching the Ethiopian federal system from the perspective of the fundamental ideological principles of the party in power allows a deeper insight into the structure and function of the ethnic federal system.
    Gulasekaram Pratheepan, Ramakrishnan S. Karthick
    The New Immigration Federalism »
    Cambridge University Press , 2015
    Description Contents Resources Courses About the Authors Since 2004, the United States has seen a flurry of state and local laws dealing with unauthorized immigrants. Though initially restrictionist, these laws have recently undergone a dramatic shift toward promoting integration. How are we to make sense of this new immigration federalism? What are its causes? And what are its consequences for the federal-state balance of power? In The New Immigration Federalism, Professors Pratheepan Gulasekaram and S. Karthick Ramakrishnan provide answers to these questions using a mix of quantitative, historical, and doctrinal legal analysis. In so doing they refute the popular 'demographic necessity' argument put forward by anti-immigrant activists and politicians. Instead, they posit that immigration federalism is rooted in a political process that connects both federal and subfederal actors: the Polarized Change Model. Their model captures not only the spread of restrictionist legislation but also its abrupt turnaround in 2012, projecting valuable insights for the future.
    Raffass Tania
    The Soviet Union - Federation or Empire? »
    Routledge , New York , 2012
    The Soviet Union is often characterised as nominally a federation, but really an empire, liable to break up when individual federal units, which were allegedly really subordinate colonial units, sought independence. This book questions this interpretation, revisiting the theory of federation, and discussing actual examples of federations such as the United States, arguing that many federal unions, including the United States, are really centralised polities. It also discusses the nature of empires, nations and how they relate to nation states and empires, and the right of secession, highlighting the importance of the fact that this was written in to the Soviet constitution. It examines the attitude of successive Soviet leaders towards nationalities, and the changing attitudes of nationalists towards the Soviet Union. Overall, it demonstrates that the Soviet attitude to nationalities and federal units was complicated, wrestling, in a similar way to many other states, with difficult questions of how ethno-cultural justice can best be delivered in a political unit which is bigger than the national state.
    Koppelman Andrew
    The Tough Luck Constitution and the Assault on Healthcare Reform »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2013
    The legal challenge to the Affordable Care Act, and the Supreme Court's decision to uphold the law, is quite possibly the most momentous Supreme Court case on the issue of federal power in our era. Yet, despite the Court's ruling, the issue of health care reform is still an incredibly divisive issue. For the left, the federal government has the power to regulate interstate commerce, and the health insurance industry surely falls under the definition of interstate commerce. For conservatives, the individual mandate is the core of the plan, and it represents an egregious erosion of individual rights and liberties. Andrew Koppelman, a leading constitutional scholar and an expert on the issue, thinks that the constitutional arguments against it are spurious, and in The Tough Luck Constitution and the Assault on Health Care Reform, explains why. After walking readers through the 125-year modern history of Supreme Court cases dealing with the regulation of commerce, Koppelman tackles the arguments for and against the law. He contends that the New Deal established that that federal government had broad power over interstate commerce. If most commerce in a modern, complex economy like the US amounts to interstate commerce-as case law currently holds—then surely health care, which constitutes one sixth of the economy and is dominated by an insurance industry that crosses state lines, is interstate commerce too. Koppelman's book closes with an analysis of the final decision. The Tough Luck Constitution and the Assault on Health Care Reform is an authoritative account of the issue-one that not only carries great implications for the upcoming presidential election, but which also serves as a definitive analysis for years to come.
    López-Basaguren Alberto, Escajedo San Epifanio Leire (eds.)
    The Ways of Federalism in Western Countries and the Horizons of Territorial Autonomy in Spain - Volume 1 »
    Springer , 2013
    Territorial autonomy in Spain has reached a crossroads. After over thirty years of development, the consensus regarding its appropriateness has started to crumble. The transformation project embodied by the reform of Statute of Catalonia (2006) has failed to achieve its most significant demands. Although the concept of Spain as a Federation is disputed -more within the country than beyond-, the evolution of the Spanish system needs to follow a markedly federalist path. In this perspective, reference models assume critical importance. This edition gathers the works of a broad group of European, American and Spanish experts who analyse the present-day challenges of their respective systems. The objective, thus, is to contribute ideas which might help to address the evolution of the Spanish system in the light of the experience of more established Federations. This first volume analyses the challenges facing federal systems in the age of globalisation from a global perspective. It also addresses current questions and the challenges faced today by, in the sphere of the internal division of powers, the most significant ‘western’ federal systems, on the one hand, and the Spanish system of territorial autonomy, on the other.
    López-Basaguren Alberto, Escajedo San Epifanio Leire (eds.)
    The Ways of Federalism in Western Countries and the Horizons of Territorial Autonomy in Spain - Volume 2 »
    Springer , 2013
    Territorial autonomy in Spain has reached a crossroads. After over thirty years of development, the consensus regarding its appropriateness has started to crumble. The transformation project embodied by the reform of Statute of Catalonia (2006) has failed to achieve its most significant demands. Although the concept of Spain as a Federation is disputed -more within the country than beyond-, the evolution of the Spanish system needs to follow a markedly federalist path. In this perspective, reference models assume critical importance. This edition gathers the works of a broad group of European, American and Spanish experts who analyse the present-day challenges of their respective systems. The objective, thus, is to contribute ideas which might help to address the evolution of the Spanish system in the light of the experience of more established Federations. This second volume focuses its attention on the difficulties and challenges faced in two particular fields. On the one hand, the field of intergovernmental relations and, on the other, questions related to the integration and acknowledgement of diversity and of Fundamental Rights, with special reference to the cases of Canada and Spain. Finally, there is analysis of other specific aspects of the system of territorial autonomy in Spain.
    Burch Jr. John R.
    Water Rights and the Environment in the United States. A Documentary and Reference Guide »
    Greenwood , 2015
    This sweeping study traces the development of water policy in the United States from the 19th century to the present day, exploring the role of legislation in appropriating access to water to the American people. Three factors influence the development of water policy and politics in the United States: the availability of water, the manner in which people use the commodity to its maximum economic benefit, and governmental control. This book is a one-stop resource for understanding the scope of water issues in America, from governing doctrine and legislation, to Native American water rights, to water protection and pollution, and to the mitigation of natural and manmade disasters. Distinguished author and noted scholar John R. Burch Jr. reviews the conflicts among state, federal, and international agencies in dealing with water supply and points to competing legal rulings and laws as undermining the creation of a cohesive policy for all. Through an analysis of key documents, Burch examines the recent calamities befalling the American water system—including droughts, oil spills, and natural disasters—and considers the future of water distribution to the American people. Organized into six parts, sections include doctrines and rights, waters of the West, border regions water management and flood control, environmental issues, and water supply and safety.
    Items of Subsection 4.The legislative branch
    Luther Jorg, Passaglia Paolo, Tarchi Rolando (eds.)
    A World of Second Chambers. Handbook for Constitutional Studies on Bicameralism »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2007
    The handbook contains papers of constitutional lawyers and political scientists presented at an international conference held at the Centre for Studies on Federalism in April 2005. The papers reflect the academic customs and style of the different authors and countries. The reports have been inspired by the following "Working Model", but not adapted to Italian writing or editing rules. The research was occasioned by the project of an Italian "Federal Senate" adopted by the government majority under the last legislature but rejected by referendum in 2006. Massimo Carli offered a special contribution on the institutional representation of local bodies at the regionallevel in Italy, available at the Centre address (in Italian language). Most national reporters have also managed the translations. Others have been realised by Mariangela Ronzitti and Monica Ricco. The users of the handbook can obtain the original versions at the Centre address. Anna Mastromarino, Demis Bessi, Pamela Martino and Pier Luigi Petrillo prepared the Italian version of a specific database on various second chambers not represented by the national reports.
    Table of contents
    Doria Giancarlo
    Bicameralismo e federalismo: analisi dei modelli di relazione »
    Carocci , Roma , 2015
    Bonfiglio Salvatore (ed.)
    Composizione e funzione delle seconde camere. Un'analisi comparativa »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2008
    Serie: Università Roma Tre - Dipartimento di Istituzioni politiche - Monografie
    Taylor Andrew J.
    Congress. A Performance Appraisal »
    Westview Press , Boulder , 2013
    With record low approval ratings — the lowest poll results since 1974 — Congress is a failing institution in the eyes of many Americans. Is public opinion correct in judging the inefficacy of the legislative branch, or is the public mistaken in these harsh criticisms? Congress: A Performance Appraisal teaches students about this critical institution of American democracy by examining how successful the body is in carrying out its key functions, particularly representation, lawmaking, and checking the other branches of government. Rather than focusing on the institutional and procedural questions of how Congress is set up, what rules guide its actions, and how its members carry out their daily duties, Andrew J. Taylor asks: do these structures, procedures, behaviors, and outcomes serve the American people as they were meant to? Using a set of aspirations a good legislature should strive for and benchmarks to rate how close it comes to those aspirations, Taylor offers a unique approach to the discussion of Congress, its actions, and its efficacy as a legislature. Sure to prompt provocative classroom discussions, Congress is the perfect text for courses on American government and politics.
    Wittmann Martin C.
    Der Senat der italienischen Republik und der Bundesrat der Republik Österreich Ein rechts- und politikwissenschaftlicher Vergleich »
    New Academic Press , Wien , 2012

    Contents and excerpt
    Swenden Wilfried
    Federalism and Second Chambers: Regional Representation in Parliamentary Federations: the Australian Senate and German Bundesrat Compared »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2004
    The theory of comparative federalism asserts that federations require a second chamber for the representation of regional interests in central law-making. Yet there has been little systematic analysis of the contribution of second chambers in parliamentary federations to this task. The main purpose of this book is to demonstrate to what extent the two strongest parliamentary second chambers, the Australian Senate and the German Bundesrat are linked to the federal structures in which they are embedded. The study analyzes the contribution of the members of these second chambers in advancing interests that are linked to the regional constituents whom they represent or to the collective fiscal or administrative interests of a regional government with whom they are associated. The analysis underscores the largely 'executive' character of intergovernmental relations in parliamentary federations, a feature that corresponds with the composition of the German Bundesrat, but not of the Australian Senate. In the concluding chapter some preliminary observations are made as to whether our findings also generate interesting insights for the larger group of parliamentary second chambers in federal or quasi-federal states, such as the Belgian, Spanish and Canadian Senates, the UK House of Lords and the Indian Raiya Sabha.
    Pinney Edward L.
    Federalism, Bureaucracy, and Party Politics in Western Germany: The Role of the Bundesrat »
    University of North Carolina Press , Chapel Hill NC , 2012
    This is one of the few works in any language to concentrate on the Bundesrat, the upper house of the German Federal Republic. By studying a series of legislative case histories of bills presented between 1949 and 1960, Pinney assesses the role of party politics in maintaining three persistent characteristics of the Bundesrat. Originally published in 1966.
    Morelli Alessandro, Moschella Giovanni (eds.)
    Forma di governo, bicameralismo e sistema delle autonomie nella riforma costituzionale »
    Editoriale Scientifica , Napoli , 2016
    Macchia Patrizia
    Il Bundesrat austriaco »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2007
    Castelli Luca
    Il Senato delle autonomie. Ragioni, modelli, vicende »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2010
    Baldini Vincenzo (a cura di)
    La Camera degli interessi territoriali nello Stato composto »
    Satura Editrice , Napoli , 2007
    Volden Craig, Wiseman Alan E.
    Legislative Effectiveness in the United States Congress. The Lawmakers »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2014
    This book explores why some members of Congress are more effective than others at navigating the legislative process and what this means for how Congress is organized and what policies it produces. Craig Volden and Alan E. Wiseman develop a new metric of individual legislator effectiveness (the Legislative Effectiveness Score) that will be of interest to scholars, voters, and politicians alike. They use these scores to study party influence in Congress, the successes or failures of women and African Americans in Congress, policy gridlock, and the specific strategies that lawmakers employ to advance their agendas.
    Hrbek Rudolf (ed.)
    Legislatures in Federal Systems and Multi-Level Governance »
    Nomos Verlag , Baden-Baden , 2010
    The chapters of this book analyse the role of parliamentary assemblies in various federal systems; they deal with national parliaments, Second Chambers, regional parliaments and the special role and functions of parliaments in Multi-Level Governance such as the EU.
    Prosser Brenton, Denniss Richard
    Minority Policy. Rethinking governance when parliament matters »
    Melbourne University Publishing , Melbourne , 2015
    Topical and up-to-the-minute, Minority Policy: Rethinking Governance when Parliament Matters explores the influence marginal parliamentarians have on public policy. Australia has had minority governments in some form for almost 30 years, yet we have not come to terms with minority as the new norm. Prominent policy cycle theory tends to overlook the subtle but significant influence of marginal parliamentarians on public policy. Minority Policy argues that these influences not only have important implications for the outcomes of public policy, but also for the work of scholars, policy makers and advocates. Drawing on the experiences of two former policy advisers, as well as examples from the last two parliaments, Minority Policy takes the discussion up to and beyond the introduction of the new Senate in July 2014 to observe the significant impact of this much more complex Upper House.
    Martin Lanny W., Vanberg Georg
    Parliaments and Coalitions: The Role of Legislative Institutions in Multiparty Governance »
    Oxford University Press , 2011
    Coalition governments are the norm in most of the world’s parliamentary democracies. Because these governments are comprised of multiple political parties, they are subject to tensions that are largely absent under single-party government. The pressures of electoral competition and the necessity of delegating substantial authority to ministers affiliated with specific parties threaten the compromise agreements that are at the heart of coalition governance. The central argument of this book is that strong legislative institutions play a critical role in allowing parties to deal with these tensions and to enforce coalition bargains. Based on an analysis of roughly 1,300 government bills across five democracies (Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, and the Netherlands), the book paints a detailed picture of the treatment of government legislation in contemporary parliaments. Two central contributions emerge. First, the book forces a reconsideration of the common perception that legislatures are largely irrelevant institutions in European democracies. The data presented here make a compelling case that parliaments that feature strong committee systems play an influential role in shaping policy. Second, the book contributes to the field of coalition governance. While scholars have developed detailed accounts of the birth and death of coalitions, much less is known about the manner in which coalitions govern between these bookend events. This book contributes to a richer understanding of how multiparty governments make policy.
    Congleton Roger D.
    Perfecting Parliament: Constitutional Reform, Liberalism, and the Rise of Western Democracy »
    Cambridge University Press , Cambridge , 2011
    This book explains why contemporary liberal democracies are based on historical templates rather than revolutionary reforms; why the transition in Europe occurred during a relatively short period in the nineteenth century; why politically and economically powerful men and women voluntarily supported such reforms; how interests, ideas, and pre-existing institutions affected the reforms adopted; and why the countries that liberalized their political systems also produced the Industrial Revolution. The analysis is organized in three parts. The first part develops new rational choice models of (1) governance, (2) the balance of authority between parliaments and kings, (3) constitutional exchange, and (4) suffrage reform. The second part provides historical overviews and detailed constitutional histories of six important countries. The third part provides additional evidence in support of the theory, summarizes the results, contrasts the approach taken in this book with that of other scholars, and discusses methodological issues.
    Caciagli Mario
    Rappresentanza e consenso in Germania. Bundesrat e Bundestag nella Repubblica federale »
    FrancoAngeli , Milan , 2016
    Martino Pamela
    Seconde camere e rappresentanza politica »
    Giappichelli , Torino , 2009
    Abels Gabriele, Eppler Annegret (eds.)
    Subnational Parliaments in the EU Multi-Level Parliamentary System Taking Stock of the Post-Lisbon Era »
    StudienVerlag , Innsbruck, Wien, Bozen , 2016
    Subnational or regional parliaments with legislative competences are increasingly active in EU affairs and are recognized as potential actors in the EU's multi-level system by EU law. However, studies on the territorial effects of European integration and on the Europeanization of parliaments as well as parliamentarism have so far disregarded this group of parliaments. In the existing theoretical concepts of 'multi-level parliamentarism' subnational parliaments do not have a place until now. The book addresses this theoretical and empirical gap. Referring to studies on parliamentarism, federalism, and Europeanization the contributions discuss how to include subnational parliaments in the existing research. A total of 74 subnational parliaments from eight member states is affected by the new system, which allows them to participate in the so-called Early Warning Mechanism of subsidiarity control. The situation in six EU member states is analyzed in detail. The country chapters illustrate and analyze how subnational parliaments in the federal member states (Austria, Belgium, Germany) and in the decentralized/devolved ones (Great Britain, Italy, Spain) functionally adapt to the new opportunity structure and discuss the repercussions on legislative-executive relations as well as on interparliamentary relations.
    Squire Peverill
    The Evolution of American Legislatures. Colonies, Territories, and States, 1619-2009 »
    University of Michigan Press , Ann Arbor , 2012
    The institutional development of American legislatures, beginning with the first colonial assembly of 1619, has been marked by continuity as well as change. Peverill Squire draws upon a wealth of primary sources to document this institutional history. Beginning with the ways in which colonial assemblies followed the precedents of British institutions, Squire traces the fundamental ways they evolved to become distinct. He next charts the formation of the first state legislatures and the Constitutional Congress, describes the creation of territorial and new state legislatures, and examines the institutionalization of state legislatures in the nineteenth century and their professionalization since 1900. With his conclusion, Squire discusses the historical trajectory of American legislatures and suggests how they might further develop over the coming decades. While Squire's approach will appeal to historians, his focus on the evolution of rules, procedures, and standing committee systems, as well as member salaries, legislative sessions, staff, and facilities, will be valuable to political scientists and legislative scholars.
    Courchene Thomas J., Allan John R., Leuprecht Christian, Verrelli Nadia (eds.)
    The Federal Idea: Essays in Honour of Ronald L. Watts »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2011
    The Federal Idea is a collection of more than thirty papers by Canadian and international scholars on a wide range of issues relating to the theory and practice of federalism. The first section, Celebrating Ron Watts, assesses Ronald Watts' academic contributions to the study of federalism (including comparative federalism) as well as his important role as an advisor to federations across the globe. The second section, The Federal Idea: Concepts, explores different perspectives on federalism, both constitutional and citizen-related, and assesses the successes and failures of the federal idea. The final section, The Federal Idea: Practice, addresses a range of policies and practices in individual federations. In addition to case studies, the contributors deal with such issues as fiscal federalism, intergovernmental relations, federalism in the European Union, Scottish devolution, and the differing approaches to upper chambers.
    Laforest Guy, Lecours André (eds.)
    The Parliaments of Autonomous Nations »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2016
    At a time when nationalist movements are forcefully looking for new forms of political, institutional, and constitutional accommodation - if not seeking independence altogether - insight into their dynamics is more useful than ever. In The Parliaments of Autonomous Nations, Guy Laforest and André Lecours assemble an original perspective on minority nations in Belgium, Canada, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Analyzing how parliaments in Flanders, Quebec, Catalonia, Galicia, the Basque Country, Scotland, and Northern Ireland have worked to build, consolidate, and express their identities, manage and protect the cultural distinctiveness of their communities, as well as articulate self-determination claims, contributors provide insights into these nations’ democracies and traditions. Essays also focus on the central parliaments of multinational states, and on the methods used by these parliaments to promote their own national identities and respond to minority nations’ claims for recognition, autonomy, or even independence. An illuminating look at the internal forces of Western governments, The Parliaments of Autonomous Nations also offers a broad view of vital concerns such as nationalist struggles, federalism, and parliamentarism.
    Proksch Sven-Oliver, Slapin Jonathan B.
    The Politics of Parliamentary Debate Parties, Rebels and Representation »
    Cambridge University Press , Cambridge , 2014
    Fowler Linda L.
    Watchdogs on the Hill: The Decline of Congressional Oversight of U.S. Foreign Relations »
    Princeton University Press , Princeton , 2015
    An essential responsibility of the U.S. Congress is holding the president accountable for the conduct of foreign policy. In this in-depth look at formal oversight hearings by the Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations committees, Linda Fowler evaluates how the legislature’s most visible and important watchdogs performed from the mid-twentieth century to the present. She finds a noticeable reduction in public and secret hearings since the mid-1990s and establishes that American foreign policy frequently violated basic conditions for democratic accountability. Committee scrutiny of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, she notes, fell below levels of oversight in prior major conflicts. Fowler attributes the drop in watchdog activity to growing disinterest among senators in committee work, biases among members who join the Armed Services and Foreign Relations committees, and motives that shield presidents, particularly Republicans, from public inquiry. Her detailed case studies of the Truman Doctrine, Vietnam War, Panama Canal Treaty, humanitarian mission in Somalia, and Iraq War illustrate the importance of oversight in generating the information citizens need to judge the president’s national security policies. She argues for a reassessment of congressional war powers and proposes reforms to encourage Senate watchdogs to improve public deliberation about decisions of war and peace. Watchdogs on the Hill investigates America’s national security oversight and its critical place in the review of congressional and presidential powers in foreign policy.
    Items of Subsection 5.The executive branch
    Hammond Scott John, Roberts Robert North, Sulfaro Valerie A.
    Campaigning for President in America, 1788–2016 »
    Greenwood , 2016
    The race for the presidency encapsulates the broader changes in American democratic culture. This book provides insight into the major issues and events surrounding American presidential elections across more than two centuries, from the earliest years of the Republic through the campaigns of the 21st century. Readers will be able to see and understand how presidential campaigns have evolved over time, and how and why the current state of campaigning for president came into being.
    Wheare Kenneth C.
    Del governo federale »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 1997
    Marion Nancy E.
    Federal Government and Criminal Justice »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2011
    This book provides a description of the responses taken by the federal government to issues revolving around criminal justice. In other words, it looks at what federal actors did to address different crime problems. It includes a description of action taken by the president, Congress, courts, bureaucracies, and interest groups to solve crime. Each chapter focuses on a different problem, such as guns, and shows what the different presidents said about guns, what policies were proposed and/or passed by Congress, any cases heard by the Supreme Court on the issue, how interest groups got involved, and different bureaucracies (such as the FBI).
    Shelley Fred M. (ed.)
    Governments around the World From Democracies to Theocracies »
    ABC-CLIO , 2015
    Providing a valuable resource for secondary school and college students as well as the general public investigating the process of governance in different countries, this book provides a comprehensive comparative summary of how governments are constituted and operated worldwide. Political systems around the world can be a confusing subject. Why does England have both a monarchy and a prime minister? How does a federal republic differ from a federation and a republic? How is China a communist state without a dictator? And how is the United Nations managed? Governments around the World: From Democracies to Theocracies examines the major types of governments around the world, providing accessible descriptive country examples of each variation that allow readers to understand how governments operate and shape societies and cultures. An excellent resource for high school and college students as well as general readers, this compact one-volume reference work covers forms of government that include democracies, republics, communist states, monarchies, transitional governments, and theocracies as well as transnational organizations. Each chapter begins with an overview of that particular government type, identifying the general philosophies, practices, and ruling structures in addition to making comparisons of several key countries that follow that government type. Additionally, the content includes constitutional excerpts that clarify how human rights are conceptualized and articulated throughout the world.
    Weibust Inger
    Green Leviathan »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2009
    The US, Switzerland and Canada are wealthy democracies that should be conducive to effective decentralized or cooperative environmental policy-making. However, a closer examination of their environmental policy over many decades finds no evidence that these approaches have worked. So does it matter which level of government makes policy? Can cooperation between sub-national governments protect the environment? Building on comparative case studies on air and water pollution and making use of extensive historical material, Inger Weibust questions how governance structure affects environmental policy performance in the US, Switzerland, Canada and the European Union. The research breaks new ground by studying formal and informal environmental cooperation. It analyzes whether federal systems with more centralized policy-making produce stricter environmental policies and debates whether devolution and the establishment of subsidiaries will lead to less environmental protection. An essential insight into the complexities of policy-making and governance structures, this book is an important contribution to the growing debates surrounding comparative federalism and multi-level governance.
    Merlini Stefano, Tarli Barbieri Giovanni (eds.)
    Il governo parlamentare in Italia »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2011
    Prakash Saikrishna Bangalore
    Imperial from the Beginning. The Constitution of the Original Executive »
    Yale University Press , New Haven, CT , 2015
    Eminent scholar Saikrishna Prakash offers the first truly comprehensive study of the original American presidency. Drawing from a vast range of sources both well known and obscure, this volume reconstructs the powers and duties of the nation’s chief executive at the Constitution’s founding. Among other subjects, Prakash examines the term and structure of the office of the president, as well as the president’s power as constitutional executor of the law, authority in foreign policy, role as commander in chief, level of control during emergencies, and relationship with the Congress, the courts, and the states. This ambitious and even-handed analysis counters numerous misconceptions about the presidency and fairly demonstrates that the office was seen as monarchical from its inception.
    Bolleyer Nicole
    Intergovernmental Cooperation. Rational Choices in Federal Systems and Beyond »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2009
    Over the past decades, governments have increasingly been confronted with problems that transcend their boundaries. A multitude of policy fields are affected, including environment, trade and security. Responding to the challenges triggered by Europeanization and globalization, governments increasingly interact across different spheres of authority. Both theoretically and empirically, the puzzle of institutional choice reflected by the variety of arrangements in which intergovernmental cooperation takes place inside individual countries and across their borders remains surprisingly under-explored. In an attempt to solve this puzzle, the book tackles the following questions: Why are the intergovernmental arrangements governments set up to deal with boundary-crossing problems so different? To what extent do these institutional differences affect the effectiveness of intergovernmental cooperation? To address this gap theoretically and empirically, this book adopts a deductive, rationalist approach to institution-building. It argues that internal politics, the type of executive-legislative relations within the interacting governments, explains the nature of institutions set up to channel intergovernmental processes: while power-sharing governments engage in institution-building, power-concentrating governments avoid it. It also shows that these institutional choices matter for the output of intergovernmental cooperation. The approach is applied to the United States, Canada, Switzerland, and finally the European Union. Disaggregating individual government units, the theoretical approach reveals how intragovernmental micro-incentives drive macro-dynamics and thereby addresses the neglect of horizontal dynamics in multilevel systems. The willingness and capacity of lower-level governments to solve collective problems on their own and to oppose central encroachment are crucial to understand the power distribution in different systems and their long-term evolutions.
    Feldman Glenn (ed.)
    Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government »
    University Press of Florida , Gainesville, FL , 2014
    From the Constitutional Convention to the Civil War to the civil rights movement, the South has exerted an outsized influence on American government and history while being distinctly anti-government. It continues to do so today with Tea Party politics. Southern states have profited immensely from federal projects, tax expenditures, and public spending, yet the region's relationship with the central government and the courts can, at the best of times, be described as contentious. Nation within a Nation features cutting-edge work by lead scholars in the fields of history, political science, and human geography, who examine the causes--real and perceived--for the South's perpetual state of rebellion, which remains one of its most defining characteristics.
    McEvoy Joanne
    Power-Sharing Executives Governing in Bosnia, Macedonia, and Northern Ireland »
    University of Pennsylvania Press , Philadelphia , 2014
    To achieve peaceful interethnic relations and a stable democracy in the aftermath of violent conflict, institutional designers may task political elites representing previously warring sides with governing a nation together. In Power-Sharing Executives, Joanne McEvoy asks whether certain institutional rules can promote cooperation between political parties representing the contending groups in a deeply divided place. Examining the different experiences of postconflict power sharing in Bosnia, Macedonia, and Northern Ireland, she finds that with certain incentives and norms in place, power sharing can indeed provide political space for an atmosphere of joint governance or accommodation between groups. Power-Sharing Executives explains how the institutional design process originated and evolved in each of the three nations and investigates the impact of institutional rules on interethnic cooperation. McEvoy also looks at the role of external actors such as international organizations in persuading political elites to agree to share power and to implement power-sharing peace agreements. This comparative analysis of institutional formation and outcomes shows how coalitions of varying inclusivity or with different rules can bring about a successful if delicate consociationality in practice. Power-Sharing Executives offers prescriptions for policymakers facing the challenges of mediating peace in a postconflict society and sheds light on the wider study of peace promotion.
    Remington thomas F.
    Presidential Decrees in Russia A Comparative Perspective »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2014
    The book examines the way Russian presidents Yeltsin, Medvedev, and Putin have used their constitutional decree powers since the end of the Soviet regime. The Russian constitution gives the Russian president extremely broad decree-making power, but its exercise is constrained by both formal and informal considerations. The book compares the Russian president's powers to those of other presidents, including the executive powers of the United States president and those of Latin American presidents. The book traces the historical development of decree power in Russia from the first constitution in 1905 through the Soviet period and up to the present day, showing strong continuities over time. It concludes that Russia's president operates in a strategic environment, where he must anticipate the way other actors, such as the bureaucracy and the parliament, will respond to his use of decree power.
    Buchanan Bruce
    Presidential Power and Accountability. Toward a Presidential Accountability System »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    Many analysts now believe that the growth of presidential war power relative to Congress is irreversible. This book was written to contest that view. Its purpose is to identify what would be required to restore presidential war power to constitutional specifications while leaving the president powerful enough to do what is truly necessary in the face of any emergency. Buchanan focuses mainly on diagnosing the origins of the problem and devising practical ways to work toward restoration of the constitutional balance of power between Congress and the president. The work begins by showing the lack of clear, widely shared standards whose enforcement is needed to sustain the balance of power and draws on the thinking of the founders and political theorists to crystallize such standards. Next it details how, in the absence of standards, agents such as Congress and the Supreme Court with formal influence on presidents and informal agents such as media and public opinion have unwittingly enabled unnecessary power expansion, such as the presidential 'wars of choice'. Of course change of this magnitude cannot be expected to happen quickly. Remedies necessarily involve a reform architecture intended to unfold gradually, with the first step being simply to start a focused conversation (another purpose of this book). Buchanan moves toward specific remedies by identifying the structure and strategy for a new think tank designed to nudge the political system toward the kind of change the book recommends. Lastly, the book shows how a fictional policy trial could take a practical step toward in rebalancing the war power. This is a crucial examination of presidential power and the U.S. separation of powers system, with a focused effort on making a course correction toward the kind of power sharing envisioned in the Constitution.
    Harward Brian M.
    Presidential Power. Documents Decoded »
    ABC-CLIO , 2016
    Presidential Power: Documents Decoded provides a thorough examination of the historical and political context of key, critical moments in constitutional history and presidential power that makes possible opportunities for students to explore American politics in an interesting, memorable, and dynamic way. Each of the case studies reveals important dimensions of the constitutional order in the United States—and enables readers to better grasp how executive power has shifted and expanded. The book takes specific events, people, institutions, or ideas and places them in a broader context so that readers can observe patterns and make connections among seemingly disparate happenings and concepts relating to executive power. Accompanied by explanatory sidebars, the included primary sources let students examine actual documentary evidence of key elements of executive power—for example, the presidential memorandum, the National Security cable, and the prisoner's petition—and reach their own judgment of the implications of that document for the American political system.
    Resh William G.
    Rethinking the Administrative Presidency. Trust, Intellectual Capital, and Appointee-Careerist Relations in the George W. Bush Administration »
    John Hopkins University Press , 2015
    Why do presidents face so many seemingly avoidable bureaucratic conflicts? And why do these clashes usually intensify toward the end of presidential administrations, when a commander-in-chief’s administrative goals tend to be more explicit and better aligned with their appointed leadership’s prerogatives? In Rethinking the Administrative Presidency, William G. Resh considers these complicated questions from an empirical perspective. Relying on data drawn from surveys and interviews, Resh rigorously analyzes the argument that presidents typically start from a premise of distrust when they attempt to control federal agencies. Focusing specifically on the George W. Bush administration, Resh explains how a lack of trust can lead to harmful agency failure. He explores the extent to which the Bush administration was able to increase the reliability—and reduce the cost—of information to achieve its policy goals through administrative means during its second term. Arguing that President Bush's use of the administrative presidency hindered trust between appointees and career executives to deter knowledge sharing throughout respective agencies, Resh also demonstrates that functional relationships between careerists and appointees help to advance robust policy. He employs a "joists vs. jigsaws" metaphor to stress his main point: that mutual support based on optimistic trust is a more effective managerial strategy than fragmentation founded on unsubstantiated distrust.
    DiGiacomo Gordon, Flumian Maryantonett (eds.)
    The Case for Centralized Federalism »
    University of Ottawa Press , Ottawa , 2010
    Ellis Richard J.
    The Development of the American Presidency »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2012
    Our understanding of the politics of the presidency is greatly enhanced by viewing it through a developmental lens, analyzing how historical turns have shaped the modern institution. The Development of the American Presidency pays great attention to that historical weight but is organized topically and conceptually with the constitutional origins and political development of the presidency its central focus. Through comprehensive and in-depth coverage, this text looks at how the presidency has evolved in relation to the public, to Congress, to the Executive branch, and to the law, showing at every step how different aspects of the presidency have followed distinct trajectories of change. All the while, Ellis illustrates the institutional relationships and tensions through stories about particular individuals and specific political conflicts. Ellis's own classroom pedagogy of promoting active learning and critical thinking is well reflected in these pages. Each chapter begins with a narrative account of some illustrative puzzle that brings to life a central concept. A wealth of photos, figures, and tables allow for the visual presentations of concepts. A companion website not only acts as a further resources base—directing students to primary documents, newspapers, and data sources—but also presents interactive timelines, practice quizzes, and key terms to help students master the book's lessons.
    Pasley Jeffrey L.
    The First Presidential Contest 1796 and the Founding of American Democracy »
    University of Kansas Press , Lawrence, KS , 2016
    This is the first study in half a century to focus on the election of 1796. At first glance, the first presidential contest looks unfamiliar—parties were frowned upon, there was no national vote, and the candidates did not even participate (the political mores of the day forbade it). Yet for all that, Jeffrey L. Pasley contends, the election of 1796 was absolutely seminal, setting the stage for all of American politics to follow. Challenging much of the conventional understanding of this election, Pasley argues that Federalist and Democratic-Republican were deeply meaningful categories for politicians and citizens of the 1790s, even if the names could be inconsistent and the institutional presence lacking. He treats the 1796 election as a rough draft of the democratic presidential campaigns that came later rather than as the personal squabble depicted by other historians. It set the geographic pattern of New England competing with the South at the two extremes of American politics, and it established the basic ideological dynamic of a liberal, rights-spreading American left arrayed against a conservative, society-protecting right, each with its own competing model of leadership. Rather than the inner thoughts and personal lives of the Founders, covered in so many other volumes, Pasley focuses on images of Adams and Jefferson created by supporters—and detractors—through the press, capturing the way that ordinary citizens in 1796 would have actually experienced candidates they never heard speak. Newspaper editors, minor officials, now forgotten congressman, and individual elector candidates all take a leading role in the story to show how politics of the day actually worked. Pasley's cogent study rescues the election of 1796 from the shadow of 1800 and invites us to rethink how we view that campaign and the origins of American politics.
    Gerhardt Michael J.
    The Forgotten Presidents: Their Untold Constitutional Legacy »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2013
    In The Constitutional Legacy of Forgotten Presidents, eminent constitutional scholar Michael Gerhardt covers the presidencies of thirteen "forgotten" presidents and shows why their presidencies were far more consequential than most believe. Through engaging chapters on Martin Van Buren, Chester Arthur, William Howard Taft, and Jimmy Carter (among others), Gerhardt explains how forgotten presidencies have ushered in some most important constitutional changes in American history. From the early nineteenth century onward, the lesser presidents played an important role in shaping major developments such as the growth of federal power at the expense of the states and the expansion of executive authority vis-à-vis Congress. Gerhardt claims that the problem with forgotten presidents, such as Millard Fillmore and Franklin Pierce, was not that they were weak, ineffective, or indecisive but rather that they had remarkably strong constitutional convictions that provoked stronger, often overwhelming political opposition. These presidents are forgotten because they sacrificed their political fortunes for the sake of defending constitutional commitments that often placed them on the losing side of history. By revealing these often-untold presidential legacies, Gerhardt debunks some of the most widely-believed myths about the American presidency. Most importantly, perhaps, is his assertion that Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Jackson, two of the most famous American presidents of the nineteenth century, were not the only strong presidents in their era. Gerhardt's analysis also points to another startling conclusion about the American presidency: that the presidency's gradual pull is institutional and not the product of individual great men's wills. A powerfully insightful study, The Constitutional Legacy of Forgotten Presidents will reshape our understanding of American political and legal history.
    Schmitt Gary, Bessette Joseph M., Busch Andrew E. (eds.)
    The Imperial Presidency and the Constitution »
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers , 2017
    Time and again, in recent years, the charge has been made that sitting presidents have behaved “imperially,” employing authorities that break the bounds of law and the Constitution. It is now an epithet used to describe presidencies of both parties. The Imperial Presidency and the Constitution examines this critical issue from a variety of perspectives: analyzing the president’s role in the administrative state, as commander-in-chief, as occupant of the modern “Bully Pulpit,” and, in separate essays, addressing recent presidents’ relationship with Congress and the Supreme Court. The volume also deepens the discussion by taking a look back at Abraham Lincoln’s expansive use of executive power during the Civil War where the tension between law and necessity were at their most extreme, calling into question the “rule of law” itself. The volume concludes with an examination of how the Constitution’s provision of both “powers and duties” for the president can provide a roadmap for assessing the propriety of executive behavior.
    Watson Robert P. Covarrubias Jack, Lansford Tom, Brattebo Douglas M. (eds.)
    The Obama Presidency. A Preliminary Assessment »
    State University of New York Press - SUNY Press , Albany , 2012
    Barack Obama’s presidency is a pivotal one in American history, coming at a time of dramatic political change in the United States and amidst an astonishing array of domestic and foreign policy challenges. Not surprisingly, then, the Obama administration has been the focus of intense scrutiny by scholars, the press, and the public, and rarely has the tone of political discourse been more polarized and emotionally charged. In this book a distinguished group of scholars offers an objective and timely examination of the Obama administration; Obama’s character, leadership style, and rhetoric; and his domestic, foreign, and national security policies. Engaging, lively, and highly readable, each essay offers important insight into this historic president and presidency.
    Zavodnyik Peter
    The Rise of the Federal Colossus: The Growth of Federal Power from Lincoln to F.D.R »
    Praeger Publishing , 2011
    This challenging book explores the debates over the scope of the enumerated powers of Congress and the Fourteenth Amendment that accompanied the expansion of federal authority during the period between the beginning of the Civil War and the inauguration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Federal officials contemplated providing jobs to the unemployed as early as the 1870s, while the origins of federal regulation of interstate railroads go back to the Civil War. How and when did the federal government expand the scope of the powers granted to it by the Constitution and evolve into an entity that plays such an enormous role in the lives of ordinary Americans? "The Rise of the Federal Colossus: The Growth of Federal Power from Lincoln to F.D.R." offers readers a front-row seat for the critical phases of a debate that is at the very center of American history, exploring such controversial issues as what powers are bestowed on the federal government, what its role should be, and how the Constitution should be interpreted. The book argues that the critical period in the growth of federal power was not the New Deal and the three decades that followed, but the preceding 72 years when important precedents establishing the national government's authority to aid citizens in distress, regulate labor, and take steps to foster economic growth were established. The author explores newspaper and magazine articles, as well as congressional debates and court opinions, to determine how Americans perceived the growing authority of their national government and examine arguments over whether novel federal activities had any constitutional basis. Responses of government to the enormous changes that took place during this period are also surveyed.
    Items of Subsection 6.The judiciary branch
    Feyen Stef
    Beyond Federal Dogmatics. The Influence of EU Law on Belgian Constitutional Case Law Regarding Federalism »
    Leuven University Press , Leuven , 2013
    Rethinking the relationship between EU law and Belgian national law The relationship between EU law and national constitutional law, including constitutional law in federalism matters, has been subject to an ongoing scholarly debate. This monograph contributes to this debate in two ways. The author argues for an approach to constitutional law that goes beyond the classic - coined dogmatic - understanding of constitutional case law regarding federalism as expounded in Belgian academia. Building on that basis, he sets out to rethink the framework within which the connection between EU law and national constitutional law can be understood. The analysis delves into the relationship (and sometimes tension) between ‘rule-of-law' values (which may serve as checks upon instrumental forms of reasoning) and the toolbox deployed in constitutional court case law to accommodate several rather pragmatic needs.
    Rogowski Ralf, Gawron Thomas (eds.)
    Constitutional Courts in Comparison. The US Supreme Court and the German Federal Constitutional Court »
    Berghahn , New York/Oxford , 2016
    Constitutional litigation in general attracts two distinct types of conflict: disputes of a highly politicized or culturally controversial nature and requests from citizens claiming a violation of a fundamental constitutional right. The side-by-side comparison between the U.S. Supreme Court and the German Federal Constitutional Court provides a novel socio-legal approach in studying constitutional litigation, focusing on conditions of mobilisation, decision-making and implementation. This updated and revised second edition includes a number of new contributions on the political status of the courts in their democratic political cultures.
    Timberlake Richard H.
    Constitutional Money. A Review of the Supreme Court's Monetary Decisions »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2013
    This book reviews nine Supreme Court cases and decisions that dealt with monetary laws and gives a summary history of monetary events and policies as they were affected by the Court's decisions. Several cases and decisions had notable consequences on the monetary history of the United States, some of which were blatant misjudgments stimulated by political pressures. The cases included in this book begin with McCulloch v. Maryland in 1819 and end with the Gold Clause Cases in 1934–35. Constitutional Money examines three institutions that were prominent in these decisions: the Supreme Court, the gold standard, and the Federal Reserve System. The final chapter describes the adjustments necessary to return to a gold standard and briefly examines the constitutional alternatives.
    Amato Giuliano
    Corte costituzionale e Corti europee. Fra diversità nazionali e visione comune »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2016
    Baier Gerald
    Courts and Federalism »
    University of British Columbia Press - UBC Press , Vancouver , 2006
    Courts and Federalism examines recent developments in the judicial review of federalism in the United States, Australia, and Canada. Through detailed surveys of these three countries, Gerald Baier clearly demonstrates that understanding judicial doctrine is key to understanding judicial power in a federation. Baier offers overwhelming evidence of doctrine’s formative role in division-of-power disputes and its positive contribution to the operation of a federal system. Courts and Federalism urges political scientists to take courts and judicial reasoning more seriously in their accounts of federal government. Courts and Federalism will appeal to readers interested in the comparative study of law and government as well as the interaction of law and federalism in contemporary society.
    Woodford Howard Jr. J.
    Courts of Appeals in the Federal Judicial System: A Study of the Second, Fifth, and District of Columbia Circuits »
    Princeton University Press , 2014
    Courts of Appeals were designed to be a unifying force in American law and politics, but they also contribute to decentralization and regionalization of federal law. Woodford Howard studies three aspects of this problem: first, what binds the highly decentralized federal courts into a judicial system; second, what controls the discretion of judges in making law and policy; and third, how can quality judicial decisions be maintained under heavy-volume pressure. Originally published in 1981.
    Randazzo Kirk A.
    Defenders of Liberty or Champions of Security? Federal Courts, the Hierarchy of Justice, and U.S. Foreign Policy »
    State University of New York Press - SUNY Press , Albany , 2011
    Examines the critical role assumed by the U.S. judiciary in balancing concerns about national security with the protection of liberty after the terrorist attacks of 9/11. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent responses by the U.S. federal government have raised fundamental questions about civil liberties in both domestic and international laws. As a result, the U.S. judiciary, out of its responsibility for interpreting the Constitution, has assumed a crucial role in defining boundaries of domestic and foreign policy, and in balancing concerns about security with the protection of liberty. Utilizing a sophisticated blend of quantitative and qualitative analysis, Kirk A. Randazzo examines two main questions: To what extent do federal judges defend liberty or champion security when adjudicating disputes? And to what extent does the hierarchal structure of the federal judiciary influence decisions by lower court judges? There are, he argues, disturbing indications that the federal judiciary as a whole are not defenders of liberty. Furthermore, lower court judges strategically anticipate the decisions of higher courts and constrain their behavior to avoid reversal.
    Collings Justin
    Democracy's Guardians: A History of the German Federal Constitutional Court, 1951-2001 »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2015
    The German Federal Constitutional Court stands virtually unchallenged as the most trusted-by some accounts the most influential-institution of the German state. How has this happened? Why do so few oppose its strength? This book, which surveys the Court’s history during its first half century (1951-2001), resists any single-cause explanation. Instead, it explores the interaction of many factors over several decades. The Court took root in a pre-democratic political culture. In its earliest years, the Court helped establish liberal values and robust fundamental rights protection in the neophyte Federal Republic. The early Court also helped democratize West German political culture by reinforcing rights of speech and information, affirming the legitimacy of parliamentary opposition, and checking executive power. In time, as democratic values took hold in the country at large, the Court’s early role in nurturing liberalism and democracy led many West Germans to view the Court, not as a constraint on democracy, but as a bulwark of democracy’s preconditions. In later decades, the Court played a stabilizing role-mediating political conflicts and integrating societal forces. Citizens disenchanted with partisan politics looked to the Court as a guardian of enduring values and a source of moral legitimacy. The Court’s path was tortuous and uneven. It was beset by periodic crises; its prestige and even survival were often precarious. Over time, however, West Germans came to credit the Court with helping to redeem Germany from its authoritarian past and return it to the community of liberal democracies.
    Cassese Sabino
    Dentro la Corte. Diario di un giudice costituzionale »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2015
    Kuzelewska Elzbieta, Kloza Dariusz, Krasnicka Izabela, Strzyczkowski Franciszek (eds.)
    European Judicial Systems as a Challenge for Democracy »
    Intersentia , Cambridge/Mortsel , 2015
    The role of the European judiciary in the process of European integration cannot be overestimated. European integration after the second world war is usually analyzed from the perspective of political decisions. However, in the public debate we very often forget how much we owe to the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.
    Hume Robert J.
    How Courts Impact Federal Administrative Behavior »
    Routledge , New York , 2009
    What impact do federal courts have on the administrative agencies of the federal government? How do agencies react to the decisions of federal courts? This book answers these questions by examining the responses of federal agencies to the U.S. Courts of Appeals, revealing what happens inside agencies after courts rule against them. Robert J. Hume draws upon dozens of interviews with current and former administrators, taking readers behind the scenes of these organizations to reveal their internal procedures, their attitudes about courts, and their surprising capacity to be influenced by a judge’s choice of words. This fascinating study will be of interest to students and scholars of politics as well as those seeking great understanding of the intricacies of the US political system.
    Gori-Montanelli Riccardo
    Il federalismo e la Corte Suprema degli Stati Uniti »
    European Press Academic Publishing , Firenze , 2006
    Table of contents
    Kastenberg Joshua E., Merriam Eric
    In a Time of Total War. The Federal Judiciary and the National Defense - 1940-1954 »
    Routledge , 2016
    This book is a judicial, military and political history of the period 1941 to 1954. As such, it is also a United States legal history of both World War II and the early Cold War. Civil liberties, mass conscription, expanded military jurisdiction, property rights, labor relations, and war crimes arising from the conflict were all issues to come before the federal judiciary during this period and well beyond since the Supreme Court and the lower courts heard appeals from the government’s wartime decisions well into the 1970s. A detailed study of the judiciary during World War II evidences that while the majority of the justices and judges determined appeals partly on the basis of enabling a large, disciplined, and reliable military to either deter or fight a third world war, there was a recognition of the existence of a tension between civil rights and liberties on the one side and military necessity on the other. While the majority of the judiciary tilted toward national security and deference to the military establishment, the judiciary’s recognition of this tension created a foundation for persons to challenge governmental narrowing of civil and individual rights after 1954. Kastenberg and Merriam present a clearer picture as to why the Court and the lower courts determined the issues before them in terms of external influences from both national and world-wide events. This book is also a study of civil-military relations in wartime so whilst legal scholars will find this study captivating, so will military and political historians, as well as political scientists and national security policy makers.
    Miller Mark C
    Judicial Politics in the United States »
    Westview Press , Boulder, CO , 2014
    Judicial Politics in the United States examines the role of courts as policymaking institutions and their interactions with the other branches of government and other political actors in the U.S. political system. Not only does this book cover the nuts and bolts of the functions, structures and processes of our courts and legal system, it goes beyond other judicial process books by exploring how the courts interact with executives, legislatures, and state and federal bureaucracies. It also includes a chapter devoted to the courts’ interactions with interest groups, the media, and general public opinion and a chapter that looks at how American courts and judges interact with other judiciaries around the world. Judicial Politics in the United States balances coverage of judicial processes with discussions of the courts’ interactions with our larger political universe, making it an essential text for students of judicial politics.
    Tsen Lee Evan
    Judicial Restraint in America. How the Ageless Wisdom of the Federal Courts was Invented »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2010
    Many legal scholars believe that judges should not be "activists." But exactly what does it mean for judges to practice "restraint," and how did that set of practices evolve in America? In Judicial Restraint in America: How the Ageless Wisdom of the Federal Courts was Invented, Evan Tsen Lee traces the cultural, social, and intellectual forces that shaped the contours of judicial restraint from the time of John Marshall, through the "vested property rights" courts of the early 20th Century, through the Warren Court, and up to the present. The Supreme Court and the many lower federal courts have long used mystifying technical doctrines known as "standing" and "abstention" out of a professed fidelity to judicial restraint. Yet this book aims to demonstrate that the concept of judicial restraint cannot be meaningfully viewed outside of the varying contexts of American history. The notion of judicial restraint only makes sense in light of the waxing and waning American commitments to property rights and Protestant idealism, to scientific pragmatism, to racial equality, and even to environmental protection and the need to stem climate change. This book focuses on the personalities and lives of powerhouse Supreme Court justices - John Marshall, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Louis Brandeis, Felix Frankfurter, William Brennan, and now Antonin Scalia. Largely written in narrative form, it will appeal to those interested in how politics, society, and the power of ideas have shaped American public law.
    Frank Walter M.
    Making Sense of the Constitution: A Primer on the Supreme Court and Its Struggle to Apply Our Fundamental Law »
    Southern Illinois University Press , Carbondale, IL , 2012
    In Making Sense of the Constitution: A Primer on the Supreme Court and Its Struggle to Apply Our Fundamental Law, Walter Frank tackles in a comprehensive but lively manner subjects rarely treated in one volume. Aiming at both the general reader and students of political science, law, or history, Frank begins with a brief discussion of the nature of constitutional law and why the Court divides so closely on many issues. He then proceeds to an analysis of the Constitution and subsequent amendments, placing them in their historical context. Next, Frank shifts to the Supreme Court and its decisions, examining, among other things, doctrinal developments, the Court’s decision making processes, how justices interact with each other, and the debate over how the Constitution should be interpreted. The work concludes with a close analysis of Court decisions in six major areas of continuing controversy, including abortion, affirmative action, and campaign finance.
    Pasquero Alberto
    Mutuo riconoscimento delle decisioni penali: prove di federalismo. Modello europeo e statunitense a confronto »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2007
    The volume aims above all to describe the evolution of cooperation in criminal matters in the European Union, simultaneously highlighting its fundamental juridical aspects. The description of the juridical framework of the so-called “third pillar”, which is the context in which cooperation in criminal matters is taking place today, allows the reader to subsequently proceed into the analysis of the principle of mutual recognition of criminal law decisions, and in particular the framework-decision on the European arrest warrant. After an analysis of the simplified extradition system (“rendition”) implemented by the USA, the impacts of the principle of mutual recognition on the institution of extradition are examined, via an in-depth comparison of European and US models. Finally, an attempt to find development perspectives for judicial cooperation in criminal matters within the European Union is presented, highlighting the weaknesses of the present system and suggesting ideas for its possible reform.
    Baker Dennis
    Not Quite Supreme. The Courts and Coordinate Constitutional Interpretation »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2010
    Fracanzani Marcello M., Palermo Francesco (eds.)
    Potere esecutivo e giurisdizionale nell'Europa »
    Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane , Naples , 2011
    Urofsky Melvin
    Supreme Decisions, Volume 1. Great Constitutional Cases and Their Impact, Volume One: To 1896 »
    Westview Press , Boulder , 2012
    Supreme Decisions: Great Constitutional Cases and Their Impact, Volumes 1 and 2, covers twenty-four Supreme Court cases (twelve per volume) that have shaped American constitutional law. Interpretive chapters shed light on the nuances of each case, the individuals involved, and the social, political, and cultural context at that particular moment in history. Discussing cases from nearly every decade in a two-hundred-year span, Melvin I. Urofsky expounds on the political climate of the United States from the country’s infancy through the new millennium. Featuring Marbury v. Madison, Dred Scott v. Sandford, Miranda v. Arizona, Brown v. Board of Education, and many more, this text covers foundational rulings and more recent decisions. Written with students in mind, Melvin I. Urofsky’s voice offers compelling and fascinating accounts of American legal milestones.
    Urofsky Melvin
    Supreme Decisions, Volume 2. Great Constitutional Cases and Their Impact, Volume Two: Since 1896 »
    Westview Press , Boulder , 2012
    Supreme Decisions: Great Constitutional Cases and Their Impact, Volumes 1 and 2, covers twenty-four Supreme Court cases (twelve per volume) that have shaped American constitutional law. Interpretive chapters shed light on the nuances of each case, the individuals involved, and the social, political, and cultural context at that particular moment in history. Discussing cases from nearly every decade in a two-hundred-year span, Melvin I. Urofsky expounds on the political climate of the United States from the country’s infancy through the new millennium. Featuring Marbury v. Madison, Dred Scott v. Sandford, Miranda v. Arizona, Brown v. Board of Education, and many more, this text covers foundational rulings and more recent decisions. Written with students in mind, Melvin I. Urofsky’s voice offers compelling and fascinating accounts of American legal milestones.
    Dixon Rosalind, Williams George (eds.)
    The High Court, the Constitution and Australian Politics »
    Cambridge University Press , New York , 2015
    The High Court, the Constitution and Australian Politics is an in-depth exploration of the relationship between decisions of the High Court and broader political currents in Australia. It begins with an investigation of the patterns and effects of constitutional invalidation and dissent on the High Court over time, and their correlation with political trends and attitudes. It also examines the role of constitutional amendment in expressing popular constitutional understandings in the Australian system. Subsequent chapters focus on the eras marked by the tenure of the Court's 12 Chief Justices, examining Court's decisions in the context of the prevailing political conditions and understandings of each. Together, the chapters canvass a rich variety of accounts of the relationship between constitutional law and politics in Australia, and of how this relationship is affected by factors such as the process of appointment for High Court judges and the Court's explicit willingness to consider political and community values.
    Pasquino Pasquale, Billi Francesca (a cura di)
    The Political Origins of Constitutional Courts. Italy, Germany, France, Poland, »
    Fondazione Adriano Olivetti , Roma/Ivrea , 2009

    Free Full Text
    Getman Julius G.
    The Supreme Court on Unions. Why Labor Law Is Failing American Workers »
    Cornell University Press , Ithaca NY , 2016
    Labor unions and courts have rarely been allies. From their earliest efforts to organize, unions have been confronted with hostile judges and antiunion doctrines. In this book, Julius G. Getman argues that while the role of the Supreme Court has become more central in shaping labor law, its opinions betray a profound ignorance of labor relations along with a persisting bias against unions. In The Supreme Court on Unions, Getman critically examines the decisions of the nation's highest court in those areas that are crucial to unions and the workers they represent: organizing, bargaining, strikes, and dispute resolution. As he discusses Supreme Court decisions dealing with unions and labor in a variety of different areas, Getman offers an interesting historical perspective to illuminate the ways in which the Court has been an influence in the failures of the labor movement. During more than sixty years that have seen the Supreme Court take a dominant role, both unions and the institution of collective bargaining have been substantially weakened. While it is difficult to measure the extent of the Court’s responsibility for the current weak state of organized labor and many other factors have, of course, contributed, it seems clear to Getman that the Supreme Court has played an important role in transforming the law and defeating policies that support the labor movement.
    Glidden William B.
    The Supreme Court versus Congress Disrupting the Balance of Power, 1789–2014 »
    Praeger Publishing , 2015
    A comprehensive and focused review of all of the Supreme Court's overturns of Congress on constitutional grounds from 1789 to the present suited to college-level political science and constitutional law courses as well as law school students. The always-controversial practice of judicial review of Congress is not prescribed in the Constitution, but is arguably a valid way to protect the rights of individuals or guard against unfair rule by the majority. This book offers a historical review and indictment of the Supreme Court's overruling of Congress, ultimately taking a position that this has been more detrimental than beneficial to the democratic process in the United States, and that in the aggregate rights of individuals and minorities would have been better served if the relevant laws of Congress had been enforced rather than struck down by the Court. Written by an author who is a historian and a lawyer, the book covers all Supreme Court overrides of Congress through 2014, including major historical turning points in Supreme Court legislation and such recent and relevant topics as the Affordable Care Act, limits on contributions to political candidates and campaigns from wealthy individuals, and the Defense of Marriage Act. The discussions of specific cases are made in relevant context and focus on "big picture" themes and concepts without skipping key details, making this a useful volume for law and university level students while also being accessible to general readers.
    Lamparello Adam, Swann Cynthia
    The United States Supreme Court's Assault on the Constitution, Democracy, and the Rule of Law »
    Taylor & Francis , 2016
    This book argues that the judiciary, particularly the Supreme Court, should embrace an interpretive framework that promotes equal participation in the democratic process, fosters accountability, and facilitates robust public discourse among citizens of all backgrounds. The authors propose a solution that strives to restore integrity to the Court’s decision-making process by eschewing ideology and a focus on the utility of outcomes in favor of an intellectually honest jurisprudence that gives all citizens a meaningful voice in governance. The work is divided into seven parts. Parts I–V identify the worst decisions in the Court history and the common themes that helped produce them. The chapters within each part are dedicated to a single Supreme Court decision, in which the authors analyze the Court’s reasoning and explain why it undermined federalism, separation of powers, and democratic governance. Additionally, the authors explain why these decisions compromised the relationship between the Court and coordinate branches, the federal government and the states, and citizens and their elected representatives. Part VI identifies several of the best Supreme Court decisions, and explains why they provide a principled framework that can be applied in other cases and result in a pro-democracy jurisprudence. Finally, in Part VII the authors propose a comprehensive solution that should inform the Justices’ judicial philosophies, regardless of ideology, and strive to promote an equal and participatory democracy. The final chapter offers concluding thoughts and argues that a healthy democracy is the foundation upon which equality rests, and that a collective view of rights is the path by which to restore liberty for all citizens.
    Perry Barbara A.
    «The Supremes» »
    Peter Lang , New York, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, Oxford, Wien, , 2009
    This second edition of «The Supremes» introduces readers to the Supreme Court's newest members, Chief Justice John Roberts and Justice Samuel Alito, with vivid biographical sketches and riveting accounts of how they successfully navigated the politics inherent in judicial appointments. Compelling portraits of all nine justices are completely updated, with clear explanations of their votes and opinions in landmark cases involving free speech, religion, capital punishment, gun control, affirmative action, privacy, abortion, and terrorism. Never has the Supreme Court's story been so lively or so relevant!
    Items of Subsection 7.Economic and fiscal federalism
    Courchene Thomas J., Allan John R. (eds.)
    Canada: The State of the Federation 2009. Carbon Pricing and Environmental Federalism »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2010
    The IIGR recently launched Carbon Pricing and Environmental Federalism in April 2010. Climate change that is attributable to global warming has emerged as one of the most significant public-policy issues for governments in the twenty-first century. Respecting neither intranational nor international boundaries, the emissions giving rise to the problem are especially difficult to combat in a multi-level state such as Canada, where environmental responsibility is shared by the federal and provincial governments. Initially prepared for an Institute of Intergovernmental Relations conference jointly sponsored by the Queen's Institute for Energy and Environmental Policy and by Sustainable Prosperity, the papers presented here are by an outstanding group of those actively involved in conducting research and developing policy in this contested area. The issues are analyzed from legal, economic and political perspectives, with particular attention paid to their intergovernmental and international aspects.
    Severini Tiago
    Competitividade no Federalismo Fiscal Brasileiro e Reforma Fiscal »
    Novas Edições Acadêmicas , 2015
    Braun Dietmar, Ruiz-Palmero Christian, Schnabel Johanna
    Consolidation Policies in Federal States. Conflicts and Solutions »
    Routledge , 2017
    The Global Financial Crisis has led to a renewed attention for the management of public debt and deficits of advanced and developing industrial states. To successfully deal with such problems of public finances raises particular concerns in federal states where fiscal competencies are split between two levels of government. This book offers comparative in-depth knowledge of political struggles related to fiscal consolidation policies in eleven federal states since the 1990s, including the Global Financial Crisis and its aftermath. It identifies conditions that lead to "robust" solutions that can both commit federal actors to prudent fiscal policy-making and avoid conflicts between federal actors that cause federal instability.
    Galeone Pierciro, Meneguzzo Marco (a cura di)
    Crisi e investimenti locali in Europa »
    Marsilio , Venezia , 2014
    Dafflon Bernard, Madiès Thierry
    Decentramento. Alcuni principi tratti dalla teoria del federalismo finanziario »
    Rubbettino , Soveria Mannelli , 2012
    Rangarajan C., Srivastava D. K.
    Federal and Fiscal Transfer in India »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2011
    These essays comprehensively cover key aspects of fiscal federalism in India both in theoretical and empirical terms. An analysis of experiences and challenges of fiscal federalism as it evolved over the last sixty years since the First Finance Commission-reveals the emerging patterns in transfer of resources from the centre to the states. Management of Central and state finances relating to sustainability of debt and fiscal deficit is also an important aspect of the present discussion. Attention is drawn to the re-emergence of high levels of fiscal imbalance and the implementation of fiscal decentralization in India, particularly in the light of the recommendations by the Thirteenth Finance Commission. Comparison with two developed federal systems in the world, the Canadian and the Australian systems, is an important feature of this study.
    Diaz-Cayeros Alberto
    Federalism, Fiscal Authority, and Centralization in Latin America »
    Cambridge University Press , 2016
    This book explores the politics of fiscal authority, focusing on the centralization of taxation in Latin America during the twentieth century. The book studies this issue in great detail for the case of Mexico. The political (and fiscal) fragmentation associated with civil war at the beginning of the century was eventually transformed into a highly centralized regime. The analysis shows that fiscal centralization can best be studied as the consequence of a bargain struck between self-interested regional and national politicians. Fiscal centralization was more extreme in Mexico than in most other places in the world, but the challenges and problems tackled by Mexican politicians were not unique. The book thus analyzes fiscal centralization and the origins of intergovernmental financial transfers in the other Latin American federal regimes, Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela. The analysis sheds light on the factors that explain the consolidation of tax authority in developing countries.
    Miceli Rossella
    Federalismo fiscale e principi europei. Spazi di autonomia, livelli di responsabilità e modelli di federalismo »
    Giuffré , Milano , 2014
    Nuti Sabina, Vainieri Milena (eds.)
    Federalismo fiscale e riqualificazione del servizio sanitario nazionale. Un binomio possibile »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2011
    Palermo Francesco, Nicolini Matteo (eds.)
    Federalismo fiscale in Europa. Esperienze straniere e spunti per il caso italiano »
    Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane , Napoli , 2012
    Majocchi Alberto, Velo Dario (eds.)
    Federalismo fiscale: una nuova sfida per l'Europa »
    CEDAM , Padova , 1999
    Raiola Luca Vittorio
    Federalismo, sussidiarietà e questione meridionale »
    Aracne , Aracne , 2015
    Fasten Erik R.
    Financial Markets and Public Finance: Sovereign Risks, Credit Markets and Fiscal Federalism »
    Nomos Verlag , Baden Baden , 2012
    The considerable sovereign indebtedness of developed economies and the accumulated risks in the financial sector trigger increasing financial and economic instability worldwide. The book examines the core interactions between financial markets and public finance: How do markets value fiscal sustainability and contingent liabilities of governments? Which institutions might contain public indebtedness? Which institutions contribute to the sound functioning of financial markets and how do they work? Which channels of transmission of fiscal policy on economic activity are relevant? How to contain sovereign debt crises?
    Inman Robert P., McGuire Martin, Oates Wallace E., Pressman Jeffrey L., Reischauer Robert D.
    Financing the New Federalism. Revenue Sharing, Conditional Grants and Taxation »
    Routledge , Abingdon/New York , 1975
    Financing the New Federalism is the fifth in a series on the governance of metropolitan areas which aimed to improve the political organisation of metropolitan regions in America. Originally published in 1975, this particular study focusses on federal revenue sharing exploring its effects and implications with the purpose of providing a breadth of views on the subject for policy-makers. This title will be of interest to students of environmental studies.
    Bordignon Massimo, Ambrosanio Maria Flavia, Galmarini Umberto, Rizzo Leonzio (eds.)
    Finanza pubblica, decentramento e riforme costituzionali. Scritti in onore di Piero Giarda »
    Vita e Pensiero , Milano , 2015
    Boadway Robin, Shah Anwar
    Fiscal Federalism »
    Cambridge University Press , Cambridge , 2009
    This comprehensive account of the principles and practices of fiscal federalism is based on the currently accepted theoretical framework and best practices. The traditional topics of assignment of responsibilities, intergovernmental fiscal arrangements, fiscal competition, and grants are covered in a unified framework with reference to actual practices followed in federations around the world. Special issues such as local government and the implications of natural resource issues are considered along with emerging issues such as governance, corruption, and the effect of globalization and the information revolution on the nation-state. The treatment is nontechnical and suitable for a wide variety of audiences, including scholars, instructors, students, policy advisers, and practitioners.
    Lütgenau Stefan August (eds.)
    Fiscal Federalism and Fiscal Decentralization in Europe Comparative Case Studies on Spain, Austria, the United Kingdom and Italy »
    StudienVerlag , Innsbruck, Wien, Bozen , 2014
    The fiscal aspects of organizing a state are central for shaping state–citizen as well as center–region relationships. The quality of fiscal regimes and its acceptance among the different actors in federal and decentralized states can be crucial for ensuring the continuance of states. Debating Fiscal Federalism in Europe can no longer be limited to federal states. The phenomenon of strong federal elements in non-federal states especially materializes in the realm of fiscal affairs. Today Europe is witnessing in this very aspect one of the most important challenges to the model of the nation state. Leading European scholars examine the state of fiscal decentralization in selected European states and point out key challenges in the fiscal arrangement of center–region relations in Europe.
    Bosch Núria, Durán José M. (eds.)
    Fiscal Federalism and Political Decentralization »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham , 2008
    This highly original book analyzes political decentralization and fiscal federalism in Canada and Germany, both traditional federal countries, and in Spain, a unitarian country engaged in the last two decades in a process of decentralization. The three key issues required for a well designed financing system are analyzed in depth herein, namely: tax assignment, equalization grants (i.e. redistribution of money from the wealthy regions or the national government to poorer regions) and the role of regional government in the administration of taxes. Fiscal Federalism and Political Decentralization will be of particular interest to academics and researchers of economics, public economics, public finance and public choice. It will also appeal to politicians and policy makers as well as organizations and agencies related to the economy and fiscal federalism.
    Agarwal Pratibha
    Fiscal Federalism in India: Impact of Union Transfers on State Finances »
    New Century Publications , New Delhi , 2012
    Fiscal federalism deals with financial arrangements and their working in a federal polity. In India, federalism is not only a unifying but also a levelling up force because considerable economic inequalities exist among different States of India. This work provides broad contours including historical evolution of fiscal relations between the Central and State Governments in India. It explains operational aspects of fiscal federalism in India. More importantly, it empirically examines the effects of federal transfers on tax efforts of 14 major Indian States, viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. The analysis has been done in the context of the use of tax effort as a criterion for inter-se distribution of States share of Central revenues by various Finance Commissions. The book provides an in-depth understanding of the two vital concepts of tax effort and tax capacity and the alternative quantitative techniques that can be employed to estimate them.
    Vaneecloo Clément, Badriotti Augusta, Fornasini Margherita
    Fiscal Federalism in the European Union and Its Countries: A Confrontation between Theories and Facts »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2006
    The book tackles a key issue for the European Union: Fiscal Federalism. It evaluates the applicability of this theoretical perspective for the EU. Conversely, it pinpoints ways in which the diversity of existing fiscal settings and organisations, both at national and European levels, can throw light on the theory. The study analyses two of the most important European policies: Cohesion Policy and the Stability and Growth Pact. It compares the episode of German Unification to the 2004 European Enlargement. It pioneers a cross-country analysis of the various national fiscal settings. Finally, it highlights the close links between the dynamics of decision-making related to the main budgetary choices and the integration process. The questions raised are crucial in the current context of economic and institutional uncertainty: How should we apprehend the Cohesion Policy, the main expression of European solidarity? How can the coordination of national fiscal policies be improved? How are European countries and their regions organised in fiscal and budgetary terms? What lessons can the EU draw from its own fiscal past and from that of its Member States? Over and above the originality of the answers provided by the authors, the book suggests that it would be difficult to take the integration process further without first clarifying what Europe can, should or wants to do.
    Table of contents
    Bird Richard M., Ebel Robert D. (eds.)
    Fiscal Fragmentation in Decentralized Countries »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham , 2007
    Most countries, developed and developing, are fiscally decentralized with regional and local governments of varying importance. In many of these countries, some of these sub-national governments differ substantially from others in terms of wealth, ethnic, religious, or linguistic composition. This book considers how fiscal arrangements may strengthen or weaken national solidarity and the effectiveness with which public services are provided. In particular, the nation’s ability to cope with changes created by decentralization is explored. Through a series of case studies, the countries of Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Russia, Spain and Switzerland are examined with an eye to how their public finances are structured and how these arrangements act to promote equilibrium or turmoil in the nation state. This is the first detailed consideration of the link between asymmetry and intergovernmental finance, as well as the first detailed study of how asymmetrical fiscal arrangements work in practice in a variety of different countries. Policy analysts concerned with intergovernmental finance and/or political legitimacy issues will find this synthesis of interest, as will readers concerned with the public policy of the many fiscally fragmented countries profiled here.
    Martinez-Vazquez Jorge, Sanz-Sanz José Félix (eds.)
    Fiscal Reform in Spain »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham , 2007
    This book provides an insightful and in-depth analysis of the fiscal reform process experienced in Spain over the last 30 years. The authors initially focus on the political economy of tax reform in Spain, and the fact that political and economic bodies were able to form alliances at key junctures during the process in order to push reforms forward. A comprehensive analysis of the main instruments of the Spanish tax system, including the introduction of VAT upon Spain’s accession to the European Common Market, is presented. The rapid fiscal decentralisation process that led Spain from being one of the most centralised countries in the world to being one of the least centralised is also discussed, as is the modernisation of the Spanish tax administration system. Written by a select group of scholars with deep knowledge of the Spanish fiscal system, this book will be of great interest to students, tax policymakers and researchers all over the world and especially in Latin America.
    Busetta Pietro (a cura di)
    Fiscalità di vantaggio: motivazioni e opportunità »
    Liguori , Napoli , 2014
    Bernabei Guglielmo, Montanari Giacomo
    Fiscalità locale. Ricerca di un difficile equilibrio »
    Aracne , Roma , 2016
    Fiorentino Luigi (ed.)
    Gli acquisti delle amministrazioni pubbliche nella Repubblica federale »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2011
    Tommasetti Aurelio, Ranucci Stefano
    Gli effetti del federalismo municipale sul bilancio dell'ente locale »
    FrancoAngeli , Milano , 2012
    Brosio Giorgio, Maggi Maurizio, Piperno Stefano
    Governare fuori dal centro »
    Fondazione Adriano Olivetti , Rome , 2001
    Full text
    Brosio Giorgio, Piperno Stefano
    Governo e finanza locale. Un'introduzione alla teoria e alle istituzioni del federalismo fiscale »
    Giappichelli , Turin , 2009
    Nicholson-Crotty Sean
    Governors, Grants, and Elections. Fiscal Federalism in the American States »
    John Hopkins University Press , 2015
    Each year, states receive hundreds of billions of dollars in grants-in-aid from the federal government. Gubernatorial success is often contingent upon the pursuit and allocation of these grants. In Governors, Grants, and Elections, Sean Nicholson-Crotty reveals the truth about how U.S. governors strategically utilize these funds. Far from spending federal money in apolitical ways, they usually pursue their own policy interests in the hopes of maximizing their or their party’s electoral success. Nicholson-Crotty analyzes three decades of data on the receipt and expenditure of grants in all fifty states. He also draws compelling evidence from governors’ public speeches and interviews with state officials. Ultimately, he demonstrates that incumbent governors’ use of grants to deliver policies desired by core constituents—along with their opportunistic funding of public and private goods that appeal to noncore median voters—enables them to increase approval, legislative success, and, ultimately, vote share for themselves or their parties. The inaugural book in the Johns Hopkins Studies in American Public Policy and Management series, Governors, Grants, and Elections is a significant and accessible work of public policy scholarship that sits at the nexus of multiple fields within political science.
    Ahmad Ehtisham, Brosio Giorgio (eds.)
    Handbook of fiscal federalism »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham; Northampton (MA) , 2006
    Panebianco Mario
    Il Parlamento fra pareggio di bilancio e federalismo fiscale »
    Aracne , Roma , 2014
    Caporossi Paola, Gitti Gregorio (eds.)
    Il federalismo che già c'è. Come vengono spesi i soldi dei cittadini nei Comuni italiani »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2011
    Bellati Gian Angelo, Crosta Roberto
    Il federalismo contro la crisi. Perché la riforma federale ci salverà »
    Marsilio , Venezia , 2013
    Murer Renato
    Il federalismo fiscale »
    CEDAM , Padova , 2011
    Consigli Tommaso
    Il federalismo fiscale e la finanza degli enti pubblici locali »
    Edimond , Città di Castello (Perugia) , 2011
    Gambino Silvio (a cura di)
    Il federalismo fiscale in Europa »
    Giuffré , Milano , 2014
    Jorio Ettore
    Il federalismo fiscale tra spinte dell'ordinamento interno e diritto dell'UE »
    Giuffré , Milano , 2012

    Table of contents
    Stradiotto Marco
    L' ultimo miglio del federalismo. Come aumentare l'efficienza della pubblica amministrazione e ridurre il prelievo fiscale »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2014
    Antonini Luca (a cura di)
    L'imposizione ambientale nel quadro del nuovo federalismo fiscale »
    Jovene , Napoli , 2010
    Ferrari Giuseppe Franco (a cura di)
    Lo stato della finanza locale in Italia e in Europa »
    Marsilio , Venezia , 2014
    Pola Gianfranco (ed.)
    Principles and Practices of Fiscal Autonomy. Experiences, Debates and Prospects »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2015
    This century has seen the continuation of long-term trends in the movement of the territorial boundaries of nation states alongside the emergence of new tensions. The repercussions of the Scottish referendum and the heightened urgency of the Catalonia question along with the continued economic problems faced by the Eurozone have given new energy and context to debates on institutional and fiscal autonomy. Assessing the impact of increasing calls for wider fiscal autonomy in the UK, Spain, Switzerland, Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Italy and the USA this volume updates and adds significant new context to the debate. Framing the discussion on fiscal autonomy and drawing out ethical considerations it portrays the problems connected with the devolution of responsibilities and financial resources to sections of the population, sometimes content to be part of a lower layer of government, sometimes aspiring to an asymmetrical position or total independence.
    Wallace Sally (ed.)
    State and Local Fiscal Policy: Thinking Outside the Box? »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham; Northampton (MA) , 2010
    The last few decades have presented a new set of challenges and opportunities for public finances. Demographic trends have put substantial pressure on non-discretionary public expenditures such as health care, while legal challenges have put pressure on education financing. The author illustrates how these national trends have also impacted state and local finances - some directly, others indirectly. The economic downturn further constrains state and local governments' options for dealing with national trends. Constituents' sentiment toward the size of government further exacerbates fiscal choices for state and local governments. In this broad and illuminating volume, experts on public finance discuss innovations in state and local tax policy implemented or considered over the course of the last three decades. The authors provide original work that analyzes whether state and local governments have 'gone outside the box' to deal with the strains of current public finances or have gotten along by adhering to the status quo. Well-known scholars in the area of state and local public finance consider actual practices and analyze potential policy changes for the future. Public policy and public finance scholars and students as well as policy makers will find much of interest in this impressive and original collection.
    Burns Nicholas, Price Jonathon (eds.)
    The Future of American Defense »
    Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies , 2014
    In this volume, national security experts, academics, and business leaders discuss how to balance the aims and objectives of U.S. defense strategy with current fiscal realities.The book also offers strategies to coordinate defense spending between the executive branch and Congress.
    Oates Wallace E.
    The economics of fiscal federalism and local finance »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham; Northampton (MA) , 1998
    Items of Subsection 8.The Central Bank(s)
    Han Miao
    Central Bank Regulation and the Financial Crisis. A Comparative Analysis »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2016
    The respective legal frameworks that control central banks are shaped by whether they are market oriented or government controlled. However such stark distinction between these two categories has been challenged in view of the varying styles of crisis management demonstrated by different central banks during the crisis. This book uses comparative analysis to investigate how the global financial crisis challenged the role played by central banks in maintaining financial stability. Focusing on four central banks including the US Federal Reserve System, the Bank of England, the Bank of Japan and the People's Bank of China, it illustrates the similarities between the banks prior to the crisis, and their similar policy responses in the wake of the crisis. It demonstrates how each operated with varying levels of independence while performing very differently and facing different tasks. The book identifies some central explanatory variables for this behavior, addressing the mismatch of similar risk management solutions and varying outcomes. Central Bank Regulation and The Financial Crisis: A Comparative Analysis explores the legal challenges within central bank regulation presented by the global financial crisis. It emphasizes the importance of, and the limitations involved in, legal order and argue that in spite of integration and globalization, significant differences exist in central banks' approaches to risk management and financial stability.
    Apel Emmanuel
    Central Banking Systems Compared: The ECB, the Pre-Euro Bundesbank and the Federal Reserve System »
    Routledge , London-New York , 2007
    This new study provides a comprehensive survey of the recently established European financial system in comparison to previous European systems and the US Federal Reserve. This well-written contribution to financial economics should be of interest to academics as well as professionals concerned with financial systems around the world.
    Rövekamp Frank, Bälz Moritz, Hilpert Hanns Günther (eds.)
    Central Banking and Financial Stability in East Asia »
    Springer , 2015
    This book explores financial stability issues in the context of East Asia. In the East Asian region financial stability has been a major concern ever since the Asian crisis of 1997/98, which still looms large in the collective memory of the affected countries. The global crisis, which had its starting point in 2007, only served to exacerbate this concern. Safeguarding financial stability is therefore a major goal of any country in the region. Diverging cultural, political and economic backgrounds may however pose different stability challenges and necessary cooperation may be complicated by this diversity. Against this backdrop the contributions of this book by leading academics from the fields of economics and law as well as by practitioners from central banks shed light on various financial stability issues. The volume explores the legal environment of central banks as lenders of last resort and analyzes challenges to financial stability such as shadow banking and the choice of exchange rate regimes. Case studies from China, Japan and Indonesia are contrasted with experiences from Europe.
    Goodhart Charles, Gabor Daniela, Vestergaard Jakob, Ertürk Ismail (eds.)
    Central Banking at a Crossroads. Europe and Beyond »
    Anthem Press , London , 2014
    This book reflects on the innovations that central banks have introduced since the 2008 collapse of Lehman Brothers to improve their modes of intervention, regulation and resolution of financial markets and financial institutions. Authors from both academia and policy circles explore these innovations through four approaches: ‘Bank Capital Regulation’ examines the Basel III agreement; ‘Bank Resolution’ focuses on effective regimes for regulating and resolving ailing banks; ‘Central Banking with Collateral-Based Finance’ develops thought on the challenges that market-based finance pose for the conduct of central banking; and ‘Where Next for Central Banking’ examines the trajectory of central banking and its new, central role in sustaining capitalism.
    Wood John H.
    Central Banking in a Democracy. The Federal Reserve and its Alternatives »
    Routledge , 2015
    The Federal Reserve System, which has been Congress’s agent for the control of money since 1913, has a mixed reputation. Its errors have been huge. It was the principal cause of the Great Depression of the 1930s and the inflation of the 1970s, and participated in the massive bailouts of financial institutions at taxpayers' expense during the recent Great Recession. This book is a study of the causes of the Fed’s errors, with lessons for an improved monetary authority, beginning with an examination of the history of central banks, in which it is found that their performance depended on their incentives, as is to be expected of economic agents. An implication of these findings is that the Fed’s failings must be traced to its institutional independence, particularly of the public welfare. Consequently, its policies have been dictated by special interests: financial institutions who desire public support without meaningful regulation, as well as presidents and those portions of Congress desiring growing government financed by inflation. Monetary stability (which used to be thought the primary purpose of central banks) requires responsibility, meaning punishment for failure, instead of a remote and irresponsible (to the public) agency such as the Fed. It requires either private money motivated by profit or Congress disciplined by the electoral system as before 1913. Change involving the least disturbance to the system suggests the latter.
    Carlberg Michael
    Dynamic Policy Interactions in a Monetary Union »
    Springer , 2011
    This book studies the dynamics of monetary and fiscal interactions in the Euro Area. The policy makers are the European Central Bank and national governments. The primary target of the ECB is low inflation. And the primary target of a national government is low unemployment. However, there is a short-run trade-off between low inflation and low unemployment. Here the main focus is on sequential policy decisions. Another focus is on simultaneous and independent policy decisions. And a third focus is on policy cooperation. There are demand shocks, supply shocks, and mixed shocks. There are country-specific shocks and common shocks. The key question is: Given a shock, what are the dynamic characteristics of the resulting process?
    Fagan Gabriel, Morgan Julian (eds.)
    Econometric Models of the Euro-Area Central Banks »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham , 2005
    This book provides a description of the main macroeconomic models used by the European Central Bank and the euro area national central banks (Eurosystem). These models are used to help prepare economic projections and scenario analysis for individual countries and the euro area as a whole. The volume takes stock of the current macroeconometric modelling infrastructure available within the Eurosystem, highlighting not only the structures and main features of the models used but also their purposes and underlying model-building philosophies. A ‘bird’s eye view’ of the key details of the design, structure and characteristics of the models is provided, along with information on the responses of these models to a series of standard economic and policy shocks. This is the first time that a comprehensive description and systematic comparison of the main macroeconomic models has been published. This book will be of great interest to Central Bank and government economists, as well as academics, economists and students with an interest in central banking, econometric modelling, forecasting and macroeconomic policy.
    Eight European Central Banks (RLE Banking & Finance). Organization and Activities »
    Routledge , London , 2012
    Uniquely written from inside the banking world this book gives a comprehensive account of the organization and activities of the major central European banks during the 1980s. Each of the individually authored chapters has been written to a common pattern in order to facilitate reference and comparison. Each also contains an annex with a specimen return of the bank in question and brief explanatory notes on the various items.
    Schnidman Evan A., MacMillan William D.
    How the Fed Moves Markets. Central Bank Analysis for the Modern Era »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2015
    Central banks have a profound impact on financial markets, but investors struggle to keep informed about their complex policy decisions. This book explains how evolving Fed transparency has led to a new generation of "Fed Watching" techniques that can provide investors insight into central banks all over the world.
    Axilrod Stephen H.
    Inside the Fed »
    MIT Press , Cambridge, MA , 2009
    Axilrod's discussion focuses on how the personalities of the various chairmen affected their capacity for leadership. He describes, for example, Arthur Burns's response to political pressure from the Nixon White House and Paul Volcker's radical shift to an anti-inflationary policy at the end of the 1970s—a transition in which Axilrod himself played a crucial role. As for the Greenspan years, Axilrod points to the unintended effects of the Fed's newfound "garrulousness" (the plethora of announcements and hints about policy intentions)—one of which was the Fed's loss of credibility in the aftermath of the chairman's 1996 comment about "irrational exuberance." And Axilrod incisively outlines the problems—including the subprime mess—inherited from Greenspan by the current chairman, Ben Bernanke. Great leadership in monetary policy, Axilrod says, is determined not by pure economic sophistication but by the ability to push through political and social barriers to achieve a paradigm shift in policy—and by the courage and bureaucratic moxie to pull it off.
    Ahmed Habib, Asutay Mehmet, Wilson Rodney (eds.)
    Islamic Banking and Financial Crisis Reputation, Stability and Risks »
    Edinburgh University Press , Edinburgh , 2013
    Do Islamic financial institutions perform better than their Western counterparts during periods of financial stress? How do Islamic financial institutions manage risk, given their unique characteristics and the need for Shari’ah compliance? Islamic Banking and Financial Crisis looks at the challenges for Islamic financial institutions in an international post-Basel II system where banks are required to have more capital and liquidity. It also examines the influence of governance on client and investor perceptions and their implications for institutional stability and sustainability. It concludes by suggesting how the Islamic financial industry can better fulfil both the legal and social requirements of Shari’ah.
    Zilioli Chiara, Selmayr Martin
    La Banca centrale europea »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2007
    presentazione di Tommaso Padoa Schioppa
    Feiertag Olivier, Margairaz Michel (eds.)
    Les banques centrales à l'échelle du monde. L'internationalisation des banques centrales des débuts du xxe siècle à nos jours »
    Presses de Sciences Po , Paris , 2012
    Whether we like it or not, the central banks -at the heart of the global economic and financial crisis since 2007 - oversee the stability of the world financial system, assuming in particular the role of international lenders of last resort. Under what conditions can central banks fulfil this new function? On what basis is the legitimacy of their global governance founded? The answer is first and foremost historical, for the unstoppable evolution of these institutions in the space of a century cannot be dissociated from mutations in the money market, the globalisation of production systems and the continuous erosion of the sovereignty of Nation States and national societies. This book recalls the history of the internationalisation of central banks from the fundamental ruptures of WW1 to today's Euro crisis. The analyses of historians and specialists converge to acknowledge the political nature of the dynamism of that internationalisation – not the least optimistic lesson of this most contemporary narrative.
    Ciocca Pierluigi
    Stabilising Capitalism A Greater Role for Central Banks »
    Palgrave Macmillan , 2015
    The role of central banks as a hinge on which the financial system rests has returned to the top of the political agenda in recent years. The global financial crisis has resulted in many changes for central banks, including renewed power in financial supervision and reduced restrictions in their implementation of monetary policies. This book argues that central banks play a key role in financial systems, presenting the European Central Bank as a specific example of an institution that uses its uniquely independent position and wide margins of discretion to provide an array of important functions. It illustrates how central banks promote the security and efficiency of payment systems, pursue price stability, and accommodate the optimal utilization of the resources, labour and capital available to an economy. Stabilising Capitalism demonstrates how these institutions also aid in dealing with the risk of financial collapse and permit the continuity of public expenditure when the government is unable to place securities in the bond market. The author concludes by suggesting that although many consider the idea of this role for central banks to be outdated, these institutions form the root of the capitalist market economy and act as a bastion against financial instability.
    Giannini Curzio
    The Age Of Central Banks »
    Edward Elgar , Northampton, MA , 2011
    Rochon Louis-Philippe, Rossi Sergio (eds.)
    The Encyclopedia of Central Banking »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham/Northampton, MA , 2015
    Edited by Louis-Philippe Rochon, Sergio Rossi The Encyclopedia of Central Banking, co-edited by Louis-Philippe Rochon and Sergio Rossi, contains some 250 entries written by over 200 economists on topics related to monetary macroeconomics, central bank theory and policy, and the history of monetary thought. It offers an essential description and concise analysis of key issues within the field of central banking. Many entries also provide a clear heterodox criticism. This Encyclopedia is an essential reference resource for students of all levels as well as academics and researchers.
    Moore Carl H.
    The Federal Reserve System. A History of the First 75 Years »
    McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers , Jefferson (North Carolina) , 2011
    For more than 100 years since its inception, the United States struggled through a variety of financial problems, crises, and would-be solutions to the problems of currency, credit and financial stability. On December 23, 1913, Woodrow Wilson signed into law the Federal Reserve Act, creating an institution patterned after the central banks of Europe yet still uniquely American. This is a complete revelation of the workings of the system--the early history, organization, leadership, evolution and development, and major figures. Appendices include the original Federal Act (not readily available elsewhere) and numerous reference tables covering 1914-1989.
    Thomas Lloyd B.
    The Financial Crisis and Federal Reserve Policy »
    Palgrave Macmillan , New York , 2011
    Written for the motivated non-specialist, this work provides the most clear and thorough coverage available of the causes and consequences of the Great Financial Crisis and the role of the Federal Reserve in preventing it from escalating into a massive depression a la the 1930s. The Great Recession that followed the popping of the dual credit and housing bubbles deprived more than 8 million Americans of their jobs and triggered a per capita loss of income of more $6,000 in 2008 and 2009 alone. This work provides a clear and comprehensive explanation of the myriad forces that combined to create the bubbles that were the source of the economic contraction. It retraces the chain reaction that took place as these bubbles deflated. The channels through which the crisis spilled over to produce the Great Recession are carefully laid out. The book is unique in thoroughly contrasting the Federal Reserve's brilliant implementation of policies that saved us from disaster in the recent crisis with its inept behavior that strongly contributed to the Great Depression of the 1930s.
    De Haan Jakob (ed.)
    The History of the Bundesbank Lessons for the European Central Bank »
    Routledge , 2000
    After fifty years the Deutsche Bundesbank - the central bank that dominated European monetary affairs - has stepped down to entrust monetary policy to the European Central Bank (ECB). This is the first research work to thoroughly explore the lessons to be learned from the Bundesbank by the ECB, in areas such as price stability and political interference.
    Wyplosz Charles (ed.)
    The New International Monetary System »
    Routledge , London, New York , 2010
    The New International Monetary System brings together twelve original contributions by leading scholars and practitioners to a conference convened in May 2008 on the occasion of the retirement of Alexander Swoboda. The contributions are arranged in three main parts. Part I deals with the international financial architecture, Part II examines the ever-controversial role of exchange rate regimes and Part III takes stock of the conduct of monetary policy and the challenges posed by the inflation-targeting strategy. The chapters provide considered assessments of virtually all the hotly debated issues that concern monetary policies seen from an international perspective. Edited by and with an introduction from Charles Wyplosz, the collection includes contributions from some of the key international figures in the field of monetary policy, central banking and exchange rate regimes to discuss contemporary international monetary issues. Contributors include Michael Bordo, Barry Eichengreen, Ronald McKinnon and Charles Goodhart. The volume also contains tributes from Paul Volcker and Jean-Pierre Roth
    Dickens Edwin
    The Political Economy of U.S. Monetary Policy. How the Federal Reserve Gained Control and Uses It »
    Routledge , 2016
    In this book, Dickens explains how flexible exchange rates became necessary to accommodate the Federal Reserve’s relentless efforts to prevent progressive social change. It is argued that the Federal Reserve is an institutionalized alliance of the large New York banks and the large regional banks. When these two groups of banks are united, they constitute an unassailable force in the class conflict. However, when the large regional banks are at loggerheads with the large New York banks over the proper role of bank clearinghouses during the populist period, along with the proper role of the Eurodollar market during the social democratic period, there is an opening for progressive social reforms. This book builds upon Hyman Minsky’s financial instability hypothesis as well as the Marxian model constructed by Thomas Piketty. It follows Piketty’s historical method of deepening our understanding of the current Neoliberal Era (1980-2014) of global financial capitalism by comparing and contrasting it with the first era of global financial capitalism—the Gilded Age (1880-1914). In contrast with Piketty, however, this book incorporates monetary factors, including monetary policy, into the set of determinants of the long-run rate of economic growth. This book is suitable for those who study political economy, banking as well as macroeconomics.
    Hancké Bob
    Unions, Central Banks, and EMU. Labour Market Institutions and Monetary Integration in Europe »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2013
    This book examines the crisis of EMU through the lenses of comparative political economy. It retraces the development of wage-setting systems in the core and peripheral EMU member states, and how these contributed to the increasing divergence between creditor and debtor states in the late 2000s. Starting with the construction of the Deutschmark bloc, through the Maastricht process of the 1990s, and into the first decade of EMU, this book analyzes how labour unions and wage determination systems adjusted in response to monetary integration and, in turn, influenced the shape that monetary union would eventually take. Before the introduction of the Euro, labour unions were disciplined by central banks and governments, after social conflict in the north of the continent and with the use of social pacts in the others. Since controlling inflation had become the main goal of macro-economic policy, national central banks acted as a backstop to keep militant unions and profligate governments under control. Public sector wages thus were subordinated to manufacturing wages, a set-up policed by export sector unions, aided by the central bank. With the introduction of the single currency, the European Central Bank replaced the national central banks and, as a result, their capacity to control labour unions disappeared. The strong links between wages in the public sector unions and wages in the manufacturing export sector weakened dramatically in many countries, wage inflation re-emerged, and the stage was set for the current account divergences at the basis of the crisis of EMU.
    Items of Subsection 9.Local government(s)
    Smith Gordon W., Lackenbauer P. Whitney (eds.)
    A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North: Terrestrial Sovereignty, 1870-1939 »
    University of Calgary Press , Calgary , 2014
    Gordon W. Smith, PhD, dedicated much of his life to researching Canada's sovereignty in the Arctic. A historian by training, his 1952 dissertation from Columbia University on "The Historical and Legal Background of Canada's Arctic Claims" remains a foundational work on the topic, as does his 1966 chapter "Sovereignty in the North: The Canadian Aspect of an International Problem," in R. St. J. Macdonald's The Arctic Frontier. This work is the first in a project to edit and publish Smith's unpublished opus a manuscript on "A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North and Related Law of the Sea Problems." Written over three decades (yet incomplete at the time of his death in 2000), this work may well be the most comprehensive study on the nature and importance of the Canadian North in existence. Volume 1: Terrestrial Sovereignty provides the most comprehensive documentation yet available on the post-Confederation history of Canadian sovereignty in the north. As Arctic sovereignty and security issues return to the forefront of public debate, this invaluable resource provides the foundation upon which we may expand our understanding of Canada's claims from the original transfers of the northern territories in 1870 and 1880 through to the late twentieth century. The book provides a wealth of detail, ranging from administrative formation and delineation of the northern territories through to other activities including government expeditions to northern waters, foreign whaling, the Alaska boundary dispute, northern exploration between 1870 and 1918, the background of Canada's sector claim, the question concerning Danish sovereignty over Greenland and its relation to Canadian interests, the Ellesmere Island affair, the activities of American explorers in the Canadian North, and the Eastern Arctic Patrol. The final chapter examines the Eastern Greenland case and its implications for Canada.
    Denters Bas, Rose Lawrence E. (eds.)
    Comparing Local Governance: Trends and Developments »
    Palgrave Macmillan , Basingstoke , 2005
    This book provides a broad-ranging assessment of continuities and change in the condition of local governance in the western industrialized world; leading experts from a wide range of countries demonstrate the whole spectrum of types and models of local government systems and networks. A central focus is on the impact of public management reforms, new forms of community governance and changes in central-local relations.
    Dantas Dias Rodrigo
    Competência em matéria ambiental no federalismo brasileiro. Apontamentos sobre a competência municipal no meio ambiente »
    Novas Edições Acadêmicas , 2014
    Burgess Michael, Tarr G. Alan (eds.)
    Constitutional Dynamics in Federal Systems: Sub-National Perspectives »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2012
    Providing a comprehensive view of the constitutional architecture of federations, contributors address change and development in federal states from the standpoint of constitutional revision and reform. Oftentimes change comes from the constituent units that together form a federation. With this in mind, political scientists and legal scholars from across Europe and North America address three important questions. First, what is the scope of national space - the range of discretion and autonomy in constitutional design and development - that is available to the sub-national units in federal system? Second, to what extent have the sub-national units occupied the constitutional space available to them? Third, what have been the effects of constitutional initiatives by sub-national units within their constitutional space on national constitutional development (vertical federalism), on constitutional development in other sub-national units (horizontal federalism), and on political development within their own borders? A comparative, interdisciplinary approach to constitutionalism in federal systems, this volume will be of particular interest to scholars studying federalism, comparative politics, public law, and political development.
    Lecis Luca
    Dalla ricostruzione al piano di rinascita. Politica e società in Sardegna nell'avvio della stagione autonomistica (1949-1959) »
    FrancoAngeli , Milano , 2016
    Mullen Rani D.
    Decentralization, Local Governance, and Social Wellbeing in India. Do Local Governments Matter? »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2011
    Over the past three decades, decentralization has been seen as the means for allowing local governments to become more accountable, and for encouraging the deepening of democracy and the building of village communities. By drawing on original village-level case studies of six villages in three different Indian states, this book presents a systematic analysis of the impact of decentralization on the delivery of social services at the local level within India. Supplementing national and state-level data and analyzing the different historical legacies in each state, the book argues that decentralization is not simply a function of the structure of the decentralization program or of the relationship between higher-tiered and local government. Rather, the possibility of decentralization affecting social outcomes depends on several interacting factors, including the distribution of power among local elites, the dynamics of political competition, and the level of civil society mobilization. By examining constitutionally-mandated political decentralization across India, this book identifies the circumstances under which local government structures can lead to improved social services and societal wellbeing, as well as presenting a substantial contribution to studies on South Asian Politics and Local Government.
    Bernardini Giovanni, Pallaver Gunther (a cura di)
    Dialogo vince violenza. La questione del Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol nel contesto internazionale »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2015
    Sergio Luigino, Sergio Sara
    Diritto degli Enti locali Revisione della spesa pubblica e riforma delle autonomie locali territoriali. Province - Città metropolitane - Comuni – Convenzioni - Unioni di Comuni - Fusioni di Comuni. Secondo volume. Parte speciale »
    Manni Editori , San Cesario di Lecce , 2014
    Sergio Luigino, Sergio Sara
    Diritto degli Enti locali. Revisione della spesa pubblica e riforma delle autonomie locali territoriali. Province - Città metropolitane - Comuni – Convenzioni - Unioni di Comuni - Fusioni di Comuni. Primo volume. Parte generale »
    Manni Editori , Sam Cesario di Lecce , 2014
    Corntassel Jeff , Witmer II Richard C.
    Forced federalism: contemporary challenges to indigenous nationhood »
    University of Oklahoma Press , Norman , 2008
    Over the past twenty years, American Indian policy has shifted from self-determination to “forced federalism,” as indigenous nations in the United States have encountered new threats from state and local governments over such issues as taxation, gaming, and homeland security. During the forced federalism era (1988–present), public perceptions of indigenous peoples as “rich Indians” have been just as damaging to Native nations as anti-sovereignty legislation. This book examines how state governments have manipulated “rich Indian” images when setting policies targeting indigenous peoples and discusses how indigenous nations have responded politically to these contemporary threats to their nationhood. Drawing on original survey data collected from Native governments from 1994 to 2000 and on interviews with Chief Chad Smith of the Cherokee Nation as well as other indigenous leaders, Jeff Corntassel and Richard C. Witmer II examine the power dynamics of the indigenous- state compacting system, and show how electoral activism among indigenous peoples has increased their political power while also giving rise to “rich Indian racism” among non-Indians—especially in the wake of the Indian Gaming and Regulatory Act. The authors warn that current widespread Native participation in non-Native politics is undermining both the political and the cultural foundations of indigenous nationhood, especially as the American culture of money gains influence in Native politics. They also offer specific strategies for regenerating indigenous communities in order to meet future challenges to their nationhood.
    Full contents
    Zimmerman Joseph F.
    Horizontal Federalism. Interstate Relations »
    State University of New York Press - SUNY Press , Albany , 2011
    Provides detailed information and an analysis of interstate relations, and advances recommendations to improve the economic and political union. Cooperative interstate relations are essential for the maintenance of the economic union and the political union established by a confederacy or a federacy. This suggests that interstate relations would be featured prominently in the literature of the U.S. federal system, yet relatively few scholars have studied horizontal state relations. This volume provides detailed information and an analysis of interstate relations, and advances recommendations to improve the economic and political union. The ultimate goal is to stimulate scholarly research on important yet neglected interstate issues.
    Lasagni Chiara
    Il concetto di realtà locale nel mondo greco. Uno studio introduttivo nel confronto tra poleis e stati federali »
    Aracne , Roma , 2011
    Vandelli Luciano, Bassanini Franco (eds.)
    Il federalismo alla prova: regole, politiche, diritti nelle regioni »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2012
    Taverni Barbara
    L'Italia divisa. Gli Enti locali tra proporzionale e maggioritario (1946-1956) »
    Rubbettino , Soveria Mannelli , 2012
    Spalla Flavio, Dossena Antonio
    La Provincia in Italia. Il percorso di un'identità »
    Aracne , Roma , 2009
    Pacente Carmine
    La città metropolitana nell'Unione europea. Programmazione comunitaria, esperienze europee a confronto e nuove prospettive »
    Egea , Milano , 2013


    Trabucco Gianluca
    La modernizzazione del Veneto. Federalismo, regolazione dello sviluppo e infrastrutture nella riflessione e nella proposta politica di Walter Vanni »
    Marsilio , Venezia , 2015
    Bocchini Francesco
    La trasversalità delle competenze legislative regionali nella Costituzione »
    Aracne , Roma , 2015
    Mobilio Giuseppe
    Le città metropolitane. Dimensione costituzionale e attuazione statutaria »
    Giappichelli , Torino , 2017
    Kincaid John, Steytler Nico (eds.)
    Local Government and Metropolitan Regions in Federal Countries »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2009
    While local government is found in all federal countries, its place and role in the governance of these countries varies considerably. In some countries, local government is considered an essential part of the federal nature of the state and recognized in the constitution as such, whereas in others it is simply a creature of the sub-national states/provinces. When referring to local government it is more correct to refer to local governments (plural), as these institutions come in all shapes and sizes, performing widely divergent functions. They range from metropolitan municipalities of mega-cities to counties, small town councils, and villages. Their focus is either multi-purpose in the case of municipalities or single purpose in the case of special districts and school districts. What unites these institutions of state is that there is no level of government below them. That is also their strength and the source of their democratic claim - they are the government closest to the people. Political science experts from across the globe examine local governments by drawing on case studies of Australia, Austria, Brazil, Canada, Germany, India, Mexico, Nigeria, Switzerland, Spain, South Africa, and United States. Contributors include Raoul Blindenbacher (Forum of Federations), Martin Burgi (Ruhr-University Bochum), Luis Cesar (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), Jaap de Visser (University of Western Cape), Habu Galadima (University of Jos), Sol Garson (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro) Boris Graizbord (National College of Mexico), Rakesh Hooja (HCM Rajasthan State Institute of Public Administration, India), Andreas Kiefer (European Affairs Office of the Land Salzburg), Andreas Ladner (Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration), George Mathew (Institute of Social Sciences, India), Thomas Minger (Conference of Cantonal Governments, Switzerland), Mike Pagano (University of Illinois at Chicago), Chandra Pasma (Forum of Federations), Graham Sansom (University of Technology Sydney), Franz Schausberger (Salzburg University), Nico Steytler (University of Western Cape), Francisco Velasco Caballero (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid), and Robert Young (University of Western Ontario).
    Agranoff Robert
    Local Governments and Their Intergovernmental Networks in Federalizing Spain »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Montreal , 2010
    Spain has been changing its institutional framework in important ways over the past thirty years. The country has gone from a dictatorship to a democracy, from a unitary state to a decentralized one, from authoritarian politics to a self-conscious, civil society with a developed welfare state within a European context. Federal development in post-Franco Spain reaches far beyond familiar Basque/Catalan nationalistic struggles and includes the creation of an increasing number of intergovernmental networks by local governments, particularly municipalities, as they engage regional, central, and other local entities to operate programs and services in basic and emergent policy areas. By examining the intergovernmental networks in an increasingly federalized Spain, Robert Agranoff shows that local governments, although they occupy a strong position in legal and constitutional terms, are in practice subordinate to both central and regional governments and therefore lack adequate power and resources to deal with both the responsibilities assigned to them and those they'd like to assume. As a result, local governments are forced into a series of intergovernmental arrangements and transactions with governmental and nongovernmental organizations. The Spanish situation provides important insights into intergovernmental relations in all decentralized countries, particularly in revealing how autonomy can create a host of complex intergovernmental linkages, partnerships, and transactions that require complex networks at the elected official and administrative level.
    Antonini Luca
    L’attuazione regionale del «terzo decentramento»: analisi comparata dell’esperienza lombarda »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2001
    Padovani Emanuele, Young David W.
    Managing Local Governments. Designing Management Control Systems that Deliver Value »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2011
    Local Government is an area where management skills are tested to the extreme. With political considerations evident both locally and nationally, managing resources can be complex and subject to change. This book introduces new concepts and new ways of doing business that can greatly enhance the value of the services a local government provides to its citizens, without putting a greater financial burden on taxpayers. Padovani and Young present out-of-the-box thinking based on solid research and experience to discuss topics such as: •Incorporating outcome indicators into strategic planning and budgeting •Building a LG’s budget with ‘cost drivers’ •Expanding the concept of ‘enterprise funds’ •Assessing and better managing the risk associated with outsourcing •Using the concept of ‘shadow pricing’ to compare public with private sector costs for services This book is a must-read for students of public administration and management, senior and middle managers in local governments around the world, and citizens who are concerned with more effective management of their local government’s programs and services.
    Duran Manuel
    Mediterranean Paradiplomacies. The Dynamics of Diplomatic Reterritorialization »
    Brill , Leiden , 2015
    In Mediterranean Paradiplomacies: The Dynamics of Diplomatic Reterritorialization, Manuel Duran presents a new view on the phenomenon of paradiplomacy by analyzing the diplomatic activities of a number of Mediterranean substate entities as a site of political territorialization. The international agency of these substate entities is giving way to new patterns of territorialization, as well as alternative forms of diplomacy. Duran examines the diplomatic activities of two Spanish, two French and two Italian regions. The book poses the question of why and how these regions operate diplomatically in a given territorial milieu and convincingly elucidates the particular patterns of reterritorialization that result from these diplomatic activities.
    Medda-Windischer Roberta, Carlà Andrea (eds.)
    Migration and Autonomous Territories. The Case of South Tyrol and Catalonia »
    Brill , Leiden , 2015
    Migration is an increasingly important reality for sub-national autonomous territories characterized by large historical communities or minorities. The diverse claims of these groups, on the one hand, and of new communities arising from migration, on the other, bring complexity to the management of migration issue in the territories. Migration and Autonomous Territories, edited by Roberta Medda-Windischer and Andrea Carlà, draws on the fields of migration and minority studies, to analyze the challenges associated with the need to reconcile diversity and unity in autonomous territories. The volume compares the cases of South Tyrol and Catalonia, characterized both by the presence of large historical communities and minorities, and significant migration aims, and sheds new light on how sub-national units deal with migration.
    Bilancia Paola (ed.)
    Modelli innovativi di governance territoriale. Profili teorici e applicativi »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2011
    Bolgherini Silvia
    Navigando a vista. Governi locali in Europa tra crisi e riforme »
    Il Mulino , Bologna , 2015
    Gardner James A., Rossi Jim (eds.)
    New Frontiers of State Constitutional Law. Dual Enforcement of Norms »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2010
    New Frontiers of State Constitutional Law: Dual Enforcement of Norms, edited by James A. Gardner and Jim Rossi, projects a new vision for state constitutional law through a collection of essays that reflect a shift in legal thinking about the relationship between national and subnational systems of constitutional law. This work charts a new course that gives voice to a recent, rising chorus of dissent among scholars and judges, namely that national and subnational systems of constitutional law cannot be adequately understood in isolation from one another. To the contrary, they are linked in a web of jurisprudential, social, and pragmatic connections structured by the American system of federalism. Here, multiple layers of constitutional law function together in a complex, interdependent process in which constitutional norms are developed, articulated, and enforced. The essays illuminate the role that state constitutions must play in any theory of federalism, and exemplify a fresh approach to state constitutionalism by discussing a range of issues, including recent debates regarding state constitutional protections for same-sex marriage. The entire work embraces the struggle between state and national power for dominance in American law and places both on equal ground. It contends that constitutional meaning in a federal system is never static and that it evolves over time. In addition to covering methods of judicial review, it discusses the handling of constitutional claims by courts at the state and national level and closely examines the way that courts and constitutions protect individual rights in a federal system.
    Cittadinanza Attiva
    Osservatorio civico sul federalismo in sanità. Rapporto 2015 »
    FrancoAngeli , Milano , 2016
    Marcantoni Mauro, Baldi Marco
    Regioni a geometria variabile. Quando, dove e perché il regionalismo funziona »
    Donzelli , Roma , 2013
    Reisinger William M. (eds.)
    Russia's Regions and Comparative Subnational Politics »
    Routledge , 2013
    Subnational political units are growing in influence in national and international affairs, drawing increasing scholarly attention to politics beyond national capitals. In this book, leading Russian and Western political scientists contribute to debates in comparative politics by examining Russia’s subnational politics. Beginning with a chapter that reviews major debates in theory and method, this book continues to examine Russia’s 83 regions, exploring a wide range of topics including the nature and stability of authoritarian regimes, federal politics, political parties, ethnic conflict, governance and inequality in a comparative perspective. Providing both qualitative and quantitative data from 20 years of original research, the book draws on elite interaction, public opinion and the role of institutions regionally in the post-Soviet years. The regions vary on a number of theoretically interesting dimensions while their federal membership provides control for other dimensions that are challenging for globally comparative studies. The authors demonstrate the utility of subnational analyses and show how regional research can help answer a variety of political questions, providing evidence from Russia that can be used by specialists on other large countries or world regions in cross-national scholarship.
    Lazar Harvey, Leuprecht Christian (eds.)
    Spheres of Governance »
    McGill-Queen's University Press , Kingston - Queen's Policy Studies , 2007
    Local governments are becoming increasingly important around the world and functions are being shifted across levels of government. This timely comparative analysis breaks new ground in the study of multilevel governance, intergovernmental relations, and municipal government. Spheres of Governance systematically compares the challenges faced by municipalities in Australia, France, Germany, Mexico, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, and the United States, with emphasis on the relationship between the municipal and federal levels. Each chapter analyzes a municipality in relation to its responsibilities, functions, and organization; constitutional and fiscal position; relations with the central government; provincial and state governments mediation of these relationships; and public policy development, especially with regard to emergency planning and immigration and settlement. The chapters also highlight the tensions and pressures for change in the systems.
    Himsworth Chris
    The European Charter of Local Self-Government A Treaty for Local Democracy »
    Edinburgh University Press , Edinburgh , 2015
    The first critical study of the 1985 treaty that guarantees the status of local self-government Chris Himsworth analyses the text of the 1985 European Charter of Local Self-Government, traces its historical emergence and explains how it has been applied and interpreted throughout Europe, including the 2014 ‘Local and regional democracy in the United Kingdom’ report published by the Council of Europe in March 2014. Locating the Charter’s own history within the broader recent history of the Council of Europe and the European Union, the book closes with an assessment of the Charter’s future prospects.
    Haider-Markel Donald P. (ed.)
    The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government »
    Oxford University Press , Oxford , 2014
    The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.
    Heinelt Hubert, Bertrana Xavier (eds.)
    The Second Tier of Local Government in Europe. Provinces, Counties, Départements and Landkreise in Comparison »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2011
    This book takes a comparative approach to local government across 14 European countries, looking at processes of decentralisation, regionalisation and reforms of local government. Examining second levels of government, such as UK Counties, French Départements, Italian and Spanish Provinces, and German Landkreise, this book reveals both the specific characteristics of particular countries, and also similarities across Europe. As the first book focussing on the second level of local governments, this monograph combines comparative analysis of institutional trends and reforms of local government with examination of country-specific features to provide an original and insightful evaluation of European governance. Organised along common thematic lines, leading experts in their field outline the historical development of local government, and analyse recent or current reform debates. The book argues democratic quality and effectiveness of this territorial level of government is in the focus of on-going debates about the rescaling of statehood and a shift from ‘government to governance’. The Second Tier of Local Government in Europe will be of interest to students and scholars studying local government, public administration and multi-level governance.
    Dollery Brian E., Robotti Lorenzo (eds.)
    The Theory And Practice Of Local Government Reform »
    Edward Elgar , Cheltenham , 2008
    The Theory and Practice of Local Government Reform explores the entire spectrum of local government reform and focuses specifically on the question of structural reform in local government. It presents new theoretical models in an area largely lacking in analytical foundations and assesses the validity of these models against recent structural developments. Changes to local government are some of the most heartfelt and hotly contested political issues in advanced democracies today. The authors draw on recent policy developments in seven countries, as well as academic literature, to present new thinking on optimal municipal governance in the face of future policy challenges. This timely book will be invaluable for both undergraduate and graduate local government students in political science, public administration and public policy courses. Practitioners and policymakers in local government will also find this book an enlightening read.
    Items of Subsection 10.Processes of federalization and decentralization
    Weller Marc, Nobbs Katherine (eds.)
    Asymmetric Autonomy and the Settlement of Ethnic Conflicts »
    University of Pennsylvania Press , Philadelphia , 2012
    Throughout the world many sovereign states grant one or more of their territories greater autonomy than other areas. This arrangement, known as asymmetric autonomy, has been adopted with greater regularity as a solution to ethnic strife and secessionist struggles in recent decades. As asymmetric autonomy becomes one of the most frequently used conflict resolution methods, examination of the positive and negative consequences of its implementation, as well as its efficacy, is vital. Asymmetric Autonomy and the Settlement of Ethnic Conflicts assesses the ability of such power distribution arrangements to resolve violent struggles between central governments and separatist groups. This collection of new case studies from around the world covers a host of important developments, from recentralization in Russia, to "one country, two systems" in China, to constitutional innovation in Iraq. As a whole, these essays examine how well asymmetric autonomy agreements can bring protracted and bloody conflicts to an end, satisfy the demands of both sides, guarantee the physical integrity of a state, and ensure peace and stability. Contributors to this book also analyze the many problems and dilemmas that can arise when autonomous regions are formed. For example, powers may be loosely defined or unrealistically assigned to the state within a state. Redrawn boundaries can create new minorities and make other groups vulnerable to human rights violations. Given the number of limited self-determination systems in place, the essays in this volume present varied evaluations of these political structures. Asymmetric state agreements have the potential to remedy some of humanity's most intractable disputes. In Asymmetric Autonomy and the Settlement of Ethnic Conflicts, leading political scientists and diplomatic experts shed new light on the practical consequences of these settlements and offer sophisticated frameworks for understanding this path toward lasting peace.
    Palermo Francesco, Hrbek Rudolf, Zwilling Carolin, Alber Elisabeth (eds.)
    Auf dem Weg zu asymmetrischem Föderalismus? »
    Nomos Verlag , Baden Baden , 2007
    Ford Michele, Pepinsky Thomas (eds.)
    Beyond Oligarchy. Wealth, Power, and Contemporary Indonesian Politics »
    Cornell University Press , Ithaca NY , 2014
    Beyond Oligarchy is a collection of essays by leading scholars of contemporary Indonesian politics and society, each addressing effects of material inequality on political power and contestation in democratic Indonesia. The contributors assess how critical concepts in the study of politics—oligarchy, inequality, power, democracy, and others—can be used to characterize the Indonesian case, and in turn, how the Indonesian experience informs conceptual and analytical debates in political science and related disciplines. In bringing together experts from around the world to engage with these themes, Beyond Oligarchy reclaims a tradition of focused intellectual debate across scholarly communities in Indonesian studies. The collapse of Indonesia's New Order has proven a critical juncture in Indonesian political studies, launching new analyses about the drivers of regime change and the character of Indonesian democracy. It has also prompted a new groundswell of theoretical reflection among Indonesianists on concepts such as representation, competition, power, and inequality. As such, the onset of Indonesia’s second democratic period represents more than just new point of departure for comparative analyses of Indonesia as a democratizing state; it has also served as a catalyst for theoretical and conceptual development.
    Gordon Tracy
    Crisis Federalism: How the Stimulus Reshaped Federal-State Relations »
    Brookings Institution Press , 2014
    The recession of 2007–09 was the most severe downturn in U.S. economic performance since the Great Depression. Such a huge problem triggered a huge response. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009—a.k.a.the Recovery Act or simply “the stimulus”—injected more than $800 billion into the moribund economy. Not surprisingly it remains hugely controversial, but the law is not well understood. Crisis Federalism examines ARRA through the lens of fiscal federalism. The question of “who pays for what?” has bedeviled the nation for centuries. Tracy Gordon argues that the Recovery Act can teach us much about a proper balance of responsibilities among different levels of government. Subnational governments provide most of the public goods and services in America, so the federal government could not efficiently disburse funds for education, health, and welfare—areas targeted in the stimulus—without mobilizing lower levels of governments. Thus more than half of ARRA spending flowed through states, counties, cities, and towns. The Recovery Act provides a possible template for future intergovernmental cooperation. By targeting aid to the most afflicted and requiring extensive oversight and reporting, ARRA may have helped overcome the moral hazard concerns regarding federal aid. Whereas other writers have focused on ARRA’s impact on jobs or economic output, Gordon emphasizes the role of state and local governments in Crisis Federalism, bringing the discussion down to where Americans interact with their governments.
    Balduzzi Renato, Luther Jorg (eds.)
    Dal federalismo devolutivo alla spending review »
    Giuffré , Milano , 2013

    Table of contents
    Falleti Tulia G.
    Decentralization and Subnational Politics in Latin America »
    Cambridge University Press , Cambridge , 2010
    Is it always true that decentralization reforms put more power in the hands of governors and mayors? In postdevelopmental Latin America, the surprising answer to this question is no. In fact, a variety of outcomes are possible, depending largely on who initiates the reforms, how they are initiated, and in what order they are introduced. Tulia G. Falleti draws on extensive fieldwork, in-depth interviews, archival records, and quantitative data to explain the trajectories of decentralization processes and their markedly different outcomes in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico. In her analysis, she develops a sequential theory and method that are successful in explaining this counterintuitive result. Her research contributes to the literature on path dependence and institutional evolution and will be of interest to scholars of decentralization, federalism, subnational politics, intergovernmental relations, and Latin American politics.
    Trench Alan (ed.)
    Devolution and power in the United Kingdom »
    Manchester University Press , Manchester University Press , 2007
    Presentation and Contents
    Palmer Rosanne
    Devolution, Asymmetry and Europe: Multi-Level Governance in the United Kingdom »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, , 2008
    The process of devolution in the United Kingdom (UK) established new institutions at the sub-state level with a range of legislative and executive competencies. Yet many of these devolved powers also have a European Union (EU) dimension, whilst EU policy remains a formally reserved power of the UK central government. This book explores how this multi-level relationship has been managed in practice, examining the participation of the devolved Scottish and Welsh institutions in the domestic process of formulating the UK's EU policy positions during their first four-year term. It also places their experiences in a broader comparative framework by drawing upon the experiences of multi-level governance in practice in other Member States of the EU.
    Ferrazzi Gabriele, Rohdewohld Rainer
    Emerging Practices in Intergovernmental Functional Assignment »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2017
    Attaining the benefits of (especially fiscal) decentralization in government remains an enduring challenge, in part because the re-arrangement of public functions across levels of government has often been carried out poorly. This book aims to provide a firmer conceptual basis for the re-arrangement of public functions across levels of government. In doing so, it offers practical advice for policy makers from developing and emerging countries and development cooperation practitioners engaged in such activity. Combining a theoretical approach for inter-governmental functional assignment with an in-depth analysis of real-life country cases where functional assignment (FA) has been supported in the context of international development cooperation, it underscores the common technical and political challenges of FA, and also demonstrates the need to expect and support country made and context-specific solutions to FA processes and results. Examples are drawn from a number of developing/transition countries from the Asia-Pacific region, Africa and the OECD, which outline and suggest advisory approaches, tools, principles and good practices and approaches.
    Brosio Giorgio
    Equilibri instabili: politica ed economia nell'evoluzione dei sistemi federali »
    Bollati Boringhieri , Torino , 1994
    Mastromarino Anna , Castellà Andreu Josè Maria (eds.)
    Esperienze di regionalismo differenziato. Il caso italiano e quello spagnolo a confronto »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2009
    The Centre for Studies on Federalism, in conjunction with Piedmont Region and the Grupo de Estudios sobre la forma de Estado, with a view to participating in the debate on the issues of decentralisation and regional autonomy, has devoted particular attention to the comparison between the Italian and the Spanish cases, the latter considered by many as the closest experience to the dynamics in progress in our Country.The volume encompasses the papers presented at the Conference on Differentiated Regionalism. Comparison between the Italian and the Spanish experiences, organised in Moncalieri (Italy) on November 23-24, 2007.
    Grgić Gorana
    Ethnic Conflict in Asymmetric Federations Comparative Experience of the Former Soviet and Yugoslav Regions »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2017
    In the last years of their existence, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) found themselves facing a similar and very grim state of affairs. After their disintegration, the former Yugoslav republics spiralled into a set of ethnic conflicts that did not leave a single one of them unscathed, and in the ex-Soviet space, conflicts were far more limited. This book offers an in-depth analysis of the difference in state collapses and ensuing conflicts in the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia by focusing on their asymmetric ethnofederal structure and the different dynamics of ethnic mobilization that the federal units experienced. Moreover, it explores the links between identity politics and international relations, as the latter has been a latecomer in research on ethnonationalism and ethnic conflict. Finally, it contributes to the literature on the democratization-conflict nexus by proposing that the sequencing of ethnic mobilization and political liberalization has significant effects on the likelihood of conflict.
    Swenden Wilfried
    Federalism and Regionalism in Western Europe: A Comparative and Thematic Analysis »
    Palgrave Macmillan , Basingstoke , 2006
    Federalism and Regionalism in Western Europe seeks to clarify the relevance, problems and consequences of operating federal systems of government in Western Europe. It discusses the institutional features of federalism and regionalism and brings in recent insights from the viewpoint of neo-institutional scholarship. Rather than providing a case-by-case approach, the book offers a thematic analysis of federalism and regionalism. In addition to debating definitions and institutional features of federalism and regionalism, the book also analyzes and explains varieties in the allocation of resources, in the political decision-making process and in the policy content and problem-solving capacity of West-European federal and regional states.
    Requejo Ferran, Nagel Klaus-Jürgen (eds.)
    Federalism beyond Federations. Asymmetry and Processes of Resymmetrisation in Europe »
    Ashgate , Aldershot , 2010
    Since the end of the Second World War, a set of democratic European countries have established a decentralized system of government based on federal or regional patterns. Some of these systems initially displayed an asymmetrical trend, however, some democracies have implemented a subsequent process of re-symmetrization that changes the structure and the legitimization of the previous political agreements. Charting the evolution of decentralization processes and asymmetries implemented in Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Ukraine and the United Kingdom, leading international scholars illustrate which countries have evolved more symmetrically, why this is so and what the role of political actors in these processes have been. In doing so, each case study: – Examines the causes of the legal and constitutional asymmetries and the main political cleavages. – Analyses the main institutions, actors and factors that influence the political dynamics of the territorial debate. – Questions whether there is such a process of re-symmetrization – Presents the main actors in favour of the process of re-symmetrization and of maintaining the constitutional and legal asymmetries Written accessibly and contributing to key debates on federalism and asymmetry, Federalism beyond Federations appeals to academics, politicians, decision-makers and all those interested in the political problems facing modern democracies.
    Antonini Luca
    Federalismo all'italiana. Dietro le quinte della grande incompiuta »
    Marsilio , Venezia , 2013
    Provenzano Francesco Maria
    Federalismo, devolution, secessione: ritorno al futuro... »
    Pellegrini Editore , Cosenza , 2011
    Som Reba
    Gandhi, Bose, Nehru. La nascita dell'India moderna »
    Castelvecchi , Roma , 2009
    Sterpa Alessandro
    Il pendolo e la livella. Il 'federalismo all'italiana' e le riforme »
    Giappichelli , Torino , 2015

    Contents and Preface
    Antonini Luca
    Il regionalismo differenziato: la politica delle differenze, la welfare society e le prospettive del regionalismo italiano anche nel confronto con la riforma del regime speciale per il Trentino - Alto Adige »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2000
    Di Giovine Alfonso, Mastromarino Anna (eds.)
    Il regionalismo italiano in cerca di riforme »
    Giuffré , Milan , 2008
    This volume collects the reports carried out on the occasion of the "Italian Regionalism in search of reforms", which was held in Moncalieri on 9 and 10 March 2007, at the Center on Federalism studies.
    Mangiameli Stelio (ed.)
    Il regionalismo italiano tra tradizioni unitarie e processi di federalismo. Contributo allo studio della crisi della forma di Stato in Italia »
    Giuffré , Milano , 2012

    Table of contents
    Martinelli Claudio (ed.)
    La Scozia nella costituzione britannica. Storia, idee, devolution in una prospettiva comparata »
    Giappichelli , Torino , 2016
    De Franco Davide
    La difesa delle libertà. Autonomie alpine nel Delfinato tra continuità e mutamenti (secoli XVII-XVIII) »
    FrancoAngeli , Milan , 2016
    Durviaux Ann Lawrence, Matagne Geoffroy, Radoux Emmanuel, Verjans Pierre (dir./eds.)
    Le code de la démocratie locale et de la décentralisation. Enjeux et bilans politiques »
    Larcier , Paris-Bruxelles , 2012
    Pasquier Romain
    Le pouvoir régional. Mobilisations, décentralisation et gouvernance en France »
    Presses de Sciences Po , Paris , 2012
    The process of decentralisation, devolution and federalisation is advancing all over Europe. France 'one and indivisible', shaped by Jacobin centralism, is no exception to that evolution, subjected to the combined effects of State reform, a revival of territorial identities and the growing part played by regions and major cities in economic development. This book proposes a new sociology of regions based on such notions as the keys to power, social mobilisations, coalitions, multi-level players and instruments of government. It analyses the mutations of public governance at the scale of territories, to whom globalization and European integration are supplying new political ressources. Finally, it offers a new vision of contemporary France; that of a composite nation made up of distinct elements, where local players assume an increasing role in public legislation and regional power is now depicting the face of a Republic that finds itself at a crossroads. A keenly awaited book, intended for students and teachers as well as lobbyists, local civil servants and training establishments.
    Mazzoleni Martino
    Le regioni dei partiti. Competizione elettorale e decentramento regionale in Italia, Francia e Gran Bretagna »
    Vita e Pensiero , Milano , 2010
    Abibi Jawad
    Les collectivités territoriales au Maroc à la lumière de la constitution de 2011 »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2015
    Fougerouse Jean (dir.)
    L’Etat régional, une nouvelle forme d’Etat ? »
    Bruylant , 2008
    Table of contents
    Rossi Enrico (a cura di)
    L’Italia Centrata. Ripensare la geometria dei territori »
    Quodlibet , Macerata , 2016
    Reuchamps Min (eds.)
    Minority Nations in Multinational Federations. A comparative study of Quebec and Wallonia »
    Routledge , 2015
    Multinational federations rest on the coexistence of two or more nations within a single polity. Within these federations, minority nations play a significant role as their character differs from the other building blocks of the federation. This edited volume offers a comprehensive comparison of two such minority nations - Quebec in Canada and Wallonia in Belgium - which exemplifies many dimensions, themes and issues highly resonant to the study of federalism and regionalism across the globe. Quebec and Wallonia have experienced several decades of federal dynamics where both regions have had to find their way as a minority nation in a multinational federation. For those studying federalism and regionalism their importance lies in a number of characteristics, but principally in the fact of these minority nations have transformed into mini-states with fully fledged legislative powers within their federation. This book seeks to study the specific dynamics within these small worlds and between them and the rest of the federation.
    Gagnon Alain-G.
    Minority nations in the Age of Uncertainty: New Paths to National Emancipationand Empowerment »
    University of Toronto Press , 2014
    For thirty years, Alain-G. Gagnon has been one of the world’s leading experts on federalism and multinational democracies. In Minority Nations in the Age of Uncertainty, he presents an articulate and accessible introduction to the ways in which minority nations have begun to empower themselves in a global environment that is increasingly hostile to national minorities. Comparing conditions in Quebec, Catalonia, and Scotland, Gagnon offers six interrelated essays on national minorities, processes of accommodation, and autonomy and self-determination within a modern democratic context. Based on a long career of scholarly study and public engagement, he argues that self-determination for these “nations without states” is best achieved through intercultural engagement and negotiation within the federal system, rather than through independence movements. Already translated into fifteen languages from the original French, Minority Nations in the Age of Uncertainty is an essential text on the theory of multinational federalism and the politics of minority nations.This edition also features a foreword by noted political scientist and philosopher James Tully that discusses the significance of Gagnon's work.
    Peterlini Hans-Karl
    Noi figli dell’autonomia. Alto Adige/Südtirol oltre il disorientamento etnico »
    Edizioni Alpha Beta Verlag , Merano/Bolzano , 2013

    Brancati Dawn
    Peace by Design. Managing Intrastate Conflict through Decentralization »
    Oxford University Press , New York , 2011
    Why does political decentralization seem reduce intrastate conflict more in some countries than in others? This question constitutes the central focus of Peace by Design. Brancati argues that the ability of decentralization to reduce intrastate conflict hinges on the electoral strength of regional parties. According to Brancati, regional parties tend to promote intrastate conflict by creating regional identities, advocating legislation harmful to other regions and regional minorities, and mobilizing groups to engage in conflict or supporting extremist organizations that do. Brancati also highlights a number of conditions under which regional parties are more likely to promote conflict, such as democratic transitions. Brancati further argues that decentralization increases the strength of regional parties depending on particular features of decentralization (i.e., the proportion of legislative seats a region possesses, the number of regional legislatures in a country, the upper house election procedures, the sequencing of national and regional elections). These features of decentralization vary across countries and are fundamental to explaining why decentralization is not effective in reducing conflict in all countries. Brancati's ultimate conclusion is that decentralization can be effectively designed to promote peace, as long as it is designed to encourage statewide parties to incorporate regional parties into their agendas and to limit the strength of regional parties. The author provides compelling evidence for her argument through three detailed cases studies (e.g., Czechoslovakia, Spain, and India) and a rigorous quantitative analysis in which she introduces a new dataset on constituency-level elections that will prove an invaluable resource for many future studies.
    Kaiser André, Hennl Annika, Biela Jan
    Policy Making in Multilevel Systems »
    Columbia University Press , New York , 2013
    So far, we know relatively little about the effects of different varieties of the territorial organization of politics on policy making and policy outputs. Starting from the hypothesis that decentralized policy making has positive effects whereas federalism has a slightly negative impact on policy performance, this book systematically tests the independent and interdependent effects of different combinations of federal/unitary and decentralized/centralized structures of decision making and implementation. Based on a mixed methods design it first quantitatively tests the relationships for the OECD countries in cross-sectional as well as panel designs. In a second step, qualitative case studies are conducted for four countries: federal-centralized Austria, federal-decentralized Switzerland, unitary-decentralized Denmark, and unitary-centralized Ireland. The authors study two space-related policy areas, both with regard to the decision making and the implementation stage of the policy making process: regional economic policy and transport policy.
    McEvoy Joanne, O'Leary Brendan (eds.)
    Power Sharing in Deeply Divided Places »
    University of Pennsylvania Press , Philadelphia , 2013
    Power sharing may be broadly defined as any set of arrangements that prevents one political agency or collective from monopolizing power, whether temporarily or permanently. Ideally, such measures promote inclusiveness or at least the coexistence of divergent cultures within a state. In places deeply divided by national, ethnic, linguistic, or religious conflict, power sharing is the standard prescription for reconciling antagonistic groups, particularly where genocide, expulsion, or coerced assimilation threaten the lives and rights of minority peoples. In recent history, the success record of this measure is mixed. Power Sharing in Deeply Divided Places features fifteen analytical studies of power-sharing systems, past and present, as well as critical evaluations of the role of electoral systems and courts in their implementation. Interdisciplinary and international in formation and execution, the chapters encompass divided cities such as Belfast, Jerusalem, Kirkuk, and Sarajevo and divided places such as Belgium, Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland, and South Africa, as well as the Holy Roman Empire, the Saffavid Empire, Aceh in Indonesia, and the European Union. Equally suitable for specialists, teachers, and students, Power Sharing in Deeply Divided Places considers the merits and defects of an array of variant systems and provides explanations of their emergence, maintenance, and failings; some essays offer lucid proposals targeted at particular places. While this volume does not presume that power sharing is a panacea for social reconciliation, it does suggest how it can help foster peace and democracy in conflict-torn countries.
    González Lucas I.
    Presidents, Governors, and the Politics of Distribution in Federal Democracies. Primus Contra Pares in Argentina and Brazil »
    Routledge , 2016
    This book examines historical changes in the balance between the resources that presidents and governors control and the policy responsibilities they have to deliver. It focuses on Argentina and Brazil, the most decentralized federal countries in Latin America, with the most powerful sub-national governments in the region. Using formal modelling, statistical tools, and comparative historical analyses, it examines substantive shifts in the allocation of resources and the distribution of administrative functions and explains under which conditions these changes occur. In doing so, it presents theoretical and comparative implications for the study of fiscal federalism and the functioning of developing federal democracies. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of federalism, intergovernmental relations, decentralization, and sub-national politics and more broadly to those studying comparative politics, democratization, political elites, public policy and economics.
    Tshiyembe Mwayila
    Quel est le meilleur système politique pour la République Démocratique du Congo: fédéralisme, régionalisme, décentralisation? »
    L'Harmattan , Paris , 2012
    Grabher Gudrun M., Mathis-Moser Ursula (eds.)
    Regionalism(s). A Variety of Perspectives from Europe and the Americas »
    New Academic Press , Wien , 2015
    The volume documents the proceedings of a conference on Regionalism(s) that took place in Innsbruck in November 2013 and was jointly organized by the five Centers for Area Studies at the University of Innsbruck. As the title indicates, it offers a variety of perspectives on this topic, both in regard to the different scholarly approaches (legal, political, sociological, cultural, geographical, historical) and to the focus on various European and American regions. The profound introductory essay provides a legal perspective on the topic, dealing with the vast range of meanings of region, from small territory to macroregion. An expert in Constitutional Law, Gamper stresses the necessity to differentiate between regions in federal states on the one hand, and regions within unitary states with a decentralized administration on the other, and discusses the challenges that are to be faced. The book is divided into three sections. The first one, titled “Case Studies of Regionalism(s) in Europe on a National Level,” offers perspectives from Italy, France, and Russia. In the second part of the book we are confronted with three different perspectives on “Regionalism(s) on a European Level and Cross-Border Cooperations.” The three essays in the third and last part of the book leave Europe behind and cross the Atlantic Ocean, heading towards the Americas. With a paper each on South America, the USA, and Canada, this section contains perspectives on regionalism(s) on both the Northern and the Southern continent, again, however, with a special focus in each case. The authors represent not only different disciplines but also the different scholarly traditions and conventions of their home country. Their perspectives thus offer a fascinating view from various angles on the highly topical issue of ’region.’
    Ross Cameron (ed.)
    Russian Regional Politics under Putin and Medvedev »
    Routledge , London/New York , 2011
    Many authors have alluded to the unique nature of Russia’s dual transition and its difficult task of simultaneously reforming its economy and polity. But there is in fact a third transition still far from completed that is of no less importance, the need to reconfigure central-regional relations and to create a stable and viable form of federalism. There are vast economic, demographic and political variations across the Russian federation. Therefore an understanding of regions, and the causes and consequences of cross-regional diversity, is a vitally important dimension of Russian politics that should not be overlooked. It is only by studying regional level politics that we can gain a full understanding of the complexities of Russia’s protracted transition. This edited volume examines regional politics and centre-regional relations over the period 2000-2010, including the most recent developments which have taken place under the new dual leadership of Medvedev and Putin. All eight chapters have been written by leading experts in the field of Russian politics. In addition to chapters on regional elections, parties, regional governors and local politics, there are three chapters devoted to the important developments which are currently taking place in the Caucasus. This book was published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.
    Chebankova Elena
    Russia’s Federal Relations »
    Routledge , 2009
    The development of centre-regional relations has been at the forefront of Russian politics since the formation of the Russian state and numerous efforts have been made by the country’s subsequent rulers to create a political model that would be suitable for the effective management of its vast territory and multiple nationalities. This book examines the origins, underlying foundations, and dynamics of the federal reforms conducted by President Putin throughout the eight years of his presidency. It offers a comprehensive analysis of the nature of Russia’s federal relations during this period, as well as an examination of factors that led to the development of the extant model of centre-regional dialogue. It discusses how and why the outcomes of most domestic reforms and policies significantly vary from the initial intentions envisaged by the federal centre, and argues that despite a range of positive developments the reforms resulted mainly in a redistribution of powers between the two levels of government and not in a fundamental rethinking of centre-regional relations towards genuine federalism.
    McLean Iain, Gallagher Jim, Lodge Guy
    Scotland’s Choices The Referendum and What Happens Afterwards »
    Edinburgh University Press , Edinburgh , 2014
    Keating Michael (ed.)
    Scottish Social Democracy: Progressive Ideas for Public Policy »
    Peter Lang , Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien , 2007
    Scotland is a country of strong progressive traditions and could be a model for a renewed social democracy. Devolution has given it a chance to show what a small self-governing nation, within a wider British and European Union, can do. Yet the authors of this volume are disappointed by the lack of policy innovation since 1999. In an effort to relaunch the debate, they offer a range of ideas for new thinking and new policies for Scotland of the twenty-first century. Whether independent or devolved, Scotland faces the same challenge: how to harness the energies of the nation and to combine economic competitiveness with social cohesion.
    Bologna Chiara
    Stato federale e «national interest». Le istanze unitarie nell'esperienza statunitense »
    Bononia University Press , Bologna , 2010
    Colombo Alessandro (ed.)
    Subsidiarity Governance: Theoretical and Empirical Models »
    Palgrave Macmillan , New York , 2012
    In Europe, the subsidiarity principle has been enjoying renewed consensus in recent years. This book offers an insight on the original meaning of subsidiarity, particularly the horizontal dimension of subsidiarity, which challenge traditional patterns of government. Prominent international scholars and experts from various fields "read" the distinctive wealth of government experience accumulated in Lombardy and t