Bulletin n. 2/2016
December 2016
  • Section A) The theory and practise of the federal states and multi-level systems of government
  • Section B) Global governance and international organizations
  • Section C) Regional integration processes
  • Section D) Federalism as a political idea
  • Mario Kölling
    The EU Budget - From a Bargaining Tool to a Federal Budget?
    in Panoptica. Revista Eletrônica Acadêmica de Direito , volume 11, issue 1 ,  2016 ,  137-157
    The EU has several aspects which allow us to speak about an emerging Federal System. Generally, the EU budget is not mentioned to be among them. The budget has been characterised as poor-sized, inflexible and dependent on member state contributions. But there are several reasons for considering an evolution of the EU budget towards a genuine budget with federal characteristics. This is noticeable with regard to its spending structure, concerning the production of public goods, and the budgetary decision making process, especially regarding the role of the European Parliament. The main argument of this text is that the EU budget is evolving towards a budget in a federal sense based on the rational that all member states and the Union have common objectives rooted in common values.
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